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Full text of "Census of Survey Business 1937-38"

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UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

Harry L. Hopkins, Secretary 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

William L. Austin. Director 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 

UNITED STATES SUMMARY 
29 STATES AND 13 LARGEST CITIES 



Bureuri Oj the Census 
Ltbran 




DECEMBER, 1938 



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BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

William L. Austin, Director 

CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 

Fred A. Gosnell, Chief Statistician 
William A. Ruff, Assistant 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



By 

John Albright 
Chief, Wholesale Trade 



bureau of the Census 



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':^%^.ii .„ .„, ^-z 



UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE k'A^^'^ 

Harry L. Hopkins, Secretary 



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FOREWORD 



This is one of a series of reports on VJholesale Distribution 
published as a part of the Census Survey of Business: 1937-38. In 
this volume, sales, pay roll and inventory data of identical establish- 
ments — seirvice and limited -function wholesalers; manufacturers' sales 
branches; and commission merchants of fresh fruits and vegetables — are 
presented for the years 1935, 1936 and 1957. Dollar sales are shown by 
quarters for the year 1937 and the first half of 1938. Statistics are 
given in suranary for the United States, for 29 States, and for the 13 
Cities v/ith a popiaation of more than 500,000 in 1930. For lists of the 
States and Cities included see page 2. This report corresponds in part 
to Volume II, TTholesale Distribution: 1935. 

In addition to this area vol\m.e, a series of wholesale kind- 
of-business or trade reports (tobacco and its products; groceries; elec- 
trical merchandise; etc.) is published in connection with this Survey. 
These reports present data on business size, terms of sale, and cash- 
credit analysis of business as well as dollar sales and inventory values 
for 1935", 1936 and 1937; pay roll for 1935 and 1937; and quarterly sales 
for 1937 and the first half of 1938. 

Unlike the regular Censuses of Business for 1929, 1933 and 1935 
this Survey is not intended to present a complete pictiire of I'Tholesale 
Trade, but rather to provide a reliable indicator of trends since the last 
regular Census. It was conducted by mail from lists composed only of es- 
tablishments included in the 1935 Census, all new ones being omitted. Those 
with sales less than $25,000 for the year 1935 likewise were omitted, as 
they constitute but a small portion of total sales. Reporting was purely on 
a voluntary basis with only one reminder follo\v-up; hence, not all estab- 
lishments contacted submitted returns. This report in order to provide trend 
information is further limited to certain classes of establishments (See 
page 3) engaged primarily in selling goods at wholesale during 1935 and which 
still operate in a similar manner. 

The current Census Survey of Business includes retail as well as 
■wholesale trade and is nation-wide in scope. It is being conducted by the 
Bureau of the Census with funds provided by the Works Progress Administration. 
The project is under the direction of Fred A. Gosnell, Chief Statistician, who 
was also in charge of previous Business Censuses. V/holesale trade reports are 
prepared imder the immediate supervision of John Albright, assisted by James 
D. Lenig. 



Page 2 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 

UNITED STATES SUMMARY 

29 STATES AND 13 LARGEST CITIES 



CONTENTS 



Introduction Pase 

Scope of Survey 3 

Description of Terms 4 

States and cities included 4 

General Analysis 

Comparison with previous Censuses 5 

Estimated total wholesale trade 1937 5 

Weight of sample 6 

Durable goods show largest gains 6 

Chart And Maps 
Chart - Percent of increase in sales, 1937 over 1935, 

by kinds of business 7 

Map 1-29 States for which data are shown separately 26 

Map 2-13 Cities with a population of more than 500,000 110 

Appendix - Form 31 - wholesale schedule 151 

TABLES 

United States Summary 

Table 1 - Net sales by quarters: 1937 and first half of 1938 9-13 

Table 2 - Sales, pay roll and stocks: 1937, 1936 and 1935 14-18 

Table 3 - Size of sample 19-23 



Table Table Table 

12 3 

29 STATES Page Page Page 

California 27 28 29 

Colorado 30 31 31 

Connecticut 32 33 34 

Florida 35 36 37 

Georgia 38 39 40 

Illinois 41 42 43 

Indiana 44 45 46 

Iowa 47 47 48 

Kansas 49 49 50 

Kentucky 51 51 52 

Louisiana 53 53 54 

Maryland 55 56 57 

Massachusetts 58 59 60 

Michigan 61 62 63 

Minnesota 64 65 66 

Missouri 67 68 69 

New Jersey 70 71 72 

New York 73 74 75 

North Carolina 76 77 78 

Ohio 79 80 81 

Oklahoma 82 83 83 

Oregon 84 85 86 

Pennsylvania 87 88 89 



Table Table Table 

12 3 

29 STATES Cont'd. Page Page Page 

Tennessee 90 91 92 

Tezas 93 94 95 

Virginia 96 97 98 

Washington 99 100 101 

West Virginia 102 103 104 

Wisconsin 105 106 107 

13 LARGEST CITIES 

Baltimore Ill 112 113 

Boston 114 115 116 

Buffalo 117 118 119 

Chicago 120 121 122 

Cleveland 123 124 125 

Detroit 126 127 128 

Los Angeles 129 130 131 

Milwaukee 132 133 134 

New York 135 136 137 

Philadelphia . 138 139 140 

Pittsburgh 141 142 143 

St. Louis 144 145 146 

San Francisco 147 148 149 



Page 3 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION, 1937-38 

UNITED STATES SUMMARY 
29 STATES AND 13 LARGEST CITIES 

INTRODUCTION 



Scope Of This Survey 

A total of 18,417 wholesale establishments are included in the cvirrent Survey of 
Business. The 18,417 establishments comprise 12,840 service and limited-function whole- 
salers; 5,476 manufacturers' sales branches (owned by manufacturers and selling their 
products); and 101 commission merchants selling fresh fruits and vegetables. 

The Survey is limited in scope as it excludes manufacturers' sales offices not 
carrying stocks; functional middlemen except commission merchants of fresh fruits and vege- 
tables; distributors of petroleum and its products; and assemblers of farm products — types 
of operation which are included in regular Business Censuses. It is further limited to 22 
of the 29 kinds of business or trade groups into which all classes of wholesale establish- 
ments are divided. The canvass was conducted by mail from lists composed of establishments 
in the following classifications whose sales for the year 1935 amounted to $25,000 or more: 

Service and limited-function wholesalers and 
Manufacturers' sales branches selling principally 



Automotive goods 
Beer, wines and liquors 
Chemicals and paints 
Clothing and furnishings 
Drugs (full- line) 
Drugs and drug simdries 

(specialty lines) 
Dry goods (full-line) 
Dry goods (specialty lines) 
Electrical goods 
Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 
Farm supplies 



Furniture and house furnishings 

General merchandise 

Groceries (full-line) 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Paper and its products 

Plumbing and heating equipment 

and supplies 
Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 



And commission merchants selling fresh fruits and vegetables 
The following kinds of business are omitted: 



Amusement and sporting goods 
Coal and coke 

Farm products - raw material 
Farm products - consumer goods - 
except fruits and vegetables 



Metals and metal work 
Petroleum and its products 
Waste materials 
Miscellaneous kinds of business 



Reporting was purely on a voluntary basis, with only one reminder follow-up; hence, 
not all establishments contacted submitted returns. This report in order to provide reliable 
trend information is limited to wholesale establishments as described above, which submitted 
returns prior to the closing date. 



Page 4 



Serui'ce And Limited-Function Wholesalers 

The term "service and limited-function wholesalers" consists of wholesalers in 
dcmestic and foreign trade viho taJce title to the goods they buy and sell and who are largely 
independent in ownership. The classification is somewhat broader than the conventional type 
of ^vholesale merchant or "jobber" as it also includes importers, exporters, industrial dis- 
tributors, cash-and-carry wholesalers, desk jobbers, some converters in the dry goods trades, 
wagon distributors, mail-order wholesalers and cooperative or voluntary group wholesalers. 



Manufacturers' Sales Branches 



Manufacturers' sales branches are defined for census purposes as wholesale outlets 
oivned by manufacturers apart from their plants and operated primarily for the purposes of 
carrying stocks of, selling, and delivering their own products. 

Kind Of Business 

Kind of business is predicated upon the commodities sold but should not be confused 
with the commodities themselves. Memy establishments handle more than one commodity or line 
of merchandise. '.Yholesale grocers, for example, frequently sell tobacco products or paper 
goods; some hardvxare wholesalers sell automotive parts, electrical merchandise or plumbing 
and heating goods; etc. As an establishment can be classified for census purposes in one 
place only, those engaged in more than one kind of business are classified according to the 
line that predominates. 

29 States And 13 Largest Cities 

The Survey is nation-wide in scope but inasmuch as the number of returns received for 
some States was small, they are not shovm separately. Figvires for all States, however, are in- 
cluded in the United States Svmmiary, hence, the totals for the States listed below may be some- 
what short of the amoionts given on pages 9 to 23. Tables are presented, hereinafter, for each 
of the 29 States for which 100 or more service or limited-function wholesale reports are includ- 
ed in the Survey. These States are: 



California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Florida 

Georgia 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 



Louisiana 

Idaryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Missouri 

New Jersey 

Nevj York 

North Carolina 

Ohio 



Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 



Tables are presented for each of the cities having, in 1930, a population of more than 
500,000. These Cities are: 



Baltimore 

Boston 

Buffalo 

Chicago 

Cleveland 



Detroit 
Los Angeles 
Llilwavikee 
New York 



Philadelphia 
Pittsburgh 
St. Louis 
San Francisco 



Page 5 



GENERAL ANALYSIS 

The 18,417 wholesale establishments included in this Stirvey reported sales aggregating 
$11,813,483,000 for the year 1937. Sales of the 12,840 service and limited-function wholesalers 
amoxinted to $5,759,482,000; of the 5,476 manufacturers* sales branches $5,986,268,000; and of 
the 101 fruit and vegetable commission merchants $67,733,000. 

Dollar sales of the 12,840 service and limited-function wholesalers vrere 5.2 percent 
higher in the second quarter over the first quarter of 1938 but were 20.6 percent short of the 
second quarter of 1937. Considering the year 1937 as a vdiole, however, their sales were 31.1 
percent above 1935, the latest year covered by a regular bvisiness census. Sales of the manufac- 
turers' sales branches increased 3.9 percent in the second quarter over the first quarter of 
1938 but were 25.9 percent under the second quarter of 1937. Their total 1937 business was 32,0 
percent above 1935. Sales of the 101 commission merchants gained 26.3 percent in the second 
quarter of this year but were 13.6 percent below the second quarter of 1937. Their 1937 business 
was 10.7 percent above 1935. 

As explained on page 3, of the 29 kind-cf-business or trade groups into which all whole- 
sale establishments are divided, 22 are included in this Survey. The trend in business of these 
22 trade groups is given in summary belov; for the three regular census years and for the periods 
covered by this S\urvey. 



Period 



(22 of 29 kind-of- 
business groups) 



Service and limited- 
function -yidiolesalers 



Estab- 
lishments 



Net Sales 
(add 000) 



Change 

from 

preceding 

period 



Manufacturers' sales branches 
(carrying stocks) 



Nianber 

of 

branches 



Net Sales 
(add 000) 



Change 

from 

preceding 

period 



1929 Census 
1933 Census 
1935 Census 



58,797 
63,101 
69,406 



$20,262,955 

9,331,883 

13,280,645 



-53.9 
+42.3 



Not 
10,859 
10,334 



available 
$4,301,425 
5,816,051 



+58.5 



Identical Establishments Included In This Survey: 



Tear 1935 
Year 1936 
Year 1937 



12,840 
12,840 
12,840 



4,393,400 
5,197,077 
5,759,482 



+18.3 
+10.8 



5,476 
5,476 
5,476 



$4,535,175 
5,353,603 
5,986,258 



+18.0 

+11.8 



Sales By Quarters: 



First quarter, 1937 


12,840 


$ 1,391,062 


^_ 


5,476 


$1,460,563 


__ 


Second quarter, 1937 


12,840 


1,526,903 


+ 9.8 


5,476 


1,619,534 


+10.9 


Third quarter, 1937 


12,840 


1,471,111 


- 3.7 


5,476 


1,520,110 


- 5.1 


Fourth quarter, 1937 


12,840 


1,370,406 


- 6.8 


5,476 


1,386,061 


- 8.8 


First quarter, 1938 


12,840 


1,153,469 


-15.8 


5,475 


1,156,101 


-15.6 


Second quarter, 1938 


12,840 


1,213,135 


+ 5.2 


5,476 


1,200,795 


+ 3.9 



23 Billion Dollars For Merchant V/holesalers 



Total sales of all service and limited-function wholesalers (29 kind-of-business groups) 
amoiinted to $17,661,691,000 in 1935. If the 1937 increase of 31.1 percent as found in this Survey 
were representative for all trades, total sales of merchant wholesalers exceeded 23 billion dol- 
lars in 1937. Corresponding totals for 1933 and 1929 were $12,890,763,000 and $29,288,220,000 
respectively. Likewise, total sales of all manufacturers' sales branches must have approximated 
ten billion dollars in 1937 as compared with $7,446,014,000 in 1935; and |4| 955, 450, 000 in 1933. 



Page 6 



33 Percent Sample For Merchant Wholesalers 

The 12,840 wholesalers included in this Survey constitute a sample of 19 percent of the 
number and 33 percent of the sales of all service and limited-function wholesalers in the 22 trades 
for the year 1935. Similarly, the 5,476 manufacturers' sales branches represented 53 percent of the 
number and accounted for 67 percent of the sales of all branches in 1935. 





19i35 Census 
1937 Survey 

Percent sample (22 klnd-of- 
business groups) 


Service and limited 
fimction wholesalers 


Maniifacturers' 
sales branches 




Number of 
e st ab 1 i shment s 


Net sales 
1935 


Number of 
branches 


Net sales 
1935 




69,406 
12,840 

19/. 


$13,280,645,000 
4,393,400,000 

33^ 


10,334 
5,476 

53^ 


$5,816,051,000 
4,535,175,000 

67% 


Durable Goods Show Largest Cains 











The heavy or durable goods trades show the largest gains in business when 1937 is compared 
with 1936 and 1935. Electrical goods lead with 66.3 percent increase for service wholesalers and 
80.9 percent for manufacturers' sales branches, 1937 over 1935, followed by plumbing and heating, 
lumber and construction material and machinery, equipment and supplies. Beer, wines and liquors, 
new trades, also show big gains. As might be expected, such classifications as dry goods, clothing 
and furnishings and tobacco experienced the smallest increases. It is interesting to note that on 
the whole, service and limited-fxinction wholesalers and manufacturers' sales branches show very con- 
sistent gains. 



Percentage Gains In Sales, 1937 Over 1936 And 1935: 





Service 


and limited 


Manufacturers' 


sales 




fvinction wholesalers 


branches 








Sales 




Sales 


KIND OF BUSINESS 
















Estab- 


1937 


1937 


Number 


1937 


1937 




lish- 


over 


over 


of 


over 


over 




ments 


1936 


1935 


branches 


1936 


1935 








< 




i 


lo 


UNITED STATES 


12,840 


+10.8 


+31.1 


5,475 


+11.8 


+32.0 


Automotive 


924 


+10.8 


+44.9 


509 


+14.8 


+43.5 


Beer, wines and liquors 


684 


+14.2 


+57.0 


113 


+ 7.1 


+29.8 


Chemicals and paints 


292 


+10.0 


+29.6 


317 


+10.4 


+35.9 


Clothing and furnishings 


627 


+ 1.8 


+19.3 


110 


+ 5.3 


+18.1 


Drugs and drug sundries 


308 


+10.6 


+24.7 


54 


+ 9.5 


+22.1 


Dry goods 


730 


+ 3.9 


+16.7 


60 


- 2.6 


+ 4.5 


Electrical goods 


596 


+24.1 


+66.3 


215 


+25.8 


+80.9 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


904 


+ 5.2 


+23.7 


__ 


__ 


__ 


Faim supplies 


254 


+16.8 


+36.3 


31 


+15.0 


+14.4 


Furniture and house furnishings 


400 


+ 8.8 


+37.4 


165 


+ 8.1 


+28.7 


General merchandise 


72 


+ 6.8 


+20.5 


_^ 


__ 


_«* 


Groceries (full-line) 


1,069 


+ 6.7 


+17.1 


.^ 


_^ 


^_ 


Groceries (specialty-line) 


1,886 


+10.2 


+20.3 


1,755 


+ 6.4 


+15.0 


Hardware 


271 


+10.5 


+29,4 


31 


+17.0 


+47.5 


Jewelry and optical goods 


372 


+11.4 


+44.4 


170 


+16.5 


+47.8 


Lumber and construction materials 


568 


+14.2 


+49.3 


97 


+11.9 


+60.7 


Machinery, equipttent and supplies 


1,552 


+19.4 


+48.6 


1,519 


+19.1 


+50.5 


Paper and its products 


535 


+12.4 


+27.7 


58 


+11.7 


+27.8 


Plumbing and heating equipment and supplies 


486 


+14.3 


+57.3 


243 


+20.1 


+69.1 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


309 


+ 9.0 


+20.8 


28 


+ 3.1 


+ 9.5 



KIND OF BUSINESS 
ELECTRICAL GOODS 

PLUMBING AND HEATING EQPT. AND SPLS. 

BEER, WINES AND LIQUORS 

LUMBER AND CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS 

MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES 

AUTOMOTIVE 

JEWEIRY AND OPTICAL GOODS 

FURNITURE AND HOUSE FURNISHINGS 

FARM SUPPLIES 

DRUGS (specialty lines) 

CHEMICALS AND PAINTS 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 

CHART 1. - PERCENT OF INCREASE IN SALES: 1937 OVER 1935 BY KIND OF BUSINESS 

SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 

10 20 30 



Page 7 



% INCREASE 
IS37 OVER 1935 

66.3 



57.3 



HARDWARE 



P.\PER AND ITS PRODUCTS 



FRUITS AND VEGETABLES (fresh) 



DRUGS (full-line I 



GENERAL MERCHANDISE 
GROCERIES AND FOODS (specially lines) 
DRY GOODS (specialty lines) 
CLOTHING AND FURNISHINGS 
GROCERIES (full-line) 
DRY GOODS (full-line) 



57.0 



49.3 



48.6 



44.9 



44.4 



37.4 



36.3 



32.1 



29.6 



29.4 



27.7 



23.7 



23.1 



TOBACCO AND ITS PRODUCTS (except leaf) 20.8 



20.5 



20.3 



19.4 



19.3 



17.1 



9.7 




BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



Page 8 



Pay Roll And Inventories Increase 

Substantial increases are noted in pay roll and inventories as well as for sales when 1937 
is compared with 1935. Pay roll and inventories of service and limited-function wholesalers were up 
29.2 percent and 23.8 percent respectively, as compared with 31.1 percent for sales. Inventories of 
manufacturers' sales branches at the end of the year 1937 were 43.0 percent above 1935, while sales 

In the case of commission merchants handling fresh 
greater percentage than sales, 13.5 percent as corn- 



were up 32.0 percent and pay roll 30.9 percent, 
fruits and vegetables, pay roll increased by a 
pared with 10.7 percent. 



Percentage increases, 1937 over 1935, in sales, pay roll and stocks, are given below: 





Number 

of 
estab- 
lishments 


Percent increase, 1937 over 1935 


Type of Operation 


Sales 


Pay roll 


Stocks 
(end of year) 


Service and limited-function wholesalers 

Manufact\irers' sales branches 

Commission merchants (fruits and vegetables) 


12,840 

5,476 

101 


31.1 
32.0 
10.7 


29.2 
30.9 
13.5 


23.8 

43.0 

5.7 



97 Kinds Of Business 

The 22 kind-of -business groups included in this Survey are subdivided, on the basis of 
commodities or lines of merchandise, into 97 detailed kinds of business. Statistics are presented 
for each of these 97 kinds of business in Tables 1, 2 and 3 for the country as a whole. For States 
and Cities, however, it has been necessary, due to the small number of establishments for some clas- 
sifications, to limit the data to the 22 kind-of-business groups. 

Disclosure Of Individual Operation 



Data are presented in each area for as many of the classifications as possible. The nature 
of the material, however, requires the withholding of many items of information to avoid disclosure 
of individual operations. In general, figures are not shown separately in an area for classifica- 
tions which include fewer than three establishments or ownership groups. The following kinds of 
business when not shown separately under service and limited-fvmction wholesalers are combined \nader 
the title as given to the right: 



Dry Goods (full-line) 

Dry Goods (specialty lines) 

Dry Goods (full-line) 

Dry Goods (specialty lines) 

Clothing and furnishings 



Drugs (full-line) 

Drugs and Drug Sundries (specialty lines) 



Dnjgs and Drug Sundries 
Groceries 

Hardware - Plumbing and Heating 
All other kinds of business which could not be shown as such are omitted from the area. 

TABLES 1, 2 AND 3 



Groceries (full -line) 

Groceries and Foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware 

Plumbing and Heating 



Dry Goods (full and specialty lines) 



Dry Goods and Apparel 



Three tables are presented for each of the 29 States and 13 largest Cities. Table 1 gives 
net sales by quarters, 1937 and the first half of 1938, for identical establishments; Table 2 presents 
sales, pay roll and inventory data of Identical establishments for the years 1935, 1936 and 1937; and 
Table 3 measures the size of the sample in this Survey in terms of totals in the 1935 Census. As not 
all kinds of business are included in this Survey, totals are omitted from State and City tables. 



Page 9 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 












WHOLESALE 


distribution] 








UNITED STATES SUMMARY 












TABLE I. -NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 














FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 














SIZE 


Of I 






















Sample 


No. Of 






Net Sales By Quarters 




Percent 




Compared 


Estab- 


Net 




(add 


500 ) 






Chance 




With 


iq^"? 


lish- 


Sai^s 
















KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census | 


ments 
Includ- 
ed In 


Year 
1937 


1937 1 


1938 1 


1ST Qr 
1937 
To 


2NDQR 
1937 
To 


Estab- 
lish- 


Net . 


1ST QR. 


2nd QR. 


3RD QR. 


4TH QR. 


1ST Qr. 


2ND QR 




ments 


Sai-Fs 


1937-38 
Survey 




Jan. 1 


April 1 


July 1 


Oct. 1 


Jan. 1 


April ; 


1ST QR 


2ND Qr 




% 


% 


(•dd 000 ) 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


Sept. 30 


Dec. 31 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


1938 


1938 






SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION 


WHOLESALERS 












'iNIPED ST-ATES 

Autonotlve 

Automobiles and other motor vehicles 


18 


33 


12 840 


J5,7i9,462 ,1,391.062 


21.5i6.903 31,471,11] J 


-:i.37Q406 


Jl.153,469 


,51,215135 


-17.1 


-20.6 


16 


33 


924 


370,166 


88,333 


107,114 


85,567 


89,152 


63,546 


65,409 


-28.1 


-38. <• 


16 


33 


64 


204,203 


51 , 685 


66,389 


40,890 


45,239 


33,435 


31 , 290 


-35.3 


-52.9 


Automotive equipment 


17 


31 


823 


i:'4,517 


29,026 


34,250 


36,291 


34,950 


24,995 


28 , 554 


-13.9 


-16.6 


Tires anfl tubes 


9 


41 


37 


31,446 


7,622 


6,475 


8,386 


8,963 


5,116 


5,565 


-32.9 


-14.1 


Beer, Y.'lr.es ar.d Liquors 

Beer and other fermented malt 


12 


22 


684 


244,300 


51,580 


59,963 


63,131 


69,626 


47,509 


58 , 254 


- 7.3 


- 2.9 


























liquors 


12 


21 


464 


88,483 


16,017 


23,874 


28,425 


20,167 


16,091 


22,049 


-^ 0.5 


- 7.6 


Kines and liquors 


15 


23 


220 


155,817 


35 , 563 


36,089 


34,706 


49,459 


31 , 718 


36 , 205 


-10.8 


+ 0.3 


Chericals and Paints 
[^-estuffs 


20 


25 


292 


104,191 


25 , 633 


29,563 


26,746 


22,249 


20,044 


22,096 


-21.8 


-25.3 


46 


4C' 


26 


8 , 294 


2,326 


2,041 


2,054 


1,873 


1,869 


1,551 


-19.6 


-24.0 


Smlosives 


19 


30 


5 


60 B 


151 


153 


149 


155 


146 


153 


- 3.3 


0.0 


Industrial chemicals 


34 


50 


69 


52 , 931 


13,766 


14,260 


13,320 


11,585 


10,520 


10,567 


-23.6 


-25.9 


ra^al storE;s 


33 


20 


12 


9,202 


2,097 


2,740 


2,579 


1,786 


1,150 


1,257 


-45.2 


-54.1 


Paints and varnishes 


IP 


£7 


140 


22,069 


4,575 


7,216 


5,863 


4,415 


4,146 


6,250 


- 9.4 


-13.4 


All other 


12 


11 


40 


1],08'7 


2,718 


3,153 


2,781 


2,435 


2,213 


?,318 


-18.6 


-26.5 


Clothing and Furnishings 
Clothinfj and/or furnishings 


16 


23 


627 


177,522 


42,659 


42 , 394 


49,568 


42,901 


35,701 


35 , 642 


-16.3 


-15. P 


























(full line) 


13 


24 


72 


17,386 


3,236 


4,028 


4,899 


5,223 


2,576 


3,582 


-20.4 


-11.1 


Men's and hoys' 


17 


23 


171 


30,512 


6,548 


7,340 


8,360 


8,264 


4,899 


6,011 


-25.2 


-18.1 


Wometi's and children's 


14 


20 


151 


52 , 755 


14,006 


12,364 


13,682 


12,503 


11,742 


10,331 


-16.2 


-16.4 


Furs, dressed and fur clothing 


13 


29 


37 


12,641 


2,849 


3,040 


4,129 


2,623 


1,P95 


1,073 


-33.5 


-64.7 


Hosierj- 


19 


39 


38 


16,589 


3,927 


4,058 


4,067 


4,537 


3,605 


3,992 


- 8.2 


- 1.6 


Millinery and millinery supplies 


21 


24 


75 


14,038 


3,842 


3,415 


3,794 


2,98V 


3,588 


3,334 


- 4.0 


- 2.4 


Shoes and other footwear 


18 


22 


83 


33,601 


8,251 


8,149 


10 , 437 


6,764 


7,296 


7,319 


-11.6 


-10.2 


Drucs (full line) 

Witho\it liquor departments 


50 


61 


148 


241 , 722 


59 , 697 


57 , 347 


59,467 


65,211 


57,015 


54,855 


- 4.5 


- 4.3 


— 


— 


96 


112,599 


28 , 328 


26,890 


28,115 


29,266 


27,090 


25,753 


- 4.4 


- 4.2 


With liquor departrrents 1/ 


























Drug departments 


— 


— 


42 


(•75,621 
134,112 


18,873 


18,009 


19,138 


19,601 


17,853 


16,964 


- 5.4 


- 5.8 


Liquor departments 








7,68.3 


7,750 


7,373 


11,306 


7,384 


7,618 


- 3.9 


- 1.7 


Cooperatives end nutuals 


— 


-- 


10 


19,390 


4,813 


4,698 


4,841 


5,038 


4,688 


4,520 


- 2.6 


- 3.8 


Drups and Drup Sundries 


























(specialty lines} 
Drug specialties 


13 


35 


160 


55,623 


13,908 


13,678 


12,940 


16,097 


13,029 


13,160 


- 6.3 


- 3.6 


16 


27 


55 


9,692 


2,621 


2,381 


2,366 


2,324 


2,019 


1,904 


-23.0 


-20.0 


Drug proprietories and toiletries 


11 


30 


69 


24,206 


5,705 


5,359 


5,476 


7,666 


5,069 


5,293 


-11.1 


- 1.2 


Druggist sundries 


13 


52 


■ 36 


22,725 


5,582 


5,938 


5,098 


6,107 


5,941 


5,983 


•^ 6.4 


^ 0.8 


Dry Goods (full line) 


29 


34 


89 


98,217 


23,940 


22, •^4r' 


27,724 


24,013 


18,709 


17,847 


-21.9 


-20.8 


Dry Goods (specialty lines) 
Motions 


19 


32 


641 


278,580 


86,153 


65,882 


68,978 


57,567 


62,408 


49,666 


-27.6 


-24.6 


21 


40 


IPB 


42,956 


11,896 


9,930 


11,043 


10,087 


9,519 


8,179 


-20.0 


-17.6 


Piece goods 


81 


32 


397 


228,323 


72,375 


54,222 


56,054 


45, 672 


51 , 589 


40,184 


-28.7 


-25.9 


All other 


11 


24 


56 


7,301 


1,882 


1,730 


1,881 


1,808 


1,300 


1,303 


-30.9 


-24.7 


Electrical Goods 2/ 

Electrical poods (full line) 


24 


45 


596 


427,425 


98,933 


133,798 


103,891 


90,803 


72,405 


83,023 


-26.8 


-37.9 


35 


63 


40' 5 


282,464 


62,957 


81,612 


70,724 


67,171 


47,778 


54,560 


-24.1 


-33.1 


Apparatus and equipment 


12 


21 


23 


7,266 


1,668 


2,046 


1,995 


1,557 


1,313 


1,169 


-21.3 


-42.9 


Radios, refrifrerators & appliances 


15 


30 


168 


137,695 


34,308 


50,140 


31,172 


22,075 


23,314 


27,294 


-32.0 


-45.6 


Fruits and Vegetables (fresh) 


15 


30 


904 


356,025 


83,683 


106,909 


88,506 


77,727 


70,959 


92,129 


-15.2 


-13.8 


Farm Supplies 
Feed 


18 


31 


254 


117,652 


34,643 


33,004 


26,342 


23,663 


27,952 


23,442 


-19.3 


-29.0 


18 


28 


167 


55,763 


15,639 


15,845 


12,480 


11,799 


10,992 


10,744 


-29.7 


-32.2 


Fertilizer 


19 


48 


15 


23,223 


6,572 


6,442 


5,208 


5,001 


5,799 


4,653 


-11. a 


-27.8 


Seeds 


18 


27 


62 


30,200 


10,397 


8,040 


6,311 


5,452 


9^428 


5,423 


- 9.3 


-32.6 


All other 


20 


57 


10 


8,466 


2,035 


2,677 


2,343 


1,411 


1,733 


2,622 


-14.8 


- 2.1 


(continued on next page) 



























+ INCREASE - Decrease 

* Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 



Page 10 
CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY (continued) 

TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



ESTAB- 
LISH- 
MEhTTS 



Net. 
Sales 



No. Of 

ESTAB- 
USH- 
MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 



Net 
Sales 
Year 
1937 



(•dd 000 ) 



Net Sales By Quarters 

(uld 000) 



1937 



1ST Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2ND Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



3RD Qr. 

July 1 
Sept. 30 



4TH Qr. 

Oct. 1 
Dec. 31 



1938 



1st Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2nd Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



Percent 
Change 



1st Qr. 

1937 

To 

1st Qr, 

1938 



2nd Qr 

1937 
To 

2ND Qr 

1938 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS (continued) 



Furniture and House Furnishings 
China, glassware and crockery 
Floor coverings 

Furniture (household and office) 
House furnishings (except as 

specified) 
Musical instruments and sheet music 

General Merchandise 

Groceries (full line) 

Wholesale merchants 

Voluntary group mholesalers 

Cash-and-carry depots 

Hetailer-cooperative warehouses 
Groceries and Foods (specialty lines 
Canned goods 
Coffee, tea and spices 
Confectionery 
Fish and sea foods 
Flour 

Meats and meat products 
Soft drinks 
Sugar 
Other food and grocery specialties 

Hardware 

Hardware (full line) 
Hardware (specialty lines) 

Jewelry and Optical Goods 
Jevjelry (full line) 
Clocks and watches 
Diamonds and other precious stones 
Other jewelry specialties 
Optical goods 

Lumber and Construction Materials 
Builders' supplies (full line) 
Lumber and millwoik 
Brick, tile and terra cotta 
Cement, lime and plaster 
Glass 

Sand, gravel and crushed stone 
All other 

Machinery, Equipment and Supplies 
Commercial mohnry., eqpt. and spls 

Office (except furniture) 

Store, restaurant and hotel 
Farm and dairy machinery and 

equipment 
Industrial equipment and supplies 

Industrial (full line) 

Belting, hose and packing 

Power transmission equipment 

Rope, cordage and twine 

All other 
Industrial machinery 

Construction ( including road 
building) 

Machine tools 

Mining and quarrying 

Oil well and oil refining 

Power plant 

Used machinery and equipment 

All other 

(continued on next page) 



28 



21 



41 



36 



31 



27 
27 
38 
49 
42 
22 
28 



400 



$137,620 



67 

119 

62 

132 
20 



1,069 



720 

170 

131 

48 



1,£ 



43 
215 
241 
203 
110 
452 
19 
53 
550 

271 



175 
96 



372 



59 
22 
75 
92 

124 

568 



115 
326 
14 
20 
55 
17 
20 

1,552 



30 
82 

50 

85 
41 
15 
16 
249 



56 
16 
14 
228 
15 
28 
71 



17,264 
63,256 
15,060 

35,545 
5,394 

116,339 

812,204 



474,175 

236,290 

21,501 

80,238 

632,468 



15,766 

105,319 

31,162 

42,132 

25,055 

185,280 

3,147 

38,850 

185,746 

210,035 



194,320 
15,713 

83,079 



21,268 
8,191 
18,291 
21,414 
13,915 

240,028 



25,932 

174,855 

2,595 

3,451 

14,017 
2,819 

15,348 

482,578 



5,935 
16,485 

23,774 

63,482 
7,409 
2,242 
3,701 

52,675 



25,533 
5,732 
5,150 
117,789 
4,182 
3,882 

12 , 689 



$ 31,629 



3,785 

14,252 

3,021 

9,047 
1,524 

25,919 

193,572 



113,099 

55,911 

5,182 

19,480 

157,267 



3,955 
28,208 

7,218 
10,851 

5,225 

42,918 

629 

10,892 

46,359 

48,015 



44,218 
3,797 

18,143 



3,525 
1,227 
5,380 
4,531 
3,379 

55,696 



5,583 

41,894 

558 

687 

3,565 
458 

2,940 

121,327 



1,544 
3,407 

5,547 

15,755 

2,004 

569 

1,048 

15,757 



5,445 

1,135 

1,616 

32,846 

990 

940 

3,558 



fe 35,376 



4,166 

17,760 

4,485 

8,500 
1,455 

25,777 

203,851 



120,116 

58,822 

5,489 

19,434 

155,091 



4.053 

25,945 

7,735 

9,584 

6,497 

45,742 

856 

9,019 

45,649 

57.222 



52,953 
4,269 

18,915 



4,513 
1,626 
4,771 
4,558 
3,435 

72,523 



$35,272 



4,662 

16,263 

3,544 

9,141 
1,562 

32,230 

216,902 



127,204 

62,978 

5,788 

20,932 

159,176 



3,980 
25,003 

7,811 
10,032 

5,440 

48,907 

997 

10,339 

45,567 

55.506 



51,504 
4,002 

21,229 



7,658 
53,047 

809 
1,005 
3,540 

803 
5,750 

133,927 



1,550 
4,510 

8,150 

17,863 

2,189 

629 

1,143 

17,425 



7,885 
1,357 
1,705 
31,021 
965 
1,170 
3,507 



5,340 
2,129 
4,430 
5,650 
3,570 

63,099 



$54,543 



$25,070 



4,651 

14,981 

3,910 

8,958 
1,843 

30,413 

197,769 



113,756 

58,579 

5,042 

20,392 

159,954 



3,757 
25,152 

8,398 
11,555 

5,893 

46,713 

565 

8,610 
48,071 

49,290 



45 , 545 
3,545 

24,794 



7,520 

45 , 627 

698 

• 985 

3,504 

904 

3,851 

123,250 



1,449 
4,228 

6,492 

16,484 

1,895 

548 

845 

15,849 



6,410 
1,874 
1,510 
29,376 
1,145 
1,008 
3,146 



7,789 
3,209 
3,710 
5,555 
3,431 

48 . 510 



3,179 

10,915 

2,420 

5,998 
1,558 

22,990 

177,653 



$26,645 



102,099 

51,585 

4,783 

19,195 

138,704 



3,402 
24,319 

6,721 
10,278 

5,324 

39,185 

575 

8,238 
40 , 562 

39.157 



36,172 
2,965 

12,799 



6,171 

34,238 

530 

783 

3,407 

644 

2,787 

103,874 



1,382 
4,240 

3,585 

13,380 

1,320 

496 

565 

13,544 



5,893 
1,356 
1,318 
24,546 
1,082 
764 
2,478 



2,905 
597 
2,503 
3,643 
3,051 

59.506 



3,073 

12 , 512 

2,926 

6,731 
1,301 

22,063 

185,001 



105,545 

54,115 

4,924 

19,315 

157,051 



3,389 

21,766 

7,043 

8,820 

5,234 

42,433 

731 

8,848 

38,787 

45,854 



42,544 
3,220 

13,157 



4,744 

28,983 

367 

525 

2,408 
379 

2,100 

92,341 



1,299 
3,186 

5,558 

10,474 

1,139 

391 

679 

11,800 



4,473 
985 

1,042 

22,773 

758 

707 

2,579 



3,255 
1,017 
2,536 
3,375 
2,983 

46,102 



5,145 

32,598 

544 

674 

2,452 
580 

3,098 

93,339 



1,185 
3,654 

5,396 

10,494 

1,234 

371 

728 

11,829 



5,734 
531 
950 
20,487 
788 
572 

2,465 



+ INCREASE — Decrease 

• Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1S35 sales ol each classification 



-20.7 



-16.0 
-23.4 
-19.9 

-22.6 
+ 2.2 

-14.5 

- 8.3 



- 9.7 

- 7.7 

- 7.7 

- 1.5 

-11.8 



-14.2 
-13.8 

- 6.9 

- 5.3 
-14.5 

- 8.7 

- 8.6 
-24.4 
-12.3 

-18.5 



-18.2 
-21.9 



-29.5 



-19.9 
-43.2 
-53.5 
-19.6 
- 9.7 

-29.1 



-15.0 
-30.8 
-34.2 
-23.6 
-32.5 
-19.0 
-28.6 

-23.9 



-15.9 
- 6.5 

*• 0.2 

-33.5 
-43.2 
-31.3 



35.2 


-36.3 


25.1 


-32.1 


17.9 


-27.3 


13.2 


-53.8 


35.5 


-44.3 


30.7 


-34.0 


23.4 


-18.3 


24.8 


-51.1 


27.5 


-29.7 



Page U 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 


















WH01£SALE 


distribution] 






UNITED STATES SUMMARY (conHnued) 












TABLE 1 -NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 














FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 
















SIZE 


OF 1 
























Sample 


No. Of 






Net Sales By Quarters 




Percent 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Compared 

With 1935 

Census 


ESTAB- 

lish- 

MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 


Net 

SaI£S 
Year 
1937 






(add 


ooo) 






Chance 


1937 1 


1938 1 


1ST Qr 

1937 

To 


2ND QR 
1937 
To 


Estab- 
lish- 


NET . 


1st Qr. 


2nd Qr 


3rd Qr. 


4TH Qr. 


1ST Qr. 


2ND Qr 




ments 


Sales 


1937-38 
Survey 




Jan. 1 


April 1 


July 1 


Oct. 1 


Jan. 1 


April 1 


1ST Qr 


2nd Qr 




% 


% 


(add 000) 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


Sept. 30 


Dec. 31 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


1938 


1938 




SER\ 


'ICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS (continued 












Machinery, Equijanent &. Spls. (cont'd. ) 






















-■ 




Professional equipment and supplies 


























Dental 


36 


52 


92 


$14,046 


$3,353 


$3,675 


$3,597 


*3,421 


$3,045 


12,986 


- 9.2 


-18.7 


Surgical, medical and hospital 


28 


42 


56 


15,478 


3,643 


3,789 


4,041 


4,005 


3,703 


3,487 


-^ 1.6 


- 8.0 


All other 


26 


35 


65 


15,243 


3,193 


3,388 


4,668 


3,994 


3,032 


3,040 


- 5.0 


-10.3 


Service equipment and supplies 


























Barber and beauty parlor 


14 


28 


91 


12,751 


3,049 


3,731 


2,845 


3,126 


2,626 


3,072 


-13.9 


-17.7 


Laundry 


49 


68 


68 


19,215 


4,823 


5,199 


4,876 


4,317 


4,012 


4,285 


-16.8 


-17.6 


Upholsterers' 


23 


38 


46 


13,434 


3,630 


3,410 


3,232 


3,162 


2,519 


2,245 


-30.6 


-34.2 


All other 


12 


23 


77 


9,979 


2,441 


2,499 


2,421 


2,618 


2,309 


2,408 


- 5.4 


- 3.6 


Transportation equipment and 


























supplies 


25 


34 


61 


20 , 472 


5,034 


7,046 


5,310 


3,082 


3,252 


4,287 


-35.4 


-39.2 


Paper and Its Products 

Wrapping or coarse paper and 


21 


35 


536 


183,336 


46,167 


48,840 


45,690 


42,639 


38,569 


38,096 


-16.5 


-22.0 


























products 


22 


35 


352 


129,847 


32,450 


34,760 


32 , 610 


30,027 


27,017 


27,381 


-15.7 


-21.2 


Fine or printing and writing paper 


38 


47 


81 


37,774 


10,041 


10 , 185 


9,021 


8,527 


8,243 


7,536 


-17.9 


-26.0 


Stationery and stationery supplies 


16 


28 


83 


13,195 


3,031 


3,015 


3,593 


3,556 


2,647 


2,442 


-12.7 


-19.0 


Wall paper 


8 


14 


20 


2,520 


645 


880 


466 


529 


662 


737 


+ 2.6 


-16.3 


Plumbing and Heating Equipment and 


























Supplies 
Plumbing and heating (full line) 


28 


38 


486 


143,994 


30,495 


37,437 


40,213 


35,849 


23,152 


28,590 


-24.1 


-23.6 


48 


48 


242 


91,206 


19,032 


24,088 


25,563 


22,523 


14,545 


18,667 


-23.6 


-22.5 


Heating (including stoves and 


























ranges ) 


22 


22 


50 


7,860 


1,526 


1,686 


2,298 


2,350 


1,122 


1,197 


-26.5 


-29.0 


Plumbing fixtures, equipment and 


























supplies 


20 


28 


170 


40,439 


9,017 


10,595 


11,004 


9,823 


6,829 


7,872 


-24.3 


-25.7 


All other 


16 


31 


24 


4,489 


920 


1,068 


1,348 


1,153 


656 


854 


-28.7 


-20.0 


Tobacco and Its Products (except leaf) 


14 


26 


309 


244,780 


52,570 


62,644 


65,684 


63,882 


53,961 


61,676 


* 2.6 


- 1.5 






























MANU 


FACTUR 


ERS' SALE 


S BRANCH 


lES (with 


itocks) 












UNITED STATES 

Automotive 

Automobiles and other motor vehicles 


53 


67 


5,476 


5,986,268 


1,460,563 


1,619,534 


1,520,110 


1,386,061 


1,156,101 


1,200,796 


-20.8 


-25.9 


57 


75 


509 


1,361,094 


317,713 


416,843 


314,588 


311,950 


204,745 


223,814 


-35.6 


-45.3 


73 


81 


315 


1,186,391 


276,193 


376,555 


264,567 


269,076 


173,892 


184,282 


-37.0 


-51.1 


AutODiDtlve equipment 


22 


12 


43 


6,415 


1,423 


1,518 


1,814 


1,660 


1,142 


1,264 


-19.7 


-16.7 


Tires and tubes 


56 


62 


151 


168,288 


40,097 


38,770 


48,207 


41 , 214 


29,711 


38,268 


-25.9 


- 1.3 


Beer, Wines and Liquors 

Beer and other fermented malt 


30 


57 


113 


197,882 


40,046 


47,931 


50 , 584 


59,321 


34,972 


43,094 


-12.7 


-10.1 


























liquors 


26 


60 


67 


59,038 


10 , 355 


16,871 


19,111 


12,701 


10 , 887 


15,255 


* 5.1 


- 9.6 


Wines and liquors 


40 


57 


46 


138,844 


29,691 


31,060 


31,473 


46,620 


24,085 


27,839 


-18.9 


-10.4 


Chemicals and Paints 
Industrial chemicals 


57 


44 


317 


252,784 


60,369 


68,502 


68,406 


55,507 


47,192 


50,411 


-21.8 


-26.4 


59 


43 


43 


80,455 


19,972 


23,099 


21,068 


16,316 


13,370 


15,622 


-33.1 


-32.4 


Paints and varnishes 


56 


44 


148 


103,289 


22,797 


26,412 


30,002 


24,078 


19,222 


19,802 


-15.7 


-25.0 


All other 


57 


43 


126 


69,040 


17,600 


18,991 


17,336 


15,113 


14,600 


14,987 


-17.0 


-21.1 


Clothing and Furnishings 
Men's and boys' 


32 


48 


110 


161,492 


41,668 


36 , 394 


45,622 


37,808 


33,317 


30 , 785 


-20.0 


-15.4 


26 


33 


36 


42,514 


9,551 


9,931 


10,361 


12,671 


8,602 


8,373 


- 9.9 


-15.7 


Women's and children's 


18 


20 


19 


11,461 


3,046 


2,858 


3,116 


2,441 


2,731 


2,108 


-10.3 


-26.2 


Hosiery 


43 


37 


6 


4,451 


988 


1,094 


1,096 


1,273 


1,046 


987 


+ 5.9 


- 9.8 


Shoes end other footwear 


78 


79 


43 


101,357 


27,753 


22,051 


30,608 


20,945 


20 , 596 


18,845 


-25.8 


-14.5 


All other 


19 


13 


6 


1,709 


330 


460 


441 


478 


342 


472 


.3.6 


^■ 2.6 


Drugs and Drug Sundries 


20 


33 


54 


52,416 


15,203 


12,695 


12,148 


12,370 


13,507 


11,358 


-11.2 


-10.5 


Dry Goods 


29 


19 


60 


36,546 


11,116 


9,244 


8,914 


7,272 


7,816 


6,247 


-29.7 


-32.4 


Electrical Goods 


50 


90 


215 


567,688 


157,337 


156,674 


135,026 


118,451 


108,486 


97,235 


-31.0 


-38.0 


(continued on next page) 



























INCREASE — Decrease 

Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 



Page 12 
























1 


CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS; 193738 








WHOLESALE 


DISTRIBUTION 1 






UNITED STATES SUMMARY (continued) 








TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 












FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 










Size 


Of i 
















Sample 


No. Of 




Net Sales By Quarters 




Percent 




Compared 


ESTAB 


Net 


(»dd 000 ) 






Chance 




With 
Cen 


1935 


LISH- 


Sales 
Year 
1937 










KIND OF BUSINESS 


sus 


MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 


1937 1 


1938 1 


1ST Qr. 

1937 
To 


2nd Qr 

1937 

To 

2ND Qr. 


Estab- 


Net. 


1ST Qr. 


2ND Qr 


3RD Qr. 


4TH Qr. 


1ST Qr. 


2ND Qr. 




lish 

MENTS 


Sales 


1937-38 
Survey 




Jan. 1 


April 1 


July 1 


Oct. 1 


Jan. 1 


April 1 


1ST Qr 




% 


% 


(.dd 000 ) 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


Sept. 30 


Dec. 31 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


1938 


1938 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks )( continued ) 


Farm Supplies 
Feed 


42 


50 


31 


118,047 


i;4,812 


te,534 


te,717 


$1,984 


14,403 


17,455 


- 8.5 


-12.6 


33 


40 


10 


1,490 


413 


408 


351 


318 


312 


296 


-24.5 


-27.5 


Fertilizer 


54 


51 


21 


16,557 


4,399 


8,126 


2,356 


1,666 


4,091 


7,159 


- 7.0 


-11.9 


Furniture and House Furnishings 
Floor coverings 


66 


72 


166 


72,722 


17,600 


20,896 


18,814 


15,412 


13,330 


14,091 


-24.3 


-32.6 


68 


73 


34 


28,947 


7,596 


8,657 


7,083 


5,511 


5,315 


4,918 


-30.9 


-43.2 


Furniture (household and office) 


78 


84 


94 


32,052 


6,995 


8,824 


8,796 


7,436 


6,009 


6,503 


-14.1 


-26.3 


House furnishings (except as 


























specified) 


50 


51 


36 


10,991 


2,724 


3,225 


2,800 


2,242 


1,880 


2,538 


-31.0 


-21.3 


All other 


29 


23 


2 


732 


184 


190 


135 


223 


125 


132 


-32.1 


-30.5 


Groceries and Foods (specialty lines J 
Canned goods 


57 


78 


1,755 


2,032,025 


505,989 


493,800 


531,562 


500,674 


444,457 


449 , 430 


-12.2 


- 9.0 


44 


64 


101 


118,432 


29 , 854 


28,531 


30,388 


29,559 


24 , 755 


23,255 


-17.1 


-18.5 


Confectionery 


23 


51 


19 


22,929 


6,066 


4,944 


5,845 


6,074 


5,640 


4,811 


- 7.0 


- 2.7 


Flour 


57 


62 


94 


77,611 


19,178 


20,494 


18,716 


19,223 


15,665 


15,640 


-13.1 


-23.7 


Meats and meat products 


92 


92 


866 


1,146,882 


267,981 


283,320 


298,862 


296,719 


246,338 


255,282 


- 7.9 


- 9.9 


Breakfast cereals 






f 47 


115,618 


32,390 


28,492 


29 , 333 


25,403 


28,051 


28,142 


-13.4 


- 1.2 


All other 


40 


68 


l_ 628 


550 , 553 


150,520 


128,019 


148,418 


123,596 


122,507 


122,300 


-18.6 


- 4.5 


Hardware 


50 


38 


31 


10,343 


2,804 


3,017 


2,554 


1,968 


1,735 


1,528 


-38.1 


-46.0 


Jewelry and Optical Goods 
Jewelry 


68 


33 


170 


44,719 


10 , 850 


11,219 


12,175 


10,475 


8,508 


8,437 


-21.6 


-24.8 


42 


18 


18 


21,905 


5,261 


5,358 


6,080 


5,206 


3,790 


3,739 


-28.0 


-30.2 


Optical goods 


74 


92 


152 


22,814 


5,589 


5,861 


6,095 


5,269 


4,718 


4,598 


-15.6 


-19.8 


Lumber and Construction Materials 
Builders' supplies (full line) 


37 


27 


97 


49,637 


10,591 


14,140 


15,027 


9,879 


8,394 


11,408 


-20.7 


-19.3 


31 


30 


14 


13,610 


3,087 


3,773 


4,470 


2,280 


2,288 


3,185 


-25.9 


-15.6 


Lumber and mlllwork 


26 


36 


10 


8,053 


1,751 


2,417 


2,132 


1,753 


1,439 


1,660 


-17.8 


-31.3 


Brick, tile and terra cotta 


30 


35 


13 


2,913 


680 


842 


852 


529 


465 


571 


-31.6 


-32.2 


Cement, lime and plaster 


56 


22 


15 


5,193 


722 


1,555 


1,855 


1,061 


570 


1,195 


-21.1 


-23.2 


All other 


42 


24 


45 


19,868 


4,351 


5,553 


5,708 


4,256 


3,632 


4,797 


-16.5 


-13.6 


Machinery, Equipment and Supplies 
Corainerclal mchnry. , eqpt. and spls. 


58 


68 


1,519 


685,885 


164,555 


203,794 


181,808 


135,718 


136,655 


146,487 


-17.0 


-28.1 


























Office (except furniture) 


57 


65 


544 


96,028 


25,912 


24,878 


21,951 


23,277 


20 , 494 


20 , 652 


-20.9 


-15.9 


Store, restaurant ana hotel 


51 


78 


41 


23,323 


4,652 


7,270 


6,486 


4,915 


4,245 


5,821 


- 8.7 


-19.9 


Farm and dairy machinery and eqpt. 


67 


78 


168 


255,745 


60 , 528 


83,814 


69,711 


41,592 


55,259 


61,981 


- 8.9 


-25.1 


Industrial equipnent and supplies 


























Industrial (full line) 


71 


89 


5 


4,338 


899 


1,198 


1,205 


1,036 


689 


584 


-23.4 


-42.9 


Belting, hose and packing 


73 


88 


37 


26,872 


6,581 


7,411 


7,123 


5,557 


4,632 


5,701 


-30.7 


-23.1 


Power transmission equipment 


58 


93 


47 


10,656 


2,611 


2,998 


2,835 


2,212 


1,855 


1,744 


-29.0 


-41.8 


Rope, cordage and twine 


83 


99 


15 


8,918 


2,340 


2,819 


2,284 


1,475 


1,477 


1,801 


-36.9 


-36.1 


All other 


65 


62 


204 


86,169 


22,380 


25,102 


21,421 


17,265 


14,792 


14,408 


-33.9 


-42.6 


Industrial machinery 


























Construction (including road 


























building) 


30 


45 


24 


15,515 


3,437 


4,311 


4,439 


3,328 


2,778 


2,972 


-19.2 


-3i.l 


Mining and quarrying 


15 


9 


8 


2,317 


528 


633 


548 


608 


441 


358 


-16.5 


-43.4 


Oil well and oil refining 


69 


68 


103 


27 , 941 


6,400 


7,784 


7,227 


6,530 


5,974 


5,082 


- 6.7 


-34.7 


All other 


60 


73 


72 


59,548 


11,118 


16,934 


19,752 


11,734 


9,319 


10,561 


-16.2 


-37.6 


Professional equipment and supplies 


























Dental 


84 


87 


32 


12,083 


2,944 


3,251 


2,876 


3,012 


2,487 


2,422 


-15.5 


-25.5 


Surgical, medical and hospital 


67 


53 


78 


13,792 


3,267 


3,575 


3,595 


3,354 


3,575 


3,405 


+ 9.4 


- 4.8 


All other 


67 


72 


16 


4,151 


919 


1,054 


1,035 


1,133 


878 


925 


- 4.5 


-13.1 


Service equipment and supplies 


























Laundry 


26 


47 


13 


11,481 


2,542 


3,598 


2,873 


2,368 


2,055 


2,239 


-18.8 


-39.5 


Upholsterers' 


72 


73 


31 


6,537 


1,899 


1,527 


1 , 512 


1,499 


1,244 


1,286 


-34.5 


-15.8 


All other 


46 


48 


81 


20,471 


5,408 


5,527 


4,814 


4,722 


4,450 


4,435 


-17.7 


-19.8 


Paper and Its Products 


28 


33 


58 


62,703 


16,066 


17,188 


16,574 


12,875 


12,452 


12,164 


-22.5 


-29.2 


(continued on nert page) 



























— Decrease 

• Percentages in thU column represent 1935 sales ol establishments mcluded in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classilicatic 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 193738 



Page 13 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY i continued ) 

TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



ESTAB 
LISH. 
MENTS 



Net . 
Sales 



No. Of 

ESTAB 
LISH- 

MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 



Net 
Sales 
Year 

1937 



Net Sales By Quarters 

(.dd 000 ) 



1st Qr 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2nd Qr 

April 1 
June 30 



3rd Qr 

July 1 
SepL 30 



4TH Qr 

Oct. 1 
Dec. 31 



1ST Qr 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2ND Qr 

April 1 
June 30 



Percent 
Chance 



1ST Qr 

1937 

To 

1ST Qr 

1938 



2ND QR 
1937 
To 

2ND Qr 
1938 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) (continued) 



Plumbing &. Heating Equipment & Supplies 
Plumbing and heating (full line) 
Heating (including stoves and ranges) 
Plumbing fixtures, equipment & spls. 
All otlier 

Tobacco and Its products (except leaf) 



43 



243 



$123,472 



38 

54 

137 

14 

28 



17,319 

30 , 901 

72,105 

3,147 

256, C13 



$27,017 



3,580 

5,955 

16,759 

723 

56,817 



$35,395 



4,561 

7,932 

20,043 

859 

65,066 



$33,392 



4,898 

9,083 

18,609 

802 

70,199 



*29,668 



4,280 

7,931 

16,694 

763 

64,729 



118,212 



2,821 

3,604 

11,213 

574 

57,919 



$23,576 



3,929 

4,686 

13,279 

682 

64,176 



-32.6 



-21.2 
-39.5 
-33.1 
-20.6 

+ 1.9 



-32.4 



-13.9 
-40.9 
-33.7 
-20.6 

- 1.4 



COMMISSION MERCHANTS 



UmXED SI'ATES 



Fruits and Vef.-ettitles (fresh) 



10 



101 



67,733 



17,275 



20,669 



14,587 



14,145 



17,865 



-18.1 



-^ Increase — Decrease 

_iy Includes one cooperative. 

2/ Includes houses formerly classified as "Wiring supplies and construction materials". 

* Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 



Page 14 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 




















WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION] 










UNITED STATES SUMMARY 
















TABLE 2.- SAI FS, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 
















FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












Size 


OF 1 


No. Of 
Estab- 
















1 








Sample 




Net Sales 




Pay Roll** 


Stocks On Hand 


Percent Increase 




Compared 
With 1935 


lish- 












End Of Year 


1935 lo 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 
Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 




(.<W 000) 




(add 


ooo) 




(add 000) 






1 


Estab- 
lish. 

MENTS 

% 


NET* 

Sales 

% 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


UNITED STATES 

AutomotlTe 

Automobiles and other 


18 


33 


12,840 


85,759.482 


|5A97,077 


#4,393.400 


$425,249 


$329,089 


*688,714 


1641,347 


1556,276 


31.1 


29.2 


23.8 


16 


33 


924 


370,166 


334,093 


255,546 


28,685 


22,794 


41,729 


34,955 


30,832 


44.9 


25.8 


35.3 































motor vehicles 


16 


33 


54 


204,203 


181,405 


125,877 


8,546 


5,716 


11,594 


7,497 


5,667 


62.2 


49.5 


104.6 


Automotive equipment 


17 


31 


823 


134,517 


126,574 


108,302 


19,124 


16,255 


27,788 


25,182 


22,328 


24.2 


17.6 


24.5 


Tires and tubes 


9 


41 


37 


31,445 


26,014 


21,367 


1,015 


823 


2,347 


2,275 


2,837 


47.2 


23.3 


-17.3 


Beer, Wines and Liquors 
Beer and othar fermented 


12 


22 


684 


244,300 


213,975 


155,592 


15,178 


9,956 


22,935 


20,446 


16,521 


57.0 


52.3 


38.8 






























malt liquors 


12 


21 


464 


88,483 


78,142 


57,745 


6,177 


3,935 


3,849 


3,203 


2,162 


53.2 


57.0 


78.0 


Wines and liquors 


15 


23 


220 


155,817 


135,833 


97,847 


9,001 


6,031 


19,087 


17,243 


14,359 


59.2 


49.2 


32.9 


Chemicals and Paints 
Dyestuffs 


20 


29 


292 


104,191 


94,750 


80,383 


8,715 


6,538 


11 , 189 


10,222 


9,420 


29.6 


33.3 


18.8 


46 


40 


26 


8,294 


7,300 


6,325 


865 


718 


622 


450 


407 


31.1 


20.5 


52,8 


iiiplosives 


19 


30 


5 


608 


508 


486 


34 


34 


56 


53 


48 


23.1 


0.0 


16.7 


Industrial chemicals 


34 


50 


69 


52,931 


47,930 


39,991 


3,251 


2,299 


4,514 


3,845 


3,871 


32.4 


41.4 


15.6 


Naval stores 


33 


20 


12 


9,202 


7,717 


6,701 


393 


312 


428 


563 


511 


37.3 


26.0 


-16.2 


Paints and varnishes 


18 


27 


140 


22,069 


20,747 


18,095 


2,908 


2,192 


4,185 


4,035 


3,615 


22.0 


32.7 


15.8 


All other 


12 


11 


40 


11,087 


10,548 


8,785 


1,264 


983 


1,384 


1,274 


968 


26.2 


28.6 


43.0 


Clothing and Furnishings 
Clothing and/or furnishings 


16 


23 


527 


177,522 


174,368 


148,863 


13,814 


11,626 


21,159 


19,581 


16,829 


19.3 


18.8 


25.7 






























(full line) 


13 


24 


72 


17,385 


17,767 


15,914 


1,547 


1,432 


2,953 


2,854 


2,440 


9.2 


8.0 


21.0 


Men's and boys' 


17 


23 


171 


30,512 


30,628 


26,7-25 


2,947 


2,424 


5,977 


5,117 


4,427 


14.2 


21.6 


35.0 


Women's and children's 


14 


20 


151 


52,755 


51,723 


46,038 


3,818 


3,155 


3,530 


3,243 


2,708 


14.6 


21.0 


30.4 


Purs, dressed & fur clothing 


13 


29 


37 


12,641 


13,365 


9,511 


725 


585 


1,050 


1,156 


655 


32.9 


23.9 


57.9 


Hosiery 


19 


39 


38 


16,589 


15,782 


14,011 


866 


582 


1,734 


1,554 


1,407 


18.4 


27.0 


23.2 


Millinery and millinery 






























supplies 


21 


24 


75 


14,038 


12,871 


10,253 


1,582 


1,216 


944 


991 


790 


36.9 


30.1 


19.5 


Shoes and other footwear 


18 


22 


83 


33,501 


32,232 


25,411 


2,329 


2,132 


4,971 


4,546 


4,392 


27.2 


9.2 


13.2 


Drugs (full line) 

Without liquor departments 


50 


61 


148 


241,722 


218,288 


196,408 


15,773 


13,555 


41,366 


39,051 


33,253 


23.1 


23.7 


24.4 


— 


— 


96 


112,599 


103,970 


96,443 


8,329 


7,140 


19,125 


17,408 


15,238 


15.8 


16.7 


17.8 


With liquor departments }J 






























Drug departments 
Liquor departments 


— 


— 


42 


/75,621 
134,112 


73,064 
23,723 


\ 83,525 


/ 5,814 
1 1,378 


j 5,492 


(13,258 
I 5,243 


13,002 
6,127 


\ 14, 710 


31.4 


31.0 


32.6 


Cooperatives and mutuals 


— 


-- 


10 


19 , 390 


17,531 


15,439 


1,252 


923 


2,730 


2,514 


2,305 


18.0 


35.6 


18.4 


Drugs and Drug Sundries 






























(specialty lines) 
Drug specialties 


13 


35 


160 


56,623 


51,473 


42,854 


5,591 


3,834 


4,750 


4,027 


4,888 


32.1 


45.8 


- 2,6 


16 


27 


55 


9,692 


8,902 


8,124 


855 


682 


1,420 


1,287 


1,253 


19.3 


25.4 


12.4 


Drug proprietories and 






























toiletries 


11 


30 


69 


24,206 


21,982 


18,495 


3,667 


2,331 


2,430 


2,242 


2,024 


30.9 


57.3 


20.1 


Druggist sundries 


13 


52 


35 


22,725 


20,589 


16,235 


1,069 


821 


910 


498 


1,501 


40.0 


30.2 


-43.2 


Dry Ooods (full line) 


29 


34 


89 


98,217 


96,592 


89,540 


8,642 


8,037 


18,114 


17,207 


15,746 


9.7 


7.5 


15.0 


Dry Goods (specialty lines) 
Notions 


19 


32 


541 


278,580 


255,964 


233,366 


19,615 


15,035 


46,893 


44,684 


42,535 


19.4 


30.5 


10.2 


21 


40 


188 


42,956 


43,288 


38,996 


6,C64 


4,515 


8,402 


7,573 


7,269 


10.2 


34.3 


15.6 


Piece goods 


21 


32 


397 


228,323 


214,971 


187,477 


12,665 


9,917 


37,259 


35,852 


34,209 


21.8 


29.7 


8.9 


All other 


11 


24 


56 


7,301 


7,705 


5,893 


685 


603 


1,232 


1,249 


1,057 


5.9 


13.8 


16.5 


Sleotrical Goods 2/ 

Electrical goods (full line) 


24 


45 


596 


427,425 


344,354 


257,005 


33,717 


21,858 


40,454 


32,548 


24,346 


66,3 


54.2 


65.2 


35 


63 


405 


282,464 


221,155 


163,910 


21,083 


12,798 


27,697 


23,660 


17,255 


72.3 


64.7 


60.5 


Apparatus and equipment 


12 


21 


23 


7,256 


5,791 


4,300 


1,007 


555 


688 


604 


490 


69.0 


53.7 


40.4 


Radios, refrigerators and 






























appliances 


15 


30 


168 


137,695 


117,408 


88,795 


11,527 


8,415 


12,079 


8,284 


6,601 


55.1 


38.2 


83.0 


?rults and Vegetables (fresh) 

Farm Supplies 
Feed 


15 


30 


904 


355,825 


339 , 153 


288,470 


17,544 


14,280 


7,091 


7,539 


6,359 


23.7 


23.5 


11.5 


18 


31 


254 


117,552 


100,707 


86,339 


6,737 


4,893 


11,174 


10,471 


8,682 


36.3 


37.7 


28.7 


18 


28 


167 


55,763 


49,317 


41,101 


2,807 


2,038 


3,235 


3,450 


3,150 


35 .'7 


37.7 


2.7 


Fertilizer 


19 


48 


15 


23,223 


19,103 


15,418 


810 


406 


1,710 


884 


774 


50.6 


99.5 


120.9 


Seeds 


18 


27 


52 


30,200 


25,545 


24,194 


2,809 


2,236 


5,500 


5,730 


4,495 


24.8 


25.6 


22.4 


All other 


20 


57 


10 


8,466 


5,642 


5,626 


311 


213 


728 


397 


263 


50.5 


46.0 


176.8 


(continued on next page) 































Decrease 

• Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales o( establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 

• Pay roll not available lor year 1936. Pay roll includes compensation of lull-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of 



unmcorporated businesses. 



Page 15 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 




















WHOLESALF. 


DISTRIBUTION 










UNITED STATES SUMMARY (contin 


ued) 














TABLE 2.- SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 
















FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












Size 


OF 1 


















1 








Sample 
Compared 
With 1935 


No. Of 
Estab- 
lish- 




Net Sales 




Pay Roll" 


STOCKS On Hand 
End Of Year 


Percent Increase 
1935 lo 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 
Includ- 




(add 000) 




(.dd 


000) 




(add 000) 






1 




Estab- 




























lish 

MENTS 

% 


Net- 
Sales 


ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 








SERVICE 


AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS (continued) 








Furniture & House Furnishings 
China, glassware and 


20 


41 


400 


J 137, 620 


$126,517 


$100,181 


(!;12,455 


% 8,939 


$26,445 


$23,305 


$20,932 


37.4 


39.3 


25.3 






























c rookery- 


21 


40 


57 


17,264 


15,905 


13,542 


2,314 


1,757 


3,309 


2,558 


2,585 


27.5 


31.7 


28.0 


Floor coverings 


33 


53 


119 


63,256 


60,047 


47,515 


4,490 


3,160 


13,811 


12,313 


11,093 


32.8 


42.1 


24.5 


Furniture (household and 






























office) 


17 


24 


52 


15,050 


12 , 698 


9,197 


1,757 


1,164 


2,458 


2,088 


1,617 


53.7 


51.8 


52.0 


House furnishings (except 






























as specified) 


17 


37 


132 


35,646 


32,525 


25,595 


2,677 


2,026 


5,815 


5,390 


4,719 


39.3 


32.1 


23.2 


Musical instruments and 






























sheet music 


18 


31 


20 


6,394 


5,342 


4,231 


1,207 


832 


1,052 


946 


918 


51.1 


45.1 


14.6 


General Merchandise 


34 


27 


72 


115,339 


108,905 


95,508 


9,741 


8,051 


19,419 


18,483 


15,885 


20.5 


21.0 


22.2 


Groceries (full line) 
Wholesale merchants 


28 


35 


1,069 


812,204 


7 51,517 


593,801 


44,974 


38,547 


105,647 


105,958 


90,997 


17.1 


16.7 


17.2 


— 


— 


720 


474,175 


444,532 


402,259 


25,821 


22,157 


52,583 


63,149 


53,569 


17.9 


15.5 


15.6 


Voluntary group 

wholesalers 






170 


236,290 


222,997 


208,591 


15,189 


13,965 


33,500 


33,744 


29,031 


13.3 


15.9 


15.7 


Cash-and-carry depots 


— 


— 


131 


21,501 


20,934 


17 , 514 


433 


393 


1,454 


1,457 


1,255 


22.1 


10.2 


16.7 


Retailer-oooperatiTe 






























warehouses 


~ 


— 


48 


80,238 


73,054 


65,337 


2,531 


2,032 


9, COO 


8,508 


7,042 


22.8 


24.5 


27.8 


Groceries and Foods 






























( specialty lines) 
Canned goods 


15 


31 


1,886 


532,468 


573,773 


525,552 


40,806 


34,357 


43,240 


44,086 


36,140 


20.3 


18.8 


19.6 


15 


18 


43 


15,765 


14,531 


14,042 


942 


867 


2,457 


1,918 


1,578 


12.3 


8.7 


56.3 
3/ 


Coffee, tea and spices 


22 


38 


215 


105,319 


91,447 


83,865 


7,438 


6,733 


9,955 


11,834 


11,050 


25.6 


10.5 


Confectionery 


12 


23 


241 


31,162 


29,059 


25,497 


2,502 


2,076 


2,219 


2,201 


1,916 


22.2 


20.5 


15.8 


Fish and sea foods 


16 


31 


203 


42,132 


39,709 


37,229 


4,127 


3,752 


2,198 


2,365 


1,503 


13.2 


9.7 


37.1 


Flour 


22 


33 


110 


25,055 


25,020 


25,949 


1,254 


1,158 


1,325 


1,448 


1,171 


- 3.4 


8.3 


13.2 


Meats and meat products 


20 


34 


452 


185,280 


163,249 


148,799 


11,220 


8,872 


4,264 


4,495 


3,462 


24.5 


26.5 


23.2 


Soft drinks 


4 


13 


19 


3,147 


2,975 


2,738 


543 


412 


221 


196 


140 


14.9 


31.8 


57.9 


Sugar 


42 


60 


53 


38,860 


40,950 


37 , 618 


1,154 


1,147 


1,706 


2,749 


935 


3.3 


1.5 


82.5 


Other food and grocery 






























specialties 


13 


27 


550 


185,746 


155,823 


149,814 


11,615 


9,330 


18,885 


15,878 


14,275 


24.0 


24.5 


32.3 


Hardware 

Hardware (full line) 


24 


38 


271 


210,033 


190,049 


152,374 


22,757 


18,157 


47,402 


45,251 


39,434 


29.4 


25.4 


20.2 


29 


39 


175 


194,320 


176,530 


151,135 


20 , 692 


15,523 


43,918 


42,148 


35,732 


28.6 


24.5 


19.5 


Hardware (specialty lines) 


18 


27 


96 


15,713 


13,419 


11,238 


2,075 


1,534 


3,484 


3,103 


2,702 


39.8 


35.3 


28.9 


Jewelry and Optical Goods 
Jewelry (full line) 


21 


32 


372 


83,079 


74,569 


57,516 


8,952 


5,523 


20,169 


17,594 


15,151 


44.4 


37.2 


24.9 


25 


35 


59 


21,258 


18,654 


14,620 


1,777 


1,358 


4,951 


4,410 


4,144 


45.5 


30.9 


19.7 


Clocks and vratches 


14 


20 


22 


8,191 


7,543 


5,712 


680 


453 


1,707 


1,153 


1,115 


43.4 


50.1 


53.1 


Diamonds and other 






























precious stones 


27 


40 


75 


18,291 


15,930 


11,003 


653 


415 


6,447 


5,794 


5,420 


65.2 


57.3 


18.9 


Other Jewelry specialties 


12 


28 


92 


21,414 


18,993 


15,032 


2,450 


1,514 


4,722 


4,084 


3,518 


42.5 


52.4 


34.2 


Optical goods 


32 


40 


124 


13,915 


13,289 


11,149 


3,382 


2,683 


2,332 


2,153 


1,954 


24.8 


26.1 


19.3 


Lumtier and Construction 






























Materials 
Builders' supplies (full 


20 


33 


568 


240,028 


210,233 


150,809 


19,540 


13,518 


24,895 


22,400 


20,400 


49.3 


45.3 


22.0 






























line) 


23 


24 


115 


26,932 


25,047 


18,217 


2,559 


1,715 


3,418 


3,273 


2,729 


47.8 


49.8 


25.2 


Lumber and millwork 


20 


35 


325 


174,855 


152,261 


117,762 


11,875 


8,515 


17,288 


15,234 


13,588 


48.5 


39.5 


27.2 


Brick, tile & terra cotta 


12 


17 


14 


2,595 


2,235 


1,477 


197 


153 


158 


171 


170 


75.7 


28.8 


- 1.2 


Cement, lime and plaster 


15 


13 


20 


3,451 


3,190 


2,394 


474 


302 


399 


347 


311 


44.5 


57.0 


23.3 


Glass 


21 


42 


55 


14,017 


12,157 


9,129 


2,655 


1,770 


2,490 


2,410 


2,755 


53.5 


50.1 


- 9.5 


Sand, gravel and crushed 






























stone 


15 


17 


17 


2,819 


2,515 


1,751 


523 


295 


184 


173 


157 


51.0 


77.3 


17.2 


All other 


21 


59 


20 


15,343 


12,828 


10,079 


1,345 


768 


948 


792 


690 


52.3 


75.3 


37.4 


Machinery, Equipment and 






























Supplies 
Coamercial machinery. 


22 


39 


1,552 


482,378 


404,091 


324,636 


50,753 


36,405 


73,880 


65 , 624 


56,929 


48.5 

i- 


39.4 


29.8 






























equipment & supplies 






























Office (except furniture) 


15 


33 


30 


5,y35 


5,155 


4,745 


1,155 


936 


672 


549 


609 


25.1 


23.4 


10.3 


Store, restaurant i: hotel 


12 


25 


82 


16,435 


13,739 


11,343 


2,226 


1,522 


2,251 


2,093 


1,819 


45.3 


46.3 


23.7 


(continued on next page) 































• Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales of establishmenls included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 
" • Pay roll not available for year 1936. Pay roll includes connpensation of full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of 
unincorporated businesses. 



Page 16 
































CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 




















WHOLESALE 


distribution! 












UNITED STATES SUMMARY (continued) 














( 






TABLE 2.- SAI FS, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 






















FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 














1 




Size 


OK 1 


















1 












Sample 


No. Of 
Estab- 




Net Sales 




Pay Roll** 


. Stocks On Hand 


Percent Increase 






Compared 


lish- 












End Of Year 


1935 lo 1937 






With 


1935 


























KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census ] 


ments 
Includ- 




(add 000) 




(uid 


000) 




(add 000) 














ESTAB- 






























USH 
MENTS 

% 


Net* 
Sales 

% 


ed In 
1937-38 

Survey 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 










SERVICE 


AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS (continued) 














Machinary, Equlpmant and 
































Supplies (continued) 






























, 


Farm and dairy machinery 
































and equipment 


15 


37 


50 


Jf23,774 


$18,961 


*16,661 


* 1,867 


% 1,494 


? 3,218 


? 3,352 


* 2,952 


42.7 


25.0 


9.0 




Industrial equi;»ient and 
































supplies 
































Industrial (full line) 


45 


50 


85 


63,482 


52,697 


40,132 


6,832 


4,523 


11,375 


10,395 


9,175 


58.2 


51.1 


24.0 




Beltinig, hose & packing 


24 


40 


41 


7,409 


6,274 


4,921 


845 


566 


953 


766 


689 


50.5 


26.9 


38.3 




Power transmission eqpt. 


23 


21 


15 


2,242 


1,720 


1,399 


346 


210 


274 


284 


254 


60.3 


64.8 


7.9 




Hope, cordage and twine 


29 


22 


16 


3,701 


3,610 


3,107 


270 


236 


490 


551 


504 


19.1 


14.4 


- 2.8 




All other 


24 


42 


249 


62,675 


53,895 


43,292 


7,257 


5,158 


8,570 


7,449 


6,579 


44.8 


40.7 


31.8 




Industrial machinery 
































Construction (including 
































road building) 


20 


27 


56 


25,633 


22,593 


14,477 


2,804 


1,560 


2,807 


2,338 


1,933 


77.1 


79.7 


45.2 




Machine tools 


20 


27 


16 


5,732 


4,659 


2,838 


426 


259 


679 


652 


663 


102.0 


64.5 


2.4 




Mining and quarrying 


16 


38 


14 


6,150 


5,170 


4,262 


656 


441 


892 


890 


898 


44.3 


48.8 


- 0.7 




Oil well & oil refining 


30 


49 


228 


117,789 


91,845 


75,133 


5,019 


3,457 


14,492 


11,745 


9,886 


55.8 


44.8 


46.6 




Power plant 


23 


42 


15 


4,182 


3,453 


2,429 


538 


382 


334 


366 


300 


72.2 


40.8 


U.3 




Used machinery and eqpt. 


15 


22 


28 


3,882 


3,453 


2,550 


639 


396 


877 


770 


538 


46.5 


61.4 


37.5 




All other 


18 


28 


71 


12,589 


10,021 


8,107 


1,827 


1,346 


1,584 


1,556 


1,324 


56.5 


35.7 


19.6 




Professional equipment and 
































supplies 
































Dental 


36 


52 


92 


14,046 


13,620 


12,017 


2,921 


2,446 


3,600 


3,365 


3,145 


16.9 


19.4 


14.5 




Surgical, medical and 
































hospital 


28 


42 


56 


15,478 


13,151 


11,025 


2,297 


1,665 


2,398 


2,211 


1,769 


40.4 


38.0 


35.6 




All other 


26 


35 


65 


15,243 


13,645 


10,601 


2,481 


1,806 


4,220 


3,851 


2,820 


43.8 


37.4 


49.5 




Service equipment and 
































supplies 
































Barber and beauty parlor 


14 


28 


91 


12,751 


12,190 


10,704 


2,399 


1,998 


2,419 


2,218 


1,963 


19.1 


20.1 


23.2 




Laundry 


49 


68 


68 


19,215 


17,416 


14,749 


2,230 


1,785 


2,173 


2,119 


1,904 


30.3 


24.9 


14.1 




Upholsterers' 


23 


38 


46 


13,434 


12,192 


9,812 


1,828 


1,277 


3,799 


3,482 


3,202 


36.9 


43.1 


18.6 




All other 


12 


23 


77 


9,979 


9,152 


8,047 


1,767 


1,356 


1,735 


1,634 


1,459 


24.0 


30.3 


18.9 




Transportation equipment 
































and supplies 


25 


34 


61 


20,472 


15,469 


12,183 


2,123 


1,476 


3,968 


2,877 


2,443 


68.0 


43.8 


62.4 




Paper and Its Products 
Wrapping or coarse paper 


21 


35 


536 


183,336 


163,059 


143,524 


19,107 


16,293 


£4,577 


23,521 


21,183 


27,7 


17.3 


15.0 


































and products 


22 


35 


352 


129,847 


114,086 


101,043 


12,996 


11,018 


15,776 


15,942 


14,389 


28.5 


18.0 


16.6 




Fine or printing and 
































writing paper 


38 


47 


81 


37,774 


34,342 


29,274 


3,885 


3,409 


4,950 


5,029 


4,463 


29.0 


14.0 


10.9 




Stationery and stationery 
































supplies 


16 


28 


83 


13,195 


12,214 


10,853 


1,764 


1,503 


2,139 


2,016 


1,901 


21.5 


17.4 


12.5 




Wall paper 


8 


14 


20 


2,520 


2,427 


2,344 


461 


353 


712 


534 


430 


7.5 


27.0 


65.6 




Plumbing and Heating 
































Equipment «c Supplies 
Plumbing and heating 
(full line) 


28 


38 


486 


143,994 


125,981 


91,554 


14,398 


10,225 


23,298 


21,975 


18,931 


57.3 


40.8 


23.1 




48 


48 


242 


91,206 


80,191 


58,037 


8,645 


5,147 


15,120 


14,364 


12,332 


57.2 


40.7 


22.5 




Heating (including stoves 
































and ranges) 


22 


22 


50 


7,860 


7,374 


5,495 


1,200 


883 


1,455 


1,311 


1,059 


43.0 


35.9 


37.4 




Plumbing fixtures, 
































equipment & supplies 


20 


28 


170 


40,439 


34,438 


24,916 


3,873 


2.722 


6,148 


5,808 


5,126 


62.3 


42.3 


19.9 




All other 


16 


31 


24 


4,489 


3,978 


3,116 


579 


473 


575 


492 


414 


44.1 


43.6 


38.9 




Tobacco and Its Products 
































(except leaf) 

• 


14 


26 


309 


244,780 


224,645 


202,569 


5,545 


5,548 


11,857 


11,419 


9,882 


20.8 


15.9 


20,1 




(continued on next page) 


































• Percentages m this column represent 1935 sales of es.ablishmenU included in (his «,rvey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 
• • Pay roll no. available lor year 1936. Pay roll includes compensalion of (ull-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of 
unincorporated businesses. 



Page 17 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 














WHOLESALE 


distribution] 








UNITED STATES SUMMARY (continued) 


















TABLE 2.- SAI F.S, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 


















FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 
















Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 


No. Of 

ESTAB. 
LISH- 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll" 


Stocks On Hand 
End Of Year 


Percent Increase 
1935 lo 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


CFJ4SUS 


MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 

Survey 


Isdd 000) 


(add 


000) 




(«dd 000 ) 










ESTAB. 
LISH 
MENTS 

% 


Net- 
Sales 

% 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 

Roll 


Stocks 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES {with stocks) 


DOTTfiD STjCTES 


53 


67 


5,476 


$5,986,26^ 


»5,353,603 


»4,535,175 


^286,222 


$218,737 


$371,539 


$329,460 


$259,945 


32.0 


30.9 


43.0 


Automotive 

Automobiles and othar 


57 


75 


509 


1,361,094 


1A85,514 


948,702 


40,402 


30,307 


69,840 


61,178 


43,739 


43.5 


33.3 


59.7 






























motor vehicles 


73 


81 


315 


1,185,391 


1,036,383 


814,019 


30,025 


21,573 


53,702 


45,968 


31,340 


45.7 


39.2 


71.4 


Automotive equlpioent 


22 


12 


43 


6,415 


6,561 


5,463 


691 


549 


1,089 


1,051 


808 


17.4 


25.9 


34.8 


Tires and tubes 


56 


62 


151 


158,288 


142,570 


129,220 


9,685 


8,185 


15,049 


14,159 


11,591 


30.2 


18.3 


29.8 


Beer, rfines and Liquors 
Beer and other fennanted 


30 


57 


113 


197,882 


184,791 


152,478 


6,822 


5,898 


4,213 


5,506 


5,826 


29.6 


15.7 


-27.7 






























malt liquors 


26 


60 


67 


59,038 


52,396 


40,787 


2,986 


2,537 


533 


551 


398 


44.7 


17.7 


33.9 


rtlnes and liquors 


40 


57 


46 


138,844 


132,395 


111,591 


3,835 


3,361 


3,680 


5,955 


5,428 


24.3 


14.1 


-32.2 


Chemicals and Paints 
Industrial chemicals 


57 


44 


317 


252,784 


228,951 


185,041 


17,807 


13,529 


20,059 


16,551 


15,253 


35.9 


30.7 


23.4 


59 


43 


43 


80,455 


75,093 


52,253 


2,420 


1,963 


2,955 


2,170 


1,854 


54.0 


23.3 


58.5 


Faints and varnishes 


55 


44 


148 


103,289 


89,476 


74,334 


9,128 


5,566 


' 12,508 


10,471 


10,378 


39.0 


39.0 


21.5 


All other 


57 


43 


126 


69,040 


54,382 


59,454 


6,259 


5, IOC 


4,496 


4,020 


4,011 


15.1 


22.7 


12.1 


Clothing ana Furnishings 
Man's and boys' 


32 


48 


110 


161,492 


153,428 


135,727 


11,511 


9,852 


33,124 


26,492 


16,695 


18.1 


17.9 


77.2 


26 


33 


36 


42,514 


38,846 


32,835 


3,165 


2,525 


4,972 


4,848 


3,958 


29.5 


25.4 


25.6 


Women's and children's 


18 


20 


19 


11,461 


10,922 


9,464 


1,201 


950 


821 


903 


740 


21.1 


26.4 


10.9 


Hosiery 


43 


37 


6 


4,451 


4,411 


4,994 


181 


232 


347 


288 


245 


-10.9 


-22.0 


41.6 


Shoes and other footwear 


78 


79 


43 


101,357 


97,817 


88,151 


5,936 


5,995 


26,889 


20,357 


13,552 


15.0 


15.7 


97.0 


All other 


19 


13 


6 


1,709 


1,432 


1,283 


127 


150 


95 


95 


100 


33.2 


-15.3 


- 5.0 


Drugs and Drug Sundries 


20 


33 


54 


52,416 


47,861 


42,917 


4,428 


3,599 


4,378 


3,547 


4,201 


22.1 


23.0 


4.2 


Dry Goods 


29 


19 


60 


36,546 


37 , 525 


34,987 


2,714 


2,395 


5,448 


5,192 


4,915 


4.5 


13.3 


31.2 


Slectrical Soods 


50 


90 


£15 


567 , 688 


447,575 


313,815 


18,174 


14,904 


27,986 


23,707 


15,923 


80.9 


21.9 


65.4 


Farm Sup-olles 
Feed 


42 


50 


31 


18,047 


15,695 


15,779 


1,419 


1,002 


1,153 


914 


809 


1 14.4 


41.5 


43.8 


33 


40 


10 


1,490 


1,450 


1,172 


72 


62 


91 


111 


81 


27.: 


15.1 


12.3 


Fertilizer 


54 


51 


21 


16,557 


14,245 


14,507 


1,347 


940 


1,072 


803 


728 


13.3 


43.3 


47.3 


Furniture & House Furnishings 
Floor coverings 


66 


72 


166 


72,722 


67,284 


56,519 


4,514 


3,144 


6,239 


5,467 


5,153 


28.7 


43.6 


21.1 


58 


73 


34 


28,947 


28,077 


20,690 


1,114 


828 


3,851 


2,952 


3,152 


39.9 


34.5 


22.2 


Furniture (household and 






























office) 


78 


84 


94 


32,052 


28,337 


27,246 


2,467 


1,605 


1,745 


1,786 


1,216 


17.6 


53.7 


43.3 


House furnishings (except 






























as specified) 


50 


51 


35 


10,991 


10,173 


8,052 


751 


583 


532 


717 


772 


36.5 


28.8 


-18.1 


All other 


29 


23 


2 


732 


697 


531 


182 


128 


10 


12 


11 


37.9 


42.2 


- 9.1 


Groceries and Foods 






























(specialty lines) 
Canned goods 


57 


78 


1,755 


2,032,025 


1,909,600 


1,766,741 


77,805 


62,916 


50 , 548 


58,391 


52,999 


15.0 


23.7 


14.4 


44 


64 


101 


118,432 


109,814 


102,903 


5,841 


5,086 


5,219 


4,987 


5,018 


15.1 


12.4 


23.9 


Confectionery 


23 


51 


19 


22,929 


20,729 


19,023 


671 


632 


684 


593 


538 


20.5 


6.2 


27.1 


Flour 


57 


62 


94 


77,611 


73,806 


75,667 


2,651 


2,237 


1,313 


1,679 


2,434 


2.6 


18.5 


1/ 


Meats and meat products 


92 


92 


866 


1,146,882 


1,093,004 


998,041 


39,594 


30,825 


30 , 578 


32,032 


27,673 


14.9 


28.4 


10.5 


Breakfast cereals 






f 47 
I. 528 


115,618 


111,343 


105,580 


3,885 


3,730 


1,826 


1,479 


1,777 


9.5 


4.2 


2.8 


All other 


40 


68 


550,553 


500,904 


465,527 


£4,162 


19,406 


20,028 


17,621 


15 , 559 


18.3 


24.5 


28.7 


Hardware 


50 


38 


31 


10,343 


8,840 


7,014 


911 


640 


604 


548 


676 


47.5 


42.3 


-10.7 


Jewelry and Optical Goods 
Jewelry 


68 


33 


170 


44,719 


3a, 384 30,259 


4,595 


3,747 


5,288 


5,133 


4,750 


47.8 


22.6 


32.4 


42 


18 


18 


21,905 


17 , 291 


12,773 


870 


665 


1,742 


1,509 


1,662 


71.5 


30.8 


4.8 


Optical goods 


74 


92 


152 


22,814 


21,093 


17,486 


3,725 


3,082 


4,546 


3,624 


3,088 


30.5 


20.9 


47.2 


Lumber and Construction 






























Materials 
Builders' supplies (full 
line) 


37 


27 


97 


49,537 


44,343 


30,894 


5,157 


3,104 


5,558 


4,660 


3,833 


60.7 


66.1 


45.0 


31 


30 


14 


13,510 


13,128 


9,724 


1,538 


1,013 


874 


941 


666 


40 .'0 


51,8 


31.2 


lumber and millwork 


26 


36 


10 


8,053 


7,273 i 4,770 


627 


424 


1,908 


1,107 


1,164 


68.8 


47.9 


63.9 


Brick, tile St. terra cotta 


30 


35 


13 


2,913 


2,643 1 1,903 


274 


184 


428 


328 


230 


53.1 


48.9 


85.1 


Cement, lime and plaster 


55 


22 


15 


5,193 


5,244 


2,526 


192 


145 


775 


624 


170 


105.6 


32.4 


3/ 


All other 


42 


24 


45 


19,868 


16,055 


11,971 


2,526 


1,338 


1,573 


1,550 


1,503 


66.0 


88.8 


- 1.9 


(continued on next page) 































' Decrease 

• Percentages in this column represent 1935 
• ' Pay roll not available for year 1936. Pay 
unincorporated businesses. 



sales of establisfiments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification, 
roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of 



Page 18 






























CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1 


937-38 
















WHOLESALE 


DISTRIBUTION II 








UNITED STATES SUMMARY (continued) 


















TABLE 2.-- SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 


















FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 
















Size 


OF 1 


























Sample 


No. Of 

ESTAB- 


Net Sales 




Pay Roll** 


Stocks On Hand 


Percent Increase 




Compared 


LISH- 










End Of Year 


1935 lo 1937 




With 


1935 






















KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 

1937-38 
Survey 


(gdd 000) 




(add 


000 ) 




(add 000 ) 












ESTAB 




























LISH- 
MENT5 

% 


Net- 
Sales 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 








MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES 


(with stocks) (continued) 












Machinery, Equipmant and 






























Supplies 
Commercial machinery, 


sa 


68 


1,519 


^585, 885 


*575,8a0 


*455,766 


173,390 


J}51,739 


499,363 


*88,703 


$61,738 


50.5 


41.8 


60.9 






























equipment ic supplies 






























Office (except furniture) 


57 


65 


544 


96,028 


86,237 


70,634 


26,084 


17 , 689 


8,923 


8,111 


7,377 


36.0 


47.5 


21.0 


otore, restaurant o: hotel 


51 


78 


41 


23,323 


18,605 


14,770 


3,461 


2,285 


1,688 


1,483 


1,135 


57.9 


51.5 


48.7 , 


Farm and dairy machinery 






























and equipment 


57 


78 


168 


255,745 


203,080 


150,857 


15,001 


10,447 


50,877 


45,058 


23,748 


69.5 


43.5 


3/ 


Industrial equipment and 






























supplies 






























Industrial (full line) 


71 


89 


5 


4,338 


3,539 


3,302 


364 


299 


871 


811 


858 


31.4 


21.7 


0.3 


Belting, hose ^ packing 


73 


88 


37 


26,872 


23,726 


23,698 


2,439 


1,944 


1,957 


1,504 


1,582 


13.4 


25.5 


24.3 


Power transmission eqpt. 


58 


93 


47 


10,656 


8,496 


5,681 


671 


500 


1,350 


1,013 


889 


59.5 


34.2 


53.0 


Rope, cordage and twine 


83 


99 


15 


8,918 


7,427 


6,771 


421 


315 


2,139 


1,772 


1,554 


31.7 


33.7 


37.5 


All other 


65 


62 


204 


86,169 


75,434 


58,659 


6,835 


5,092 


11,505 


10,327 


7,394 


46.9 


34.2 


55.6 


Industrial machinery 






























Construction (including 






























road building) 


30 


45 


24 


15,515 


11,910 


8,473 


806 


423 


1,139 


765 


930 


83.1 


90.5 


22.5 


Mining and quarrying 


15 


9 


a 


2,317 


1,610 


2,087 


IBS 


183 


345 


319 


304 


11.0 


2.7 


13.5 i 


Oil well & oil refining 


59 


68 


103 


27,941 


25,645 


18,933 


1,940 


1,042 


7,045 


7,144 


6,128 


47.6 


85.2 


15.0 


All other 


50 


73 


72 


59,548 


49,211 


40,209 


6,286 


4,495 


3,748 


3,229 


2,812 


48.1 


39.8 


33.3 


Professional equipment and 




























■ 


supplies 






























Dental 


84 


87 


32 


12,083 


11,466 


9,783 


1,586 


1,394 


1,950 


1,840 


2,128 


23.5 


13.8 


- 8.4 


Surgical, medical and 






























hospital 


67 


53 


78 


13,792 


11,235 


9,939 


1,889 


1,443 


961 


747 


550 


38.8 


30.9 


47.8 


All ether 


67 


72 


16 


4,151 


3,400 


2,720 


505 


396 


226 


159 


130 


52.5 


27.5 


73.8 


Service equipment and 






























supplies 






























Laundry 


26 


47 


13 


11,481 


9,973 


7,017 


1,537 


1,035 


1,033 


1,056 


951 


63.6 


48.5 


8.6 


Upholsterers* 


7£ 


73 


31 


6 , Tj J7 


6,090 


4,524 


475 


384 


786 


794 


719 


44.5 


24.0 


9.3 


All other 


46 


48 


81 


20,471 


18,796 


16,709 


2,900 


2,373 


2,799 


2,571 


2,439 


22.5 


22.2 


14.8 


Paper and Its Products 


28 


33 


58 


62,703 


55,142 


49,064 


2,758 


£,325 


2,179 


1,952 


1,794 


27.8 


18.5 


21.5 


Plumbing and Heating 






























Equipment &- Supplies 
Plumbing and heating 


66 


71 


243 


123,472 


102,817 


73,016 


10,421 


5,755 


16,511 


14,415 


11,674 


69.1 


54.3 


41.4 






























(full line) 


— 


— 


38 


17,319 


15,020 


12,698 


1,297 


1,047 


3,204 


3,000 


2,632 


35.4 


23.9 


21.7' 


Heating (including stoves 






























and ranges) 


— 


— 


54 


30,901 


29 , 108 


17,248 


3,214 


1,820 


3,169 


2,457 


1.681 


79.2 


76.5 


88.5 


Plumbing fixtures. 






























equippient a. supplies 


— 


— 


137 


72,105 


55,471 


40,405 


5,654 


3,676 


9,653 


8,667 


7,135 


78.5 


53.8 


35.3 


All other 


— 


~ 


14 


3,147 


3,218 


2,665 


256 


212 


485 


291 


226 


18.1 


20.8 


114.5 


Tobacco and Its Troducts 






























(except leaf) 


43 


58 


28 


256,813 


248,972 


234,456 


3,294 


2,780 


7,038 


5,994 


5,967 


9.5 


18.5 


17.9 








COMMISSK 


DN MERCh 


lANTS 
















UIIITSD STATi-S 






























Fruits it Vegetables (fresh) 


8 


10 


101 


67,733 


64,779 


51,192 


2,435 


2,145 


371 


355 


351 


10.7 


13.5 


5.7 



Decrease 
_1/ Includes one cooperative. 

2/ Includes houses formerly classified as "Wiring supplies and construction materials". 
3/ Ratio not given as some large organizations changed inventoiV dates. 

• Percentages m this column represent 1935 sales ol eslablishmenls included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 
• • Pay roll not available for year 1936. Pay roll includes compensation of fulLtime and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of 
nncorporated businesses. 



Page 19 





CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 


UNITED STATES SUMMARY 






WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 






TABLE 3. -SIZE OF SAMPLE 














1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 














FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












KIND OF BUSINESS 


Number Of 
Establishments 


Net Sales 

l.dd 000 ) 


Pay Roll* 

(«!d 000) 




1935 

Census 


Included in 
1937-38 
Survey 


1935 

Census 


1935 Sales Of 
Those Included 
In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 
Census 


1935 Pay Roll Of 

Those Included 

In 193738 Survey 




Number 


% 

Sample 


Amount 


% 
Sample 


Amount 


% 
Sample 




SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 




UNITED STATES 
(All kinds of business, 1935) 

UNITED STATES 
(Total for trades canvassed) 

Amusements and Sporting Goods 


88,931 






♦17,661,691 






$1,162,275 








69,406 


12,840 


18 


13,280,645 


$4,393,400 


33 


943,182 


$329,089 


35 






not indue 


ed in su 


Tvey 














Automotive 

Automobiles and other motor vehicles 
Automotive equipment 
Tires smd tubes 


5,672 


924 


16 


780,424 


255,546 


33 


75,276 


22,794 


30 




399 

4,840 

433 


64 
823 

37 


16 

17 

9 


378,726 
349,186 

52,512 


125,877 

108,302 

21,367 


33 
31 
41 


19,118 

52,042 

4,116 


5,716 

16,255 

823 


30 
31 
20 




Beer, Wines and Liquors 

Beer and other fermented malt liquors 
Wines and liquors 


5,496 


684 


12 


698,511 


155,592 


22 


43,682 


9,955 


23 




4,016 
1,480 


464 
220 


12 
15 


281,259 
417,252 


57,745 
97,847 


21 
23 


18,379 
25,303 


3,935 
5,031 


21 
24 




Chemicals and Paints 
Dyestuffs 
Explosives 
Industrial chemicals 
Naval stores 
Paints and varnishes 
AH other 


1,426 


292 


20 


275,301 


80,383 


29 


20,530 


6,533 


32 




57 

26 

204 

36 

772 

331 


26 
5 
69 
12 
140 
40 


46 
19 
34 
33 
18 
12 


15,816 
1,615 
80,310 
33,148 
66,328 
78,084 


5,325 

486 

39,991 

6,701 
18 , 095 

8,785 


40 
30 
50 
20 
27 
11 


1,694 
149 

5,350 
849 

7,931 

4,557 


718 

34 

2,299 

312 
2,192 

983 


42 
23 
43 
37 
28 
22 




Clothing and Furnishings 

Clothing and/or furnishings (full line) 

Men's and boys' 

Women's and children's 

Furs, dressed and fur clothing 

Hosiery 

Millinery and millinery supplies 

Shoes and other footwear 


3,960 


627 


16 


648,881 


148,863 


23 


46,350 


11,525 


25 




574 
1,001 
1,085 
277 
202 
360 
461 


72 
171 
151 
37 
38 
75 
83 


13 

17 
14 
13 
19 
21 
18 


65,505 

117,443 

233,602 

33,093 

35,657 

42,151 

121,420 


15,914 
26,725 
46,038 
9,511 
14,011 
10,253 
26,411 


24 
23 
20 
29 
39 
24 
22 


4,976 
8,270 
17,044 
1,848 
1,909 
3,775 
8,528 


1,432 
2,424 
3,155 
585 
632 
1,215 
2,132 


29 
29 
19 
32 
36 
32 
25 




Coal and Coke 




not inclm 


ed in su 


rvey 














Drugs (full line) 


295 


148 


50 


324,113 


196,408 


61 


22,465 


13,555 


60 




Drugs and Drug Sundries (specialty lines) 
Drug specialties 

Drug proprietories and toiletries 
Druggist sundries 


1,268 


160 


13 


123,469 


42,854 


35 


12 , 420 


3,834 


31 




342 

641 
285 


55 
69 
36 


16 
11 
13 


29,554 
62,666 
31,249 


8,124 
18,495 
16,235 


27 
30 
52 


2,701 
7,434 
2,285 


682 

2,331 

821 


25 
31 
35 




Dry Goods (full line) 


306 


89 


29 


265,724 


89,540 


34 


22,030 


3,037 


35 




Dry Goods (specialty lines) 
Notions 
Piece goods 
All other 


3,301 


641 


19 


719,676 


233,366 


32 


43,398 


15,035 


35 




915 

1,873 

513 


188 

397 

55 


21 
21 
11 


96,778 

593,857 

29,031 


38,996 

187,477 

6,893 


40 
32 
24 


10,387 

30,393 

2,518 


4,515 

9,917 

603 


43 
33 
23 




Electrical Goods 1/ 

Electrical goods (full line) 

Apparatus and equipment 

Radios, refrigerators and appliances 


2,438 


596 


24 


576,542 


257,005 


45 


52,495 


21,868 


42 




1,153 

199 

1,086 


405 

23 

168 


35 
12 
15 


261,092 

20,931 

294,519 


163,910 

4,300 

88,795 


63 
21 
30 


23,139 

2,643 

26,713 


12,793 

655 

8,415 


55 
25 
32 




Farm Products - Raw Materials 




not indue 


led in st 


irvey 














Fruits, and Vegetables (fresh) 


6,164 


904 


15 


972,532 


288 , 470 


30 


47,973 


14,280 


30 




Other Farm Products - Consumer Goods 


not included in survey 














(continued on nejct page) 






















* Pay roll includes compensation of full-time 


and part-ti 


me emplo 


yees, but 


not of proprie 


tors and fiim 


member 


s of unincorp 


srated busines 


ses. 



Page 20 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 












WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION I 




UNITED STATES SUMMARY (continued) 












TABLE 3.- 


SIZE OF SAMPLE 












1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 


CENSUS 












FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












Number Of 




Net Sales 




Pay Roll* 






Establishments 




















( 


•dd 000 ) 






add 000) 






Included in 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Of 


KIND OF BUSINESS 




1937-38 




Those Included 




Those Included 




1935 


Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 




Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 

Sample 


Census 




% 

Sample 






Number 




Amount 




Amount 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION 


WHOLESALERS (continued) 








Farm Supplies 
Feed 


1,433 


254 


18 


$231,731 


$86,339 


31 


$16,566 


$4,893 


30 


951 


167 


18 


149,087 


41,101 


28 


6,768 


2,038 


30 


Fertilizer 


78 


15 


19 


32,015 


15,418 


48 


1,006 


406 


40 


Seeds 


354 


62 


18 


90,759 


24,194 


27 


8,348 


2,236 


27 


All other 


50 


10 


20 


9,870 


5,626 


57 


444 


213 


48 


Furniture and House Furnishings 
China, glassware and crockery- 


1,959 


400 


20 


243,457 


100,181 


41 


23,106 


8,939 


39 


331 


67 


21 


33,497 


13,543 


40 


4,577 


1,757 


33 


Floor coverings 


366 


119 


33 


89,021 


47,615 


53 


6,144 


3,150 


51 


Furniture (household and office) 


375 


62 


17 


38,164 


9,197 


24 


4,074 


1,154 


29 


House furnishings (except as specified) 


784 


132 


17 


69,327 


25,595 


37 


6,051 


2,026 


33 


Musical instruments and sheet music 


113 


20 


18 


13,448 


4,231 


31 


2,260 


832 


37 


General Merchandise 


209 


72 


34 


361,647 


96,508 


27 


13,942 


8,051 


58 


Groceries (full line) 


3,833 


1,069 


28 


1,953,762 


693,801 


36 


93,077 


38,547 


39 


Groceries and Foods (specialty lines) 
Canned goods 


12,156 


1,885 


16 


1,682,961 


525,552 


31 


108 , 429 


34,357 


32 


291 


43 


15 


77,222 


14,042 


18 


4,280 


357 


20 


Coffee, tea and spices 


964 


215 


22 


220,488 


83,866 


38 


18 , 547 


6,733 


36 


Confectionery 


2,070 


241 


12 


111,867 


25,497 


23 


7,602 


2,075 


27 


Fish and sea foods 


1,385 


203 


16 


120,054 


37,229 


31 


11,481 


3,752 


33 


Flour 


505 


110 


22 


77,909 


25,949 


33 


3,413 


1,158 


34 


Meats and meat products 


2,218 


452 


20 


441,852 


148,799 


34 


24,847 


8,872 


35 


Soft drinks 


429 


19 


4 


20,815 


2,738 


13 


2,150 


412 


19 


Sugar 


136 


53 


42 


62,382 


37,618 


60 


1,702 


1,147 


67 


Other food and grocery specialties 


4,268 


550 


13 


550,372 


149,814 


27 


34,407 


9,330 


27 


Hardware 

Hardware (full line) 


1,129 


271 


24 


428,249 


162,374 


38 


46,178 


18,157 


39 


610 


175 


29 


387,020 


151,136 


3S 


41,2l4 


15,623 


40 


Hardware (specialty lines) 


519 


96 


18 


41,229 


11,238 


27 


4,954 


1,534 


31 


Jewelry and Optical Goods 
Jewelry (full line) 


1,801 


372 


21 


180 , 585 


57,516 


32 


19,185 


6,523 


34 


224 


59 


26 


42,107 


14,620 


35 


3,513 


1,358 


39 


Clocks and watches 


160 


22 


14 


29,198 


5,712 


20 


2 , 542 


453 


18 


Diamonds and other precious stones 


. 274 


75 


27 


27,732 


11,003 


40 


1,272 


415 


33 


Other jewelry specialties 


758 


92 


12 


53,834 


15,032 


23 


5,354 


1,614 


30 


Optical goods 


385 


124 


32 


27,814 


11,149 


40 


5,504 


2,683 


41 


Lumber and Construction Materials 
Builders' supplies (full line) 


2,817 


568 


20 


491,857 


160,809 


33 


42,813 


13,518 


32 


504 


116 


23 


76,051 


18,217 


24 


8,740 


1,715 


20 


Lumber and millwork 


1,597 


326 


20 


339,092 


117,762 


35 


24,356 


8,515 


35 


Brick, tile and terra cotta 


119 


14 


12 


8,732 


1,477 


17 


943 


153 


15 


Cement, lime and plaster 


130 


20 


15 


13,956 


2,394 


13 


1,757 


302 


17 


Glass 


362 


55 


21 


21 , 638 


9,129 


42 


4,080 


1,770 


43 


Sand, gravel and crushed stone 


110 


17 


15 


10,257 


1,751 


17 


1,434 


295 


21 


All other 


95 


20 


21 


17,131 


10,079 


59 


1,503 


768 


51 


Machinery, Equipment and Supplies 2/ 
Commercial mchnry., eqpt. and spls. 


7,198 


1,553 


22 


835,647 


324,636 


39 


95,410 


36,405 


38 




















Office (except furniture) 


194 


30 


15 


14,308 


4,746 


33 


2,472 


936 


38 


Store, restaurant and hotel 


673 


82 


12 


44,860 


11,343 


25 


5,733 


1,522 


83 


Farm and dairy machinery and equipment 


336 


50 


15 


45,250 


16,651 


37 


4,327 


1,494 


35 


Industrial equipment and supplies 




















Industrial (full line) 


189 


85 


45 


79,828 


40,132 


50 


8,800 


4,523 


51 


Belting, hose and packing 


168 


41 


24 


12,281 


4,921 


40 


1,779 


666 


37 


Power transmission equipment 


66 


15 


23 


6,778 


1,399 


21 


918 


210 


23 


Rope, cordage and twine 


56 


16 


29 


14,087 


3,107 


22 


952 


236 


25 


All other 


1,028 


249 


24 


102.508 


43,292 


42 


12,240 


5,158 


42 


(continued on next page) 





















Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of unincorporated businesses. 



Page 21 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 


UNITED STATES SUMMARY (continued) 




WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 




TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 












1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 












FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 










KIND OF BUSINESS 


Number Of 
Establish MEms 


Net Sales 

(add OOO) 


Pay Roll* 

(add 000) 




Included in 
1937-38 




1935 Sales Of 
Those Included 




1935 Pay Roll Of 
Those Included 




1935 


Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 




Census 


Number 


% 

Sample 


Census 


Amount 


% 

Sample 


Census 


Amount 


% 
Sample 


SERVICE 


. AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS (continued) 








Machinery, Equipment and Spls. (cont'd.) 




















Industrial machinery 




















Construction ( including road building) 


277 


56 


20 


$53,831 


$14,477 


87 


|5,358 


11,560 


29 


Machine tools 


79 


16 


20 


10 , 689 


2,838 


27 


1,091 


259 


24 


Mining and quarrying 


87 


14 


16 


11,184 


4,862 


38 


1,210 


441 


36 


Oil well and oil refining 


759 


228 


30 


152,273 


75,133 


49 


8,163 


3,467 


42 


Power plant 


65 


15 


23 


5,806 


2,429 


42 


799 


382 


48 


Used machinery and equipment 


198 


28 


15 


11,851 


2,650 


22 


1,881 


396 


22 


All other 


408 


71 


18 


29 , 441 


8,107 


28 


4,590 


1,346 


29 


Professional equipment and supplies 




















Dental 


856 


92 


36 


23,202 


12,017 


52 


4,180 


2,446 


59 


Surgical, medical and hospital 


203 


56 


28 


86,033 


11,026 


42 


4,286 


1,665 


39 


All other 


252 


65 


26 


30 , 121 


10,601 


35 


3,999 


1,806 


45 


Service equipment and supplies 




















Barber and beauty parlor 


645 


91 


14 


38,348 


10,704 


28 


6,733 


1,998 


30 


Laundry 


138 


68 


49 


21,768 


14,749 


68 


2,581 


1,785 


69 


Upholsterers' 


200 


46 


83 


25,636 


9,812 


38 


3,033 


1,277 


48 


All other 


623 


77 


18 


34,516 


8,047 


23 


5,046 


1,356 


27 


Transportation equipment and supplies 


242 


61 


25 


35,853 


12,183 


34 


3,698 


1,476 


40 


Metals and Metal Work (except scrap) 


not included in survey 












Paper and Its Products 

Wrapping or coarse paper and products 


2,549 


536 


21 


408,935 


143,524 


35 


44,459 


16,293 


37 


1,572 


352 


22 


291,576 


101,043 


35 


30,149 


11,018 


37 


Fine or printing and writing paper 


211 


81 


38 


62,540 


29,274 


47 


6,764 


3,409 


50 


Stationery and stationery supplies 


504 


83 


16 


38,209 


10,863 


88 


5,003 


1,503 


30 


Wall paper 


262 


20 


8 


16,610 


8,344 


14 


2,543 


363 


14 


Petroleum and Its Products 


not included in survey 












Plumbing and Heating Equipment and Spls. 
Plumbing and heating (full line) 


1,743 


486 


23 


243,173 


91,564 


38 


26,851 


10,825 


38 


508 


248 


48 


119,862 


58,037 


48 


18,321 


6,147 


50 


Heating (including stoves and ranges) 


224 


50 


28 


24 , 682 


5,495 


22 


3,157 


883 


28 


Plumbing fixtures, equipment and spls. 


865 


170 


80 


88,465 


24,916 


28 


9,744 


2,722 


28 


All other 


146 


24 


16 


10,164 


3,116 


31 


1,629 


473 


29 


Tobacco and Its Products (except leaf) 


8,253 


309 


14 


783,368 


202,569 


26 


21,547 


5,648 


26 


Waste Materials 


not included in survey 












All Other Products 


not included in survey 
1 1 1 












m; 


^NUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (wit 


li stocks) 










UNITED STATES 




















(All kind* of business, 1935) 
UNITED STATES 


11,634 


~ 


— 


7,446,014 


~ 


~ 


402,706 


... 


— 




















(Total for trades canvassed) 
Amusements and Sporting Goods 


10,334 


5,476 


53 


6,816,051 


4,535,175 


67 


357,935 


218,737 


61 


1 1 
not included in survey 












Automotive 

Automobiles and other motor vehicles 


896 


509 


57 


1,261,865 


948,702 


75 


45,242 


30,307 


67 


432 


315 


73 


1,006,177 


814,019 


81 


28 , 633 


21,573 


75 


Automotive equipment 


193 


43 


28 


46,950 


5,463 


12 


3,900 


549 


14 


Tires and tubes 


271 


151 


56 


208,738 


189,880 


62 


12,709 


8,185 


64 


Beer, Wines and Liquors 

Beer and other fermented malt liquors 


377 


113 


30 


265.812 


152,478 


57 


11,533 


5,898 


51 


261 


67 


26 


68,275 


40,787 


60 


4,979 


2,537 


51 


Wines and liquors 


116 


46 


40 


197,537 


111,691 


57 


6,554 


3,361 


51 


(continued on next page) 





















Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of unincorporated businesses. 



Page 22 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 


UNITED STATES SUMMARY (continued) 




WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 




TABLE 3.-S1ZE OF SAMPLE 












1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 


CENSUS 












FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 










KIND OF BUSINESS 


Number Of 
Establishments 


Net Sales 

ladd 000 ) 


Pay Roll* 

(add 000) 


1935 

Census 


Included In 
1937-38 
Survey 


1935 

Census 


1935 Sales Of 
Those Included 
In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 

Census 


1935 Pay Roll Of 
Those Included 
In 1937-38 Survey 


Number 


% 

Sample 


Amount 


% 
Sample 


Amount 


% 

Sample 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) (continuea) 


Chemicals and Faints 
Industrial chemicals 
Paints and varnishes 
All other 


561 


317 


57 


S427,535 


5185,041 


44 


525,427 


f.13,629 


54 


73 
265 
223 


43 
148 
126 


59 
56 
57 


122,502 
166,189 
136,764 


52,253 
74,354 
59,454 


43 
44 
43 


3,373 

12,802 

9,252 


1,963 
5,566 
5,100 


58 
51 
55 


Clothing and Furnishings 2/ 
Men' s and boys ' 
V/omen' s and children's 
Hosiery 

Shoes and other footwear 
All other 


345 


110 


32 


282,163 


136,727 


48 


18,195 


9,852 


54 


137 

103 

14 

55 

31 


36 

19 

6 

43 

6 


26 
18 
43 

78 
19 


98,279 
47,808 
13,550 
11] ,667 
10,^37 


32,835 
9,464 
4,994 

88,151 
1 , 2B3 


33 
20 
37 
79 
13 


6,533 
3,447 

747 
6,584 

343 


2,525 

252 

5,995 

150 


39 
28 
31 
91 
IP 


Coal and Coke 




not inclu 


ded in s 


UTVey 












DrufTS and Drusr Sundries 


270 


54 


2.C 


128,46= 


42,917 


Z'o 


13,566 


3,599 


£7 


Dry Goods 


208 


60 


29 


180,322 


34,987 


19 


10,207 


2,396 


2.- 


Electrical Goods 


428 


ClI 


50 


349,819 


313,315 


90 


17,676 


14,904 


84 


Farm Products - Consumer Goods 




not included in s 


urvey 












farm Supplies 2/ 
feed 
Fertilizer 


74 


31 


42 


31 ,785 


15, "-79 


50 


1,850 


1,002 


£5 


30 
39 


10 

21 


33 
54 


2,904 
28,-409 


1,172 
14,607 


40 

51 


lec 

1,621 


62 

940 


39 
58 


Furniture and House Furnishinfis 
Floor coverinps 

Furniture (household and office) 
House furnishinrs (except as specified) 
>ill other 


250 


166 


66 


78,959 


56,519 


72 


4,980 


5,144 


63 


50 

121 

72 

7 


34 

94 

36 

2 


68 
78 
50 
29 


28,443 

32,292 

15,867 

2,357 


20,690 

27,246 

8,052 

531 


75 
84 
51 
23 


1,116 

2,251 

1,315 

298 


828 

1,605 

583 

128 


74 

71 

4-i 


Groceries and Foods (specialty lines) 2/ 
Canned eoods 
Confectionery 
Flour 

Meats and meat products 
Breakfast cereals 
All other 


3,102 


1,755 


57 


2,252,166 


1,756,741 


78 


87,265 


62,916 


72 


230 

■ 81 

165 

937 

1,675 


101 

19 

94 

866 

f 47 

1628 


44 
23 
57 
92 
40 


161,838 

37,096 

122,086 

1,080,929 

837,379 


102,903 

19,023 

75,667 

998,041 

f 105,580 

I 465,527 


64 
51 
62 
92 

] 68 


0,701 

1,910 

3,746 

33 , 540 

38,695 


0,0-^6 

532 

2,23" 

3C,825 

f 3,730 

I 19,405 


70 
33 
50 
^2 

] « 


Hard\'tare 


62 


31 


50 


18,327 


7,014 


38 


1,453 


640 


44 


Jewelry and Optical Goods 
Jewelry 
Optical goods 


249 


170 


68 


91,458 


30,259 


33 


5,366 


3,74" 


70 


43 
206 


18 
152 


42 

74 


72,507 

13,951 


12,773 
17,486 


18 
92 


1,324 
3,542 


555 
3,082 


;'; 


lumber ana Construction Materials 
Builders' supplies (full line) 
Lunber and rcillvork 
Brick, tile and terra cotta 
Cenent, line and plaster 
All other 


251 


97 


37 


112,792 


30,894 


27 


10,253 


3,104 


30 


45 
38 
44 
27 
107 


14 
10 
13 
15 

45 


31 
26 
30 
56 
42 


32,474 
13,186 
5,403 
11,452 
50,277 


9,724 
4,770 
1,903 
2,525 
11,971 


30 
36 
35 
22 

24 


2 , 732 

1,193 

549 

953 

4,821 


1,01? 
424 
184 
145 

1,338 


15 
?)8 


Machinery, Equipment anc" Supplies 
Cornnercial nchnry., eqpt. and spls. 
Office (except furniture) 
Store, restaurant and hotel 
Farm and dairy machinery and equipirent 


2,613 


1,519 


53 


674,303 


455,765 


58 


79,066 


51,739 


55 


955 

81 

252 


544 

41 

168 


57 
51 
67 


108,920 

13,955 

193,308 


70,634 

14,770 

150,8'=7 


65 
78 
78 


25,701 

2,756 

14,041 


17,689 

2,285 

10 , 447 


55 
33 
74 


(continued on next page) 





















* Pay roll includes compensation of tulUtime and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of unincorporated b 



usmesses. 



















Page 23 


CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 




WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 1 


UNITED STATES SUMMARY (continued) 










TABLE 3.--S1ZE OF SAMPLE 










1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 










FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












Number Of 


Net Sales 




Pay Roll* 






Establishments 


(.dd ooo) 






•dd 000) 




1 


INCLUDED IN 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Of 


KIND OF BUSINESS 




1937-38 




Those Included 




Those Included 




1935 


Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 




Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 

Sample 






Number 




Amount 




Amount 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) (continued) 


Machinery, Equipment and Spls. (cont'd.) 




















Industrial equipment and supplies 




















Industrial (full line) 


7 


5 


■ 71 


$3,693 


$3,302 


89 


$346 


$299 


86 


Belting, hose and packing 


51 


37 


73 


26,869 


23,698 


88 


2,132 


1,944 


91 


Power transmission equipment 


81 


47 


58 


7,206 


6,681 


93 


716 


500 


70 


Rope, cordage and twine 


18 


15 


83 


6,863 


6,771 


99 


339 


315 


93 


All other 


316 


204 


65 


95,162 


58 , 659 


62 


9,214 


5,092 


55 


Industrial machinery 




















Construction (including road building) 


81 


24 


30 


18,645 


8,473 


45 


1,493 


423 


28 


Mining and quarrying 


52 


8 


15 


22,179 


2,087 


9 


1,705 


183 


11 


Oil well and oil refining 


150 


103 


69 


28,038 


18,933 


68 


1,392 


1,042 


75 


All other 


121 


72 


60 


54,710 


40,209 


73 


5,925 


4,495 


76 


Professional equipment and supplies 




















Dental 


38 


32 


84 


11,220 


9,783 


87 


1,486 


1,394 


94 


Surgical, medical and hospital 


117 


78 


67 


18,869 


9,939 


53 


2,250 


1,443 


64 


All other 


24 


16 


67 


3,789 


2,720 


72 


553 


396 


72 


Service equipment and supplies 




















Laundry 


50 


13 


26 


14,871 


7,017 


47 


2,308 


1,035 


45 


Upholsterers' 


43 


31 


72 


6,192 


4,524 


73 


565 


384 


68 


All other 


176 


81 


46 


34,914 


16,709 


48 


5,134 


2,373 


46 


Metals and Metal Work (except scrap) 


^ 1 1 
not included in survey 












Paper and Its Products 


206 


58 


28 


150,420 


49 , 064 


33 


9,168 


2,325 


25 


Petroleum and Its Products 


not included in survey 












Plumbing and Heating Equipment and Spls. 


367 


243 


66 


102,251 


73,016 


71 


9,701 


6,755 


70 


Tobacco and Its Products (except leaf) 


65 


28 


43 


407,526 


234,456 


58 


7,007 


2,780 


40 


All Other Products 


I 1 
not included in suney 
1 1 1 












COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


IINITED STATES 




















fruits and Vegetables (fresh) 


1,211 


101 


B 


604,514 


61,192 


10 


12,664 


2,146 


17 


\y Includes houses formerly classified as "Wiring supplies and construction materials". 










2/ Major classification includes data for same establishments not included in sub-classification totals. 










* Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and fim 


ti membe 


rs of unincori 


sorated busine 


.sses. 



Page 25 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937 38 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



29 STATES 



A series of three tables is given hereinafter for each of the 29 States for which a 
hxindred or more service and limited-function wholesalers are included in this Survey. Table 1 
presents net sales of identical establishments by quarters for the year 1937 and tho first half 
of 1938; in Table 2 sales, pay roll and inventory data of identical establishments are given for 
1935, 1936 and 1937; and Table 3 compares the sample in this Survey with the 1935 Census totals. 
For convenience in tising the information the percent sample, establishments and sales, is repro- 
duced in Tables 1 and 2. Data are presented in each table by trades or kind-of-business groups 
for service and limited-function wholesalers and for manufacturers' sales branches. 

Tables for the 29 States are arranged as follows: 



STATE 



Table 1 
Page 



Table 2 
Page 



Table 3 
Page 



California 27 28 29 

Colorado 30 31 31 

Connecticut 32 33 34 

Florida 35 36 37 

Georgia 38 39 40 

Illinois 41 42 43 

Indiana 44 45 46 

Iowa . 47 47 48 

Kansas 49 49 50 

Kentucky 51 51 52 

Louisiana .53 53 54 

Maryland 55 56 57 

Massachusetts .... 58 59 60 

Michigan 61 62 63 

Minnesota 64 65 66 

Missouri 67 68 69 

New Jersey ...... 70 71 72 

New York 73 74 75 

North Carolina .... 76 77 78 

Ohio 79 80 81 

Oklahoma . 82 83 83 

Oregon 84 85 86 

Pennsylvania ..... 87 88 89 

Tennessee . 90 91 92 

Texas . 93 94 95 

Virginia 96 97 98 

Washington 99 100 101 

West Virginia 102 103 104 

Wisconsin 105 106 107 



im 




1 






















Page 27 


CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 






WHOLESALE 


DISTRIBUTION 




STATE OF CALIFORNIA 










TABLE 1 -NET SAIF.S BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 










FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












Size Of 


















Sample 


No. Of 




Net Sales Bv Quarters 




Percent 




Compared 
WtTH 1935 


ESTAB 
LISH- 


Net 


(^d 


}00) 






Chance 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 


Year 
1937 


1937 1 


1938 1 


1ST Qr. 

1937 

To 


2nd Qr 
1937 
To 


Estab- 

USH. 
MENTS 


Net. 


1ST Qr 


2nd Qr. 


3rd Qr 


4TH Qr. 


1ST Qr 


2ND Qr. 




Sales 


1937-38 
Survey 




Jan. 1 


April 1 


July 1 


Oct 1 


Jan. 1 


April 1 


1ST Qr 


2ND Qr. 




s 


% 


(>dd 000) 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


Sept. 30 


Dec. 31 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


1938 


1938 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS j 


Automotive 


21 


31 


129 


♦ 30,017 


♦ 7,521 


» 8,127 


$ 6,935 


♦ 7,434 


» 5,261 


♦5,740 


-30.1 


-29.4 


Beer, winea and liquors 


11 


27 


62 


25,312 


5,344 


6,321 


6,700 


6,947 


5,160 


6,622 


- 3.4 


♦ 4.8 


Chemicala and paints 


16 


42 


18 


6,540 


1,557 


1,816 


1,745 


1,422 


1,448 


1,599 


- 7.0 


-12.0 


Clothing and furnishings 


20 


30 


48 


9,763 


2,600 


2,091 


2,737 


2,335 


2,036 


1,840 


-21.7 


-12.0 


Drugs (full line) 


43 


52 


6 


22,485 


5,378 


5,408 


5,592 


6,107 


5,034 


5,349 


- 6.4 


- 1.1 


Drugs and drug sundries 
























1 


(specialty lines) 


13 


66 


17 


7,510 


1,740 


1,849 


1,685 


2,236 


1,675 


1,713 


- 3.7 


- 7.4 ! 


Dry goods (full line) 


67 


96 


6 


7,810 


1,867 


1,997 


2,227 


1,719 


1,359 


1,462 


-27.2 


-26.6 1 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


27 


42 


42 


10,087 


3,114 


2,290 


2,425 


2,258 


2,266 


1,780 


-27.2 


-22.3 , 


Electrical goods 


25 


53 


56 


37 , 505 


8,741 


10,833 


8,892 


9,039 


6,405 


7,258 


-26.7 


-33.0 j 


Farm supplies 


16 


23 


17 


10,567 


3,054 


2,847 


2,452 


2,214 


2,229 


1,782 


-27.0 


-37.4 1 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


15 


46 


103 


42,589 


10,514 


12,914 


9,929 


9,232 


7,816 


11,254 


-25.7 


-12.9 i 


Furniture and house furnishings 


17 


33 


32 


8,562 


1,959 


2,301 


2,213 


2,089 


1,645 


1,835 


-16.0 


-20.3 


General merchandise 


52 


34 


14 


15,443 


3,755 


3,749 


4,118 


3,821 


3,102 


2,806 


-17.4 


-25.2 


Groceries (full line) 


42 


47 


70 


71,842 


17,728 


17,574 


19,145 


17,395 


16,887 


17,829 


- 4.7 


t 1.5 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


19 


30 


187 


58,134 


14,931 


13,667 


14,267 


15 , 269 


13,140 


12,564 


-12.0 


- 8.1 I 


Hardware 


26 


38 


20 


15,608 


3,827 


4,385 


3,850 


3,546 


3,080 


3,508 


-19.5 


-20.0 1 


Jewelry and optical goods 


22 


31 


29 


5,655 


1,157 


1,339 


1,473 


1,686 


999 


1,069 


-13.7 


-20.2 ! 


Lumber and construction materials 


19 


43 


41 


21,874 


5,404 


6,675 


5,529 


4,266 


3,392 


4,808 


-37.2 


-28.0 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


24 


40 


175 


51,318 


13,373 


13,526 


12,604 


11,815 


11,083 


11,267 


-17.1 


-16.7 


Paper and its products 


21 


42 


27 


11 , 430 


2,568 


2,996 


2,941 


2,925 


2,378 


2,592 


- 7.4 


-13.5 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 


























supplies 


29 


47 


35 


11,638 


2,863 


3,137 


2,892 


2,746 


2,098 


2,640 


-26.7 


-15.8 


Tobacco and its products (arcspt leaf) 


28 


65 


35 


55,166 


12,431 


14,738 


14,224 


13,773 


12,336 


13,829 


- 0.8 


- 6.2 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with .locks i 






Automotive 


49 


79 


35 


94,790 


23,128 


25,758 


20,731 


25,173 


12,452 


15,133 


-46.2 


-41.3 


Beer, wines and liquors 


39 


78 


22 


33,190 


7,677 


7,981 


8,329 


9,203 


6,328 


7,885 


-17.6 


- 1.2 


Chemicals and paints 


60 


76 


44 


22,197 


4,726 


5,751 


6,252 


5,463 


4,428 


4,870 


- 6.3 


-15.3 


Clothing and furnishings 


50 


55 


26 


12,004 


2,797 


2,759 


3,163 


3,285 


2,473 


2,470 


-11.6 


-10.5 


Drugs and drug sundries 


























(specialty lines) 


27 


42 


8 


4,241 


1,220 


976 


1,014 


1,031 


1,117 


981 


- 8.4 


+ 0.5 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


39 


48 


12 


3,817 


1,002 


1,136 


917 


762 


918 


976 


- 8.4 


-14.1 


Electrical goods 


41* 


90 


18 


40,444 


11,017 


11,774 


9,184 


8,469 


10,651 


7,660 


- 3.3 


-34.9 


Furniture and house furnishings 


58 


93 


11 


6,438 


1,503 


1,703 


1,763 


1,469 


1,114 


1,126 


-25.9 


-33.9 


Groceries eind foods (specialty lines) 


51 


73 


89 


158,088 


37,932 


36,972 


47,637 


35 , 547 


31,276 


34,677 


-17.5 


- 6.2 1 


Hardware 


67 


94 


6 


1,269 


339 


373 


309 


248 


241 


247 


-28.9 


-33.8 


Jewelry and optical goods 


73 


59 


16 


2,516 


630 


626 


693 


567 


493 


586 


-21.7 


- 6.4 


Lumber and construction materials 


40 


22 


12 


3,499 


827 


1,073 


915 


684 


601 


833 


-27.3 


-22.4 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


53 


58 


130 


33,260 


7,691 


9,723 


8,707 


7,139 


6,423 


7,593 


-16.5 


-21.9 


Paper and its products 


35 


19 


12 


4,262 


1,201 


1,115 


1,109 


837 


821 


927 


-31.6 


-16.9 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 


























supplies 


71 


83 


24 


14,557 


3,729 


4,269 


3,534 


3,025 


2,237 


2,721 


-40.0 


-36.3 


j 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 








1 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


1/ 


1/ 


15 


8,743 


1,715 


2,389 


2,650 


1,989 


1,322 


2,169 


-22.9 


- 9.2 


+ Increase —Decrease 












* Percentage* in this column represent 


1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by totf 


>l 1935 sal 


es of each 


ctassificatio 


n. 


j7 1935 Figures not available tor detei 


inining percent sample. 











Page 28 






























; 


CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 




















WHOLESALE 


DISTRIBUTION 










STATE OF CALIFORNIA 












t 






TABLE 2 


.- SAIF.S, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 








1 










FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 










i 




Size 


Of I 




















1 




L 




Sample 
Compared 
With 1935 


No Of 
ElSTAB- 




Net Sales 




Pay Roll*' 


Stocks On Hand 


1' 
Percent Increase ! 




LISH- 












End Of Year 


1935 to 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


MENTS 




(iidd 000) 




(add 


000) 




(,dd 000) 






il 




ESTAB. 




INC 


\,\i\j' 


























LISH- 
MENTS 

% 


Net- 
Sales 

% 


ED IN 
1937-38 
Survey 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 








SERVICE AND LIMITED- FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 










\ 


Automotive 


21 


31 




129 


\ 30,017 


\ 28,980 


% 26,470 


$3,267 


$2,610 


% 5,082 


$4,201 


$3,770 


13.4 


25,2 


34.8 


Beer, wines and liquors 


11 


27 




62 


25,312 


23,324 


19,058 


1,702 


1,199 


3,055 


2,570 


2,052 


32.8 


42.0 


48.9 '*• 


Chemicals and paints 


15 


42 




18 


6,540 


5,975 


5,130 


684 


375 


791 


700 


680 


27.5 


82.4 


16.3 i 


Clothing and furnishings 


20 


30 




48 


9,763 


9,424 


8,582 


791 


680 


1,612 


1,354 


1,275 


13.8 


15.3 


26.4 . 


Drugs (full line) 


43 


52 




6 


22,485 


20,615 


18,041 


1,781 


1,172 


4,859 


5,496 


3,625 


24.6 


52.0 


34.0 , 


Drugs and drug sundries 
































(specialty lines) 


13 


66 




17 


7,510 


7,028 


5,565 


872 


673 


645 


647 


862 


35.0 


29.6 


25.2 


Dry goods (full line) 


67 


96 




6 


7,810 


7,348 


5,354 


535 


507 


2,027 


1,509 


1,380 


22.9 


5.7 


46.9 


Dry gooda (specialty lines) 


27 


42 




42 


10,087 


10,144 


9,525 


971 


734 


1,825 


1,901 


1,738 


5.9 


32.3 


5.0 


Electrical goods 


25 


53 




56 


37,505 


33,617 


27,015 


3,224 


2,065 


5,125 


4,121 


2,766 


38.8 


56.1 


85.3 


Farm supplies 


16 


23 




17 


10,567 


9,010 


7,367 


634 


418 


948 


887 


831 


43.4 


51.7 


14.1 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


15 


46 




103 


42,589 


41,388 


36,330 


2,370 


2,009 


590 


616 


581 


17.2 


18.0 


1.5 


Furniture and house 
































furnishings 


17 


33 




32 


8,562 


7,899 


5,517 


653 


445 


1,549 


1,425 


1,084 


55.2 


49.0 


42.9 


General merchandise 


52 


34 




14 


15,443 


12,480 


11,083 


1,029 


817 


2,312 


1,907 


1,812 


39.3 


25.9 


27.6 


Groceries (full line) 


42 


47 




70 


71,842 


64,734 


58,077 


3,470 


2,802 


9,165 


8,872 


7,370 


23.7 


23.8 


24.4 


Groceries and foods 
































(specialty lines) 


19 


30 




187 


58,134 


51,207 


47,151 


4,411 


3,592 


5,037 


4,198 


3,790 


23.3 


22.8 


32.9 


Hardware 


26 


38 




20 


15,608 


13,039 


11,800 


1,591 


1,214 


4,269 


3,914 


3,470 


32.3 


31.1 


23.0 


Jewelry and optical goods 


22 


31 




29 


5,655 


5,624 


4,723 


519 


415 


1,170 


1,101 


875 


19.7 


25.1 


33.7 


Lumber and construction 
































materials 


19 


43 




41 


21,874 


19,684 


17 , 627 


1,590 


1,410 


4,159 


3,545 


3,359 


24.1 


19.9 


23.4 


tiachinery, equipment and 
































supplies 


24 


40 




175 


51,318 


41,093 


35,355 


5,536 


4,110 


9,142 


8,225 


6,572 


45.2 


34.7 


39.1 


Paper and its products 


21 


42 




27 


11,430 


9,606 


8,047 


1,214 


1,029 


1,980 


1,807 


1,589 


42.0 


18.0 


24.6 


Plumbing and heating 
































equipment and supplies 


29 


47 




35 


11,638 


9,213 


6,773 


1,310 


763 


2,097 


1,715 


1,489 


71.8 


71.7 


40.8 


Tobacco and its products 
































(except leaf) 


28 


65 




35 


55,166 


53,210 


49,781 


850 


832 


3,566 


4,051 


3,318 


10.8 


2.2 


7.5 






M> 


\NUFACTl 


JRERS' SA 


LES BRAN 


CHES (wi 


th stocks 1 












Automotive 


49 


79 




35 


94,790 


84,195 


65,023 


2,790 


2,213 


10,176 


9,532 


4,140 


43.5 


25.1 


145.8 


Beer, vrines and liquors 


39 


78 




22 


33,190 


31,774 


24,237 


1,165 


1,166 


995 


1,279 


1,570 


36.9 


- 0.1 


-36.6 


Chemicals and paints 


60 


76 




44 


22,197 


19,589 


16,605 


2,559 


1,755 


3,838 


3,132 


2,969 


33.7 


45.8 


29.3 


Clothing and furnishings 


50 


55 




26 


12,004 


11,457 


10,090 


833 


757 


1,526 


1,520 


1,391 


19.0 


10.0 


9.7 


Drugs and drug sundries 
































(specialty lines) 


27 


42 




8 


4,241 


3,925 


3,346 


469 


379 


410 


302 


543 


26.7 


23.7 


-24.5 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


39 


48 




12 


3,817 


3,622 


3,887 


220 


181 


719 


623 


591 


- 1.8 


21.5 


21.7 


Electrical goods 


41 


90 




18 


40,444 


34,891 


22,258 


1,590 


1,348 


3,754 


3,158 


2,072 


81.7 


18.0 


81.2 


Furniture and house 
































furnishings 


58 


93 




11 


6,438 


5,993 


4,299 


435 


251 


879 


748 


838 


49.8 


73.7 


4.9 


Groceries and foods 
































(specialty lines) 


51 


73 




89 


158,088 


143,524 


142 , 630 


5,900 


4,332 


10,735 


6,984 


7,435 


10.8 


36.2 


44,4 


Hardware 


67 


94 




6 


1,269 


1,120 


844 


124 


93 


205 


171 


133 


50.4 


33.3 


54.1 


Jewelry and optical goods 


73 


59 




15 


2,516 


2,415 


2,054 


280 


212 


240 


213 


188 


22.5 


32.1 


27.7 


Lumber and construction 
































materials 


40 


22 




12 


3,499 


3,149 


2,240 


172 


118 


427 


338 


181 


56.2 


45.8 


135.9 


Itechinery, equipment and 
































supplies 


53 


58 




130 


33,260 


28,453 


22,114 


5,063 


3,285 


5,800 


4,905 


4,140 


50.4 


54.1 


40.1 


Paper and its products 


35 


19 




12 


4,262 


3,763 


3,313 


348 


306 


397 


382 


425 


28.6 


13.7 


- 6.8 


Plumbing and heating 
































equipment and supplies 


71 


83 




24 


14,557 


9,762 


7,504 


1,097 


692 


2,278 


1,907 


1,609 


94.0 


58.5 


41.6 












COMMISSK 


5N MERCF 


lANTS 














Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


1/ 


y 


15 


8,743 


8,829 


7,942 


533 


463 


46 


44 


38 


10.1 


15.1 


31.1 


-Decrease 


























J 1 


* Percentages in tni» colui 


Tin repr 


esent 1935 


sales 


of establish 


menls inci 


ided in thi 


i survey, d 


vided by 


otal 1935 


sales ol ea 


:h classific 


^tion. 




• ■ Pay roll not available (o 
unincorporated businesses. 


r year 


1936. Pay 


roll 


ncludes co 


mpensation 


oi tull-time 


and part-t 


ime empio 


yees, but n 


ot of propr 


ietors and 


firm m 


;mbers of 


\J 1935 Figures not availah 


le lor 


determining 


perc 


ent sample 







































Page 29 


CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS; 1937-38 




WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION | 


STATE OF CALIFORNIA 










TABLE 3.-S1ZE OF SAMPLE 










1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 












Number Of 


Net Sales 




Pay Roll* 






Establishments 


(•dd 000 ) 




1 


•dd 000) 






Included In 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Of 


KIND OF BUSINESS 




1937-38 




Those Included 




Those Included 




1935 

Census 


Survey 


1935 

CtNSUS 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 
Census 


In 1937-38 Survey 




% 
Sample 




% 
Sample 




% 
Sample 






Number 




Amount 




Amount 


SERVICE AND LIMITED- FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


608 


129 


21 


$ 84,864 


$ 26,470 


31 


§ 7,745 


$2,610 


34 


Beer, wines and liquors 


560 


62 


11 


69,420 


19,058 


27 


4,621 


1,199 


26 


Cheolcals and paints 


120 


18 


15 


12,208 


5,130 


42 


1,118 


375 


34 


Clothing and fumisMngs 


241 


48 


20 


28,576 


8,582 


30 


1,951 


580 


35 


Drugs (full line) 


14 


6 


43 


35,016 


18,041 


52 


2,565 


1,172 


46 


Drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines) 


129 


17 


13 


8,397 


5,565 


66 


958 


673 


70 


Dry goods (full line) 


9 


6 


67 


6,594 


6,354 


96 


528 


507 


96 


1 Dry goods (specialty lines) 


158 


42 


27 


22,852 


9,525 


42 


1,496 


734 


49 


1 Electrical goods 


223 


56 


25 


50,560 


27,016 


53 


4,300 


2,065 


48 


i: Farm supplies 


109 


17 


16 


32,036 


7,367 


23 


1,768 


418 


24 


li Fruits and vegetables (fresli) 


696 


103 


15 


79,529 


36,330 


46 


4,811 


2,009 


42 


Furniture and house furnishings 


188 


32 


17 


16,878 


5,517 


33 


1,525 


445 


29 


General merchandise 


£7 


14 


52 


32,400 


11,083 


34 


1,409 


817 


58 


Groceries (full line) 


167 


70 


42 


124,176 


58,077 


47 


5,251 


2,802 


53 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


981 


187 


19 


157,041 


47,161 


30 


10 , 945 


3,592 


33 


Hardviare 


76 


20 


26 


31,144 


11,800 


38 


3,271 


1,214 


37 


Jewelry and optical goods 


134 


29 


22 


15,457 


4,723 


31 


1,575 


415 


25 


Lumber and construction materials 


211 


41 


19 


41,000 


17,627 


43 


3,542 


1,410 


40 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


728 


175 


24 


89,277 


35,355 


40 


9,764 


4,110 


42 


Paper and its products 


131 


27 


21 


18,973 


8,047 


42 


2,394 


1,029 


43 


Plumbing and heating equipment and supplies 


121 


35 


29 


14,510 


6,773 


47 


1,545 


753 


49 


-Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


126 


35 


28 


76,763 


49,781 


65 


1,510 


832 


55 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


- 72 


35 


49 


83,211 


66,023 


79 


3,089 


2,213 


72 


Beer, wines and liquors 


57 


OO 


39 


31,226 


24,237 


78 


1,620 


1,166 


72 


Chemicals and paints 


73 


44 


50 


21,776 


16,605 


76 


2,505 


1,755 


70 


Clothing and furnishings 


52 


26 


50 


18,275 


10,090 


55 


1,373 


757 


55 


Drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines) 


30 


8 


27 


8,043 


3,346 


42 


969 


379 


39 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


31 


12 


39 


8,135 


3,887 


48 


471 


181 


38 


Electrical goods 


44 


18 


41 


24,662 


22,258 


90 


1,488 


1,348 


91 


Furniture and house furnishings 


19 


11 


58 


4,609 


4,299 


93 


282 


251 


89 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


173 


89 


51 


194,452 


142,630 


73 


6,855 


4,332 


63 


Hardware 


9 


6 


67 


895 


844 


94 


100 


93 


93 


Jewelry and optical goods 


22 


16 


73 


5,495 


2,054 


59 


467 


212 


45 


Lumber and construction materials 


30 


12 


40 


10,250 


2,240 


22 


757 


118 


16 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


247 


130 


53 


38,327 


22 , 114 


58 


5,239 


3,285 


53 


Paper and its products 


34 


12 


35 


17,041 


3,313 


19 


1,531 


305 


20 


'Plumbing and heating equipment and supplies 


34 


24 


71 


9,050 


7,504 


83 


802 


692 


86 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


X 


15 


~ 


X 


7,942 


~ 


X 


463 


~ 


» Pay roll includes compensation o( full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and fi 


rm mem 


)ers of unincc 


jrporated busi 


nesses. 


X 1935 Figures withheld to avoid disclosure. 































Page 30 _^_^_ 

CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF COLORADO 

TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS; 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Si2E Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



Estab- 
lish 

MENTS 



Net. 
Sales 



_L 



No. Of 
Estab- 
lish- 
ments 
Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 



Net 
Sales 
Year 
1937 



(add 000 ) 



Net Sales Bv Quarters 
(•dd ooo) 



1937 



1st Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2ND Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



3rd Qr. 

July 1 
Sept. 30 



4TH Qr. 

Oct. 1 
Dec. 31 



1938 



1ST Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2ND Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



Percent 
Chance 



1ST Qr. 

1937 

To 
1ST Qr 

1938 



2nd Qr 

1937 

To 

2nd Qr 

1938 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotive 
Drugs (full line) 
Dry goods and apparel 
Electrical goods 
Farm supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 
Furniture & house furnishings 
Groceries (full line) 
Groceries and foods (.■specialty lines 
Hardware, plumbing and heating 
Machinery, equipment and supplies 
Tobacco and its products 
(except leaf) 



15 


43 


11 


57 


67 


4 


16 


9 


4 


25 


53 


6 


16 


53 


3 


21 


35 


19 


30 


66 


3 


9 


11 


4 


14 


30 


12 


59 


65 


10 


20 


33 


14 


18 


21 


3 



3,649 
5,542 
334 
3,159 
2,223 
4,024 
1,718 
2,794 
3,839 
4,207 
4,232 

1,255 



866 

1,312 

73 

824 

612 

858 

356 

632 

928 

900 

1,064 

285 



962 

1,289 

77 

929 

448 

1,262 

542 

689 

927 

1,142 

1,184 

314 



867 

1,386 

98 

753 

564 

1,135 

423 

794 

955 

1,194 

1,144 

327 



954 

1,555 

86 

653 

599 

769 

397 

679 

1,029 

971 

840 

329 



548 
1,372 
54 
536 
714 
657 
318 
665 
903 
668 
769 

293 



576 


-36.7 


1,537 


* 4.6 


66 


-26.0 


609 


-35.0 


514 


♦ 16.7 


955 


-23.4 


395 


-10.7 


776 


♦ 5.2 


859 


- 2.7 


825 


-25.8 


806 


-27.7 


305 


+ 2.8 



-40.1 
•►19.2 
-14.3 
-34.4 
•►14.7 
-24.3 
-27.1 
■►12.6 

- 7.3 
-27.8 
-31.9 

- 2.9 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Electrical goods 

Furniture & house furnishings 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hachinery, equipment and supplies 



47 
86 
67 
100 
39 
63 



43 
99 
99 
100 
68 
72 



12,243 
4,012 

12,161 
1,587 

12,213 
5,863 



2,265 
806 

2,390 
418 

3,134 

1,576 



2,822 
1,125 
3,164 
481 
3,158 
1,744 



4,114 
1,083 
4,481 
406 
3,210 
1,571 



3,042 
998 

2,126 
282 

2,711 
972 



2,859 
714 

2,912 
270 

2,740 

1,058 



2,948 
955 

2,051 
334 

2,700 

1,017 



•►26.2 

-11.4 
+21.8 
-35.4 
-12.6 
-32.9 



+ 4.5 
-15.1 
-35.2 
-30.6 
-14.5 
-41.7 



+ Increase -Decrease 

* Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 



Page 31 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 






wholesale distribution] 




STATE OF COLORADO 












TABLE 2.- SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 










FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 














Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 


No. Of 

ESTAB 
LlSH- 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll** 




Stocks On Hand 
End Of Year 


Percent Increase 
1935 lo 1937 




KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 

1937-38 
Survey 


(«dd 000) 


(add 000 ) 






(add 000) 








Estab- 
lish. 

MENTS 

% 


Net* 
Sales 

% 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 




SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 




Automotive 


15 


43 


11 


$3,649 


$ 3,570 


$ 2,855 


$351 


$285 


$ 564 


$ 511 


$431 


27.8 


26.7 


30.9 




Drugs (full line) 


57 


67 


4 


5,542 


4,962 


4,415 


326 


250 


960 


803 


679 


25.5 


25.4 


41.4 




Dry goods and apparel 


16 


9 


4 


334 


367 


297 


37 


34 




95 


85 


71 


12.5 


8.8 


33.8 




Electrical goods 


25 


53 


6 


3,159 


3,247 


1,870 


290 


202 


398 


350 


272 


68.9 


43.6 


46.3 




Fann supplies 


16 


53 


3 


2,223 


1,877 


1,670 


90 


60 


133 


170 


138 


33.1 


50.0 


- 3.6 




Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


21 


35 


19 


4,024 


3,862 


3,731 


251 


246 




74 


59 


59 


7.9 


+ 2.0 


25.4 




Furniture and house furnishing 


30 


66 


3 


1,718 


1,491 


1,179 


113 


59 


409 


288 


269 


45.7 


91.5 


52.0 




Groceries (full line) 


9 


11 


4 


2,794 


2,522 


2,220 


141 


130 


351 


369 


307 


25.9 


8.5 


14.3 




Groceries and foods 


































(specialty lines) 


14 


30 


12 


3,839 


3,701 


3,348 


384 


252 


428 


421 


371 


14.7 


52.4 


15.4 




Hardware, plumbing and heating 


59 


65 


10 


4,20" 


3,566 


2,258 


366 


223 




=99 


649 


501 


85.3 


54.1 


39.5 




Machinery, equipment and 


































supplies 


20 


33 


14 


4,232 


3,543 


2,583 


494 


285 


565 


558 


442 


63.8 


73.3 


28.1 




Tobacco and its products 


































(except leaf) 


18 


21 


3 


1,255 


1,186 


1,044 


33 


22 




45 


32 


38 


20.2 


50.0 


18.4 




MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 




Automotive 


47 


43 


8 


12,243 


7,854 


7,062 


509 


367 


870 


597 


405 


73.4 


38.7 


114.8 




Beer, wines and liquor 


86 


99 


6 


4,012 


3,864 


3,284 


125 


113 


115 


118 


90 


22.2 


10.6 


27,8 




; Electrical goods 


67 


99 


4 


12,161 


8,781 


6,728 


249 


196 


763 


734 


517 


80.8 


27.0 


47.6 




i Furniture and house fumidungs 


100 


100 


5 


1,587 


1,586 


1,119 


56 


40 


185 


135 


127 


41.8 


40.0 


45.7 




Groceries and foods 


































(specialty lines) 


39 


68 


16 


12,213 


11,553 


10,007 


618 


479 


284 


304 


293 


22.0 


29.0 


- 3.1 




' Machinery, equipiment and 


































supplies 


63 


72 


17 


5,853 


5,074 


3,128 


571 


394 


1,224 


1,056 


476 


87.4 


44.9 


157.1 




TABLE 3.-S1ZE OF SAMPLE 












1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 














Number Of 


Net Sales 








Pay Roll** 




KIND OF BUSINESS 


Establishments 


(add 000 ) 










add 000) 






Included in 
1937-38 




1935 Sales C 
Those Includ 


)F 

ED 






1935 Pay Roll Of 
Those Included 






1935 

Census ■ 


Survey 


1935 

Census 


In 1937-38 SUR 


VEY 


1935 

Census 


In 1937-38 Survey 






% 

Sample 






a 




% 

Sample 








Number 




Amount 


Sample 






Amount 




SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 




Automotive 


73 


11 


15 


$ 6,665 


$ 2,855 




43 


$ 


757 


$ 285 


37 




i Drugs (full line) 


7 


4 


57 


6,510 


4,415 




67 




421 


260 


62 




Dry goods and apparel 


25 


4 


16 


3,390 


297 




9 




281 


34 


12 




; Electrical goods 


24 


6 


25 


3,545 


1,870 




53 




326 


202 


62 




Farm supplies 


19 


3 


16 


3,159 


1,670 




53 




163 


50 


37 




Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


91 


19 


21 


10,514 


3,731 




35 




595 


245 


41 




Furniture and house furnishings 


10 


3 


30 


1,786 


1,179 




66 




165 


59 


36 




Groceries (full line) 


47 


4 


9 


20,401 


2,220 




11 




1,238 


130 


11 




Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


83 


12 


14 


11,181 


3,348 




30 




541 


252 


47 




Hardware, plumbing and heating 


17 


10 


59 


3,455 


2,258 




65 




334 


223 


67 




Machinery, equipment and supplies 


70 


14 


20 


7,938 


2,583 




33 




952 


285 


30 




Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


17 


3 


18 


4,904 


1,044 




21 




157 


22 


14 




MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 




Automotive 


17 


8 


47 


15,461 


7,062 




43 




653 


357 


56 




Beer, wines and liquors 


7 


6 


86 


3,329 


3,284 




99 




121 


113 


93 




Electrical goods 


6 


4 


67 


6,808 


6,728 




99 




207 


195 


95 




Furniture and house furnishings 


5 


5 


100 


1,119 


1,119 




100 




40 


40 


100 




Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


41 


16 


39 


14,652 


10,007 




58 




741 


479 


65 




Machinery, equipment and supplies 


27 


17 


63 


4,336 


3,128 




72 




524 


394 


75 




-Decrease 












* Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided 


by 


total 1935 sales o 


each classification. 




Pay roll includes compensation ot full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and fir 


n members of unincor 


porated businesses. 











































Page 32 

CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF CONNECTICUT 

TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



Estab- 
lish 

MENTS 



Net. 
Sales 



No. Of 
Estab- 
lish- 
ments 
Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 



Net 
Sales 
Year 
1937 



(add 000 ) 



Net Sales By Quarters 
(add coo) 



1937 



1st Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2nd Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



3RD Qr. 

July 1 
Sept. 30 



4TH Qr. 

Oct. 1 
Dec. 31 



1938 



1ST Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2ND Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



Percent 
Chance 



1st Qr. 

1937 

To 

1ST Qr 

1938 



2nd Qr 

1937 

To 

2nd Qr 

1938 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Drugs (full line) 

Dry goods and apparel 

Electrical goods 

Farm supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Har dinar e 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Paper and its products 

Plumbing and heating equipment and 

supplies 
Tobacco and its products ( except leaf) 



8 


6 


5 


13 


19 


9 


60 


48 


3 


11 


12 


4 


29 


53 


12 


42 


15 


5 


17 


45 


17 


23 


50 


3 


19 


13 


6 


16 


24 


25 


27 


60 


3 


19 


39 


4 


23 


31 


18 


23 


41 


10 


20 


13 


9 


15 


16 


6 



519 
5,100 
3,525 

260 
5,910 

787 
7,839 
2,655 
2,663 
5,685 

841 
2,995 
4,506 
2,787 

1,229 
3,030 



$ 110 
1,001 

698 

58 

1,337 

333 
1,580 

647 

510 
1,252 

210 

534 
1,103 

557 

275 
602 



5 151 
1,287 

877 

69 

1,671 

250 
2,252 

692 

592 
1,452 

242 

920 
1,352 

768 

312 
762 



$ 143 
1,272 

976 

51 

1,447 

113 
1,976 

657 

682 
1,528 

201 

773 
1,141 

706 

325 
857 



115 

1,540 

974 

72 

1,455 
91 

1,931 
670 
679 

1,433 
188 
768 
910 
656 

317 
809 



$ 80 

1,061 

772 

33 

972 

286 

1,358 

531 

613 

1,149 

153 

502 

584 

615 

205 
696 



$ 93 

1,320 

820 

45 

1,064 
220 

1,894 
500 
788 

1,364 
194 
547 
715 
632 

253 
782 



-27.3 
+ 6.0 
+10.5 
-43.1 
-27.3 
-14.1 
-18.5 
-17.9 
+ 0.5 

- 9.0 
-27.1 

- 6,0 
-38.0 

- 6.2 

-25.5 
+15.5 



-38.4 
+ 2.6 

- 6.5 
-34.8 
-36.3 
-12.0 
-15.9 
-27.7 
+13.9 

- 6.7 
-19.8 
-29.7 
-47.0 
-17.7 

-18.9 
+ 2.6 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Automotive 

Furniture and house furnishings 
Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 
Jewelry and optical goods 
Viachinery, equipment and supplies 
Plumbing and heating equipment and 
supplies 



56 
100 

71 
100 

55 

100 



63 
100 

95 
100 

66 

100 



5,275 

1,289 

38,073 

346 

1,773 

1,589 



1,379 
317 

8,910 

87 

503 

350 



1,454 
345 

9,353 

85 

450 

396 



1,175 
310 

9,745 

88 

417 

426 



1,257 

316 

10,055 

86 

393 

417 



856 

201 

8,457 

75 

325 

243 



748 

185 

,616 

73 

327 

279 



-37.9 
-36.5 
- 5.1 
-12.6 
-35.4 

-30.6 



-43.9 
-46.5 
- 7.9 
-14.1 
-28.9 

-29.5 



+ Increase -Decrease 

* Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales o( establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



Page 33 

WHOLESALE DrSTRIBUTION 



STATE OF CONNECTICUT 

TABLE 2.- SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



ESTAB 
LISH. 

ments 

% 



Net- 
Sales 

%. 



No. Of 

ESTAB 
LISH- 
MENT5 

Includ- 
ed In 

1937-38 
Survey 



Net Sales 

(add 000 I 



1937 



1936 



1935 



Pay Roa»» 

(•dd OOO) 



1937 



1935 



Stocks On Hand 
End Of Year 



1936 



1935 



Percent Increase 
1935 to 1937 



Net 
Sales 



Pay 
Roll 



Stocks 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automot ive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Drugs (full line) 

Dry goods and apparel 

Electrical goods 

Farm supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Furniture & house furnishings 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods 

(specialty lines) 
Hardware 
Lumber and construction 

materials 
Machinery, equipment and 

supplies 
Paper and its products 
Plumbing and heating 

equipment k supplies 
Tobacco and its products 

(except leaf) 



8 


6 


5 


13 


19 


9 


60 


48 


3 


11 


12 


4 


29 


53 


12 


42 


15 


5 


17 


45 


17 


23 


50 


3 


19 


13 


6 


16 


24 


25 


27 


60 


3 


19 


39 


4 


23 


31 


18 


23 


41 


10 


20 


13 


9 


15 


16 


6 



519 
5,100 
3,525 

260 
5,910 

767 
7,839 
2,666 
2,563 

5,685 
841 

2,995 

4,506 
2,787 

1,229 

3,030 



517 
4,046 
2,786 

267 
4,744 

728 
6,141 
2,234 
2,449 

5,475 
782 

2,553 

3,792 
2,504 



2,355 



470 
2,531 
2,303 

224 
3,354 

787 
6,659 
1,157 
1,918 

5,013 
662 

2,372 

2,364 
2,284 

795 

2,181 



74 
268 
235 

25 
421 

66 
426 
468 
139 

345 
93 



572 
332 



128 
77 



77 
172 
186 

23 
272 

62 
344 
152 
110 

304 
58 



320 
318 



106 
65 



180 
419 
606 

72 
538 
168 

69 
359 
429 

280 
143 



556 
549 



212 

167 



182 
331 
541 

55 
450 
187 

75 
358 
399 

274 
146 

561 

537 
584 

213 

146 



170 


10.4 


- 3.9 


214 


101.5 


55.8 


410 


53.1 


26.3 


52 


16.1 


8.7 


449 


75.7 


54.8 


214 


0.0 


6.5 


100 


17.7 


23.8 


169 


130.4 


207.9 


282 


38.8 


26.4 


253 


13.4 


13.5 


133 


27.0 


60.3 


477 


26.3 


3.5 


374 


90.6 


78.8 


515 


22.0 


4.4 


187 


54.5 


20.8 


140 


38.9 


16.7 



5.9 
95.8 
47.8 
38.5 
19.8 
-21.5 
-31.0 
U2.4 
52,1 

10.7 
7.5 



48.7 
5.6 



13.4 
19.3 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



AutomotlTe 

Furniture & house furnishings 

Srooeries and foods 

(specialty lines) 
Jewelry and optical gjods 
i'achinery, equipment and 

supplies 
Plumbing and heating 

equlpnent & supplies 



56 
100 



71 
100 



55 
100 



63 
100 



95 
100 



56 
100 



5,275 
1,289 

38,073 
346 

1,773 

1,589 



4,546 
1,062 

35,170 
287 

1,529 

1,289 



3,106 
690 

33,172 
243 

1,422 

889 



380 
63 



1,466 
44 



390 
121 



285 
39 



1,218 
42 



286 
73 



649 
57 



996 
35 



175 
215 



742 
55 



939 
30 



165 

204 



396 
45 



924 
25 



163 
150 



69.8 
86.8 



14.8 
42.4 



24.7 
78.7 



32.9 
61.5 



20.4 
4.8 



35.4 
55.8 



63.9 
26.7 



7.8 
40.0 



7.4 
43.3 



-Decrease 

* Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales o( establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 
* * Pay roll not available for year 1936. Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of 
unincorporated businesses. 



Page 34 




















CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 


STATE OF CONNECTICUT 
TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 


WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 


1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 


■ 




Number Of 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll* 




Establishments 










ladd ooo) 


(add 000) 




Included In 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Of 


KIND OF BUSINESS 




1937-38 




Those Included 




Those Included 




1935 

Census 


Survey 


1935 

Census 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 
Census 


In 1937-38 Survey 




% 
Sample 




% 
Sample 




% 
Sample 






Number 




Amount 




Amount 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 




Automotive 


66 


5 


8 


$ 8,478 


1 470 


6 


1 826 


* 77 


9 


Beer, wines anil liquors 


68 


9 


13 


13,527 


2,531 


19 


847 


172 


20 


Drugs (full line) 


5 


3 


50 


4,808 


2,303 


48 


360 


186 


52 


Dry goods and apparel 


38 


4 


11 


1,826 


224 


12 


109 


23 


21 


Electrical goods 


41 


12 


29 


6,402 


3,364 


53 


621 


272 


44 


Farm supplies 


12 


5 


42 


5,418 


787 


15 


312 


62 


20 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


100 


17 


17 


14,827 


6,659 


45 


783 


344 


44 


Furniture and house furnishings 


13 


3 


23 


2,316 


1,157 


50 


239 


152 


64 


Groceries (full line) 


32 


6 


19 


14,211 


1,918 


13 


749 


110 


15 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


161 


25 


16 


20,654 


5,013 


24 


1,186 


304 


26 


Hardware 


11 


3 


27 


1,095 


662 


60 


116 


58 


50 


Lumber anrl construction materials 


21 


4 


19 


6,053 


2,372 


39 


574 


286 


50 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


79 


18 


23 


7,732 


2,364 


31 


971 


320 


33 


Paper and its products 


43 


10 


23 


5,528 


2,284 


41 


570 


318 


47 


Plumbing & heating equipment and supplies 


46 


9 


20 


6,280 


795 


13 


687 


106 


15 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


40 


6 


15 


13,607 


2,181 


15 


370 


66 


18 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


18 


10 


56 


4,904 


3,106 


63 


444 


286 


64 


Furniture and house furnishings 


4 


4 


100 


690 


690 


100 


39 


39 


100 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


63 


45 


71 


35,058 


33,172 


95 


1,430 


1,218 


85 


Jewelry and optical goods 


4 


4 


100 


243 


243 


100 


42 


42 


100 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


27 


15 


56 


2,156 


1,422 


66 


454 


. 286 


63 


Plumbing & heating equipment and supplies 


5 


5 


100 


889 


889 


100 


73 


73 


100 


* Pay roll includes compensation of tull-tim 


; and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm membe 


rs of unincorporated businesses. 

■ 

i 























CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



Page 35 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF FLORIDA 

TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



Estab- 
lish. 

MENTS 



Net. 
Sales 



No. Of 

ESTAB. 
USH- 
MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 



Net 
Sales 
Year 
1937 

(•dd 000 ) 



Net Sales By Quarters 

(add OOO) 



1937 



1ST QR. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2nd Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



3rd Qr. 

July 1 
Sept. 30 



4TH Qr. 

Oct. 1 
Dec. 31 



1ST Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2nd Qr 

April 1 
June 30 



Percent 
Chance 



1ST Qr 

1937 

To 

1ST Qr 

1938 



2nd Qr 
1937 
To 

2nd Qr 
1938 



SERVICE AND LIMITED- FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Drugs (full line) 

Dry goods and apparel 

Electrical goods 

Farm supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries (full line) 

Srooeries and foods (specialty lines) 

Luinber and construction materials 

[rlachinery, equipnsnt and supplies 

Paper and its products 

Plumbing and heating equipment and 

supplies 
Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 



10 


14 


8 


9 


11 


4 


57 


71 


6 


16 


16 


4 


32 


54 


14 


16 


41 


5 


12 


30 


12 


21 


21 


3 


23 


25 


16 


11 


23 


28 


20 


29 


12 


4 


6 


T 


17 


10 


6 


38 


43 


6 


14 


2i; 


5 



$ 1,108 
2,287 
8,280 

515 
5,474 
3,205 
3,380 

558 
7,070 
5,108 
3,981 

420 

661 

1,391 
3,713 



J 287 

831 

2,395 

124 

1,260 

1,002 

891 

146 

1,942 

1,512 

910 

120 

207 

355 
974 



i 263 

531 

1,549 

122 

1,424 

828 

772 

116 

1,684 

1,145 

1,014 

103 

139 

353 
928 



$ 



260 

252 

1,530 

129 

1,480 

623 

882 

102 

1,691 

1,043 

1,029 

84 

131 

352 
895 



$ 298 

663 

2,606 

140 

1,310 

752 

835 

194 

1,753 

1,308 

1,028 

113 

184 

351 
915 



J 283 

699 

2,560 

127 

956 

912 

733 

133 

1,824 

1,500 

750 

119 

204 

213 
914 



246 


- 1.4 


436 


-15.9 


1,712 


+ 5.9 


115 


+ 2.4 


1,034 


-24.1 


590 


- 9.0 


587 


-17.7 


99 


- 8.9 


1,439 


- 5.1 


1,080 


- 6.9 


751 


-15.5 


87 


- 0.8 


135 


- 1.5 


237 


-36.4 


901 


- 6.2 



- 6.5 
-17.9 



-32.9 
- 2.9 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Chemicals and paints 
Farm supplies 

Furniture and house furnishings 
Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 
Jewelry and optical goods 
Machinery, equipment and supplies 
Plumbing and heating equipment and 
supplies 



50 
60 
100 
72 
43 
48 

100 



53 
80 
100 
93 
70 
70 

ICO 



794 
1,944 

360 
35,117 

238 
1,137 

1,689 



205 

597 

81 

9,779 

54 

274 

368 



168 

494 

83 

3,539 

59 

257 

376 



233 

277 

90 

7,G72 

59 

252 

455 



188 
576 
105 
9,027 
56 
354 

480 



186 
560 

79 
9,679 

54 
218 

239 



158 
353 

78 
3,040 

59 
217 

304 



-35.1 



INCREASE -Decrease 

Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales ol establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1S35 sales o( each classification. 



- 6.0 
-28.5 

- 5.0 

- 6.9 
CO 

-15.5 

-19.1 



Page 36 

CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937^8 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTIOM 



STATE OF FLORIDA 

TABLE 2.- SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



ESTAB. 
LISH. 
MENTS 



Net* 
Sales 



No. Of 
Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

Includ- 
ed In 

1937-38 
Survey 



Net Sales 

I add 000) 



1937 



1936 



1935 



Pay Roll»< 

(add 000 ) 



1937 



1935 



Stocks On Hand 
End Of Year 

(add ooo) 



1936 



1935 



Percent Increase P 
1935 lo 1937 



Net 
Sales 



Pay 
Roll 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automot Its 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Drugs (full line) 

Dr7 goods and apparel 

Electrical goods 

Farm supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods 

( specialty lines) 
Lumber and construction 

materials 
Machinery, equipment 

and supplies 
Paper and its products 
Plumbing and heating 

equipment and supplies 
Tobacco and its products 

(except leaf) 



10 


14 


8 


9 


11 


4 


67 


71 


6 


16 


16 


4 


32 


54 


14 


16 


41 


5 


12 


30 


12 


21 


21 


3 


23 


25 


16 


11 


23 


28 


20 


29 


12 


4 


6 


3 


17 


10 


6 


38 


43 


6 


14 


22 


5 



1,108 
2,287 
8,280 

515 
5,474 
3,205 
3,380 

558 
7,070 

5,108 

3,981 

420 
661 

1,391 

3,713 



1,081 
2,504 
6,802 

472 
4,297 
2,722 
3,100 

562 
6,932 

5,051 

3,541 

399 
555 

1,291 

3,916 



930 
1,660 
5,578 

413 
3,234 
2,610 
2,961 

489 
6,694 

4,552 



361 
437 



972 
3,534 



198 
108 
464 

25 
413 
207 
253 

44 
461 

370 



126 
126 



156 

67 

418 

20 

243 

154 

230 

30 

428 

317 



102 



f 191 

373 

1,745 

92 

742 

307 

56 

110 

833 

265 

439 

88 
204 

230 

206 



i 192 

300 

1,605 

86 

491 

256 

87 

90 

808 

244 

401 

68 
199 

222 

264 



( 138 

205 

1,222 

66 

364 

211 

80 

77 

722 

186 

352 

58 
167 

201 

247 



19.1 
37.8 
48.4 
24.7 
69.3 
22.8 
14.2 
14.1 
5.6 

12.2 

46.3 

16.3 
51.3 

43.1 

5.1 



26.9 
61.2 
11.0 
25.0 
70.0 
34.4 
10.0 
46.7 
7.7 

16.7 

63.7 

14.9 
53.2 

43.2 

23.5 



42. 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Chemicals and paints 

Farm supplies 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries and foods 

(specialty lines) 
Jewelry and optical goods 
Uachinery , equipment 

and supplies 
Plumbing and heating 

equipment and supplies 



50 


53 


3 


60 


80 


6 


100 


100 


3 


72 


93 


39 


43 


70 


3 


48 


70 


10 


100 


100 


4 



794 

1,944 

360 

35,117 
238 

1,137 

1,689 



621 

1,807 

362 

31,943 
206 

1,070 

1,502 



752 

1,461 



29,144 
181 



900 
1,196 



56 

170 

22 

1,539 
51 

244 

133 



51 
112 



1,156 
44 



182 

71 



117 

356 

21 

1,634 
24 

149 

242 



73 

268 

20 

1,610 
19 

126 

256 



113 
170 



1,523 
22 



104 

196 



5.6 
33.1 



20.5 
31.5 



26.3 

41.2 



— Decrease 

* Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 
' * Pay roll not available for year 1936. Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members 
unincorporated businesses. 

X 1935 Figures withheld to avoid disclosure. 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



Page 3 7 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF FLORIDA 

TABLE 3.-S1ZE OF SAMPLE 

1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Number Of 
Establishments 



1935 

Census 



Included in 
1937-38 
Survey 



Number 



Sample 



Net Sales 

(uld 000 ) 



1935 

Census 



1935 Sales Of 
Those Included 
In 1937-38 Survey 



Amount 



Sample 



Pay Roll* 

(•dd OOO) 



1935 
Census 



1935 Pay Roll Of 

Those Included 

In 193738 Survey 



Amount 



Sample 



SERVICE AND UMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Drugs (full line) 

Dry goods and apparel 

Electrical goods 

Farm supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh.) 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Paper and its products 

Plumbing and heating equipment and 

supplies 
Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 



79 
44 
9 
25 
44 
31 

104 
14 
69 

250 
59 
68 
35 

16 
36 



8 


10 


4 


9 


6 


67 


4 


16 


14 


32 


5 


16 


12 


12 


3 


21 


16 


23 


28 


11 


12 


20 


3 


4 


6 


17 


6 


38 


5 


14 



I 5,464 

14,445 

7,841 

2,515 

6,040 

6,342 

9,844 

2,306 

26,326 

19,853 

9,456 

6,092 

4,168 

2,235 
15,879 



{ 930 
1,660 
5,578 

413 
3,234 
2,610 
2,961 

489 
6,694 
4,552 
2,722 

361 

437 

972 
3,534 



14 
11 
71 
16 
54 
41 
30 
21 
25 
23 
29 
6 
10 

43 
22 



5 785 
719 
577 
219 
545 
385 
596 
201 
1,456 
1,328 
819 
714 
451 

189 
501 



156 


20 


67 


9 


416 


72 


20 


9 


243 


45 


154 


40 


230 


39 


30 


15 


428 


29 


317 


24 


215 


26 


47 


7 


47 


10 


88 


47 


102 


20 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Chemicals and paints 
Farm supplies 

Furniture and house furnishings 
Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 
Jewelry and optical goods 
Machinery, equipment £md supplies 
Plumbing and heating equipment and 
supplies 



6 
10 

3 
54 

7 
21 



3 
6 
3 

39 
3 

10 



50 
60 
100 
72 
43 
48 

100 



1,418 
1,835 

X 

31,209 

259 

1,291 

1,196 



752 

1,461 

X 

29,144 
181 
900 

1,196 



53 

80 
100 
93 
70 
70 

100 



144 
165 

X 

1,290 

58 

253 

71 



51 
112 

X 

1,156 

44 

182 

71 



35 

68 
100 
90 
55 
72 

100 



Pay roll includes compensation o( full-time and part-time employees, but not ol proprietors and firm members ot unincorporated businesses. 
1935 Figure* withheld to avoid disclosure. 



Page 38 

CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF GEORGIA 

TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



ESTAB- 
USH- 

MErrrs 



Net. 
Sales 



No. Of 

ElSTAB- 
USH- 
MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 



Net 
Sales 
Year 
1937 

(•dd 000 ) 



Net Sales By Quarters 
(«id ooo) 



1937 



1ST Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2nd Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



3rd Qr. 

July 1 
Sept. 30 



4TH Qr. 

Oct 1 
Dec. 31 



1938 



1ST Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2ND Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



Percent 
Chance 



1ST QR. 

1937 

To 
1ST Qr. 

1938 



2nd qr 

1937 

To 

2ND Qr. 

1938 



SERVICE AND LIMITED- FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 
Clothing and furnishings 
Drugs (full line) 
Dry goods (full line) 
Electrical goods 
Farm supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 
Furniture and house furnishings 
Groceries {full line) 
Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 
Lumber and construction materials 
Machinery, equipment and supplies 
Paper and its products 
Tobacco and its products 
(except leaf) 



16 


34 


10 


$ 5,009 


11 


6 


4 


268 


14 


16 


5 


724 


46 


54 


6 


5,015 


24 


37 


5 


2,569 


40 


79 


10 


9,512 


12 


51 


3 


5,173 


5 


8 


4 


935 


30 


42 


3 


1,571 


11 


18 


15 


9,978 


8 


17 


19 


5,452 


14 


34 


4 


1,389 


17 


27 


11 


2,824 


28 


45 


5 


1,438 


18 


24 


4 


2,874 



1,321 

50 

231 

1,239 

713 

2,412 

1,702 

192 

358 

2,473 

1,350 

325 

633 

390 

633 



1,366 

70 

154 

1,186 

603 

3,683 

1,292 

280 

412 

2,580 

1,298 

430 

778 

355 

717 



1,204 

85 

184 

1,303 
653 

1,947 
833 
219 
420 

2,587 

1,330 
334 
731 
373 

763 



1,118 

63 

155 

1,287 

600 

1,470 

1,346 

244 

381 

2,338 

1,474 

300 

682 

320 

761 



847 

48 

171 

1,206 

499 

1,475 

1,453 

209 

249 

2,372 

1,227 

214 

482 

319 

676 



882 


-35.9 


66 


- 4.0 


120 


-26.0 


1,091 


- 2.7 


432 


-30.0 


1,905 


-38.8 


737 


-14.6 


227 


+ 8.9 


271 


-So. 4 


2,438 


- 4.1 


1,237 


- 9.1 


249 


-34.2 


512 


-23.9 


301 


-18.2 


678 


+ 6.8 



-35,4 

- 5.7 
-22.1 

- 8.0 
-28.4 
-48.3 
-43.0 
-18.9 
-34.2 

- 5.5 

- 4.7 
-42.1 
-34.2 
-15.2 

- 5.4 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Automot ive 
Chemicals and paints 
Electrical goods 
Furnitiire and house furnishings 
Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 
Jewelry and optical goods 
Machinery, equipment and supplies 
Plumbing and heating equipment and 
supplies 



50 


64 


14 


30 


61 


3 


71 


06 


10 


100 


100 


4 


67 


89 


46 


75 


96 


3 


65 


77 


37 


71 


84 


5 



43,090 
3,567 

20,160 
1,189 

54,337 
484 

13,594 

4,058 



12,316 

805 

6,614 

276 

13,783 

113 

3,184 

836 



12,680 

1,082 

5,026 

283 

13,309 

125 

3,821 

914 



8,575 
955 

4,509 

334 

13,946 

140 

3,647 

1,104 



9,519 
724 

4,011 

296 

13,299 

106 

2,942 

1,204 



6,575 
739 

3,462 

231 

11,329 

106 

2,569 

572 



7,193 


-46.6 


820 


- 8.3 


3,449 


-47.7 


191 


-16.3 


11,129 


-17.8 


103 


- 6.2 


2,310 


-19.3 


669 


-31.6 



-43.3 
-24.2 

-31.4 
-32.5 
-16.4 
-17.6 
-39.5 

-25.8 



-hiNCREASE -Decrease 

* Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales of establishments included in ttiis survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



Page 39 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF GEORGIA 
TABLE 2.- SALES. PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937. 1936 AND 1935 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



ESTAB 
LISH. 
MEhTTS 



Net- 
Sales 



No. Of 
Estab- 
lish- 
ments 
Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 



Net Sales 

lidd 000) 



1937 



1936 



1935 



Pay Roll*- 

(•dd 000 ) 



1935 



Stocks On Hand 
End Of Year 

(add 000 ) 



1936 



1935 



Percent Increase 
1935 lo 1937 



Net 
Sales 



Pay 
Roll 



Stocks 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Clothing and fumlshiTigs 

Drxigs (full line) 

Dry goods (full line) 

Electrical goods 

Farm supplies 

fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Furniture and house 

furnishings 
Jroceries (full line) 
Groceries and foods 

(specialty lines) 
Lumber and construction 

materials 
Hachlnery, equipnent and 

supplies 
Paper and its products 
lobacco and its products 
(except leaf) 



16 


34 


10 


11 


6 


4 


14 


16 


5 


46 


54 


6 


24 


37 


5 


40 


79 


10 


12 


51 


3 


5 


8 


4 


30 


42 


3 


11 


18 


15 


8 


17 


19 


14 


34 


4 


17 


27 


11 


28 


45 


5 


18 


24 


4 



5,009 

268 

724 

5,015 

2,569 

9,512 

5.173 

935 

1,571 
9,978 

5,452 

1,389 

2,824 

1,438 



♦ 4,941 

192 

730 

4,406 

2,750 

7,809 

4,298 

760 

1,431 
9,457 

5,676 

1,212 

2,485 
1,339 

2,934 



3,691 

158 

604 

4,095 

2,365 

5,834 

3,899 

688 

1,095 
8,526 

4,355 

1,105 

1,820 
1,142 



400 
16 
•46 
285 
248 
703 
207 
31 

155 
391 

287 

31 

357 
167 



353 

11 

40 

243 

229 

449 

105 

22 

126 
323 

254 

14 

278 
115 

52 



562 

16 
39 
807 
517 
931 
671 
7 

305 
9;>ti 

342 

32 

440 
277 

128 



506 

13 

44 

802 

451 

767 

245 

7 

300 
821 

358 

20 

421 
272 



471 

10 

34 

565 

411 

508 

305 

7 

297 
735 

220 

24 

382 
202 



35.7 
69.6 
19.9 
22.5 
8.6 
63.0 
32.7 
35.9 

43.3 
17.0 

25.2 

25.7 

55.2 
25.9 



13.3 

45.5 
15.0 
17.7 
8.3 
55.5 
97.1 
40.9 

31.0 
21.1 

13.0 

121.4 

28.4 
45.2 



19.3 
60.0 
14.7 
21.4 
25.8 
53.1 
120.0 
0.0 

2.7 
27.2 

55.5 

33.3 

15.2 
57.1 

16.4 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



bitomotlve 


50 


64 


14 


43,090 


34,761 


25,687 


1,857 


903 


1.820 


1,374 


1.198 


67.8 


105.6 


51.9 


Chemicals and paints 


30 


61 


3 


3,567 


2.882 


2.357 


358 


178 


262 


238 


186 


51.3 


106.7 


40.9 


Electrical goods 


71 


95 


10 


20,160 


19,405 


10,457 


747 


605 


1,728 


1,278 


1,064 


92.8 


23.5 


62.4 


Furniture and house 






























furnishings 


100 


100 


4 


1,189 


1,060 


I 


85 


X 


90 


79 


z 


— 


— 


— 


Jroceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


67 


89 


46 


54,337 


53,895 


48.358 


2.021 


1.646 


1,730 


2,091 


1,735 


12.4 


22.8 


- O.S 


Jewelry and optical goods 


75 


96 


3 


484 


451 


359 


135 


121 


193 


140 


128 


34.8 


11.6 


50.8 


Itechinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


65 


77 


37 


13,594 


11,674 


8.108 


1,379 


909 


1,614 


1,315 


782 


67.7 


51.7 


105.4 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipufint and supplies 


71 


84 


5 


4,058 


3,634 


2,397 


240 


152 


281 


265 


155 


69.3 


57.9 


81.3 



—Decrease 

* Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 
* * Pay roll not aveulable for year 1936. Pay roll includes compensation of both full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of 
unincorporated businesses. 

X 1935 Figurcf withheld to avoid disclosure. 



Page 40 




















CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 




WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION | 




STATE OF GEORGIA 






» 


TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 






1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 








Number Of 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll* 






Establishments 


(•dd ooo) 


(mdd 000) 






Included in 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Of 


KIND OF BUSINESS 




1937-38 




Those Included 




Those Included 




1935 

Census 


Survey 


1935 

Census 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 
Census 


In 1937-38 Survey 




% 
Sample 




% 

Sample 




% 
Sample 






Number 




Amount 




Amount 


SERVICE AND LIMITED- FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


64 


10 


16 


% 10,818 


$ 3,591 


34 


$ 1,140 


$ 353 


31 \ 


Beer, wines and liquors 


36 


4 


11 


2,836 


158 


6 


249 


11 


4 


Clothing and furnishings 


35 


5 


14 


3,806 


504 


16 


258 


40 


16 


Drugs {full line) 


13 


6 


46 


7,650 


4,095 


54 


485 


243 


50 ' 


Dry goods (full line) 


21 


5 


24 


6,373 


2,365 


37 


509 


229 


45 i 


Electrical goods 


25 


10 


40 


7,356 


5,834 


79 


579 


449 


78 j 


Farm supplies 


25 


3 


12 


7,715 


3,899 


51 


253 


105 


42 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


78 


4 


5 


8,522 


688 


8 


521 


22 


4 


Furniture and house furnishings 


10 


3 


30 


2,594 


1,095 


42 


267 


126 


47 


Groceries (full line) 


140 


15 


11 


45,147 


8,526 


18 


1,904 


323 


17 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


238 


19 


8 


25,403 


4,356 


17 


1,691 


254 


15 


Lumber and construction materials 


29 


4 


14 , 


3,245 


1,105 


34 


161 


14 


9 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


65 


11 


17 


6,782 


1,820 


27 


891 


278 


31 


Paper and its products 


18 


5 


28 


2,535 


1,142 


45 


252 


115 


44 1 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


22 


4 


18 


10,855 


2,552 


24 


289 


52 


18 , 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


28 


14 


50 


40,257 


25,687 


54 


1,391 


903 


65 


Chemicals and paints 


10 


3 


30 


3,866 


2,357 


61 


331 


178 


54 


Electrical goods 


14 


10 . 


71 


10,844 


10,457 


96 


527 


605 


96 , 


Furniture and house furnishings 


4 


4 


100 


X 


I 


100 


I 


X 


100 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


69 


46 


67 


54,616 


48,358 


89 


1,961 


1,646 


84 


Jewelry and optical goods 


4 


3 


75 


375 


359 


96 


126 


121 


96 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


57 


37 


55 


10,569 


8,108 


77 


1,245 


909 


73 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 




















supplies 


7 


5 


71 


2,859 


2,397 


84 


189 


152 


80 


* Pay roll includes compensation of full-tim< 


; and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of unincorporated businesses. 



p 






















Page 41 


CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 






WHOLESALE 


DISTRIBUTION 




STATE OF ILLINOIS 










TABLE l.-NET SAIF.S BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 










FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












Size Of 


















Sample 


No. Of 




Net Sales By Quarters 




Percent 




Compared 
With 1935 


ESTAB- 
USH- 


Net 

SaL£S 


(•dd 


XK)) 






Chance 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 


Year 
1937 


1937 1 


1938 1 


1ST Qr. 

1937 

To 


2NDQR 
1937 
To 


ESTAB- 
LiSH- 


NET. 


1ST Qr. 


2ND Qr 


3RD Qr. 


4TH Qr. 


1ST Qr. 


2ND Qr 




MENTS 


Saixs 


1937-38 
Survey 




Jan. 1 


April 1 


July' 1 


Oct. 1 


Jan. 1 


April 1 


1ST Qr 


2ND Qr 




% 


% 


(>dd 000) 


Mar. 31 


June 30 Sept. 30 | 


Dec. 31 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


1938 


1938 


SERVICE AND LIMITED- FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


15 


31 


67 


$ 25,874 


$ 6,263 


i 7,708 


$ 6,254 


$ 5,649 


$ 3,936 


$ 4,160 


-37.2 


-46.0 


Beer, wines and liquors 


14 


24 


79 


27,612 


6,079 


6,800 


7,072 


7,661 


5,498 


6,506 


- 9.5 


- 4.3 


Chemicals and paints 


28 


46 


32 


7,657 


1,763 


2,357 


1,943 


1,594 


1,532 


1,835 


-13.1 


-22.1 


Clothing and fuxniahlngs 


18 


25 


48 


11,520 


3,115 


2,942 


2,891 


2,572 


2,322 


2,261 


-25.5 


-23.1 


Drugs (full line) 


36 


53 


5 


16,359 


3,892 


3,934 


3,907 


4,626 


3,478 


3,307 


-10.5 


-15.9 


Drugs and drug sundries 


























(specialty lines) 


10 


36 


10 


11,641 


2,785 


2,932 


2,535 


3,389 


3,075 


3,066 


+ 10.4 


+ 4.6 


Dry goods (full and specialty lines) 


17 


38 


27 


30,270 


8,312 


7,435 


7,650 


5,873 


5,870 


5,076 


-29.4 


-31.7 


Electrical goods 


15 


44 


26 


31,805 


7,666 


10,466 


7,431 


5,242 


5,280 


5,891 


-31.1 


-43.7 


Farm supplies 


15 


40 


13 


8,244 


2,505 


2,447 


1,666 


1,626 


1,755 


1,271 


-29.9 


-48.1 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


15 


29 


56 


27,946 


7,033 


8,289 


6,371 


5,253 


5,795 


7,185 


-17.6 


-13.3 


Furniture and house furnishings 


16 


27 


26 


7,409 


1,616 


2,143 


1,837 


1,813 


1,230 


1,531 


-23.9 


-23.9 


General merchandise 


39 


88 


7 


23,424 


5,316 


5,223 


6,165 


6,720 


4,626 


4,485 


-13.0 


-14.1 


Groceries (full line) 


23 


47 


39 


59,585 


14,034 


14,307 


15,317 


15,927 


12,576 


12,725 


-10.4 


-11.1 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


18 


36 


146 


59,879 


15,099 


14,467 


14,337 


15,476 


12,254 


13,500 


-18.8 


- 6.7 


Hardware 


21 


72 


14 


20,109 


4,379 


5,348 


5,374 


5,008 


3,567 


4,149 


-18.5 


-22.4 


Jewelry and opticeJ. goods 


19 


46 


22 


13,303 


2,267 


2,828 


3,457 


4,751 


1,757 


2,073 


-22.1 


-25.7 


Lumber and construction materials 


26 


40 


50 


24,082 


5,491 


8,296 


6,013 


4,282 


3,233 


4,274 


-41.1 


-48.5 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


21 


38 


92 


40,061 


10,387 


11,096 


10,314 


8,264 


6,849 


5,797 


-34.1 


-38.7 


Paper and its products 


21 


27 


39 


14,422 


3,753 


3,850 


3,568 


3,251 


3,053 


2,905 


-18.7 


-24.5 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 


























supplies 


25 


31 


29 


8,504 


1,761 


2,128 


2,453 


2,152 


1,298 


1,439 


-26.3 


-32.4 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf] 


10 


11 


15 


7,957 


1,641 


1,987 


2,169 


2,160 


1,702 


1,970 


+ 3.7 


- 0.9 


MANUFACTURERS' SAI.F.S BRANCHES (with slocks) 


AutoDMtive 


53 


88 


24 


88,987 


19,312 


28 , 390 


21,313 


19,972 


14,452 


16,841 


-25.2 


-40.7 


Beer, wines and liquors 


41 


78 


11 


46,880 


10,012 


11,723 


12,582 


12,563 


7,943 


10,341 


-20.7 


-11.8 


Chemicals and paints 


59 


62 


33 


43,312 


10,733 


11,993 


11,302 


9,284 


8,689 


8,849 


-19.0 


-26.2 


Clothing and furnishings 


37 


58 


14 


16,466 


3,566 


3,987 


3,903 


5,010 


3,249 


3,456 


- 8.9 


-13.3 


Drugs and drug sundries 


























( specialty lines) 


33 


35 


8 


6,748 


1,970 


1,665 


1,486 


1,627 


1,660 


1,370 


-15.7 


-17.7 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


45 


48 


10 


4,457 


1,492 


1,254 


949 


762 


968 


830 


-35.1 


-33.8 


Electrical goods 


38 


67 


17 


59,944 


17,760 


16,326 


13,238 


12,620 


10,492 


9,232 


-40.9 


-43.5 


Furniture and house furnishings 


53 


69 


10 


9,219 


2,252 


2,848 


2,205 


1,914 


1,539 


1,516 


-31.7 


-46.8 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


55 


77 


114 


205,074 


53,095 


48,854 


50,387 


52,728 


43,972 


45,538 


-17.2 


- 6.3 


Hardware 


56 


79 


5 


3,386 


943 


1,055 


792 


595 


490 


454 


-48.0 


-57.0 


Jewelry and optical goods 


60 


52 


12 


5,361 


1,344 


1,304 


1,367 


1,346 


980 


902 


-27.1 


-30.8 


Lumber and construction materials 


39 


39 


9 


13,500 


3,122 


3,670 


4,320 


2,388 


2,485 


3,052 


-20.4 


-15.8 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


59 


66 


116 


80,185 


19,415 


22,762 


20,725 


17,282 


15,187 


15,321 


-21.8 


-32.7 


Paper and its products 


30 


75 


8 


18,955 


4,727 


5,487 


4,984 


3,757 


3,319 


3,442 


-29.8 


-37.3 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 


























supplies 


67 


80 


, 22 


14,172 


3,220 


3,624 


3,965 


3,363 


1,833 


2,349 


-43.1 


-35.2 




COMMISSION MERCHANTS 










Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


y 


1/ 


7 


8,241 


2,220 


2,357 


1,838 


1,825 


1,776 


2,273 


-20.0 


- 3.6 


-vIncrease -Decrease 












* Percentages in this column represen 


1935 sales ol establishments included in this survey, divided by to 


al 1935 se 


lies oi each 


classificati 


on. 


J/ 1935 Figures not available lor dete 


rmining percent sample. 





































Page 42 






























CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 










WHOLESALE 


DISTRIBUTION 








STATE OF ILLINOIS 














TABLE 2.-- SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 














FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












Size 


OF 1 












1 








Sample 


No. Of 

ESTAB. 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll** 


Stocks On Hand 


Percent Increase 




Compared 






End Of Year 


1935 lo 1937 




With 


1935 


LISH- 
















KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census | 


MENTS 

Includ- 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 




(add 000) 










ESTAB- 


























• 


LISH- 
MENTS 

% 


Net- 
Salxs 

% 


ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


15 


31 


67 


1 25,874 


$ 20,141 


1 16,776 


$2,170 


$1,611 


$2,944 


$2 , 356 


$2,016 


54.2 


34.7 


46.0 


Beer, wines and liquors 


14 


24 


79 


27,612 


24,370 


16,831 


1,367 


1,041 


2,522 


2,213 


2,435 


64.1 


31.3 


3.6 


Chemicals and paints 


28 


46 


32 


7,657 


7,286 


6,613 


823 


654 


694 


636 


608 


15.8 


25.8 


14.1 


Clothing and furnishings 


18 


25 


48 


11,520 


11,146 


8,811 


903 


726 


1,132 


1,043 


789 


30.7 


24.4 


43.5 


Drugs (full line) 


36 


53 


5 


16,359 


14,165 


11,984 


1,104 


648 


2,195 


2,109 


1,708 


36.5 


30.2 


28.5 


Drugs and drug sundries 






























( specialty lines) 


10 


36 


10 


11,641 


12,909 


6,850 


871 


625 


638 


470 


465 


69.9 


39.4 


37.2 


Dry goods (full and 






























specialty lines) 


17 


38 


27 


30,270 


29 , 534 


27,394 


2,430 


2,422 


3,950 


4,072 


3,278 


10.5 


0.3 


20.5 ' 


Electrical goods 


15 


44 


26 


31,805 


24,681 


16,686 


2,615 


1,551 


2,209 


1,594 


1,075 


90.6 


68.6 


105.5 


Farm supplies 


15 


40 


13 


8,244 


7,127 


6,035 


556 


388 


651 


639 


403 


36.6 


43.3 


61.5 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


15 


29 


56 


27,946 


27,987 


23,261 


1,354 


1,098 


389 


376 


333 


20.1 


23.3 


20.4 


Furniture & house furnishings 


16 


27 


26 


7,409 


6,222 


4,854 


770 


541 


1,164 


828 


657 


52.6 


42.3 


77.2 


General merchandise 


39 


88 


7 


23,424 


21,657 


18,378 


2,059 


1,646 


3,296 


3,401 


2,755 


27.5 


25.1 


19.6 


Groceries (full line) 


23 


47 


39 


59,585 


56,121 


52,575 


5,367 


4,751 


8,957 


8,694 


7,455 


13.3 


13.0 


20.1 


Groceries and foods 






























( specialty lines) 


18 


36 


146 


59,879 


52,882 


50,296 


4,062 


3,305 


3,234 


4,141 


2,303 


19.1 


22.9 


40.4 


Hardware 


21 


72 


14 


20,109 


19,274 


16,623 


2,395 


1,930 


4,467 


4,867 


3,936 


21.0 


24.1 


13.5 


Jewelry and optical goods 


19 


46 


22 


13,303 


11,753 


8,980 


1,432 


1,039 


2,241 


1,944 


1,835 


48.1 


37.8 


22.1 


Lumber & construction materials 


26 


40 


50 


24,082 


21,010 


16,548 


2,038 


1,444 


2,478 


2,315 


2,085 


45.5 


41.1 


18.8 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


21 


38 


92 


40,061 


32,706 


24,920 


5,471 


3,848 


6,564 


5,365 


■4,512 


60.8 


42.2 


47.7 


Paper and its products 


21 


27 


39 


14,422 


12,973 


11,123 


1,637 


1,348 


2,141 


1,952 


1,706 


29.7 


21.4 


25.5 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment and supplies 


25 


31 


29 


8,504 


7,058 


5,000 


1,075 


774 


1,339 


1,298 


1,099 


70.1 


39.0 


21.8 


Tobacco and its products 






























(except leaf) 


10 


11 


15 


7,957 


7,445 


6,439 


222 


210 


335 


273 


287 


23.6 


5.7 


16.7 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with slocks) 






Automotive 


53 


88 


24 


88,987 


79,541 


65,183 


2,814 


2,239 


4,265 


3,978 


3,047 


36.5 


25.7 


40.0 


Beer, wines and liquors 


41 


78 


11 


46,880 


44,553 


32,546 


1,516 


1,113 


390 


554 


713 


44.0 


36.2 


-45.3 


Chemicals and paints 


59 


62 


33 


43,312 


38,946 


33,323 


3,001 


2,193 


2,751 


2,259 


2,073 


30.0 


36.8 


32.7 


Clothing and furnishings 


37 


58 


14 


16,466 


15,786 


12,937 


1,645 


1,430 


1,985 


1,861 


1,540 


27.3 


15.1 


28.9 


Drugs and drug sundries 






























( specialty lines) 


33 


35 


8 


6,748 


6,588 


5,799 


395 


355 


216 


199 


354 


16.4 


11.0 


-39.0 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


45 


48 


10 


4,457 


4,646 


4,249 


259 


255 


554 


323 


332 


4.9 


1.6 


66.9 


Kleotrical goods 


38 


67 


17 


59,944 


49,997 


34,674 


8,549 


2,139 


2,922 


2,508 


1,806 


72.9 


19.2 


61.8 


Furniture k house furnishings 


53 


69 


10 


9,219 


7,963 


6,722 


671 


375 


1,027 


795 


879 


37.1 


78.9 


16.8 


Groceries and foods 






























( specialty lines) 


55 


77 


114 


205,074 


188,279 


175,529 


7,033 


5,389 


4,734 


4,305 


3,177 


16.8 


30.5 


49.0 


Hardware 


55 


79 


5 


3,386 


2,902 


2,175 


249 


173 


117 


106 


110 


55.7 


43.9 


5.4 


Jewelry and optical goods 


60 


52 


12 


5,361 


4,837 


4,544 


570 


489 


783 


570 


541 


18.0 


16.6 


44.7 


Lumber & construction materials 


39 


39 


9 


13,500 


12,016 


6,912 


1,812 


1,152 


1,158 


1,310 


993 


51.5 


57.3 


16.6 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


59 


66 


116 


,80,185 


65,835 


51,175 


8,020 


5,518 


6,391 


5,269 


4,980 


56.7 


42.8 


28.3 


Paper and its products 


30 


75 


8 


18,955 


17,372 


14,622 


610 


565 


556 


443 


379 


29.6 


8.0 


46.7 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment and supplies 


67 


80 


22 


14,172 


11,644 


8,086 


1,178 


727 


1,188 


1,194 


826 


75.3 


62.0 


43.8 








COMMISSION MERCHANTS 








Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


1/ 


1/ 


7 


8,241 


7,854 


6,688 


301 


209 


42 


40 


31 


23.2 


44.0 


35.5 


-Decrease 
















1 . 


•* Percentages in this columi 


1 reprea 


ent 193 


5 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by to 


al 1935 sa 


les of each 


classification. 




* * Pay roll not available lor 


year 1 * 


)36. P 


iy roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employe 


3s, but not 


of propriet 


Drs and firm mem 


)ers of 


unincorporated businesses. 
















1/ 1935 Figures not availabi 


; for d< 


»terminir 


g percent sample. 






































■! 



Page 43 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 




WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 


STATE OF ILLINOIS 










TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 










1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 












Number Of 


Net Sales 




Pay Roll* 






Establishments 


l.dd 000 ) 




( 


.d<j 000) 






Included In 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Of 


KIND OF BUSINESS 




1937-38 




Those Included 




Those Included 




1935 


Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 




Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 

Sample 






Number 




Amount 




Amount 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


434 


67 


15 


$ 54,584 


$ 16,776 


31 


$5,814 


$1,611 


28 


Beer, wines and liquors 


552 


79 


14 


69,418 


16,831 


24 


4,030 


1,041 


26 


Chemicals and paints 


116 


32 


28 


14,283 


6,613 


46 


1,434 


654 


46 


Clothing and furnishings 


265 


48 


18 


35,303 


8,811 


25 


2,689 


726 


27 


Drugs (full line) 


14 


5 


36 


22,724 


11,984 


53 


1,409 


848 


50 


Drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines) 


104 


10 


10 


19,278 


6,850 


36 


1,388 


625 


45 


Dry goods (full and specialty lines) 


158 


27 


17 


72,472 


27,394 


38 


6,117 


2,422 


40 


Electrical goods 


174 


26 


15 


38,157 


16,686 


44 


3,779 


1,551 


41 


Farm supplies 


85 


13 


15 


15,115 


6,035 


40 


1,168 


383 


33 


Jruits and vegetables (fresh) 


366 


56 


15 


78,995 


25,261 


29 


3,636 


1,098 


30 


Furniture and house furnishings 


163 


26 


16 


18,285 


4,854 


27 


1,810 


541 


30 


General merchandise 


18 


7 


39 


20,847 


18,378 


88 


1,915 


1,646 


86 


Groceries (full line) 


167 


39 


23 


112,954 


52,575 


47 


7,967 


4,751 


60 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


822 


146 


18 


140,175 


50,296 


36 


9,331 


3,305 


35 


Hardware 


58 


14 


21 


23,107 


16,623 


72 


2,171 


1,930 


89 


Jewelry and optical goods 


116 


22 


19 


19,382 


8,980 


46 


2,300 


1,039 


45 


Lumber and construction materials 


194 


50 


26 


41,216 


16,548 


40 


3,757 


1,444 


38 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


•440 


92 


21 


65,080 


24,920 


38 


9,144 


3,848 


42 


paper and its products 


186 


39 


21 


41,070 


11,123 


27 


4,117 


1,348 


33 


Plumbing & heating equipment & supplies 


117 


29 


25 


16,040 


5,000 


31 


2,046 


774 


38 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


153 


15 


10 


57,288 


6,439 


11 


1,508 


210 


14 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


45 


24 


53 


73,772 


65,183 


88 


2,948 


2,239 


75 


Beer, wines and liquors 


27 


11 


41 


41,629 


32,546 


78 


1,498 


1,113 


74 


Chemicals and paints 


56 


33 


59 


53,502 


33,323 


62 


3,405 


2,193 


54 


Clothing and furnishings 


38 


14 


37 


22,139 


12,937 


58 


2,287 


1,430 


63 


Drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines) 


24 


8 


33 


16,766 


5,799 


35 


1,457 


355 


24 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


22 


10 


45 


8,785 


4,249 


48 


478 


255 


53 


Electrical goods 


45 


17 


38 


51,410 


34,674 


67 


3,139 


2,139 


68 


Furniture and house furnishings 


19 


10 


53 


9,799 


6,722 


69 


786 


375 


48 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


209 


114 


55 


227,734 


175,529 


77 


8,053 


5,389 


57 


Ilardvare 


9 


5 


56 


2,766 


2,175 


79 


225 


173 


77 


Jewelry and optical goods 


20 


12 


60 


8,756 


4,544 


52 


736 


439 


65 


Lumber and construction materials 


23 


9 


39 


22,657 


8,912 


39 


2,212 


1,152 


52 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


198 


116 


59 


77,420 


51,175 


65 


9,118 


5,518 


52 


Paper and its products 


27 


8 


30 


19,576 


14,622 


75 


1,013 


565 


56 


Plumbing & heating equipment & supplies 


33 


22 


67 


10,145 


8,086 


80 


1,000 


727 


73 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


Fruit and vegetables (fresh) 


z 


7 


— 


X 


6,688 


~ 


X 


209 


- 


* Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and fir 


m memb 


ers of uninco 


porated busin 


esses. 


X 1935 Figures withheld to avoid disclosure. 

t 































Page 44 
















• 










CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 








WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION || 






STATE OF INDIANA 










TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 












FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












Size 


OF 


















Sample 


No. Of 




Net Sales By Quarters 




Percent 




Compared 
With 1935 


Estab- 
lish- 


Net 
Sales 


(add 


ooo) 






Chance 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 
Includ- 
ed In 


Year 
1937 


1937 


1938 1 


1ST Qr. 

1937 

To 


2nd Qr. 

1937 
To 


Estab- 
lish- 
ments 


Net. 


1ST Qr. 


2ND Qr. 


3rd Qr. 


4TH Qr. 


1st Qr. 


2nd Qr. 




Sales 


1937-38 
Survey 




Jan. 1 


April 1 


July 1 


Oct. 1 


Jan. 1 


April 1 


1ST Qr 


2nd Qr. 




I 


% 


(.dd ooo) 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


Sept. 30 


Dec. 31 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


1938 


1938 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


17 


45 


37 


$14,839 


$5,586 


% 3,876 


$2,799 


$2,578 


$1,659 


$1,815 


-70.3 


-53.3 


Beer, wines and liquors 


19 


15 


33 


5,053 


971 


1,331 


1,568 


1,183 


993 


1,290 


* 2.2 


- 3.1 


Chemicals and paints 


37 


49 


8 


1,058 


212 


549 


306 


191 


178 


314 


-15.0 


-10.0 


Drtigs (full line) 


43 


33 


3 


3,500 


886 


816 


847 


951 


800 


803 


- 9.7 


- 1.6 


Drugs and drug sundries (specialty 


























lines) 


16 


43 


3 


480 


123 


114 


125 


118 


111 


106 


- 9.8 


- 7.0 


Dry goods and apparel 


25 


76 


7 


4,460 


1,156 


1,062 


1,221 


1,031 


891 


846 


-22.9 


-20.3 


Electrical goods 


26 


51 


13 


10 , 653 


2,171 


3,030 


2,906 


2,546 


1,866 


1,957 


-14.0 


-35.4 


Farm supplies 


18 


71 


8 


10,065 


2,564 


3,410 


2,610 


1,481 


2,013 


2,693 


-21.5 


-21.0 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


19 


48 


23 


9,649 


2,429 


3,969 


2,168 


2,083 


1,966 


3,533 


-19.1 


-15.1 


Furniture and house furnishings 


27 


64 


6 


3,351 


763 


1,246 


738 


615 


569 


733 


-35.3 


-42.1 


Groceries (full line) 


33 


30 


30 


16,105 


3,696 


3,970 


4,483 


3,957 


3,485 


3,771 


- 5.7 


- 5.0 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


13 


32 


30 


5,453 


1,310 


1,311 


1,525 


1,306 


1,146 


1,391 


-13-5 


- 1.5 


Hardware 


23 


25 


5 


3,424 


675 


925 


983 


840 


641 


759 


- 5.2 


-17.9 


Lumber and construction materials 


22 


27 


15 


2,867 


583 


790 


790 


604 


439 


499 


-37.2 


-36.8 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


20 


43 


37 


7,067 


1,613 


2,111 


1,866 


1,477 


1,114 


1,495 


-30.9 


-29.3 


Paper and its products 


18 


47 


7 


3,923 


1,013 


1,210 


860 


840 


854 


837 


-15.7 


-30.8 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 


























supplies 


21 


19 


5 


1,227 


309 


283 


396 


340 


173 


337 


-17.3 


-15.0 


Tobacco and its products( except leaf) 


16 


36 


11 


8,174 


1,776 


1,959 


2,249 


2,190 


1,785 


3,034 


■I- 0.5 


* 3.3 




MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 








Automotive 


55 


91 


11 


35,339 


9,617 


11,341 


7,692 


6,789 


5,831 


6,110 


-39.4 


-45.6 


Chemicals and paints 


57 


73 


4 


965 


207 


205 


273 


280 


173 


138 


-16.4 


-33.7 


Furniture and house furnishings 


100 


100 


3 


576 


133 


193 


150 


100 


105 


137 


-21.1 


-29.0 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


33 


50 


25 


12,740 


2,999 


3,237 


3,403 


3,101 


3,735 


3,823 


- 9.1 


-12.8 


Jewelry and optical goods 


86 


97 


6 


743 


175 


181 


206 


181 


156 


150 


-10.9 


-11.6 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


57 


S3 


33 


17,353 


4,065 


5,809 


4,175 


3,304 


4,199 


3,847 


* 3.3 


-33.8 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 


























supplies 


88 


96 


7 


3,267 


667 


905 


900 


795 


435 


559 


-34.2 


-38.2 


+INCREASE -Decrease 

• Percentages in this column represent 


1935 s 


ales of establishments included in this survey, divided by tota 


1 1935 sal 


5s of each 


classification. 





Page 45 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 




WHOLESALE 


distribution! 




STATE OF INDIANA 










TABLE 2.- SAIF.S, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 










FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












Size Of 


















Sample 
Compared 
With 1935 


No. Of 

ESTAB 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll" 


Stocks On Hand 


Percent Increase 




LISH- 






End Of Year 


1935 10 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


MENTS 

Includ- 


(■dd 000) 


(•dd 000) 


(add 000 ) 










ESTAB 




























LISH- 
MENT& 


Net* 
Saixs 


ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


stocks 




% 


% 






_ . 






















SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 










AutomotlTe 


17 


45 


27 


$14,839 


*19,134 


f 11, 727 


$ 867 


$764 


11,518 


11,345 


$1,025 


26.5 


13.5 


48.1 


Beer, wines and liquors 


19 


15 


23 


5,053 


4,137 


2,319 


373 


194 


201 


183 


87 


117.9 


92.3 


131.0 


Chemloals and paints 


37 


49 


8 


1,058 


1,006 


937 


146 


108 


154 


160 


132 


12.9 


35.2 


16.7 


Drugs (full line) 


43 


33 


3 


3,500 


3,159 


2,924 


260 


229 


478 


460 


460 


19.7 


13.5 


2.6 


Drugs and drug sundries 






























(specialty lines) 


16 


43 


3 


480 


481 


396 


40 


35 


68 


60 


58 


21.2 


14.3 


17.2 


Dry goods and apparel 


26 


76 


7 


4,460 


4,427 


4,201 


466 


349 


788 


714 


698 


.6.2 


33.5 


12.9 


Electrical goods 


26 


51 


13 


10,653 


7,833 


5,413 


598 


372 


1,106 


817 


625 


96.8 


50.8 


77.0 


Farm supplies 


18 


71 


8 


10,065 


7,976 


6,676 


324 


237 


792 


504 


489 


50.8 


36.7 


62.0 


Fruits and Tegetables (fresh) 


19 


48 


23 


9,649 


9,410 


7,444 


527 


408 


369 


378 


246 


29.5 


29.2 


50.0 


Furniture & house furnishings 


27 


64 


6 


3,351 


3,012 


1,973 


255 


148 


590 


382 


263 


69.8 


72.3 


124.3 


Groceries (full line) 


33 


30 


30 


16,105 


14,831 


14 , 747 


991 


904 


1,960 


2,059 


1,650 


9.2 


9.6 


18.6 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


13 


32 


30 


5,452 


5,186 


4,770 


348 


311 


273 


317 


204 


14.3 


11.9 


33.8 


Hardware 


23 


25 


5 


3,424 


3,137 


2,757 


400 


301 


949 


918 


635 


24.2 


32.9 


49.4 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


22 


27 


16 


2,867 


2,531 


1,878 


287 


177 


408 


334 


285 


52.7 


62.1 


43.2 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


20 


43 


27 


7,067 


6,502 


5,454 


955 


684 


959 


877 


793 


29.6 


39.6 


20.9 


Paper and Its products 


18 


47 


7 


3,923 


3,288 


3,041 


415 


393 


416 


434 


413 


29.0 


5.6 


0.7 


Plumbing and heating equipment 






























and supplies 


21 


19 


5 


1,227 


1,112 


717 


92 


61 


185 


167 


114 


71.1 


50.8 


62.3 


Tobacco and its products 






























(except leaf) 


16 


36 


11 


8,174 


7,656 


7,167 


271 


203 


, 333 


299 


300 


14.1 


33.5 


11.0 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


AutomotlTe 


55 


91 


11 


35,339 


29,112 


28,080 


1,035 


656 


1,279 


1,105 


848 


25.9 


57.8 


50.8 


Chemicals and paints 


67 


73 


4 


965 


889 


767 


65 


64 


47 


40 


62 


25.8 


1.6 


-24.2 


Furniture & house furnishings 


100 


100 


3 


576 


527 


I 


44 


X 


42 


34 


X 


— 


-- 


— 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


33 


50 


25 


12,740 


11,738 


10 , 638 


825 


598 


295 


327 


220 


19.8 


38.1 


34.1 


Jewelry and optical goods 


86 


97 


6 


743 


671 


559 


125 


75 


222 


230 


153 


32.9 


66.7 


45.1 


Machinery, equipment and 




























, 


supplies 


67 


63 


32 


17,353 


14,339 


10,069 


1,293 


850 


2,293 


1,934 


931 


72.3 


52.1 


146.3 


Plumbing and heating equipment 






























and supplies 


88 


96 


7 


3,267 


2,851 


1,714 


258 


131 


323 


290 


191 


90.6 


96.9 


69.1 


- Decrease 












* Percentages in this column represent 1935 


sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by tota 


1935 sales of each classificytio 








* * Pay roll not available lor year 1936. Pa 


/ roll includes compensation of lull time and part-time employee 


s, but not of proprietors and firr 


n memb 


ers of 




unincorporated businesses. 












X 1935 Figures withheld to avoid disclosure. 












•( 































Page 46 

CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF INDIANA 

TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 

1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Number Of 
Establishments 



1935 
Census 



Included In 
1937-38 
Survey 



Number 



% 
Sample 



Net Sales 
(•dd ooo) 



1935 
Census 



1935 Sales Of 
Those Included 
In 1937-38 Survey 



Amount 



% 
Sample' 



Pay Roll* 

(«d«l 000) 



1935 
Census 



1935 Pay Roll Of 

Those Included 

In 1937-38 Survey 



Amount 



% 
Sample 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Chemicals and paints 

Drugs (full line) 

Drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines) 

Dry goods and apparel 

Electrical goods 

Farm supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Paper and its products 

Plumbing and heating equipment and 

supplies 
Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 



162 


27 


17 


124 


23 


19 


30 


8 


27 


7 


3 


43 


19 


3 


16 


27 


7 


26 


50 


13 


26 


44 


8 


18 


119 


23 


19 


22 


6 


27 


90 


30 


33 


231 


30 


13 


22 


5 


23 


73 


16 


22 


132 


27 


20 


38 


7 


18 


24 


5 


21 


69 


11 


16 



$25,775 
15,042 

1,923 

8,989 
914 

5,532 
10,585 

9,450 
15,629 

3,080 
49,833 
14 , 732 
10 , 820 

6,928 
12,719 

6,515 

3,775 
19,656 



$11,727 
2,319 

937 
2,924 

396 
4,201 
5,413 
6,676 
7,444 
1,973 
14,747 
4,770 
2,757 
1,878 
5,454 
3,041 

717 
7,167 



45 
15 
49 
33 
43 
76 
51 
71 
48 
64 
30 
32 
25 
27 
43 
47 

19 
36 



$1,973 

1,018 
274 
670 
115 
438 
864 
409 
911 
276 

2,525 
890 

1,266 
799 

1,734 
873 

444 
566 



$764 


39 


194 


19 


108 


39 


229 


34 


35 


30 


349 


80 


372 


43 


237 


58 


408 


45 


148 


54 


904 


36 


311 


35 


301 


24 


177 


22 


684 


39 


393 


45 


61 


14 


203 


36 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Automotive 
Chemicals and paints 
Furniture and house furnishings 
Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 
Jewelry and optical goods 
Machinery, equipment and supplies 
Plumbing and heating equipnent and 
supplies 



20 
6 
3 

75 

7 

48 



11 
4 
3 

25 
6 

32 



55 

67 
100 
33 
86 
67 



30,816 
1,056 

X 

21,133 

579 

15,951 

1,794 



28 , 080 

767 

X 

10,638 

559 

10,069 

1,714 



91 
73 
100 
50 
97 
63 

96 



910 

71 

X 

1,022 

79 

1,355 

:35 



131 



656 


72 


64 


90 


X 


100 


598 


59 


75 


95 


850 


63 



97 



» Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of unincorporated businesses. 
X 1935 Figures withheld to avoid disclosure. 



Page 47 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION | 


STATE OF IOWA 




TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 




FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 






Size Of 














Sample 


No. Of 




Net Sales By Quarters 




Percent 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Compared 

With 1935 

Census 


Estab- 
lish- 
ments 
Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 


Net 
Sales 
Year 
1937 


(.dd 000) 




Change 


1937 


1938 11 


1st Qr 

1937 

To 
1ST Qr 


2ND QR 
1937 
To 

2ND Qr. 


Estab- 
lish 

MENTS 


Net. 
Sales 


1ST Qr. 
Jan. 1 


2nd Qr 
April 1 


3rd Qr. 
July 1 


4TH Qr. 
Oct. 1 


1ST Qr. 
Jan. 1 


2ND Qr. 
April 1 




% 


% 


(.dd 000) 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


Sept. 30 


Dec. 31 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


1938 


1938 


SERVICE AND LIMITED -FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


10 


24 


14 


$ 3,561 


1 793 


% 1,031 


$ 856 


§ 881 


$ 547 


$ 730 


-31.0 


-29.2 


Beer, wines and liquors 


13 


14 


15 


1,726 


294 


464 


606 


362 


289 


386 


- 1.7 


-16.8 


Chemicals and paints 


40 


61 


12 


1,953 


463 


686 


488 


316 


445 


616 


- 3.7 


-10.2 


Drugs {full line) 


80 


93 


4 


5,005 


1,242 


1,257 


1,282 


1,224 


1,187 


1,224 


- 4.4 


- 2.5 


Dry goods and apparel 


13 


37 


3 


1,796 


416 


418 


496 


466 


371 


397 


-10.8 


- 5.0 


Electrical goods 


19 


32 


7 


3,192 


757 


943 


762 


730 


591 


868 


- 8.7 


- 8.0 


Farm supplies 


16 


9 


8 


1,309 


362 


415 


292 


240 


313 


318 


-13.5 


-23.4 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


7 


11 


5 


2,576 


562 


781 


755 


478 


541 


721 


- 3.7 


- 7.7 


Groceries (full line) 


34 


32 


19 


19,412 


4,707 


4,906 


5,477 


4,322 


4,195 


4,740 


-10.9 


- 3.4 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


15 


32 


20 


4,178 


1 , 019 


1,044 


1,106 


1,009 


886 


829 


-13.1 


-20.5 


Hard\rare 


33 


37 


3 


1,427 


303 


386 


397 


341 


258 


339 


-14.9 


-12.2 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


10 


19 


9 


1,160 


291 


333 


284 


252 


259 


285 


-11.0 


-14.4 


Paper and its products 


30 


43 


7 


1,800 


412 


454 


505 


429 


388 


393 


- 5.8 


-13.4 


PluEibing and heating equipment and 


























supplies 


54 


67 


7 


2,177 


420 


520 


647 


590 


338 


500 


-19.5 


- 3.8 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


75 


63 


18 


29,504 


9,225 


8,832 


5,808 


5,638 


6,837 


6,094 


-25.9 


-31.0 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


35 


46 


20 


8,087 


1,793 


1,971 


2,141 


2,182 


1,799 


1,905 


+ 0.3 


- 3.3 


Jewelry and optical goods 


60 


87 


5 


434 


98 


104 


126 


106 


98 


89 


0.0 


-14.4 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


61 


83 


23 


12,881 


3,146 


3,975 


2,886 


2,874 


2,701 


3,014 


-14.1 


-24.2 


TABLE 2.- SAIF.S, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 




FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 






Size Of 
Sample 


No. Of 
Estab- 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll»« 


Stocks On Hand 




Percent Increase 




Compared 
With 1935 


lish- 






End Of Year 




1935 to 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 
Includ- 
ed In 
1937-3o 
Survey 


(»dd 000) 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 






Estab- 
lish. 

MENTS 


Net* 
Sales 

% 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sale; 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 


SERVICE AND LIMITED- FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


10 


24 


14 


$ 3,561 


t 4,041 


$ 3,683 


$ 321 


$292 


$ 626 


$ 598 


« 


407 


- 3. 


5 9.9 


53.8 


Beer, wines and liquors 


13 


14 


15 


1,726 


1,734 


1,176 


122 


68 


68 


65 




28 


45. 


3 79.4 


142.9 


Chemicals and paints 


40 


61 


12 


1,953 


2,024 


1,864 


275 


177 


374 


368 




371 


4.( 


3 55.4 


0.8 


Drugs (full line) 


80 


93 


4 


5,005 


5,207 


4,893 


362 


344 


895 


839 




789 


2. 


5 5.2 


13.4 


Dry goods and apparel 


13 


37 


3 


1,796 


1,813 


1,717 


195 


150 


339 


388 




336 


4. 


5 22.5 


0.9 


Electrical goods 


19 


32 


7 


3,192 


2,520 


2,137 


197 


141 


401 


346 




235 


49.^ 


1 39.7 


70.6 


Faim supplies 


16 


9 


8 


1,309 


1,124 


898 


75 


61 


158 


132 




94 


45.! 


3 23.0 


68.1 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


7 


11 


5 


2,576 


2,517 


2,109 


148 


136 


57 


53 




38 


22.. 


L 8.8 


50.0 


Groceries (full line) 


34 


32 


19 


19,412 


19,028 


15,134 


1,011 


895 


2,328 


2,507 


1 


906 


28., 


5 13.0 


22.1 


Groceries and foods 
































(specialty lines) 


15 


32 


20 


4,178 


4,006 


4,158 


380 


324 


340 


324 




274 


0.; 


5 17.3 


24.1 


Hardware 


33 


37 


3 


1,427 


1,411 


1,318 


193 


162 


462 


418 




394 


8.; 


5 19.1 


17.3 


Machinery, equipment and 
































supplies 


10 


19 


9 


1,160 


1,145 


1,083 


191 


189 


255 


229 




228 


7.] 


L 1.1 


11.8 


Paper and its products 


30 


43 


7 


1,800 


1,622 


1,440 


211 


195 


377 


347 




334 


25. ( 


1 7.7 


12.9 


Plumbing and heating 
































equipnent and supplies 


54 


67 


7 


2,177 


2,138 


1,737 


269 


210 


541 


528 




540 


25.; 


5 28.1 


0.2 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


75 


63 


18 


29,504 


21,320 


17,795 


1,130 


758 


2,342 


2,024 


1 


218 


55. £ 


3 49.1 


92.3 


Groceries and foods 
































(specialty lines) 


35 


46 


20 


8,087 


7,550 


5,872 


510 


413 


209 


201 




192 


17.' 


} 23.5 


8.9 


Jewelry and optical goods 


60 


87 


6 


434 


389 


361 


85 


79 


34 


32 




25 


20. J 


; 8.9 


35.0 


Machinery, equipment and 
































supplies 


51 


83 


23 


12,881 


12,409 


9,054 


1,023 


803 


1,859 


1,808 


1 


271 


42.; 


5 27.4 


47.0 


+ Increase — Decrease 


1 


* Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 


* * Pay roll not available for year 1936. Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors ar 


d firm members of 


unincorporated businesses. 



















































Page 48 




















CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 






WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 




STATE OF IOWA 










TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 








1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 










Number Of 


Net Sales 




Pay Roll* 




Establishments 


(>dd ooo) 






add 000) 




Included in 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Of 


KIND OF BUSINESS 




1937-38 




Those Included 




Those Included 




1935 


Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 




Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 

Sample 


Census 




% 
Sample 






Number 




Amount 




Amount 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


137 


14 


10 


§15,536 


$ 3,683 


24 


$1,479 


$292 


20 


Beer, wines and liquors 


114 


15 


13 


8,191 


1,175 


14 


499 


58 


14 


Chemicals end paints 


30 


12 


40 


3,043 


1,854 


61 


326 


177 


54 


Drugs (full line) 


5 


4 


80 


5,236 


4,893 


93 


378 


344 


91 


Dry goods and apparel 


23 


3 


13 


4,664 


1,717 


37 


400 


160 


40 


Electrical goods 


36 


7 


19 


6,750 


2,137 


32 


584 


141 


24 


Farm supplies 


51 


8 


16 


9,611 


898 


9 


650 


61 


9 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


73 


5 


7 


18,552 


2,109 


11 


1,119 


136 


12 


Groceries (full line) 


56 


19 


34 


45,656 


15,134 


32 


2,426 


895 


37 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


134 


20 


15 


13,054 


4,158 


32 


925 


324 


35 


Hardware 


9 


3 


33 


3,518 


1,318 


37 


344 


152 


47 


Machinery, ecLuipment and supplies 


90 


9 


10 


5,697 


1,083 


19 


797 


189 


24 


Paper and its products 


23 


7 


30 


3,362 


1,440 


43 


447 


196 


44 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 




















supulies 


13 


7 


54 


2,582 


1,737 


67 


349 


210 


60 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 






Automotive 


24 


18 


75 


28,172 


17,795 


63 


982 


758 


77 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


57 


20 


35 


14,824 


5,872 


46 


681 


413 


51 


Jev/elry and optical goods 


10 


6 


50 


416 


361 


87 


94 


79 


84 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


38 


23 


51 


10,952 


9,054 


83 


959 


803 


84 ; 


* Pay roll includes compensation of full-tim< 


; and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firn 


n members of unincorporated businesses. 













Page 49 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 


1937-38 WHOLESALE 


DISTRIBUTION | 






STATE OF KANSAS 










TABLE l.-NET SAI.F.S BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 










FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












Size Of 


















Sample 


No. Of 




Net Sales By Quarters 


Percent 








Compared 
With 1935 


Estab 
ush- 


Net 
Sales 
Year 
1937 

(.dd 000) 


(vid OOO) 


Chance 




KIND OF BUSINESS 




Census 


ments 
Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 

Survey 


1937 


1938 II 


ST Qr 

1937 

To 
1ST Qr 

1938 


2ND QR 

1937 

To 

2ND QR 
1938 






Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

% 


Net. 
Sales 

% 


1st qr 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 


2nd Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 


3rd Qr. 

July 1 
Sept. 30 


4TH Qr. 

Oct. 1 
Dec. 31 


1ST Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 


2ND Qr 

April 1 
June 30 




SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 




Automotive 




16 


21 


15 


$ 2,110 


$ 428 


$ 567 


$ 630 


$ 485 


$ 350 


1 434 


-18.2 


-23.5 




Beer, wines and liquors 




7 


4 


4 


264 


43 


78 


98 


45 


42 


64 


- 2.3 


-17.9 




Chemicals and paints 




57 


88 


4 


588 


121 


182 


155 


130 


105 


148 


-13.2 


-18.7 




Drugs (full line) 




50 


83 


3 


3,408 


864 


817 


906 


821 


818 


777 


- 5.3 


- 4.9 




Electrical goods 




25 


20 


3 


1,116 


204 


386 


303 


223 


262 


345 


•^28.4 


-10.6 




Farm supplies 




17 


34 


5 


1,319 


417 


342 


226 


334 


283 


216 


-32.1 


-35.8 




Groceries (full line) 




40 


46 


24 


14,616 


3,530 


3,696 


3,899 


3,491 


3,105 


3,314 


-12.0 


-10.3 




Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


13 


33 


13 


3,522 


832 


892 


876 


922 


856 


889 


+ 2.9 


- 0.3 




Hardware, plumbing and heating 


28 


72 


7 


5,769 


1,157 


1,595 


1,653 


1,364 


1,001 


1,355 


-13.5 


-15.0 




Machinery, equipment and supplies 


30 


48 


30 


10,241 


2,960 


2,680 


2,818 


1,783 


1,313 


1,172 


-55.6 


-55.3 




Paper and its products 




33 


35 


3 


400 


94 


109 


94 


103 


87 


90 


- 7.4 


-17.4 




Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


13 


51 


5 


6,010 


1,311 


1,510 


1,617 


1,572 


1,427 


1,463 


-^ 8.8 


- 3.1 




MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 




Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


39 


73 


15 


14,523 


3,347 


3,646 


3,682 


3,848 


2,940 


3,146 


-12.2 


-13.7 




Jewelry and optical goods 




75 


64 


3 


196 


43 


45 


61 


47 


42 


39 


- 2.3 


-13.3 




Machinery, equipment and supplies 


56 


85 


23 


14,094 


3,413 


4,479 


4,081 


2,121 


2,924 


3,663 


-14.3 


-18.2 






TABLE 2.-- SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 










FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 










Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 


No. Of 
Estab- 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll*' 


Stocks On Hand 


Percent Increase 






lish- 






End Of Year 


1935 10 1937 




KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 
Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 










Estab. 

LISH- 

ments 

% 


Net- 
Sales 

% 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


STOCKS 




SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 




Automotive 


16 


21 


16 


? 2,110 


% 1,929 


1 1,729 


$257 


$207 


{ 417 


$ 360 


$ 336 


22. c 


24.2 


24.1 




Beer, nines and liquors 


7 


4 


4 


264 


307 


159 


23 


10 


23 


18 


9 


66. C 


130.0 


155.5 




Chemicals and paints 


57 


88 


4 


588 


525 


437 


115 


92 


154 


134 


111 


34.6 


25.0 


38.7 




Drugs (full line) 


50 


83 


3 


3,408 


2,378 


3,264 


245 


218 


609 


612 


638 


4.4 


12.4 


- 4.5 




Electrical goods 


25 


20 


3 


1,116 


941 


787 


65 


49 


151 


91 


130 


41.8 


32.7 


16.2 




Farm supplies 


17 


34 


5 


1,319 


1,237 


1,241 


92 


70 


202 


161 


156 


6.3 


31.4 


29.5 




Groceries (full line) 


40 


46 


24 


14,616 


14,838 


13,758 


840 


742 


2,706 


2,624 


2,370 


5.2 


13.2 


14.2 




Groceries and foods 
































(specialty lines) 


13 


33 


13 


3,522 


3,287 


3,023 


362 


292 


192 


189 


132 


16.5 


24.0 


45.5 




Hardware, plumbing & heating 


28 


72 


7 


5,769 


5,627 


4,609 


567 


485 


1,676 


1,613 


1,488 


25.2 


16.9 


12.5 




Machinery, equipment and 
supplies 


30 


48 


30 


10 , 241 


8,278 


5,208 


439 


243 


1,762 


1,297 


1,022 


96.6 


80.7 


72.4 




Paper and its products 


33 


35 


3 


400 


376 


374 


78 


70 


70 


66 


72 


7.0 


11.4 


- 2.8 




Tobacco and Its nroduots 
































(except leaf) 


13 


51 


5 


6,010 


5,143 


4,035 


51 


36 


152 


154 


130 


48.9 


41.7 


16.9 




MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 




Groceries and foods 
































(specialty lines) 


39 


73 


15 


14,523 


12,398 


11,748 


710 


553 


267 


322 


197 


23.5 


28.4 


35.5 




Jewelry and optical goods 


75 


64 


3 


196 


190 


132 


40 


37 


12 


12 


6 


48.5 


8.1 


50.0 




, Machinery, equipment and 
supplies 


56 


85 


23 


14,094 


11,113 


7,456 


784 


521 


3,196 


3,002 


1,589 


89.0 


50.5 


101.1 




+ Increase - Decree 


iSE 








* Percentages in this column 


represent 1935 sales o( establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 








* * Pay roll not available (or 


year 1936. Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm mem 


)ers of 




unincorporated businesses. 








- 

















































Page 50 

CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF KANSAS 

TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 

1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Number Of 
Establishments 



1935 

Census 



Included in 
1937-38 
Survey 



Number 



Sample 



Net Sales 

(•dd 000 ) 



1935 

Census 



1935 Sales Of 
Those Included 
In 1937-38 Survey 



Amount 



Sample 



Pay Roll* 

(add 000) 



1935 

Census 



1935 Pay Roll Of 

Those Included 

In 1937-38 Survey 



Amount 



Sample 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Chemicals and paints 

Drugs (full line) 

Electrical goods 

Farm supplies 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware , plumbing and heating 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Paper and its products 

Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 



99 

57 

7 

6 

12 

30 

60 

101 

25 

100 

9 

40 



16 


16 


4 


7 


4 


57 


3 


50 


3 


25 


5 


17 


24 


40 


13 


13 


7 


28 


30 


30 


3 


33 


5 


13 



$ 8,124 
4,220 
499 
3,926 
3,872 
3,639 

29,801 
9,140 
6,404 

10,935 
1,070 
7,877 



1,729 


21 


159 


4 


4«7 


88 


3,264 


83 


787 


20 


1,241 


34 


13,758 


46 


3,023 


33 


4,609 


72 


5,208 


48 


374 


35 


4,035 


51 



$ 



819 
236 

99 
271 
368 
198 
1,614 
672 
674 
629 
144 
135 



|207 

10 

92 

218 

49 

70 

742 

292 

485 

243 

70 

36 



25 
4 
93 
80 
13 
35 
46 
43 
72 
39 
49 
27 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 
Jewelry and optical goods 
Machinery, equipment and supplies 



38 

4 
41 



15 

3 

23 



39 
75 
56 



16,161 

205 

8,810 



11,748 

132 

7,456 



73 
64 
85 



784 

44 
636 



553 

37 

521 



Pay roll includes compensation ot full-time and part-time employees, but not o( proprietors and firm members of unincorporated b 



71 
84 
82 



lusinesses. 



! 













































P 


age 51 


CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937.3J 




WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION | 




STATE OF KENTUCKY 






TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 






FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 










Size Of 


















Sample 


No. Of 

ESTAB 
USH- 

ments 
Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 




Net Sales By Quarters 




Percent 






Compared 

With 1935 

Census 


Net 
Sales 
Year 
1937 


1 (•dd 


000) 




Chance 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


1937 


1938 II 


1ST Qr. 

1937 
To 

1ST Qr 


2ndQr 

1937 

To 

2ND Qr 




Estab- 
lish 

MENTS 


Net . 
Sales 


1ST Qr. 
Jan. 1 


2ND Qr 
April 1 


3rd Qr. 
July 1 


4TH Qr. 
Oct. 1 


1st Qr. 
Jan. 1 


2nd Qr 
April 1 






% 


% 


(.dd 000) 


Mar. 31 June 30 


Sept. 30 


Dec. 31 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


1938 


1938 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 




Automotive 




15 


13 


11 


$ 763 


$ 155 


$ 189 


$ 202 


$ 217 


$ 157 


$ 155 


-1- 1.3 


-17.5 


Beer, wines and liquors 




8 


22 


9 


6,925 


1,630 


1,786 


1,498 


2,011 


1,321 


1,337 


-19.0 


-25.1 


Drugs and drug sundries 




22 


66 


4 


2,576 


563 


617 


584 


812 


560 


520 


- 0.5 


-15.7 


Dry goods and apparel 




16 


59 


5 


4,858 


1,422 


957 


1,470 


1,009 


1,037 


700 


-27.1 


-26.9 


saectrical goods 




25 


29 


5 


3,537 


755 


1,230 


951 


601 


523 


688 


-30.7 


-44.1 


Farm supplies 




13 


29 


3 


1,755 


615 


381 


451 


308 


445 


284 


-27.6 


-25.5 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 




14 


28 


9 


2,515 


558 


792 


532 


533 


577 


719 


* 3.4 


- 9.2 


General merchandise 




50 


73 


3 


5,170 


1,243 


1,598 


1,231 


1,098 


1,041 


1,138 


-16.3 


-28.8 


Groceries (full line) 




23 


25 


24 


12,481 


3,147 


3,184 


3,306 


2,844 


2,547 


2,672 


-15.9 


-15.1 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


9 


24 


12 


2,981 


702 


737 


800 


742 


610 


573 


-13.1 


-22.3 


Hardware 




33 


18 


5 


1,632 


382 


490 


423 


387 


339 


361 


-11.3 


-26.3 


Lumber and construction materials 




17 


12 


6 


1,034 


.241 


291 


299 


203 


162 


178 


-32.8 


-38.8 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 




20 


38 


13 


3,275 


730 


972 


864 


709 


580 


569 


-20.5 


-31.2 


Paper and its products 




20 


55 


3 


1,235 


306 


380 


294 


255 


240 


249 


-21.5 


-34.5 


Plumbing and heating equipment 




























and supplies 




38 


56 


5 


1,765 


354 


467 


486 


458 


283 


394 


-20.1 


-15.6 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks! 


Automotive 




86 


98 


6 


10,964 


1,539 


3,055 


3,102 


3,258 


2,098 


1,925 


-1-36.3 


-37.2 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


50 


85 


12 


12,321 


3,336 


3,157 


3,024 


2,804 


2,941 


2,761 


-11.8 


-12.5 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 




55 


82 


11 


3,946 


912 


1,332 


959 


743 


777 


1,069 


-14.3 


-19.7 




TABLE 2.- SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 


1935 






FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 








Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 


No. Of 
Estab- 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll** 




Stocks On Hand 




Percent Increase 




lish- 








End Of Year 




1935 10 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 
Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 




(add 000 ) 






ESTAB. 
LISH- 
MENT5 

% 


NET' 

Sales 

% 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


AutoQotive 


15 


13 


11 


$ 763 


$ 672 


$ 541 


$ 135 


S 115 


$ 


180 


$ 154 


1 


121 


41.0 


17.2 


48.8 


Beer, wines and liquors 


8 


22 


9 


6,925 


5,152 


4,228 


450 


292 




1,007 


735 




450 


63.8 


57.5 


123.8 


Drugs and drug sundries 


22 


65 


4 


2,576 


2,336 


2,182 


175 


154 




502 


465 




427 


18.1 


13.5 


17.6 


Dry goods and apparel 


16 


59 


5 


4,858 


4,921 


4,285 


456 


476 




822 


855 




888 


13.3 


- 4.2 


- 7.4 


Electrical goods 


25 


29 


5 


3,S37 


2,119 


950 


211 


75 




374 


232 




127 


258.4 


181.3 


194,5 


Farm supplies 


13 


29 


3 


1,755 


1,432 


1,245 


123 


84 




334 


315 




363 


41.0 


46.4 


- 8,0 


Fruits & vegetables (fresh) 


14 


28 


9 


2,515 


2,395 


2,085 


137 


130 




39 


38 




24 


20.6 


5,4 


62.5 


General merchandise 


50 


73 


3 


5,170 


4,945 


4,219 


565 


443 




1,117 


973 




772 


22.5 


27.5 


44.7 


1 Groceries (full line) 


23 


25 


24 


12,481 


11,872 


9,198 


515 


421 




1,354 


1,487 


1 


170 


35.7 


22.3 


15.7 


1 Groceries and foods 


































i (specialty lines) 


9 


24 


12 


2,981 


2,991 


2,687 


179 


171 




237 


234 




307 


10,9 


4.7 


- 22.8 


\ Hardware 


33 


18 


5 


1,682 


1,481 


1,234 


144 


114 




455 


384 




376 


36.3 


25.3 


21.0 


Lumber and construction 


































materials 


17 


12 


6 


1,034 


873 


754 


73 


49 




158 


104 




74 


37.1 


49.0 


113.5 


Machinery, equipment and 


































supplies 


20 


38 


13 


3,275 


3,130 


2,570 


328 


285 




496 


515 




432 


27.4 


15.1 


14.8 


Paper and its products 


20 


55 


3 


1,235 


1,130 


1,036 


173 


133 




277 


238 




216 


19.2 


30.1 


28.2 


j Plumbing and heating 


































1 equipment & supplies 


38 


56 


5 


1,765 


1,664 


1,168 


156 


120 




333 


341 




220 


51.1 


38.3 


51.4 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stoclts) 


; Automotive 


86 


98 


6 


10,964 


10,679 


11,082 


258 


205 




373 


341 




230 


-1.1 


25.2 


62.2 


[Groceries and foods 


































(specialty lines) 


50 


85 


12 


12,321 


11,512 


10,650 


520 


426 




322 345 




305 


15.6 


22.1 


5.6 


iMachinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


55 


82 


11 


3,946 


2,910 


2,190 355 


255 




687 597 




287 


80.2 


43.5 il39.4 1 


1 +INCREASE _ Decrease 






1 


* Percentages in this column repres 


ent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 


* * Pay roll not available lor year 19 


36. Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of 


[ unincorporated businesses. 






1 



Page 52 




















CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 




WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION |] 




STATE OF KENTUCKY 








TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 






1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 








Number Of 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll* 




Establishments 








KIND OF BUSINESS 




(.dd ooo) 




add 000) 




Included In 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Of 




1937-38 




Those Included 




Those Included 




1935 


Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 




Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 
Sample 






Number 




Amount 




Amount 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 






Automotive 


72 


11 


15 


$ 4,188 


e 541 


13 


1 569 


^ 115 


20 


Beer, wines and liquors 


111 


9 


8 


19,476 


4,E28 


22 


878 


292 


33 


Drugs and drug sundries 


18 


4 


22 


3,301 


2,182 


66 


298 


154 


52 . 


Dry goods and apparel 


32 


5 


16 


7,244 


4,286 


59 


715 


476 


67 1 


Electrical goods 


20 


5 


25 


3,262 


960 


29 


315 


75 


24 


Farm supplies 


23 


3 


13 


4,311 


1,245 


29 


269 


84 


31 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


63 


9 


14 


7,577 


2,086 


28 


385 


130 


34 


General merchandise 


6 


3 


50 


5,817 


4,219 


73 


518 


443 


86 


Groceries (full line) 


106 


24 


23 


36,329 


9,198 


25 


1,609 


421 


26 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


128 


12 


9 


11,319 


2,587 


24 


683 


171 


25 1 


Hardware 


15 


5 


33 


6,738 


1,234 


18 


660 


114 


17 


Lumber and construction materials 


35 


6 


17 


6,103 


754 


12 


504 


49 


8 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


65 


13 


20 


6,817 


2,570 


38 


785 


285 


36 


Paper and its products 


15 


3 


20 


1,896 


1,036 


55 


225 


133 


. 59 1 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 




















supplies 


13 


5 


38 


2,102 


1,168 


56 


207 


120 


58 i 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 






Automotive 


7 


6 


86 


11,319 


11,082 


98 


228 


206 


90 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


24 


12 


50 


12,482 


10,660 


85 


507 


426 


84 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


20 


11 


55 


2,660 


2,190 


82 


339 


255 


75 


* Pay roll includes compensation of full- tin 


ne and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of uninco 


rporated businesses. 











Page 53 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 


WHOLESALE 


distribution] 


STATE OF LOUISIANA 










TABLE 1 -NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 








FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












Size Of 


















Sample 


No. Of 




Net Sales By Quarters 




PERCEI>rr 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Compared 

With 1935 

Census 


ESTAB 

lish- 
ments 
Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 


Net 
Sales 
Year 
1937 


(add 


000) 




Change 


1937 


1938 II 


ST Qr 

1937 

To 

1ST Qr 


2ND QR. 

1937 

To 

2ND Qr 


Estab- 
lish 

MENT5 


Net . 
Sales 


1ST Qr. 
Jan. 1 


2nd Qr 
April 1 


3RD Qr. 
July 1 


4TH Qr. 
Oct. 1 


1st Qr. 
Jan. 1 


2nd Qr 
April 1 




% 


% 


(•dd 000) 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


Sept. 30 


Dec. 31 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


1938 


1938 


SERVICE AND LIMITED- FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 




Automot 1 ve 


18 


16 


9 


$ 1,339 


1 308 


% 320 


$ 394 


% 317 


t 282 


$ 312 


- 8.4 


- 2.5 


Beer, wines and liquors 


7 


22 


4 


2,317 


542 


531 


608 


636 


481 


491 


-11.3 


- 7.5 


Clothing and furnishings 


23 


17 


3 


441 


100 


97 


113 


131 


109 


95 


+ 9.0 


- 2.1 


Dry goods (full and specialty lines) 


20 


51 


4 


4,535 


1,110 


917 


1,404 


1,104 


934 


782 


-15.9 


-14.7 


Electrical goods 


26 


41 


5 


5,368 


1,175 


1,916 


1,343 


934 


1,116 


1,270 


- 5.0 


-33.7 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


6 


16 


4 


2,980 


707 


757 


699 


817 


763 


758 


♦ 7.9 


♦ 0.1 


Groceries (full line) 


19 


27 


25 


16,959 


4,275 


4,217 


4,281 


4,186 


4,034 


3,927 


- 5.6 


- 6.9 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


16 


39 


34 


17,959 


4,861 


4,032 


4,500 


4,566 


3,992 


3,571 


-17.9 


-11.4 


Hardware , plumbing and heating 


20 


42 


5 


6,437 


1,394 


1,577 


1,882 


1,584 


1,347 


1,619 


- 3.4 


♦ 2.7 


Jewelry and optical goods 


43 


84 


3 


857 


131 


170 


194 


362 


145 


168 


•►10.7 


- 1.2 


Lumber and construction materials 


17 


15 


5 


1,826 


550 


452 


360 


464 


256 


333 


-51.6 


-26.3 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


28 


50 


29 


17,377 


3,827 


4,694 


4,358 


4,498 


3,786 


3,673 


- 1.1 


-21.8 


Paper jind its products 


31 


48 


5 


1,890 


440 


505 


485 


460 


420 


438 


- 4.5 


-13.3 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


73 


94 


11 


36,662 


10,322 


9,877 


8,706 


7,755 


5,962 


4,820 


-42.2 


-51.2 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


52 


83 


31 


42,575 


11,157 


9,784 


11 , 487 


10,147 


8,935 


9,445 


-19.9 


- 3.5 


Jewelry and optical goods 


75 


91 


3 


263 


59 


68 


74 


62 


58 


65 


- 1.7 


- 4.4 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


63 


63 


31 


6,661 


1,536 


1,785 


1,789 


1,551 


1,549 


1,632 


* 0.8 


- 8.6 


TABLE 2.- SALF.S, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 


1935 








FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 


No. Of 
Estab- 
lish- 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll** 




Stocks On Hand 
End Of Year 




Percent Increase 
1935 to 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 
Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 




(add 000) 










Estab- 
lish 

MENTS 

X 


Net- 
Sales 

% 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 


SERVICE AND LIMITED- FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


18 


16 


9 


% 1,339 


% 1,342 


% 1,078 


% 178 


$ 148 


% 


307 


$ 262 


% 


237 


24.2 


20.3 


29.5 


Beer, ''Vines and liquors 


7 


22 


4 


2,317 


2,367 


2,283 


115 


91 




219 


237 




188 


l.E 


26.4 


16.5 


Clothing and furnishings 


23 


17 


3 


441 


451 


405 


34 


28 




39 


32 




55 


8.S 


21.4 


- 29.1 


Dry goods (full and 


































specialty lines) 


20 


51 


4 


4,535 


4,543 


3,841 


351 


363 




1,037 


1,077 




702 


18.2 


- 3.3 


47.7 


Electrical goods 


26 


41 


5 


5,368 


4,039 


2,322 


356 


192 




577 


383 




262 


131.2 


90.6 


120.2 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


6 


16 


4 


2,980 


2,746 


1,784 


175 


119 




43 


40 




33 


67. C 


47.9 


30.3 


Groceries (full line) 


19 


27 


25 


16,959 


15,964 


14,258 


775 


640 




1,499 


1,478 


1 


371 


18. S 


21.1 


9.3 


Groceries and foods 


































(specialty lines) 


16 


39 


34 


17,959 


16,721 


16,915 


816 


735 




1,704 


1,851 


1 


746 


5.2 


11.0 


- 2.4 


Hardware, plumbing and 


































heating 


20 


4S 


5 


5,437 


4,785 


3,556 


502 


386 




984 


843 




765 


80. £ 


30.1 


28.5 


Jewelry and optical goods 


43 


84 


3 


857 


657 


542 


108 


72 




184 


178 




145 


58.] 


. 50.0 


26.0 


Lumber and construction 


































materials 


17 


15 


5 


1,826 


1,751 


1,128 


81 


56 




164 


170 




134 


61.! 


44.6 


22.4 


Machinery, equipment and 


































supplies 


28 


50 


29 


17,377 


14,162 


9,723 


1,834 


931 




2,028 


1,898 


1 


533 


78.' 


97.0 


32.3 


Paper and its products 


31 


48 


5 


1,890 


1,600 


1,496 


210 


157 




358 


287 




285 


26.: 


S 33.8 


25.6 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 










Automotive 


73 


94 


11 


36,662 


33,944 


24 , 342 


861 


734 




1,717 


1,584 




953 


50.6 


17.3 


80.2 


Groceries and foods 


































(specialty lines) 


52 


83 


31 


42,575 


29,308 


37,406 


1,506 


1,288 




2,146 


2,234 


1 


949 


13. £ 


i 16.9 


10.1 


Jewelry and optical goods 


75 


91 


3 


263 


232 


184 


44 


34 




26 


25 




22 


42.; 


29.4 


18.2 


Machinery, equipment and 


































supplies 


63 


63 


31 


6,661 


5,440 


3,965 


811 


563 




766 


523 




585 


58. C 


) 44.0 


30.9 


1- Increase — Decrease 










* Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 19 


35 sales of each classif 


cation. 






* * Pay roll not available for year 1936. Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employees, bu 


not of proprietors anc 


firm memb 


ers of 




unincorporated businesses. 

























































Page 54 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 




WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 




STATE OF LOUISIANA 








TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 






1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 








Number Of 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll* 




Establishments 


(.dd ooo) 




add 000) 




Included In 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Of 


KIND OF BUSINESS 




1937-38 




Those Included 




Those Included 




1935 

Census 


Survey 


1935 

Census 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 

Census 


In 193738 Survey 




% 
Sample 




% 
Sample 




% 
Sample 






Number 




Amount 




Amount 


SERVICE AND LIMITED- FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


49 


9 


18 


$ 6,875 


$ 1,078 


16 


$ 870 


$ 148 


17 


Beer, wines and liquors 


59 


4 


7 


10,530 


2,283 


22 


677 


91 


13 


Clothing and furnishings 


13 


3 


23 


2,413 


405 


17 


232 


28 


12 


Dry goods (full and specialty lines) 


20 


4 


20 


7,460 


3,841 


51 


657 


363 


55 


Electrical goods 


19 


5 


26 


5,717 


2,322 


41 


565 


192 


34 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


63 


4 


6 


11,231 


1,784 


16 


667 


119 


18 


Groceries (full line) 


1S4 


25 


19 


53,566 


14,268 


27 


2,328 


640 


27 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


219 


34 


16 


43,255 


16,915 


39 


2,083 


735 


35 


Hardware, plumbing and heating 


25 


5 


20 


8,434 


3,566 


42 


864 


386 


45 


Jewelry and optical goods 


7 


3 


43 


644 


542 


84 


89 


72 


81 


Lumber and construction materials 


29 


5 


17 


7,525 


1,128 


15 


377 


56 


15 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


105 


29 


28 


19,593 


9,723 


50 


1,866 


931 


50 


Paper and its products 


16 


5 


31 


3,138 


1,496 


48 


356 


157 


44 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


15 


11 


73 


25,937 


24,342 


94 


830 


734 


88 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


60 


31 


52 


45,321 


37,406 


83 


1,587 


1,288 


81 


Jewelry and optical goods 


4 


3 


75 


202 


184 


91 


37 


34 


92 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


49 


31 


63 


6,299 


3,965 


63 


839 


563 


67 


* Pay roll includes compensation of tull-tim 


e and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of unincorporated businesses. 



Page 55 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 




WHOLESALE 


DISTRIBUTION 




STATE OF MARYLAND 








TABLE l.-NET SAIF.S BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 










FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 










Size Of 










1 






Sample 


No. Of 




Net Sales By Quarters 




Percent 




Compared 
With 1935 


Estab- 
lish- 


Net 
Sales 


(uld 000) 




1 


Chance 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 
Includ- 
ed In 


Year 
1937 


1937 


1938 1 


1ST Qr 

1937 
To 


2ND QR 
1937 
To 




Estab- 
lish- 


Net. 


1ST QR. 


2ND QR. 


3RD QR. 


4TH QR. 


1ST Qr. 


2ND Qr. 




ments 


Sales 


1937-38 
Survey 




Jan. 1 


April 1 


July 1 


Oct. 1 


Jan. 1 


April 1 


1ST Qr 


2nd Qr. 




I 


% 


(.dd 000 ) 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


Sept. 30 


Dec. 31 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


1938 


1938 


SERVICE AND LIMITED -FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


11 


15 


7 


$ 521 


% 124 


* 145 


$ 174 


$ 178 


$ 113 


$ 138 


- 8.9 


- 4.8 


Beer, wines and liquors 


10 


12 


8 


2,323 


504 


597 


539 


583 


447 


554 


-11.3 


- 7.2 


Chemicals and paints 


17 


45 


4 


1,057 


210 


313 


290 


254 


201 


269 


- 4.3 


-14.1 


Clothing and furnishings 


9 


31 


9 


4,411 


1,258 


1,019 


1,379 


755 


1,034 


899 


-17.8 


-11.8 


Drugs and drug sundries 


23 


57 


5 


3,459 


863 


804 


795 


1,005 


841 


755 


- 2.6 


- 5.1 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


6 


7 


3 


598 


219 


206 


129 


144 


165 


141 


-24.7 


-31.5 


Electrical goods 


25 


50 


9 


6,249 


1,510 


1,877 


1,550 


1,312 


1,118 


1,305 


-25.0 


-30.5 


Farm supplies 


17 


41 


5 


2,805 


977 


895 


530 


304 


891 


584 


- 8.8 


-23.6 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


10 


25 


11 


4,102 


846 


1,313 


1,085 


858 


671 


1,052 


-20.7 


-19.9 


Furniture and house furnishings 


18 


19 


4 


534 


91 


123 


147 


173 


89 


117 


- 2.2 


- 4.9 


Groceries (full line) 


29 


18 


10 


4,532 


1,026 


1,191 


1,268 


1,147 


982 


1,110 


- 4.3 


- 6.8 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


15 


35 


40 


11 , 180 


2,788 


2,751 


2,868 


2,773 


2,368 


2,455 


-15.1 


-10.8 


Hardware 


19 


44 


4 


1,517 


333 


483 


402 


399 


297 


399 


-10.8 


-17.4 


Jewelry and optical goods 


32 


37 


5 


1,716 


257 


325 


455 


669 


228 


260 


-11.3 


-20.0 


Lumber and construction materials 


23 


28 


12 


3,307 


726 


1,025 


890 


666 


557 


657 


-23.3 


-35.9 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


20 


45 


22 


6,956 


1,727 


2,031 


1,734 


1,474 


1,350 


1,584 


-21.8 


-22.0 


Paper and its products 


19 


25 


9 


1,955 


483 


564 


488 


431 


406 


406 


-15.9 


-28.0 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 


























supplies 


12 


14 


4 


1,085 


201 


250 


314 


310 


178 


245 


-11.4 


- 5.8 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


33 


11 


3 


4,381 


1,005 


1,170 


1,115 


1,091 


950 


933 


- 5.5 


-20.3 


Chemicals and paints 


50 


75 


4 


1,254 


290 


315 


362 


297 


245 


201 


-15.2 


-36.2 


Furniture and house furnishings 


100 


100 


3 


1,205 


260 


322 


293 


331 


310 


246 


■^19.2 


-23.5 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


49 


84 


20 


43,024 


11 , 358 


10,109 


11 , 948 


9,609 


9,270 


9,359 


-18.4 


- 7.4 


Lumber and construction materials 


50 


37 


4 


1,658 


274 


545 


461 


378 


374 


438 


■^36.5 


-19.6 


UBchinery, equipment and supplies 


55 


37 


18 


5,473 


1,531 


1,727 


1,231 


984 


1,325 


1,234 


-13.4 


-28.5 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 


























supplies 


43 


42 


3 


978 


150 


228 


314 


286 


130 


187 


-13.3 


-18.0 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


1/ 


1/ 


7 


3,567 


712 


903 


1,047 


905 


525 


788 


-25.3 


-12.7 


^ ■^ Increase -Decrease 










1^ * Percentages in this column represent 


1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sa 


es of each 


classilicatio 


n. 


\J 1935 Figures not available for dete 


rmining 


percent 


sample. 




• 

















Page 56 




























. 


CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 






WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION] 1 




STATE OF MARYLAND 














TABLE 2.- SAI FS, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 












FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 














Size Of 












1^ 








Sample 


No. Of 
Estab- 


Net Sales 


Pay Roa** 


Stocks On Hand 


Percent Increase 




Compared 






End Of Year 


1935 to 1937 




With 1935 


lish- 
















KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 


(.dd 000) 


(add 000) 




(add 000 ) 










Estab- 




Includ- 
ed In 

1937-38 
Survey 


























lish 
ments 

% 


NET* 

Sales 

% 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


STOCKS 




SERVICE AND LIMITED- FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 












Automotive 


11 


16 


7 


% 621 


$ 536 


% 577 


♦ 117 


$115 


1 141 


% 140 


% 134 


7.6 


1.7 


5.2 


Beer, wines and liquors 


10 


12 


8 


2,323 


2,060 


1,801 


193 


131 


192 


155 


120 


29.0 


47.3 


60.0 


Chemicals and paints 


17 


46 


4 


1,067 


1,124 


1,054 


56 


47 


87 


106 


81 


1.2 


19.1 


7.4 


Clothing and furnishings 
Drugs and drug sundries 
Dry goods (specialty lines) 
Electrical goods 


9 
23 


31 
57 


9 

5 


4,411 
3,469 


4,126 
3,096 


2,568 
2,843 


330 
218 


262 
150 


436 
440 


432 
414 


348 
217 


65.3 
22.0 


26.0 
45.3 


25.3 
102.8 


6 
25 


7 
50 


3 
9 


698 
6,249 


646 
4,771 


532 
3,717 


38 
471 


38 
285 


277 
618 


202 
502 


195 
402 


31.2 
68.1 


0.0 
65.3 


42.1 
53.7 


Farm supplies 

Fruits and vegetahles (fresh) 


17 


41 


5 


2,806 


2,398 


2,019 


225 


181 


552 


688 


350 


39.0 


24.3 


57.7 


10 


25 


11 


4,102 


4,032 


2,558 


130 


77 


10 


11 


8 


54.3 


68.8 


25.0 


Furniture and house 






























furnishings 


18 


19 


4 


534 


552 


451 


28 


25 


110 


102 


121 


18.4 


12.0 


- 9.1 


Groceries (full line) 


29 


18 


10 


4,632 


4,689 


3,934 


239 


204 


638 


624 


551 


17.7 


17.2 


15.8 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


15 


35 


40 


11,180 


10,669 


9,803 


832 


779 


584 


618 


483 


14.0 


6.8 


20.9 


Hardware 


19 


44 


4 


1,617 


1,416 


1,136 


150 


128 


360 


305 


265 


42.3 


17.2 


35.8 


Jewelry and optical goods 


32 


37 


6 


1,716 


1,463 


1,206 


151 


95 


318 


294 


211 


42.3 


58.9 


50.7 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


23 28 


12 


3,307 


2,588 


1,980 


322 


211 


322 


268 


193 


67.0 


52.6 


66.8 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


20 


46 


22 


6,966 


5,639 


4,548 


844 


613 


934 


866 


815 


53.2 


37.7 


14.6 


Paper and its products 


19 


25 


9 


1,966 


1,759 


1,600 


202 


187 


195 


200 


180 


22.9 


8.0 


8.3 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment and supplies 


12 


14 


4 


1,085 


891 


729 


91 


66 


121 


123 


113 


48.8 


37.9 


7.1 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


33 


11 


3 


4,381 


3,985 


2,376 


433 


287 


557 


439 


240 


84.4 


50.9 


132.1 


Chemicals and paints 


50 


75 


4 


1,264 


1,142 


1,040 


69 


64 


110 


92 


101 


21.5 


7.8 


8.9 


Furniture and house 






























furnishings 


100 


100 


3 


1,206 


1,085 


X 


96 


I 


27 


42 


X 


~ 


— 


~ 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


49 


84 


20 


43,024 


41,927 


37 , 900 


1,264 


949 


1,079 


1,138 


1,087 


13.5 


33.2 i" 0.7 11 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


50 


37 


4 


1,658 


1,089 


1,010 


165 


99 


52 


50 


47 


64.2 


66.7 


31.9 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


55 


37 


18 


5,473 


4,378 


3,490 


652 


474 


635 


624 


465 


56.8 


37.6 


36.6 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment and si^iplies 


43 


42 


3 


978 


874 


489 


72 


35 


45 


74 


41 


IDO.O 


105.7 


9.8 t 

i 




COMMISSION MERCHANTS 










! 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


1/ 


1/ 


7 


3,567 


2,571 


2,754 


138 113 


11 


15 


11 


29.5 


22.1 


0.0 


- Decrease 














* Percentages in this coium 


n represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by tot 


al 1935 sa 


es of each 


classificati 


on. 




* * Pay roll not available for 


year 1936. Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employee 


s, but not 


of propriet( 


)rs and fir 


m members of 


unincorporated businesses. 














\J 1935 Figures not availab 


e for determining percent sample. 












X 1935 Figures withheld to 


avoid 


jisciosur 


e. 









































Page 57 


CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 






WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION | 




STATE OF MARYLAND 










TABLE 3.-S1ZE OF SAMPLE 








1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 










Number Of 


Net Sales 




Pay Rou' 




Establishments 










KIND OF BUSINESS 




(.dd cool 






•dd 000) 




Included in 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Of 




1937-38 




Those Included 




Those Included 




1935 


Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 




Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 

Sample 


Census 




% 
Sample 






Number 




Amount 




Amount 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


61 


7 


11 


$ 3,670 


$ 577 


16 


« 574 


$115 


20 


Beer, wines and liquors 


83 


8 


10 


15,659 


1,801 


12 


960 


131 


14 


Chemicals and paints 


24 


4 


17 


2,269 


1,054 


46 


173 


47 


27 


Clothing and furnishings 


100 


9 


9 


8,679 


2,668 


31 


586 


262 


45 


Drugs and drug sundries 


26 


6 


23 


4,962 


2,843 


57 


433 


150 


35 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


49 


3 


6 


7,538 


532 


7 


613 


38 


6 


Electrical goods 


36 


9 


25 


7,409 


3,717 


50 


727 


285 


39 


Farm supplies 


29 


5 


17 


4,889 


2,019 


41 


275 


181 


66 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


109 


11 


10 


10,845 


2,558 


25 


479 


77 


16 


Furniture and house furnishings 


28 


4 


18 


2,358 


451 


19 


179 


25 


14 


Groceries (full line) 


34 


10 


29 


21,841 


3,934 


18 


926 


204 


22 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


274 


40 


15 


28,221 


9,803 


35 


2,102 


779 


37 


Hardware 


21 


4 


19 


2,581 


1,136 


44 


252 


128 


51 


Jewelry and optical goods 


19 


6 


32 


3,257 


1,206 


37 


204 


95 


47 


Lumber and construction materials 


52 


12 


23 


7,184 


1,980 


28 


690 


211 


31 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


111 


22 


20 


9,804 


4,548 


46 


1,321 


613 


46 


Paper and its products 


47 


9 


19 


6,285 


1,600 


25 


568 


187 


33 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 




















supplies 


34 


4 


12 


5,304 


729 


14 


676 


66 


10 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


9 


3 


33 


21,823 


2,376 


11 


597 


287 


48 


Chemicals and paints 


8 


4 


50 


1,381 


1,040 


75 


103 


64 


62 


Furniture and house furnishings 


3 


3 


100 


X 


I 


100 


X 


X 


100 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


41 


20 


49 


45,229 


37,900 


84 


1,504 


949 


63 


Lumber and construction materials 


8 


4 


50 


2,764 


1,010 


37 


284 


99 


35 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


33 


18 


55 


9,459 


3,490 


37 


1,355 


474 


35 


Plumbing wnH heating equipment and 




















supplies 


7 


3 


43 


1,174 


489 


42 


114 


35 


31 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


X 


7 


- 


X 


2,754 


— 


X 


113 


- 


* Pay roil includes compensation of full-tim 


s and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firn 


n membe 


rs of unincor 


porated businesses. 


X 1935 Figures withheld to avoid disclosure. 











Page 58 
























r 


CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 








WHOLESALE 


DISTRIBUTION ^ 






STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS 










TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 












FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












Size 


Of I 


















Sample 


No. Of 




Net Sales By Quarters 




Percent 




Compared 

With 1935 

Census 


Estab- 
lish- 


Net 
Saixs 
Year 
1937 


(>dd 


000) 






Chance 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


ments 
Includ- 
ed In 


1937 


1938 1 


1ST Qr. 

1937 

To 


2nd Qr 

1937 
To 


Estab- 
lish 

MENTS 


NET. 


1st Qr. 


2ND Qr 


3RD Qr. 


4TH Qr. 


1ST Qr. 


2ND Qr. 




Sales 


1937-38 

Survey 




Jan. 1 


April 1 


July 1 


Oct. 1 


Jan. 1 


April 1 


1ST Qr 


2ND Qr 




% 


% 


(.dd 000) 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


Sept. 30 


Dec. 31 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


1938 


1938 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


AutoaiotiTe 


16 


25 


27 


$11,868 


% 3,025 


% 3.225 


% 2,816 


% 2,802 


$ 2,027 


% 2,394 


-33.0 


-25.8 


Beer, wines and liquors 


19 


26 


28 


14,445 


3,064 


3,569 


3,894 


3,919 


3,052 


3,745 


- 0.4 


■^ 5.0 


Chemicals and paints 


34 


53 


24 


8,700 


2,499 


2,455 


2,150 


1,596 


1,634 


1,744 


-34.6 


-29.0 


Clothing and furnishings 


15 


19 


38 


7,709 


1,719 


1,905 


2,088 


1,997 


1,346 


1,805 


-21.7 


- 5.3 


Drugs and drug sundries 


14 


29 


5 


4,958 


1,312 


1,111 


1,301 


1,234 


1,131 


1,139 


-13.8 


+ 2.5 


Dry goods (full and specialty lines) 


14 


18 


19 


4,764 


1,453 


1,095 


1,202 


1,014 


1,083 


728 


-25.5 


-33.5 


Electrical goods 


20 


65 


24 


21,831 


5,405 


6,750 


5,160 


4,516 


3,125 


4,283 


-42.2 


-35.5 


Farm supplies 


59 


82 


11 


4,657 


1,112 


1,425 


1,160 


960 


777 


1,014 


-30.1 


-28.8 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


21 


37 


55 


22,943 


5,164 


7,328 


6,010 


4,435 


4,302 


6,445 


-15.7 


-12.1' 


Furniture and house furnishings 


16 


34 


14 


5,325 


1,161 


1,628 


1,311 


1,225 


821 


1,257 


-29.3 


-22.8 


Groceries (full line) 


30 


25 


23 


14,303 


3,354 


3,575 


3,790 


3,573 


3,233 


3,397 


- 3.9 


- 5.0 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


19 


31 


104 


35,198 


8,340 


8,855 


9,421 


8,582 


7,685 


7,827 


- 7.9 


-11.5 


Hardware 


24 


54 


8 


2,725 


522 


779 


641 


683 


543 


680 


-12.7 


-12.7 


Jewelry and optical goods 


12 


17 


8 


1,141 


263 


284 


287 


307 


222 


241 


-15 6 


-15.1 


Lumber and construction materials 


15 


22 


11 


5,577 


1,239 


1,387 


1,380 


1,571 


781 


951 


-37.0 


-31.4 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


20 


39 


59 


13,372 


3,102 


4,030 


3,483 


2,757 


2,359 


2,874 


-24.0 


-28.7 


Paper and its products 


17 


44 


31 


11,084 


2,983 


2,910 


2,588 


2,603 


2,306 


2,242 


-22.7 


-23 .0 


Pl'jmbing and heating equipment and 


























supplies 


22 


40 


20 


5,198 


1,123 


1,230 


1,442 


1,403 


772 


972 


-31.3 


-21.0 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


10 


9 


10 


5,495 


1,158 


1,401 


1,493 


1,443 


1,244 


1,459 


+ 7.4 


-^ 4.1 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


46 


59 


17 


31.822 


6,861 


10,758 


7,308 


5,895 


3,585 


5,350 


-46.3 


-50.3 


Beer, wines and liquors 


50 


52 


3 


6,302 


1,554 


1,533 


1,252 


1,963 


1,522 


1,405 


- 2.1 


- 6.3 


Chemicals and paints 


44 


30 


19 


8,612 


2,106 


2,377 


2,290 


1,779 


1,670 


1,744 


-22.9 


-25.5 


Clothing and furnishings 


23 


28 


3 


1,351 


258 


359 


338 


386 


257 


331 


- 0.4 


-10.3 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


5G 


48 


5 


2,361 


803 


612 


589 


357 


557 


455 


-30.6 


-25.7. 


Electrical goods 


52 


95 


13 


37,788 


10,410 


10,300 


9,049 


8,029 


7,369 


5,903 


-29.2 


-42.7 


Furniture and house furnishings 


80 


91 


8 


3,809 


939 


1,076 


919 


875 


674 


783 


-23.2 


-27.2 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


75 


84 


102 


129 , 620 


32,549 


31,559 


35,318 


32,194 


29,465 


29,270 


- 9.5 


- 7.3 


Hardv;are 


75 


98 


3 


2,324 


641 


651 


571 


451 


401 


339 


-37.4 


-48.7 


Jewelry and optical goods 


75 


95 


9 


1,321 


354 


335 


316 


315 


253 


274 


-28.5 


-ie.2 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


60 


47 


72 


23,114 


5,748 


6,678 


6,039 


4,649 


4,334 


5,259 


-24.6 


-21.2 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 


























supplies 


60 


70 


15 


6,117 


1,296 


1,768 


1,606 


1,447 


862 


1,111 


-33.5 


-37.2 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 








Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


y 


1/ 


7 


9,265 


2,357 


2,953 


1,787 


2,159 


1,898 


2,574 


-19.5 
\ . 


-13.1 1 


■(■Increase —Decrease 














* Percentages in this column represen 


1935 


sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by to 


al 1935 sa 


les of each 


classification. ] 


\J 1935 Figures not available for dete 


rmining 


percent sample. 








i 



Page 59 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 










WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 








STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS 














TABLE 2.- SAI FS, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 














FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












Size 


OF 1 












1 








Sample 
Compared 
With 1935 


No. Of 
Estab. 
lish- 


Net Sales 


Pay Roa** 


Stocks On Hand 
End Of Year 


Percent Increase 
1935 lo 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


MENTS 

Includ- 


(.dd 000) 


(add OOO) 




Udd 000 ) 










Estab- 




























lish. 
mei*ts 

% 


Net- 
Sales 

% 


ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


AutamotlvB 


16 


25 


27 


* 11,868 


$ 10,639 


i 9,368 


* 772 


$ 743 


i 1,306 


t 1,006 


t 1,084 


26.7 


3.9 


20.5 


Beer, wines and liquors 


19 


26 


28 


14,446 


13,110 


11,205 


1,090 


808 


1,542 


1,194 


1,100 


28.9 


34.9 


40.2 


Chemicals and paints 


34 


53 


24 


8,700 


8,752 


7,741 


835 


579 


782 


730 


545 


12.4 


44.2 


43.5 


Clothing and furnishings 


15 


19 


38 


7,709 


7,834 


6,997 


682 


612 


1,281 


1,178 


955 


10.2 


11.4 


34.1 


Drugs and drug sundries 


14 


29 


5 


4,958 


4,972 


4,926 


321 


299 


598 


531 


532 


0.6 


7.4 


- 5.4 


Dry goods (full and 






























specialty lines) 


14 


18 


19 


4,764 


4,286 


3,639 


274 


251 


632 


542 


492 


30.9 


9.2 


28.5 


Electrical goods 


20 


65 


24 


21,831 


18,069 


14,663 


1,740 


1,289 


1,912 


1,426 


1,309 


48.9 


35.0 


45.1 


Farm supplies 


69 


82 


11 


4,657 


5,063 


3,616 


279 


218 


230 


235 


157 


28.8 


28.0 


37.7 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


21 


37 


56 


22,943 


21,435 


17,771 


978 


837 


152 


156 


106 


29.1 


16.8 


43.4 


Furniture & house furnishings 


16 


34 


14 


5,325 


5,117 


4,212 


491 


384 


1,146 


1,259 


1,088 


26.4 


27.9 


5.3 


Groceries (full line) 


30 


25 


23 


14,303 


13,352 


12,495 


1,035 


888 


1,979 


1,966 


1,689 


14.5 


15.6 


17.2 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


19 


31 


104 


35,198 


32,943 


32,172 


2,714 


2,395 


1,980 


2,080 


1,876 


9.4 


13.3 


5.5 


Hardware 


24 


54 


8 


2,725 


2,592 


2,399 


322 


305 


613 


595 


562 


13.5 


5.5 


9.1 


Jewelry and optical goods 


12 


17 


8 


1,141 


1,095 


938 


186 


159 


281 


260 


257 


21.6 


17.0 


9.3 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


15 


22 


11 


5,577 


4,986 


3,966 


549 


339 


436 


319 


317 


40.6 


61.9 


37.5 


Machinery, equipnent and 






























supplies 


20 


39 


59 


13,372 


12,220 


10,435 


1,942 


1,441 


2,416 


2,200 


1,765 


28.1 


34.8 


36.9 


Paper and its products 


17 


44 


31 


11,084 


10,185 


9,156 


1,266 


1,065 


1,214 


1,155 


1,075 


21.1 


18.9 


12.9 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipient & supplies 


22 


40 


20 


5,198 


5,129 


4,137 


635 


493 


950 


1,021 


903 


25.5 


28.8 


6.3 


Tobacco and its products 






























(except leaf) 


10 


9 


10 


5,495 


4,856 


3,941 


100 


87 


201 


172 


149 


39.4 


14.9 


34.9 




MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks/ 


AntomotiTe 


46 


59 


17 


31,822 


28,179 


24,143 


1,078 


996 


1,810 


1,600 


1,320 


31.8 


8.2 


37.1 


Beer, wines and liquors 


50 


52 


3 


6,302 


6,856 


4,472 


144 


110 


240 


212 


147 


40.9 


30.9 


53.3 


Chemicals and paints 


44 


30 


19 


8,612 


8,123 


7,307 


728 


582 


509 


458 


469 


17.9 


25.1 


8.5 


Clothing and furnishings 


23 


28 


3 


1,351 


1,583 


1,310 


137 


121 


U3 


88 


100 


3.1 


13.2 


13.0 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


56 


48 


5 


2,361 


2,454 


2,418 


170 


164 


258 


151 


184 


-2.4 


3.7 


40.2 


Electrical goods 


52 


95 


13 


37,788 


30,004 


22,186 


1,234 


1,016 


1,467 


1,185 


843 


70.3 


21.5 


74.0 


Furniture &, house furnishings 


50 


91 


8 


3,809 


3,564 


2,970 


274 


212 


180 


179 


149 


28.2 


29.2 


20.8 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


75 


84 


102 


129,620 


124,492 


115,550 


4,000 


3,475 


3,186 


3,689 


3,029 


12.2 


15.1 


5.2 


Hardware 


75 


98 


3 


2,324 


1,996 


1,545 


167 


107 


82 


77 


68 


50.4 


56.1 


+20.5 


Jewelry and optical goods 


75 


95 


9 


1,321 


1,278 


1,170 


243 


215 


248 


227 


193 


12.9 


13.0 


28.5 


Machinery, equipnent and 






























supplies 


60 


47 


72 


23,114 


21,072 


16,003 


2,950 


2,196 


1,899 


1,811 


1,529 


44.4 


34.3 


24.2 


Plxmbing and heating 






























equipnent & supplies 


60 


70 


15 


6,117 


5,317 


4,177 


587 


442 


956 


852 


635 


46.4 


32.8 


50.5 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


Fruits & vegetables (fresh) 


1/ 


1/ 


7 


9,256 


9,017 


9,075 


326 


273 


20 


10 


36 


2.1 


19.4 


-44.4 


—Decrease 
















• Percentages in this colum 


n repre 


sent 19: 


5 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by to 


al 1935 sa 


es of each 


classification. 




* * Pay roll not available for 


year 1 


936. P 


ay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employe 


es, but not 


of proprie 


ors and firm members of 




unincorporated businesses. 
















_\y 1935 Figures not availab 

i 


e for d 


etermini 


ng percent sample. 










i 
















, 














- 

















Page 60 

CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS 

TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 

1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Number Of 
establishments 



1935 

Census 



Included In 
1937-38 
Survey 



Number 



Sample 



Net Sales 

(•dd 000 ) 



1935 

Census 



1935 Sales Of 
Those Included 
In 1937-38 Survey 



Amount 



Sample 



Pay Roll* 

(add 000) 



1935 

Census 



1935 Pay Roll Of 

Those Included 

In 193738 Survey 



Amount 



Sample 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Chemicals and paints 

Clothing and furnishings 

Drugs and drug sundries 

Dry goods {full and specialty lines) 

Electrical goods 

Fann supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

r&per and its products 

Plumbing & heating equipment &, supplies 

Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 



171 


27 


16 


146 


28 


19 


71 


24 


34 


250 


38 


15 


37 


5 


14 


136 


19 


14 


120 


24 


20 


16 


11 


69 


271 


56 


21 


90 


14 


16 


75 


23 


30 


550 


104 


19 


33 


8 


24 


65 


8 


12 


75 


11 


15 


300 


59 


20 


182 


31 


17 


90 


20 


22 


102 


10 


10 



$ 37,781 

42,335 

14,643 

37,296 

16,971 

20,511 

22,662 

4,418 

46,525 

12,534 

50,540 

105,362 

4,455 

5,519 

18,225 

26,442 

21,022 

10,224 

42,436 



$ 9,368 

11,205 

7,741 

6,997 

4,925 

3,639 

14,563 

3,516 

17,771 

4,212 

12,495 

32,172 

2,399 

938 

3,955 

10,435 

9,155 

4,137 

3,941 



25 

26 
53 
19 
29 
18 
65 
82 
37 
34 
25 
31 
54 
17 
22 
39 
44 
40 
9 



|2,971 
2,910 
1,117 
2,593 

983 
1,335 
2,196 

277 
2,381 
1,242 
3,663 
7,063 

572 

576 
1,584 
3,841 
2,758 
1,298 
1,081 



J 743 
808 
579 
612 
299 
251 

1,289 
218 
837 
384 
868 

2,395 
305 
159 
339 

1,441 

1,065 

493 

87 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



37 


17 


46 


6 


3 


50 


43 


19 


44 


13 


3 


23 


9 


5 


56 


25 


13 


52 


10 


8 


80 


136 


102 


75 


4 


3 


75 


12 


9 


75 


120 


72 


60 


25 


15 


60 



Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Chemicals and paints 

Clothing and furnishings 

Dry goods (specialty lines) 

Electrical goods 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Plumbing & heating equipment & supplies 



40,598 
8,588 

24,140 
4,681 
4,996 

23,303 

3,269 

135,955 

1,570 

1,227 

33,992 
5,977 



24,143 


59 


4,472 


52 


7,307 


30 


1,310 


28 


2,418 


48 


22,186 


95 


2,970 


91 


115,550 


84 


1,545 


98 


1,170 


95 


16,003 


47 


4,177 


70 



1,917 
202 

1,575 
420 
224 

1,220 
280 

4,700 
112 
227 

5,980 
516 



996 
110 
582 
121 
164 

1,016 
212 

3,475 
107 
215 

2,196 
442 



COMMISSION MERCHANTS 



Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 



9,075 



273 



* Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of unincorporated businesses. 
X 1935 Figures withheld to avoid disclosure. 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



Page 61 

WHOLESALi; DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF MICHIGAN 

TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



ESTAB 
LISH. 
MENTS 

% 



Net . 
Sales 



No. Of 
Estab- 
lish- 
ments 
Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 



Net 
Sales 
Year 
1937 



(>dd 000 I 



Net Sales By Quarters 

(•dd 000 ) 



1937 



1ST Qr 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2nd Qr 

April 1 
June 30 



3RD Qr. 

July 1 
Sept. 30 



4TH Qr 

Oct. 1 
Dec. 31 



1ST Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2nd Qr 

April 1 
June 30 



Percent 
Chance 



1ST Qr 
1937 
To 

1ST Qr 
1938 



2ND QR 
1937 
To 

2nd Qr 

1938 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Chemicals and painte 

Clothing and furnishings 

Drugs (full line) 

Dry goods (full k. specialty lines) 

Electrical goods 

Farm supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Furniture & house furnishings 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries &. foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Paper and its products 

Plumbing &. heating equipment 

and supplies 
Tobacco &. its products (except leaf) 



42 1$ 
24 

9 

5 

3 

7 
23 

4 
30 

9 
31 
52 
11 
11 
48 
14 

19 
12 



59,780 

5,360 

2,579 

1,108 

6,937 

4,284 

17,848 

270 

12,140 

3,098 

14,750 

12,466 

12,249 

2,813 

16,330 

10,582 

8,187 
5,186 



13,071 

997 

552 

215 

1,719 

960 

3,676 

69 

2,825 

717 

3,340 

2,858 

2,518 

765 

3,742 

2,593 

1,915 
1,099 



20,868 
1,504 

789 

292 
1,688 
1,033 
5,620 
73 
3,533 

978 
3,632 
3,206 
3,449 

793 
4,271 
2,738 

1,908 
1,348 



11,019 
1,728 

673 

290 
1,775 
1,179 
4,587 
67 
3,038 

752 
4,223 
3,410 
3,376 

750 
4,723 
2,772 

2,330 
1.401 



14,822 
1,131 

565 

311 
1,755 
1,112 
3,965 
61 
2,744 

651 
3,555 
2,992 
2,906 

505 
3,594 
2,479 

2,034 
1,338 



9,497 

811 

456 

160 

1,435 

756 

2,700 

48 

2,291 

438 

3,144 

2,470 

1,801 

483 

2,398 

1,993 

1,332 
1,035 



9,393 
1,130 

631 

216 
1,385 

821 

2,873 

51 

3,181 

544 
3,396 
2,597 
2,382 

487 
2,282 
1,950 

1,294 
1,182 



-27.3 
-18.7 
-17.0 
-25.6 
-16.5 
-21.3 
-26.6 
-30.4 
-18.9 
-38.9 

- 5.9 
-13.6 
-28.5 
-36.9 
-35.9 
-23.1 

-30.4 

- 5.8 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Automotive 

Chemicals and paints 

Electrical goods 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries & foods (specialty lines) 

Lumber and construction materials 

t'lachinery, equipment and supplies 

Paper and its products 

Plumbing & heating equipment 

and supplies 
Tobacco & its products (except leaf) 



46 


50 


18 


52 


37 


11 


74 


88 


14 


73 


99 


8 


47 


75 


55 


64 


12 


9 


64 


84 


63 


60 


57 


3 


90 


80 


9 


75 


66 


3 



83,745 
6,251 

45,360 
3,706 

58,657 
4,393 

29,031 
944 

4,011 
869 



17,363 

1,484 

11,573 

947 

14,442 

835 

7,426 

230 

828 
159 



26,895 
1,679 

14,299 
1,176 

14,744 

1,237 

9,146 

228 

1,254 
235 



15,933 

1,713 

11,061 

970 

14,642 

1,437 

7,076 

252 

1,003 
200 



23,554 

1,375 

8,427 

613 

14,829 

884 

5,383 

234 

926 
275 



9,038 
1,040 
6,541 

524 
12,453 

426 
5,242 

173 

467 
108 



9,534 
1,098 
5,581 

633 
12,444 

829 
4,937 

158 

571 
154 



-47.9 
-29.9 
-43.5 
-44.7 
-13.8 
-49.0 
-29.4 
-24.8 

-43.6 
-32.1 



-55.0 
-24.9 
-20.0 
-26.0 
-18.0 
-20.5 
-48.9 
-30.1 
-10.0 
-44.4 
- 6.5 
-15.9 
-30.9 
-38.6 
-46.6 
-28.8 



-32.2 
-12.3 



-64.6 
-34.6 
-51.0 
-46.2 
-15.5 
-33.0 
-45.0 
-30.7 

-54.5 
-34.5 



— Decrease 

• Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales ol establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 



Page 62 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 








WHOLESALE 


distribution] 






STATE OF MICHIGAN 


















TABLE 2.- SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 
















FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 
















Size 


OF 1 






















Sample 
Compared 
With 1935 


No. Of 

ESTAB- 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll** 


Stocks On Hand 


Percent Increase 




LISH- 






End Of Year 


1935 to 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


MENTS 

Includ- 


(»dd 000) 


(add 000) 




(add 000) 












ESTAB 




























LISH. 
MENTS 

% 


Net* 
Sales 

% 


ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 


SERVICE AND LIMITED- FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Autooot Ive 


15 


61 


42 


$ 59,780 


$ 47,360 


$ 32,343 


$ 2,053 


$ 1,833 


$ 2,733 


$ 2,735 


$ 2,666 


84.8 


12.0 


2.5 


Beer, wines and liquors 


11 


13 


24 


5,360 


4,684 


3,423 


312 


187 


171 


146 


99 


56.6 


66.8 


72.7 


Ohemicals and paints 


17 


25 


9 


2,579 


2,369 


2,040 


341 


253 


325 


335 


284 


26.4 


34.8 


14.4 


Clothing and furnishings 


9 


12 


6 


1,108 


1,050 


870 


53 


44 


187 


161 


131 


27.4 


20.5 


42.7 


Drugs (full line) 


50 


71 


3 


6,937 


6,087 


5,545 


518 


403 


935 


779 


717 


25.1 


28.5 


30.4 


Dry goods (full a specialty 






























lines 


21 


35 


7 


4,284 


3,897 


3,498 


368 


279 


629 


613 


646 


22.5 


31.9 


- 2.6 


Electrical goods 


24 


44 


23 


17,848 


12,759 


9,641 


1,422 


715 


1,827 


1,280 


874 


85.1 


98.9 


10 9.0 


Farm supplies 


9 


4 


4 


270 


242 


256 


22 


21 


12 


13 


8 


5.5 


4.8 


50.0 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


13 


28 


30 


12,140 


10,988 


9,171 


466 


360 


166 


175 


134 


32.4 


29.4 


23.9 ' 


Furniture S: house furnishings 


18 


45 


9 


3,098 


2,640 


2,171 


234 


189 


579 


508 


476 


42.7 


23.8 


21.6 


Groceries (full line) 


18 


20 


31 


14,750 


13,238 


11,607 


630 


478 


1,727 


1,601 


1,349 


27.1 


31.8 


28.0 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


10 


19 


52 


12,466 


11,258 


9,218 


854 


720 


499 


536 


391 


35.2 


18.6 


27.6 


Hardware 


28 


53 


11 


12,249 


10,421 


8,001 


1,265 


840 


2,488 


2,028 


1,748 


53.1 


50.6 


42.3 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


11 


14 


11 


2,813 


2,846 


2,146 


190 


130 


343 


302 


247 


31.1 


46.2 


38.9 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


18 


37 


48 


16,330 


13,999 


11,676 


1,865 


1,299 


1,784 


1,642 


1,484 


39.9 


43.6 


20.2 


Paper and its products 


16 


44 


14 


10,582 


9,798 


8,338 


936 


894 


1,104 


1,195 


1,125 


26.9 


4.7 


- 1.9 


Flunbing and heating 






























equipment Sc supplies 


27 


41 


19 


8,187 


6,703 


4,553 


791 


464 


1,268 


1,061 


812 


79.8 


70.5 


56.2 


Tobacco and its products 






























(except leaf) 


9 


9 


12 


5,186 


4,365 


3,512 


142 


94 


215 


188 


163 


47.7 


51.1 


31.9 






MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 












i 


Automotive 


46 


50 


18 


83,745 


1 
69,976 ' 50,087 


1,871 


1,608 


3,051 


4,740 


2,813 


67.2 


16.4 


8.5 


Chemicals and paints 


52 


37 


11 


6,251 


5,756 


3,038 


361 


252 


342 


249 


397 


105.8 


43.3 


- 13.9 


Electrical goods 


74 


88 


14 


45,360 


30,299 


21,642 


1,362 


860 


1,771 


1,510 


1,016 


109.6 


58.4 


74.3 


Furniture & house furnishings 


73 


99 


8 


3,706 


3,577 


2,533 


181 


133 


208 


199 


189 


46.3 


36.1 


10.1 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


47 


75 


55 


58,657 


53,550 


47,261 


2,576 


2,001 


1,371 


1,681 


1,301 


24.1 


28.7 


5.4 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


64 


12 


9 


4,393 


4,782 


2,228 


291 


159 


582 


507 


367 


97,2 


83.0 


58.6 


Lichinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


64 


84 


63 


29,031 


24,636 


24,898 


2,675 


1,879 


3,156 


2,726 


2,033 


16.6 


42.4 


55.2 


Paper and Its products 


60 


57 


3 


944 


835 


673 


92 


74 


100 


95 


90 


40.3 


24.3 


11.1 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment & supplies 


90 


80 


9 


4,011 


3,456 


1,328 


282 


118 


489 


421 


276 


202.0 


139.0 


77.2 


Tobacco and its products 






























(except leaf) 


75 


66 


3 


869 


860 


712 


82 


76 


53 


50 


38 


22.1 


7.9 


39.5 


- Decrease 


















• Percentages in this column 


repres 


ent 1935 sales o{ establishments included in this survey, divided by tola 


1 1935 sal 


is of each 


classificatio 


n. 






* * Pay roll not available lor 


year 19 


36. Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employees 


s, but not 


jf proprieto 


rs and fim 


n memb 


ers of 




unincorporated businesses. 


















1 





















Page 63 






CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 






WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION | 








STATE OF MICHIGAN 














TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 












1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 














Number Of 


Net Sales 




Pay Roll* 








Establishments 














KIND OF BUSINESS 




l.dd 000 ) 




( 


,M 000) 








Included In 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Of 








1937-38 




Those Included 




Those Included 








1935 


Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 


In 193738 Survey 








Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 
Sample 










Number 




Amount 




Amount 






SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 






Automotive 


287 


42 


15 


$ 52,680 


$32 , 343 


61 


$4,020 


$1,833 


46 






Beer, wines and liquors 


213 


24 


11 


26,556 


3,423 


13 


1,273 


187 


15 






Chemicals and peints 


52 


9 


17 


8,167 


2,040 


25 


954 


253 


27 






Clothing and furnishings 


64 


6 


9 


7,183 


870 


12 


395 


44 


11 






Drugs (full line) 


6 


3 


50 


7,771 


5,545 


71 


515 


403 


78 






Dry goods (full and specialty lines) 


33 


7 


21 


10,047 


3,498 


35 


658 


279 


42 






Electrical goods 


97 


23 


24 


22,014 


9,641 


44 


1,972 


715 


36 






Farm supplies 


44 


4 


9 


5,748 


256 


4 


1,081 


21 


2 






Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


230 


30 


13 


32,776 


9,171 


28 


1,267 


360 


28 






Furniture and house furnishings 


51 


9 


18 


4,792 


2,171 


45 


453 


189 


42 






Groceries (full line) 


171 


31 


18 


59,312 


11,607 


20 


2,631 


478 


18 






Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


499 


52 


10 


47,850 


9,218 


19 


3,003 


720 


24 






Hardware 


40 


11 


28 


15,178 


8,001 


53 


1,473 


840 


57 






Lumber and construction materials 


99 


11 


11 


15,212 


2,146 


14 


1,245 


130 


10 






Machinery, equipment and supplies 


266 


48 


18 


31,735 


11,676 


37 


3,604 


1,299 


36 






Paper and its products 


88 


14 


16 


19,160 


8,338 


44 


2,012 


894 


44 






Plumbing and heating equipment 
























and supplies 


70 


19 


27 


11,010 


4,553 


41 


1,214 


464 


38 






Tobacco and its products (eicept leaf) 


133 


12 


9 


39,593 


3,512 


9 


920 


94 


10 






M^ 


^NUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 












Automotive 


39 


18 


46 


100 , 153 


50,087 


50 


3,819 


1,608 


42 






Chemicals and paints 


21 


11 


52 


8,139 


3,038 


37 


573 


252 


44 






Electrical goods 


19 


14 


74 


24 , 506 


21,642 


88 


910 


860 


95 






Furniture and house furnishings 


11 


8 


73 


2,570 


2,533 


99 


139 


133 


96 






Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


117 


55 


47 


62 , 904 


47,261 


75 


2,765 


2,001 


72 






Lumber and construction materials 


14 


9 


64 


18,462 


2,228 


12 


412 


159 


39 






Machinery, equipment and supplies 


99 


63 


64 


29,562 


24,898 


84 


2,484 


1,879 


76 






Paper and its products 


5 


3 


60 


1,185 


673 


57 


125 


74 


59 






Plumbing and heating equipment 






















! 


and supplies 


10 


9 


90 


1,667 


1,328 


80 


160 


118 


74 




!■ 


Tobacco and its products (ercept leaf) 


4 


3 


75 


1,085 


712 


66 


126 


76 


60 






• * Pay roll includes compensation of full-tin 


le and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and fir 


m memb 


ers of uninco 


rporated businesses. 








• 



































Page 64 

CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF MINNESOTA 

TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



ESTAB- 
USH- 
MENTS 



Net, 
Sales 



No. Of 

ESTAB- 
USH- 
MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 



Net 
Sales 
Year 

1937 

(•dd OOO) 



Net Sales By Quarters 

(uM 000) 



1937 



1ST QR. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2nd Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



3rd Qr. 

July 1 
Sept. 30 



4TH Qr. 

Oct 1 
Dec. 31 



1938 



1st Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2ND Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



Percent 
Chance 



1ST Qr. 

1937 

To 
1ST Qr 

1938 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Chemicals and paints 

Clothing and furnishings 

Drugs and drug sundries 

Dry goods (full and specialty lines) 

Electrical goods 

Fam supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hardvfare 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, eciuipmant and supplies 

Paper and its products 

Plumbing and heating equipment and 

supplies 
Tobacco and its products 

(except leaf) 



10 


19 


14 


13 


15 


24 


21 


45 


6 


10 


8 


6 


10 


69 


3 


30 


61 


3 


23 


57 


13 


15 


50 


5 


13 


19 


14 


15 


46 


3 


41 


52 


25 


10 


17 


22 


24 


17 


4 


25 


44 


6 


21 


55 


13 


23 


52 


26 


18 


20 


9 


19 


57 


6 


20 


24 


13 



$ 6,612 
4,611 
1,494 
665 
7,548 
6,944 

11,358 
8,251 
5,897 
1,221 

31 , 411 
5,635 
5,409 
1,190 

19,339 

19,585 
3,246 

3,500 

3,505 



$ 1,398 

812 

335 

168 

1,834 

1,578 

2,357 

3,085 

1,271 

247 

7,271 

1,293 

1,418 

219 

4,971 

4,253 

805 

640 

795 



I 1,904 
1,151 

491 

159 
1,870 
1,462 
3,403 
2,397 
1,739 

390 
7,501 
1,253 
1,414 

255 
5,922 
6,277 

853 



923 



$ 1,653 
1,447 

406 

182 
1,899 
2,102 
2,969 
1,648 
1,572 

336 
9,068 
1,494 
1,425 

320 
5,197 
5,353 

788 

1,108 
917 



1,657 
1,201 

262 

156 
1,945 
1,802 
2,629 
1,121 
1,315 

248 
7,571 
1,595 
1,152 

396 
3,249 
3,702 

800 

863 
870 



1,031 

906 

330 

145 

1,785 

1,374 

2,069 

2,413 

1,102 

230 

6,728 

1,258 

642 

213 

3,657 

4,322 

603 

472 

785 



1,329 

1,178 

437 

153 

1,761 

1,339 

2,901 

1,540 

1,460 

323 

7,404 

1,304 

670 

245 

3,671 

4,744 

618 

696 

904 



-26.3 
+11.6 

- 1.5 
-13.7 

- 2.7 
-12.9 
-12.2 
-21.8 
-13.3 

- 6.9 

- 7.5 

- 2.7 
-54.7 

- 2.7 
-26.4 
+ 1.6 
-25.1 

-26.3 

- 1.3 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Automot ive 

Beer, wines and liquors 
Chemicals and paints 
Electrical goods 
Farm supplies 

Furniture and house furnishings 
Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 
Jev/elry and optical goods 
Machinery, equipment and supplies 
Pluiubinj and heating equipment end 
supplies 



52 


92 


13 


52 


78 


12 


89 


91 


8 


67 


97 


6 


100 


100 


3 


83 


99 


5 


56 


80 


39 


100 


100 


3 


63 


82 


43 


43 


33 


3 



35,034 

3,795 

3,891 

10,137 

376 

2,236 

54,108 

508 

22,434 

1,363 



6,698 
681 
736 

2,959 

104 

514 

13,568 

119 

4,551 

203 



12,028 

1,030 

1,014 

2,670 

89 

711 

13,389 

131 

6,785 

273 



8,193 

1,242 

1,310 

2,327 

104 

575 

14,193 

142 

6,960 

421 



8,115 

842 

831 

2,181 

79 

436 

12,958 

116 

4,138 

466 



6,320 

696 

580 

1,820 

78 

431 

12,003 

105 

4,274 

129 



7,759 


- 5.6 


898 


+ 2.2 


622 


-21.2 


1,558 


-38.5 


67 


-25.0 


543 


-16.1 


12,141 


-11.5 


97 


-U.8 


5,683 


- 6.1 


219 


-36.5 



-23. 
- 9. 
-26. 
-16. 



+INCREASE -Decrease 

^ Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 





























Page 65 


CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 




WHOLESALE 


DISTRIBUTION 






STATE OF MINNESOTA 










TABLE 2.- SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 










FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 










Size Of 
















Sample 
Compared 
With 1935 


No. Of 

ESTAB 


NET Sales 


Pay Roa" 


Stocks On Hand 


Percent Increase 




LISH- 






End Of Year 


1935 .0 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 


(add 000 ) 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 




1 




ESTAB 






























Net* 


























LISH. 
MENTS 

% 


Sales 

% 


1937-38 
Survey 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 


SERVICE AND UMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


10 


19 


14 


1 6,612 


§ 6,008 


$ 4,744 


♦ 514 


$ 407 


% 896 


$ 799 


$ 701 


39.4 


26.3 


27.8 


Bear, wines and liquors 


13 


15 


24 


4,611 


3,918 


2,881 


243 


168 


166 


167 


96 


60.0 


44.6 


72.9 


Chemicals and paints 


21 


45 


6 


1,494 


1,383 


1,121 


193 


152 


196 


171 


195 


33.3 


27.0 


0.5 


Clothing and furnishings 


10 


8 


5 


665 


647 


587 


58 


49 


172 


127 


123 


13.3 


18.4 


39.8 


Drugs and drug sundries 


10 


69 


3 


7,548 


6,965 


7,092 


569 


484 


928 


935 


872 


6.4 


17.6 


6.4 


Dry goods (full and 






























specialty lines) 


30 


61 


3 


6,944 


6,622 


6,396 


725 


658 


1,049 


902 


885 


8.6 


10.2 


18.5 


Electrical goods 


23 


57 


13 


11,358 


8,445 


6,444 


747 


477 


1,084 


805 


531 


76.3 


56.6 


104.1 


Farm supplies 


15 


50 


5 


8,251 


6,669 


6,495 


911 


723 


1,378 


1,472 


2,214 


27.0 


26.0 


-37.8 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


13 


19 


14 


5,897 


5,627 


4,938 


242 


180 


122 


137 


99 


19.4 


34.4 


23.2 


Furniture and house furnishings 


15 


46 


3 


1,221 


1,032 


862 


130 


73 


327 


320 


220 


41.6 


78.1 


48.6 


Groceries (full line) 


41 


52 


25 


31,411 


30,046 


26,821 


1,678 


1,441 


3,820 


4,257 


3,327 


17.1 


15.4 


14.8 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


10 


17 


22 


5,635 


5,098 


4,669 


428 


337 


457 


522 


413 


20.7 


27.0 


10.7 


Hardware 


24 


17 


4 


5,409 


5,061 


4,430 


401 


348 


787 


811 


736 


22.1 


15.2 


5.9 


Jewelry and optical gooaa 


25 


44 


6 


1,190 


1,067 


876 


234 


178 


317 


265 


224 


35.8 


31.5 


41.5 


Lumier and construction 






























materials 


21 


55 


13 


19,339 


18,298 


12,732 


1,106 


690 


787 


816 


724 


51.9 


60.3 


8.7 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


23 


52 


26 


19,585 


13,962 


11,916 


1,448 


1,123 


2,236 


2,399 


2,029 


64.4 


28.9 


10.2 


Paper and its products 


18 


20 


9 


3,246 


2,670 


2,189 


338 


277 


422 


403 


388 


48.3 


22.0 


8.8 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment and supplies 


19 


57 


6 


3,500 


3,286 


2,594 


384 


326 


704 


732 


667 


34.9 


17.8 


5.5 


Tobacco and Its products 






























(eicept leaf) 


20 


24 


13 


3,505 


3,362 


3,052 


75 


50 


217 


225 


149 


14.5 


50.0 


45.6 


1 MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 




Automotive 


52 


92 


13 


35,034 


33,647 


28,037 


974 


760 


1,820 


1,423 


1,275 


25.0 


28.2 


42.7 


Beer, wines and liquors 


52 


78 


12 


3,795 


3,614 


3,128 


233 


205 


45 


52 


37 


21.3 


13.7 


21.5 


Chemicals and paints 


89 


91 


8 


3,891 


3,244 


2,512 


207 


192 


285 


227 


166 


54.9 


7.8 


72.3 


Electrical goods 


67 


97 


6 


10,137 


6,993 


5,453 


305 


220 


544 


470 


358 


85.9 


38.6 


52.0 


Farm supplies 


100 


100 


3 


376 


391 


X 


19 


X 


30 


27 


X 


— 


— 


— 


Furniture & house furnishings 


83 


99 


5 


2,236 


2,263 


1,821 


121 


96 


185 


184 


187 


22.8 


26.0 


- 0.5 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


56 


80 


39 


54,108 


51,775 


44,284 


1,979 


1,624 


1,234 


1,354 


1,196 


22.2 


21.9 


3.2 


iJemlry and optical goods 


100 


100 


3 


508 


500 


I 


42 


I 


86 


64 


X 


— 


-- 


— 


i Machinery, equipment and 






























1 supplies 


63 


82 


43 


22,434 


17 , 912 


14,985 


2,054 


1,537 


5,686 


6,080 


3,708 


49.7 


33.6 


53.3 


Plumbing and heating 






























equlpnent and supplies 


43 


33 


3 


1,363 


1,297 


927 


159 


95 


61 


55 


27 


47.0 


67.4 


125.9 


— Decrease 












• Percentages in this column 


represent 193 


5 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by tot 


al 1935 sales of each classificati 


Dn. 




i * • Pay roll not available for 


year 1936. Ps 


y roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employe* 


», but not of proprietors and fin 


m mem 


3ers of 


unincorporated businesses. 












! X 1935 Figures withheld to i 


ivoid disclosure 










' 































Page 66 

CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF MINNESOTA 

TABLE 3.-S1ZE OF SAMPLE 

1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Number Of 
Establishments 



1935 

Census 



Included In 
1937-38 
Survey 



Number 



-L. 



Sample 



Net Sales 

(•dd 000 ) 



1935 

Census 



1935 Sales Of 
Those Included 
In 1937-38 Survey 



Amount 



Sample 



Pay Roll* 

(>dd 000) 



1935 
Census 



1935 Pay Roll Of 
Those Included 
In 1937-38 Survey 



Amount 



Sample 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

ChemiCEils and paints 

ClottLing and furnishings 

Drugs and drug siondries 

Dry goods (full and specialty lines) 

Electrical goods 

Farm supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Paper and its products 

Plumbing and heating equipment and 

supplies 
Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 



134 

191 
29 
58 
31 
10 
56 
34 

109 
20 
61 

230 
17 
24 
61 

112 
50 

31 
64 



14 


10 


24 


13 


6 


21 


6 


10 


3 


10 


3 


30 


13 


23 


5 


15 


14 


13 


3 


15 


25 


41 


22 


10 


4 


24 


6 


25 


13 


21 


26 


23 


9 


18 


6 


19 


13 


20 



$25,259 
19,761 

2,464 

7,428 
10,275 
10,415 
11,328 
13,101 
25,789 

1,888 
52,077 
27,467 
26,457 

1,979 
23,017 
22,764 
11,115 

4,581 
12,931 



i 4:,'?4A 

2,881 

1,121 

587 

7,092 

6,396 

6,444 

6,495 

4,938 

862 

26,821 

4,669 

4,430 

876 

12,732 

11,916 

2,189 

2,594 
3,062 



19 

15 
45 
8 
69 
61 
57 
50 
19 
46 
52 
17 
17 
44 
55 
52 
20 

57 

24 



#2,431 

1,087 

298 

422 

817 

969 

983 

1,009 

1,364 

217 

2,783 

1,944 

2,733 

367 

1,341 

2,375 

1,331 

590 
276 



I 407 

168 
152 
49 
484 
658 
477 
723 
180 
73 

1,441 
337 
348 
178 
590 

1,123 
277 

326 
50 



17 
15 
51 
12 
59 
58 
49 
72 
13 
34 
52 
17 
13 
49 
51 
47 
21 

55 
18 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with slocks) 



Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 
Chemicals and paints 
Electrical goods 
Farm supplies 

Furniture and house furnishings 
Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 
Jewelry and optical goods 
Machinery, equipment and supplies 
Plumbing and heating equipment and 
supplies 



25 

23 
9 
9 
3 
6 

70 
3 

68 



13 


52 


12 


52 


8 


89 


5 


67 


3 


100 


5 


83 


39 


56 


3 


100 


43 


63 


3 


43 



30,576 
4,032 
2,757 
5,647 

X 

1,829 
55,614 

X 

18,285 
2,845 



28,037 
3,128 
2,512 
5,453 

X 

1,821 
44,284 

X 

14,985 
927 



92 
78 
91 
97 

100 
99 
80 

100 
82 

33 



997 
315 
215 
247 
X 

100 
2,204 

X 

1,972 
284 



750 
205 
192 
220 

X 

96 
1,524 

X 

1,537 
95 



76 
55 
89 
89 

100 
95 
74 

100 
78 

33 



Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of unincorporated businesses. 
1935 Figures withheld to avoid disclosure. . 

























Page 67 


CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 193738 






WHOLESALE 


DISTRIBUTION 




STATE OF MISSOURI 










TABLE l.-NET SAIF.S BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 










FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












Size Of 


















Sampix 


No. Of 




Net Sales By Quarters 




Percent 




Compared 
With 1935 


ESTAB 
USH- 


Net 
Sales 


(add 


900) 






Chance 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 
Includ- 
ed In 


Year 
1937 


1937 1 


1938 1 


1ST Qr 

1937 
To 


2nd Qr 

1937 
To 


ESTAB- 
LISH- 


Net. 


1ST QR. 


2ND QR 


3RD QR. 


4TH QR. 


1st Qr. 


2ND Qr 




ME^rrs 


Sales 


1937-38 
Survey 




Jan. 1 


April 1 


July 1 


Oct 1 


Jan. 1 


April 1 


1ST Qr 


2ND Qr. 




% 


% 


{.id 000 ) 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


Sept. 30 


Dec. 31 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


1938 


1938 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOI F.SALERS 


Automotive 


16 


33 


35 


$ 9,518 


$2,164 


$2,559 


|2,507 


$2,378 


|1,551 


$1,698 


-28.3 


-33.9 


I Beer, wines and liquors 


15 


35 


24 


12,186 


2,754 


2,920 


2,799 


3,703 


2,459 


2,808 


-10.7 


- 3.8 


Chemlotils and paints 


15 


29 


8 


2,258 


515 


555 


512 


465 


431 


540 


-16.5 


-18.8 


: Clothing and furnishings 


20 


17 


30 


9,518 


2,563 


2,135 


2,835 


1,884 


2,328 


2,065 


-12.5 


- 3.2 


(Drugs (full line) 


25 


42 


3 


10,501 


2,583 


2,510 


2,541 


2,867 


2,459 


2,453 


- 4.8 


- 1.9 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


21 


48 


6 


1,655 


494 


495 


356 


309 


317 


295 


-35.8 


-40.3 


Electrical goods 


33 


59 


25 


20,071 


4,866 


6,239 


4,882 


4,084 


3,695 


4,227 


-24.1 


-32.2 


Farm supplies 


9 


21 


9 


4,637 


1,937 


1,083 


805 


812 


1,074 


592 


-44,6 


-45.3 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


11 


19 


26 


9,768 


2,525 


3,073 


2,178 


1,891 


2,154 


2,453 


-18.0 


-19.9 


Furniture and house furnishings 


23 


56 


11 


6,732 


1,431 


1,970 


1,731 


1,600 


1,309 


1,766 


- 8.5 


-10.4 


Groceries (full line) 


27 


36 


31 


24,155 


5,811 


5,855 


6,486 


5,993 


5,333 


5,461 


- 8.2 


- 6.9 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


14 


34 


53 


25,265 


6,604 


5,578 


5,438 


6,645 


6,297 


6,076 


- 4.6 


+ 8.9 


Hardware 


22 


57 


7 


23,250 


5,632 


6,240 


5,352 


5,025 


4,834 


5,155 


-14.2 


-17.4 


Jewelry and optical goods 


23 


16 


8 


730 


147 


162 


206 


215 


145 


143 


- 1.4 


-11.7 


Lumber and construction materials 


20 


28 


22 


6,723 


1,548 


1,914 


1,839 


1,422 


1,164 


1,3-18 


-24.8 


-29.6 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


22 


44 


50 


14,535 


3,685 


3,971 


3,737 


3,142 


2,595 


2,856 


-25.8 


-28.1 


Paper and its products 


24 


45 


19 


7,681 


1,982 


1,990" 


1,888 


1,821 


1,811 


1,567 


- 8.6 


-16.2 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 


























supplies 


27 


41 


12 


4,556 


905 


1,293 


1,304 


1,064 


683 


831 


-24.5 


-31.9 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


10 


41 


8 


11,824 


2,618 


2,976 


3,115 


3,115 


2,385 


2,727 


- 8.9 


- 8.4 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 










Automotive 


57 


70 


26 


65,971 


13,643 


19,473 


17,251 


15,604 


8,538 


13,059 


-35.7 


-32.9 


Chemicals and paints 


79 


59 


22 


13,375 


3,116 


3,445 


3,759 


3,056 


2,840 


2,597 


- 8.9 


-24.6 


Clothing and furnishings 


69 


78 


11 


70,915 


20,219 


14,909 


22,482 


13,305 


15,003 


13,105 


-20.9 


-12.1 


Drugs and drug sundries 


























(specialty lines) 


28 


28 


5 


2,587 


745 


590 


652 


700 


651 


588 


-11.3 


T 0.3 


Electrical goods 


64 


92 


15 


29,734 


7,365 


8,484 


7,876 


5,009 


6,657 


5,428 


- 9.5 


-24.2 


Furniture and house furnishings 


57 


72 


8 


3,012 


765 


940 


725 


581 


585 


517 


-23,5 


-34.4 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


45 


61 


34 


48,884 


13,377 


11,894 


12,822 


10,791 


10,729 


10,248 


-19.8 


-13,8 


Jewelry and optical goods 


83 


99 


5 


1,323 


316 


332 


375 


299 


293 


257 


- 7.3 


-22.6 


Lumber and construction materials 


50 


15 


5 


786 


167 


274 


213 


132 


134 


297 


-19.8 


+ 8,4 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


56 


54 


58 


40,152 


8,115 


13,421 


12,864 


5,752 


7,165 


10,585 


-11.7 


-20,4 


Paper and its products 


25 


11 


3 


665 


157 


153 


173 


182 


168 


149 


+ 7.0 


- 2,5 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 


























supplies 


50 


70 


8 


4,742 


948 


1,165 


1,419 


1,210 


699 


880 


-26.3 


-24.5 


•HiNCREASE - Decrease 












* Percentages in this column represent 
1 


1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 


1935 sale: 


ol each c 


assification 




- 



























Page 68 






























CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937^38 








WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION] j 








STATE OF MISSOURI 
















TABLE 2.~ SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 
















FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 














Size 


OF 1 




















Sample 


No. Of 

Estab- 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll** 


Stocks On Hand 


Percent Increase 




Compared 
With 1935 


lish- 






End Of Year 


1935 (0 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 
Includ- 


(add 000) 


(»dd 000) 


(add ooo) 












ESTAB 




























LISH 
MEtfTS 

% 


Net- 
Saixs 

% 


ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 








SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 












AutomotiTe 


16 


33 


35 


$ 9,618 


$ 9,783 


$ 7,559 


t 1,006 


$ 868 


§ 1,617 


t 1,333 


$1,123 


27.2 


15.9 


44.0 


Beer, wines and liq.uors 


15 


35 


24 


12,186 


11,130 


8,557 


752 


540 


1,645 


1,911 


1,212 


42.4 


39.3 


35.8 


Chemicals and paints 


15 


29 


8 


2,258 


1,947 


1,868 


234 


170 


231 


223 


208 


20.9 


37.5 


11.1 


Clothing and furnishings 


20 


17 


30 


9,518 


9,739 


8,541 


917 


754 


1,029 


944 


701 


11.4 


21.6 


46.8 


Drugs (full line) 


25 


42 


3 


10,501 


9,864 


9,177 


892 


750 


1,558 


1,609 


1,542 


14.4 


18.9 


1.0 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


21 


48 


6 


1,655 


1,674 


1,466 


143 


125 


276 


327 


252 


12.9 


14.4 


5.3 


Electrical goods 


33 


59 


25 


20,071 


17,442 


13,270 


1,858 


1,403 


2,343 


2,082 


1,448 


51.3 


32.4 


61.8 


Farm supplies 


9 


21 


9 


4,537 


4,850 


3,934 


277 


211 


842 


865 


441 


17.9 


31.3 


90.9 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


11 


19 


26 


9,768 


10,376 


8,004 


417 


337 


148 


151 


109 


22.0 


23.7 


35.8 


Furniture & house furnishings 


23 


56 


11 


6,732 


6,480 


5,746 


841 


535 


1,420 


1,240 


1,211 


17.2 


32.4 


17.3 


Groceries (full line) 


27 


36 


31 


24,155 


22,652 


21,377 


1,414 


1,344 


3,848 


3,897 


3,503 


13.0 


5.2 


9.8 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


14 


34 


53 


25,265 


23,770 


22,177 


1,814 


1,495 


1,953 


2,328 


1,903 


13.9 


21.3 


2.6 


Hardware 


22 


67 


7 


23,250 


22,655 


19,954 


2,687 


2,340 


4,745 


5,089 


4,225 


16.5 


14.8 


12.3 


Jewelry and optical goods 


23 


16 


8 


730 


661 


504 


141 


95 


180 


172 


132 


44.8 


48.4 


36.4 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


20 


28 


22 


6,723 


6,636 


5,163 


916 


772 


958 


925 


747 


30.2 


18.7 


28.2 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


22 


44 


50 


14,535 


12,370 


9,885 


2,085 


1,566 


2,282 


2,049 


1,825 


47.0 


33.1 


25.0 


Paper and its products 


24 


45 


19 


7,681 


6,896 


6,389 


632 


541 


843 


662 


677 


20.2 


16.8 


24.5 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment and supplies 


27 


41 


12 


4,566 


3,889 


2,903 


469 


327 


607 


558 


522 


57.3 


43.4 


16.3 


Tobacco end its products 






























(except leaf) 


10 


41 


8 


11,824 


10,375 


8,619 


289 


223 


636 


447 


357 


37.2 


29.6 


73.3 








MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 












Automotive 


57 


70 


26 


65,971 


59,649 


47,749 


2,421 


1,793 


3,232 


3,017 


2,987 


38.2 


35.0 


8.2 


Chemicals and paints 


79 


59 


22 


13,376 


11,429 


8,315 


1,055 


767 


952 


866 


806 


60.9 


37.5 


18.1 


Clothing and furnishings 


69 


78 


11 


70,9].5 


67,811 


65,728 


4,456 


4,214 


19,717 


14,675 


9,247 


7.9 


5.7 


113.2 


Drugs and drug sundries 






























(specialty lines) 


28 


28 


5 


2,687 


2,551 


2,436 


349 


321 


378 


322 


369 


10.3 


8.7 


2.4 


Electrical goods 


64 


92 


16 


29,734 


29,985 


15,268 


992 


834 


1,693 


1,393 


983 


82.8 


18.9 


72.2 


Furniture & house furnishings 


57 


72 


8 


3,012 


3,007 


2,398 


156 


130 


241 


220 


238 


25.6 


27.7 


1.3 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


45 


61 


34 


48,884 


46,000 


41,287 


2,075 


1,793 


895 


856 


923 


18.4 


15.7 


- 3.0 


Jewelry and optical goods 


83 


99 


5 


1,323 


1,257 


1,064 


284 


247 


322 


264 


237 


24.3 


15.0 


35.9 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


50 


15 


5 


786 


733 


596 


58 


53 


82 


75 


56 


31.9 


9.4 


46.4 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


56 


54 


68 


40,152 


31,543 


24,035 


3,709 


2,511 


7,352 


6,450 


4,383 


67.1 


47.7 


67.7 


Paper and its products 


25 


11 


3 


665 


558 


550 


90 


82 


86 


73 


49 


20.9 


9.8 


75.5 '• 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment and supplies 


50 


70 


8 


4,742 


4,075 


2,839 


465 


325 


424 


340 


253 


67.0 


43.1 


67.6 


— Decrease 








' 










• Percentages in this column 


repres 


:nt 193 


5 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by tot 


il 1935 sales of each 


classificatic 


>n. 






» • Pay roll not available lor 


year 19 


36. Pa 


y roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employee 


s, but not of proprietc 


rs and fin 


n memi 


ers of 


unincorporated businesses. 


























• 




















L 



















Page 69 


CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 




WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 


STATE OF MISSOURI 










1 TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 










1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 












Number Of 


Net Sales 




Pay Roll* 






Establishments 


\.di 000 ) 




( 


xXj 000) 






Included In 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Oe 


KIND OF BUSINESS 




1937-38 




Those Included 




Those Included 




1935 
Census 


Survey 


1935 

Census 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 
Census 


In 1937-38 Survey 




% 
Sample 




% 
Sample 




% 
Sample 






Number 




Amount 




Amount 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


222 


35 


16 


$ 23,221 


$ 7,559 


33 


S 2,577 


S 868 


32 


Beer, wines and liquors 


160 


24 


15 


24,334 


8,557 


35 


1,339 


540 


40 


Chemicals and paints 


52 


8 


15 


6,486 


1,868 


29 


728 


170 


23 


Clothing and furnishings 


147 


30 


20 


50,563 


8,541 


17 


3,683 


754 


20 


Drugs (full line) 


12 


3 


25 


22,080 


9,177 


42 


1,344 


750 


56 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


29 


6 


21 


3,047 


1,466 


48 


249 


125 


50 


Electrical goods 


76 


25 


33 


22,433 


13,270 


59 


2,252 


1,403 


52 


Faim supplies 


95 


9 


9 


19,082 


3,934 


21 


822 


211 


25 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


236 


26 


11 


42,141 


8,004 


19 


1,930 


33? 


17 


Furniture and house furnishings 


47 


11 


23 


10,325 


5,746 


55 


1,178 


635 


54 


Groceries (full line) 


116 


31 


27 


59,657 


21,377 


36 


3,428 


1,344 


39 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


375 


53 


14 


64,504 


22,177 


34 


4,847 


1,495 


31 


Hardware 


32 


7 


22 


29,976 


19,954 


67 


3,774 


2,340 


52 


Jewelry and. optical goods 


35 


8 


23 


3,184 


504 


16 


527 


95 


18 


Lumber and construction materials 


UO 


22 


20 


18,290 


5,163 


28 


1,676 


772 


46 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


227 


50 


22 


22,577 


9,885 


44 


3,294 


1,555 


48 


Paper and its products 


79 


19 


24 


14,274 


6,389 


45 


1,496 


541 


35 


Plumbing & heating equiiment & supplies 


44 


12 


27 


7,149 


2,903 


41 


788 


327 


41 


Tobacco and its products (eicept leaf) 


84 


8 


10 


20,989 


8,619 


41 


737 


223 


30 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 








Automotive 


46 


26 


57 


67,782 


47,749 


70 


2,626 


1,793 


68 


Chemicals and paints 


28 


22 


79 


14,190 


6,319 


59 


1,054 


767 


73 


Clothing and furnishings 


16 


11 


69 


84,039 


65,728 


78 


4,328 


4,214 


97 


Drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines) 


18 


5 


28 


8,733 


2,436 


28 


1,095 


321 


29 


Electrical goods 


25 


16 


64 


17,687 


16,268 


92 


911 


834 


92 


Furniture and house furnishings 


14 


8 


57 


3,340 


2,398 


72 


186 


130 


70 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


76 


34 


45 


67,819 


41,287 


61 


3,078 


1,793 


58 


Jewelry and optical goods 


6 


5 


83 


1,079 


1,064 


99 


253 


247 


98 


Lumber and construction materials 


10 


5 


50 


4,080 


596 


15 


464 


53 


11 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


122 


68 


56 


44,826 


24,035 


54 


4,514 


2,511 


56 


Paper and its products 


12 


3 


25 


5,055 


550 


11 


561 


82 


15 


Plumbing & heating equipment & supplies 


16 


8 


50 


4,059 


2,839 


70 


449 


325 


72 


* Pay roll includes compensation of lull-time and part-time employees, but not ol proprietors and lir 


m memb 


ers of uninco 


rporated busin 


esses. 























Page 70 

CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY 

TABLE 1 -NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



Estab- 
lish. 
ME^^rs 



Net. 
Sales 



No. Of 
Estab- 

USH- 
MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 



Net 
Sales 
Year 
1937 



•dd 000) 



Net Sales By Quarters 

(add OOO) 



1937 



1st Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2nd Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



3RD Qr. 

July 1 
Sept. 30 



4TH Qr. 

Oct. 1 
Dec. 31 



1938 



1st Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2nd Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



Percent 
Chance 



1st Qr. 

1937 

To 
1st Qr 

1938 



SERVICE AND LIMITED -FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Autonctive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Chemicals and paints 

Dry goods and apparel 

Electrical goods 

Farm supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Limber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Paper and its products 

Plumbing and heating equipment 

and supplies 
Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 



12 


64 


16 


17 


22 


25 


19 


11 


9 


17 


26 


9 


22 


38 


15 


11 


11 


3 


7 


13 


15 


41 


37 


13 


14 


27 


49 


30 


48 


8 


33 


32 


3 


11 


53 


8 


14 


28 


21 


19 


28 


20 


E5 


29 


31 


19 


42 


16 



§24,220 

13,747 

1,292 

1,599 

8,417 

979 

3,933 

12,813 

15,703 

3,365 

270 

16,731 

3,302 

2,583 

5,463 
17,655 



55,950 

2,616 

280 

391 

1,880 

236 

918 

3,154 

3,661 

687 

69 

3,624 

824 

589 

1,197 
3,386 



$4,474 

5,380 

341 

366 

2,701 

280 

1,068 

3,077 

3,876 

998 

66 

5,324 

938 

665 

1,432 
4,590 



56,424 

3,621 

341 

312 

2,041 

252 

1,003 

3,300 

4,056 

873 

70 

4,248 

783 

655 

1,471 
5,167 



57,372 

4,130 

330 

330 

1,795 

211 

944 

3,282 

4,110 

807 

65 

3,535 

757 

673 

1,363 
4,512 



53,932 

2,447 

242 

239 

1,336 

212 

727 

2,951 

3,307 

551 

59 

2,942 

645 

547 

870 
3,726 



$3,856 

3,711 

252 

240 

1,756 

218 

906 

2,880 

3,390 

885 

63 

3,329 

717 

600 

1,134 
4,735 



-33.9 

- 6.5 
-13.6 
-38.9 
-28.9 
-10.2 
-20.8 

- 6.4 

- 9.7 
-19.8 
-14.5 
-13.8 
-21.7 

- 7.1 

-27.3 
+10.0 



-13.8 
+ 9.S 
-26.1 
-34.4 
-35.0 
-22.1 
-15.2 

- 5.4 
-12.5 
-11.3 

- 4.5 
-37.5 
-23.6 

- 9.9 



-20.8 
^ 3.2 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Automotive 

Chemicals and paints 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Plumbing and heating equipment 

and supplies 
Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 



62 
79 
85 
65 

43 
41 



9,479 

8,178 

65,320 

5,480 

2,470 
1,416 



2,490 

1,958 

15,543 

1,365 

595 
250 



2,775 

2,200 

15,121 

1,429 

628 
373 



2,084 

2,273 

15,910 

1,283 

569 
371 



2,130 

1,747 

16,746 

1,403 

678 
412 



1,405 

1,595 

14,479 

1,261 

3S4 
270 



1,893 

1,588 

14,771 

1,300 

447 
366 



-43.5 
-18.5 

- 5.8 

- 'i'-C 

-35.5 
+ 3.3 



-31.3 
-27.8 

- 8.4 

- 9.0 

-23.3 

- 1.9 



COMMISSION MERCHANTS 



Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 



1/ 



1/ 



953 



261 



292 



234 



165 



205 



31.5 



-16.4 



■V Increase - Decrease 

" Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 
jy 193.'i Figures not available for determining percent sample. 





























Page 71 


CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937J8 






WHOLESALE 


DISTRIBUTION 




STATE OF NEW JERSEY 












TABLE 2.- SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 










FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












Size Of 












1 








Sample 
Compared 
With 1935 


No. Of 
Estab- 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll*' 


Stocks On Hand 


Percent Increase 




lish- 






End Of Year 


1935 10 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 
Includ- 


(.dd 000) 


(>dd 000) 




(•dd 000) 






1 




Estab- 




























lish 

MENTS 

% 


Net- 

SaI£S 


ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


NET 

Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


STOCKS 


SERVICE AND LIMITED- FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automot Ive 


12 


64 


16 


i24,220 


^20,288 


,fl6,607 


S 695 


i 614 


*1,496 


*1,574 


51,927 


45.8 


13.2 


- 22.4 


Ba«r, wines and liquors 


17 


22 


25 


13,747 


9,861 


6,756 


768 


481 


1,058 


859 


438 


1CB.5 


59.7 


141.6 


Chemlcels and paints 


19 


11 


9 


1,292 


1,164 


871 


87 


61 


100 


109 


74 


48.3 


42.6 


35.1 


Dry goods and apparel 


17 


26 


9 


1,399 


1,279 


1,033 


112 


85 


206 


164 


149 


35.4 


31.8 


38.3 


Electrical goods 


ZZ 


38 


15 


8,417 


6,444 


5,950 


713 


535 


610 


579 


480 


41.5 


33.3 


68.8 


rarm supplies 


11 


11 


3 


979 


794 


599 


43 


30 


38 


33 


30 


63.4 


43.3 


26.7 


I*uits and vegetables (fresh) 


7 


13 


15 


3,933 


3,742 


3,186 


166 


126 


82 


80 


24 


23.4 


31.7 


241.7 


Groceries (full line) 


41 


37 


13 


12,813 


11,340 


10,876 


565 


501 


1,303 


1,275 


1,180 


17.8 


12.8 


10.4 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


14 


27 


49 


15,703 


14,259 


12,974 


954 


814 


569 


639 


467 


21.0 


17.2 


21.8 


Hardware 


30 


48 


8 


3,365 


2,043 


2,407 


530 


278 


565 


591 


435 


39.8 


90.6 


29.9 


Jewelry and optical goods 


33 


32 


3 


270 


224 


194 


73 


59 


30 


29 


29 


39.2 


23.7 


3.4 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


11 


53 


8 


16,731 


14,896 


10,332 


505 


459 


278 


259 


220 


61.9 


10.0 


26.4 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


14 


28 


21 


3,302 


2,992 


2,507 


471 


375 


539 


480 


475 


31.7 


25.6 


13.5 


Paper and its products 


19 


28 


20 


2,583 


2,390 


2,212 


354 


267 


410 


319 


316 


16.8 


32.6 


29.7 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment and suppUfls 


25 


29 


31 


5,463 


5,130 


3,936 


529 


408 


944 


953 


860 


38.8 


29.7 


9.8 


Tobacco and its products 






























(except leaf) 


19 


42 


16 


17,555 


15,615 


14, 354 


629 


498 


457 


427 


271 


23.0 


26.3 


68.6 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 










i Automotive 


63 


62 


12 


9,479 


8,442 


6,307 


759 


593 


948 


788 


555 


50.3 


28.0 


70.6 


Chemicals and paints 


75 


79 


6 


8,178 


7,241 


6,370 


441 


332 


772 


600 


515 


28.4 


32.8 


49.9 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


73 


85 


61 


65,320 


62,638 


63,306 


2,595 


2,189 


1,214 


1,300 


1,317 


3.2 


18.5 


- 7.8 


V.aehinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


61 


65 


22 


5,480 


4,823 


3,516 


1,035 


709 


451 


428 


429 


55.9 


46.0 


5.1 


plumbing and heating 






























equipment and supplies 


62 


43 


8 


2,470 


2,249 


1,738 


148 


110 


293 


285 


236 


42.1 


34.5 


24.2 


Tobacco and its products 






























(except leaf) 


60 


41 


3 


1,416 


1,262 


1,177 


89 


71 


28 


27 


18 


20.3 


25.4 


55.6 




COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


1/ 


1/ 


3 


953 


995 


737 


38 


32 


12 


12 


11 


29.3 


18.8 


9.1 


- Decrease 












* Percentages in this column 


represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by tots 


1 1935 sal 


5S of each 


classification. 




* * Pay roll not available for 


year 1936. Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employees 


, but not ( 


>f proprieto 


re and firm memb 


ers o( 


unincorporated businesses. 












JJ 1935 Figures not availabh 


: for determining percent sample. 










. 































Page 72 

CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY 

TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 

1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Number Of 
Establishments 



1935 

Census 



Included in 
1937-38 
Survey 



Number 



Sample 



Net Sales 

Udd 000 ) 



1935 

Census 



1935 Sales Of 
Those Included 
In 1937-38 Survey 



Amount 



Sample 



Pay Roll* 

(>dd 000) 



1935 

Census 



1935 Pay Roll Of 
Those Included 
In 1937-38 Survey 



Amount 



Sample 



SERVICE AND LIMITED -FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Chemicals and paints 

Dry goods and apparel 

Electrical goods 

Farm supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Paper and its products 

Plumbing and heating equipment 

and supplies 
Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 



130 

148 

47 

54 

67 

28 

202 

32 

340 

27 

9 

70 

152 

105 

123 
83 



16 


12 


25 


17 


9 


19 


9 


17 


15 


22 


3 


11 


15 


7 


13 


41 


49 


14 


8 


30 


3 


33 


8 


11 


21 


14 


20 


19 


31 


25 


16 


19 



$25,948 

31,094 

7,907 

3,942 

15,559 

5,550 

23,700 

29,341 

47 , 465 

5,043 

601 

19,544 

8,897 

7,931 

13,384 
33,884 



$16,607 

6,756 

871 

1,033 

5,950 

599 

3,186 

10,876 

12,974 

2,407 

194 

10,332 

2,507 

2,212 

3,936 
14,354 



64 
22 
11 
26 
38 
11 
13 
37 
27 
48 
32 
53 
28 
28 

29 
42 



|1,785 

2,430 

608 

383 

1,524 

380 

1,125 

1,389 

3,008 

532 

126 

1,412 

1,328 

1,016 

1,322 
991 



614 


34 


481 


20 


61 


10 


85 


22 


535 


35 


30 


8 


126 


11 


501 


36 


814 


27 


278 


52 


59 


47 


459 


33 


375 


28 


267 


26 


408 


31 


498 


50 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Automotive 

Chemicals and paints 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Plumbing and heating equipment 

and supplies 
Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 



19 

8 

83 

36 

13 
5 



12 

6 

61 

22 

8 
3 



63 
75 
73 
61 

62 
60 



10,131 
8,077 

74,704 
5,382 

4,087 
2,889 



6,307 

6,370 

63,306 

3,516 

1,738 
1,177 



62 
79 
85 

65 

43 
41 



966 

372 

2,979 

919 

508 
170 



593 

332 

2,189 

709 

110 
71 



61 
89 
73 
77 

22 

42 



COMMISSION MERCHANTS 



Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 



737 



32 



Pay roll includes compensation ot lull time and part-time employees, but not ot proprietors and firm members of unincorporated busmesses. 
1935 Figures withheld to avoid disclosure. 

























Page 73 


CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937.3B 






WHOLESALE 


DISTRIBUTION 


I 


STATE OF NEW YORK 










TABLE l.-NET SAIF.S BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 










FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












Size Of 


















Sample 


No. Of 




Net Sales By Quarters 




Percent 




Compared 
With 1935 


Estab- 
lish- 


Net 

SaL£S 


(•dd 


MO) 






Chance 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 
Includ- 
ed In 


Year 
1937 


1937 1 


1938 1 


1ST Qr. 

1937 

To 


2ndQR 
1937 
To 


Estab- 
lish- 


Net. 


1st Qr 


2nd Qr. 


3rd Qr. 


4TH Qr. 


1ST Qr. 


2ND Qr. 




ments 


Sales 


1937-38 

Survey 




Jan. 1 


April 1 


July 1 


Oct. 1 


Jan. 1 


April 1 


1ST Qr 


2ND Qr. 




% 


% 


(add 000 ) 


Mar. 31 June 30 


Sept. 30 


Dec. 31 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


1938 


1938 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Aut emotive 


18 


43 


94 


$ 76,593 


$ 17,514 


1 £3,262 


1 16,942 


t 18,875 


p 17,407 1 15,139 


- 0.6 


-34.9 


Beer, wines and liquors 


17 


28 


82 


62,729 


13,377 


14,004 


14,452 


20,896 


12,315 


14,090 


- 7.9 


* 0.5 


Chemicals and paints 


23 


27 


76 


44,526 


11,273 


11,911 


11,231 


10,111 


8,783 


8,775 


-22.1 


-26.3 


Clothing and furnishings 


14 


21 


252 


88,416 


20,546 


21,105 


24,680 


22,085 


17,844 


17,200 


-13.2 


-18.5 


Drugs (full line) 


64 


75 


14 


25,760 


6,556 


6,419 


6,327 


6,458 


5,554 


5,553 


-15.3 


-13.5 


Drugs and drug sundries 


























(specialty lines) 


17 


44 


72 


28,937 


7,151 


6,756 


6,589 


8,441 


6,219 


6,378 


-13.0 


- 5.6 


Dry goods (full line) 


19 


11 


6 


3,328 


686 


767 


862 


1,013 


576 


660 


-15.0 


-14.0 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


20 


33 


480 


243,931 


75,714 


57,280 


60,521 


50,416 


55,230 


43,864 


-27.1 


-23.4 


Electrical goods 


19 


32 


94 


48,734 


10,728 


14,047 


12,324 


11,635 


8,457 


9,600 


-21.2 


-31.7 


Faim supplies 


16 


22 


15 


10,425 


3,339 


2,532 


1,926 


2,628 


2,789 


1,882 


-16.5 


-25.7 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


13 


27 


120 


61,956 


14,698 


18,397 


15,149 


13,712 


12,725 


15,686 


-13.4 


-14.7 


Furniture and house furnishings 


23 


44 


204 


62,410 


15,009 


14,198 


16,367 


16,836 


11,694 


10,531 


-22.1 


-25.8 


General merchandise 


38 


2 


16 


5,395 


1,162 


1,373 


1,433 


1,427 


1,035 


1,041 


-10.9 


-24.2 


Groceries (full line) 


30 


42 


48 


87,992 


21,214 


23,072 


21,793 


21,913 


19,469 


19,684 


- 8.2 


-14.7 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


21 


39 


376 


204,223 


51,978 


51,832 


49,422 


50,991 


44,451 


41,626 


-14.5 


-19.7 


Hardware 


27 


46 


67 


28,864 


7,082 


7,968 


7,092 


6,722 


5,632 


6,393 


-20.5 


-19.8 


Jewelry and optical goods 


19 


30 


178 


42,188 


10,440 


9,949 


10,419 


11,380 


6,252 


6,085 


-40.1 


-38.8 


Lumber and construction materials 


21 


29 


89 


30,187 


7,268 


8,422 


7,932 


6,565 


5,089 


5,879 


-30.0 


-30.2 


Machinery, equipnent and supplies 


22 


36 


301 


70,142 


17,561 


18,655 


16,962 


16,964 


15,196 


15,066 


-13.5 


-19.2 


Paper and its products 


20 


32 


162 


48,268 


12,480 


12,659 


11,795 


11,334 


10,302 


9,723 


-17.5 


-23.2 


Plumbing and heating equipnent and 


























supplies 


24 


33 


90 


25,350 


5,421 


6,703 


7,008 


6,218 


4,064 


4,792 


-25.0 


-28.5 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


11 


23 


34 


40,926 


8,339 


10,303 


11,076 


11,208 


9,494 


11,052 


■H3.9 


+ 7.3 


! MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


62 


83 


58 


172,869 


35,014 


53,760 


40,130 


43,365 


26,012 


31,702 


-25.7 


-41.0 


Beer, wines and liquors 


35 


52 


19 


55,517 


10,410 


12,587 


13,814 


18,706 


9,044 


10,666 


-13.1 


-15.3 


Chemicals and paints 


43 


36 


33 


53,722 


13,437 


15,361 


13,888 


11,036 


9,509 


9,051 


-29.2 


-41.1 


Clothing and furnishings 


16 


25 


24 


38,043 


8,957 


9,301 


9,070 


10,715 


7,206 


7,418 


-19.5 


-20.2 


Drugs and drug sundries 


























(specialty lines) 


22 


35 


15 


28,459 


8,318 


7,056 


6,461 


6,624 


7,213 


6,071 


-13.3 


-14.0 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


15 


13 


15 


19,717 


5,843 


4,633 


4,987 


4,254 


3,977 


2,876 


-31.9 


-37.9 


Electrical goods 


49 


89 


25 


75,981 


19,938 


21,539 


16,925 


17,579 


17,782 


16 , 953 


-10.8 


-21.3 


Furniture and house furnishings 


36 


25 


15 


6,459 


1,466 


1,717 


1,643 


1,633 


1,225 


1,312 


-16.4 


-23.5 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


67 


76 


207 


321,441 


79,695 


77,834 


82,842 


81,070 


71,966 


70,186 


- 9.7 


- 9.8 


Hardware 


43 


36 


6 


1,673 


411 


408 


466 


388 


341 


318 


-17.0 


-22.1 


Jewelry and optical goods 


48 


14 


19 


18,547 


4,461 


4,841 


5,275 


3,970 


3,392 


3,206 


-24.0 


-33.8 


Lumber and construction materials 


33 


50 


12 


8,874 


1,814 


2,566 


2,577 


1,917 


1,534 


1,752 


-15.4 


-31.7 


Machinery, equipnent and supplies 


52 


56 


166 


97,890 


23,869 


28,199 


24,595 


21,227 


19,599 


21,214 


-17.9 


-24.8 


Paper and its products 


22 


29 


8 


29,036 


7,536 


7,836 


7,513 


6,151 


6,319 


5,803 


-15.2 


-25.9 


Plumbing and heating equipnent and 


























supplies 


57 


57 


, 33 


15,991 


3,301 


4,552 


4,317 


3,821 


2,445 


3,244 


-25.9 


-28.7 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


47 


55 


8 


163,859 


36,317 


41,262 


44,899 


41,381 


36,858 


41,084 


■I- 1.5 


- 0.4 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


i Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


1/ 


1/ 


21 


18,085 


5,155 


5,813 


3,088 


4,029 


4,475 


4,667 


-13.2 


-19.7 


, -i-lNCREASE - Decrease 












• Percentages in this column represen 


1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by tot 


al 1935 sa 


let of each 


classificati 


an. 


1/ 1935 Figures not available for del 


ermining percent lample. 










' 



























Page 74 
































CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 










WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION] j 








STATE OF NEW YORK 














TABLE 2 


.- SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 














FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












Size 


OF II 














11 






Sample 


No 


Of 


Net Sales 


Pay Rou.** 


Stocks On Hand || 


Percent Increase 




Compared 


t:.Si AD- 






End Of Year 




1935 to 1937 




With 


1935 


LISH- 
MENTS 


(add 000 ) 


(add 000) 




add 000) 






IflNn OF RimiNESS 


Census n 


















^lllL^ \JF DKJJll^^J*^'^ 


ESTAB 




INCLUD- p 




























Net* 


ED '"■ 


IIM 


















Net 


Pay 






LiSH- 
MENTS 

% 


Sales 

% 


1937-38 
Survey 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Sales 


Roll 


Stocks 






SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 










Automotive 


18 


43 




94 


i 76,593 


$ 66,959 


1^ 45,207 


» 5,919 


$4,039 


$ 7,464 


$ 5,407 $3,644 


69.4 


45.5 


104.8 


Beer, wines and liquors 


17 


28 




82 


62,729 


52,913 


34,453 


3,701 


2,186 


7,194 


6,445 


5,708 


82.1 


69.3 


26.0 


Chemicals and paints 


23 


27 




76 


44,526 


39,466 


33,177 


3,051 


2,435 


4,261 


3,523 


3,636 


34.2 


25.3 


17.2 


Clothing and furnishings 


14 


21 




252 


88,416 


84,592 


72,570 


6,432 


5,063 


8,684 


8,322 


7,177 


21.8 


26.5 


21.0 


Drugs (full line) 


64 


75 




14 


25,760 


23,937 


22,862 


1,539 


1,462 


3,615 


3,443 


3,213 


12.7 


5.3 


12.5 


Drugs and drug sundries 
































(specialty lines) 


17 


44 




72 


28,937 


23,481 


23,160 


2,981 


1,765 


2,324 


2,026 


2,517 


24.9 


68.9 


7.7 


Dry goods (full line) 


19 


11 




6 


3,328 


3,222 


2,832 


377 


292 


620 


577 


607 


17.5 


29.1 


2.1 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


20 


33 




480 


243,931 


232,128 


203,951 


16,981 


12,984 


41,312 


39,013 


37,860 


19.6 


30.8 


9.1 


21ectrloal goods 


19 


32 




94 


48,734 


41,645 


31,398 


4,736 


3,196 


4,923 


4,519 


3,332 


55.2 


48.2 


47.7 


Farm supplies 


16 


22 




15 


10,425 


8,730 


8,118 


485 


384 


977 


794 


685 


28.4 


26.3 


42.5 ' 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


13 


27 




120 


61,956 


58,058 


52,000 


2,775 


2,249 


1,905 


2,158 


1,780 


19.1 


23.4 


7.0 


Furniture and house fumiehlngB 


23 


44 




204 


62,410 


57 , 512 


48,175 


5,799 


4,362 


12,077 


10,816 


10,068 


29.5 


32.9 


20.0 


General merchandise 


38 


2 




16 


5,395 


4,784 


3,925 


429 


358 


760 


705 


741 


37.5 


19,8 


2.6 


Groceries (full line) 


30 


42 




48 


87.992 


80,480 


76,939 


6,773 


5,600 


11,594 


11,776 


10,269 


14.4 


20.9 


12.9 


Groceries and foods 
































(specialty lines) 


21 


39 




376 


204,223 


179,067 


160,489 


9,878 


8,481 


14,900 


14,297 


12,246 


27.3 


16.5 


21.7 


Hardware 


27 


46 




67 


28,864 


25,952 


21,949 


3,547 


2,820 


5,778 


5,314 


4,677 


31.5 


25.8 


23.5 


Jewelry and optical goods 


19 


30 




178 


42 , 188 


37,459 


27 , 374 


3,592 


2,443 


11,782 


10,228 


9,415 


54.1 


47.0 


25.1 


Lumber and construction 
































materials 


21 


29 




89 


30 , 187 


26 , 140 


19,881 


3,415 


2,386 


4,782 


4,099 


4,194 


51.8 


43.1 


14.0 


Machinery, equipment 
































and supplies 


22 


36 




301 


70,142 


61,403 


51,812 


9,080 


6,879 


11,561 


10,486 


9,530 


35.4 


32.0 


21.3 


Paper and its products 


20 


32 




162 


48,258 


42,143 


37,442 


4,641 


3,955 


5,210 


5,305 


4,583 


28.9 


17.3 


13.7 


Plumbing and heating 
































equipment and supplies 


24 


33 




90 


25,350 


22,879 


17,894 


2,560 


1,997 


4,534 


4,334 


3,890 


41.7 


26.2 


16.6 


Tobacco and its products 
































(except leaf) 


11 


23 




34 


40,926 


34,784 


31,863 


1,395 


1,219 


1,989 


1,568 


1,387 


28,4 


14.4 


43.4 




MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automot ive 


62 


83 


" 


58 


172,269 


166,486 


121,126 


5,032 


4,021 


7,809 


5,709 


5,774 


42.2 


25.1 


35.2 


Beer, wines and liquors 


35 


52 




19 


55,517 


53,464 


52,097 


2,127 


1,768 


1,744 


3,579 


2,332 


6.6 


20.3 


- 25.2 


Chemicals and paints 


43 


36 




33 


53,722 


49,302 


41,678 


3,638 


3,190 


2,745 


2,334 


2,365 


26.9 


14.0 


16.1 i 


Clothing and furnishings 


16 


25 




24 


38,043 


36,452 


29,302 


2,636 


2,190 


5,958 


5,049 


3,606 


29.8 


29.5 


65.2 i 


Drugs and drug sundries 






























1 


(specialty lines) 


22 


35 




15 


28,459 


25,368 


22,390 


2,469 


1,914 


2,952 


2,367 


2,070 


27.1 


29.0 


42.6 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


16 


13 




15 


19,717 


20,289 


18,639 


1,652 


1,418 


4,204 


3,708 


3,481 


5.8 


16.5 


20.8 


Electrical goods 


49 


89 




26 


75,981 


57,610 


52,195 


3,010 


2,550 


3,808 


3,276 


2,298 


45.6 


16.0 


55.7 


Furniture and house fumlshlnge 


36 


25 




15 


6,459 


5,544 


4,577 


714 


489 


371 


309 


255 


41.1 


45.0 


46.5 


Groceries and foods 
































(specialty lines) 


67 


76 




207 


321,441 


310,175 


294,308 


11,167 


9,319 


7,558 


8,129 


7,212 


9.2 


19.8 


4.8 


Hardware 


43 


39 




6 


1,673 


1,392 


1,276 


139 


128 


194 


189 


187 


31.1 


8.6 


3.7 


Jewelry emd optical goods 


48 


14 




19 


18,547 


14,246 


9,221 


1,008 


718 


2,220 


1,860 


1,688 


101.1 


40.4 


31.5 


Lumber and construction 
































materials 


33 


50 




12 


8,874 


7,812 


5,154 


1,037 


546 


1,659 


1,003 


1,119 


72.2 


89.9 


48.3 


Machinery, equipment 
































and supplies 


52 


56 




166 


97,890 


84,640 


69,701 


12,766 


9,318 


10,376 


9,245 


7,655 


40.4 


37.0 


35.5 


Paper and its products 


22 


29 




8 


29,036 


25,055 


21,466 


1,007 


762 


452 


377 


323 


35.3 


32.2 


39.9 


Plumbing and heating 
































equipment and supplies 


57 


57 




33 


15,991 


14,407 


11,451 


1,574 


1,183 


2,479 


2,302 


2,130 


39.6 


33.1 


16.4 


Tobacco and its products 
































(except leaf) 


47 


55 




8 


163,859 157,990 


146,878 


1,562 


1,289 


2,594 


2,404 


2,018 


11.6 


21.2 


28.5 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


\ 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


1/ 


1/ 


21 


18,085 


17,836 


18,284 


580 


573 


102 


96 


84 


-1.1 


1.2 


21.4 


- Decrease 
















* Percentages in this colum 


n reprei 


lent 1935 


sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by to 


tal 1935 S( 


lies of eaci 


classificat 


ion. 


* * Pay roll not available for 


year 1 


936. Pay 


roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employe 


es, but not 


of propriet 


ors and fi 


m members of 1 


unincorporated businesses. 
















\y 1935 Figures nui availab 


le for c 


etermining 


percent sample. 




























• 















CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



Page 75 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF NEW YORK 

TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 

1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Number Of 
Establishments 



1935 
Census 



Included In 
1937-38 
Survey 



Number 



Sample 



Net Sales 

l.dd 000 ) 



1935 

Census 



1935 Sales Of 
Those Included 
In 1937-38 Survey 



Amount 



Sample 



Pay Roll' 

lidd 000) 



1935 
Census 



1935 Pay Roll Of 
Those Included 
In 1937-38 Survey 



Amount 



Sample 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Chemicals and paints 

Clothing and furnishings 

Drugs (full line) 

Drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines) 

Dry goods (full line) 

Dry goods (specialty lines) 

Electrical goods 

Farm supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Furniture and house furnishings 

General merchandise 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods ( specialty, lines) 

Hardware 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Paper and its products 

Plumbing and heating equipment 

and supplies 
Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 



519 
471 
337 

1,773 

22 

412 

32 

2,371 
490 
92 
921 
875 
42 
158 

1,796 
249 
922 
430 

1,391 
791 

382 
318 



94 


18 


82 


17 


76 


23 


252 


14 


14 


64 


72 


17 


6 


19 


480 


20 


94 


19 


15 


16 


120 


13 


204 


23 


16 


38 


48 


30 


376 


21 


67 


27 


178 


19 


89 


21 


301 


22 


162 


20 


90 


24 


34 


11 



1105,825 

125,082 

123,451 

348,002 

30,342 

53 , 204 

26,421 

617,954 

97,227 

36,572 

192,249 

108 , 543 

217,193 

182,674 

407,661 

47,840 

92,241 

68,504 

142,562 

118,370 

53,613 
139,519 



i 45,207 
34,453 
33,177 
72,570 
22,862 
23,160 
2,832 

203,951 
31,398 
8,118 
52,000 
48,175 
3,925 
76,939 

160,489 
21,949 
27,374 
19,881 
51,812 
37,442 

17,894 
31,863 



43 
28 
27 
21 
75 
44 
11 
33 
32 
22 
27 
44 
2 
42 
39 
46 
30 
29 
36 
32 

33 
23 



$10,055 
8,746 
7,453 

24,230 
1,964 
5,636 
1,954 

36,475 
9,884 
1,860 
8,598 

10,416 
3,393 

10 , 583 

23,293 
5,805 
7,940 
7,904 

18 , 368 

11,565 

6,006 
3,592 



i 4,039 
2,185 
2,435 
5,033 
1,462 
1,765 

292 

12,984 

3,196 

384 
2,249 
4,362 

358 
5,500 
8,481 
2,820 
2,443 
2,386 
6,879 
3,955 

1,997 
1,219 



40 
25 
33 
21 
74 
31 
15 
35 
32 
21 
26 
42 
11 
53 
36 
49 
31 
30 
37 
34 

33 
34 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Chemicals and paints 

Clothing and furnishings 

Drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines) 

Dry goods (specialty lines) 

Electrical goods 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Paper and its products 

Plumbing and heating equipment 

ELnd supplies 
Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 



94 
54 
76 

154 
69 
97 
53 
42 

309 
14 
40 
36 

317 
37 

58 
17 



58 


62 


19 


35 


33 


43 


24 


16 


15 


22 


15 


15 


25 


49 


15 


36 


207 


67 


6 


43 


19 


48 


12 


33 


166 


52 


8 


22 


33 


57 


8 


47 



146 , 543 

100,831 

115,912 

116,513 

64,280 

140,130 

58,730 

18,114 

386,100 

3,312 

63,726 

10,323 

124,805 

74,404 

20,014 
266,835 



121,125 

52,097 

41,678 

29 , 302 

22,390 

18,639 

52,195 

4,577 

294,308 

1,276 

9,221 

5,154 

69,701 

21,456 

11,451 
146,878 



5,329 
4,344 
7,297 
7,145 
6,704 
8,258 
3,370 
1,438 

14,292 

382 

1,583 

1,154 

17,907 
3,322 

2,079 
4,199 



4,021 

1,768 

3,190 

2,190 

1,914 

1,418 

2,550 

489 

9,319 

128 

718 

546 

9,318 

762 

1,183 
1,289 



75 
41 
44 
31 
29 
17 
76 
34 
65 
34 
45 
47 
52 
23 

57 
31 



COMMISSION MERCHANTS 



—Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 



21 



18,284 



573 



Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of unincorporated businesses. 
1935 Figures withheld to avoid disclosure. 



Page 76 

CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA 

TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Net « 
Sales 



No. Of 

ESTAB- 
USH- 
MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 



Net 
Sales 
Year 

1937 

(•dd OOO) 



Net Sales By Quarters 

(add 000) 



1937 



1ST QR. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2ND QR. 

April 1 
June 30 



3RD QR. 

July 1 
Sept. 30 



4TH QR. 

Oct. 1 
Dec. 31 



1ST Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2nd Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



Percent 
Chance 



1ST Qr. 

1937 

To 
1ST Qr 

1938 



2ND QR 
1937 
To 

2ND Qr 
1938 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotive 

Drugs (full line) 

Dry goods and apparel 

Electrical goods 

Farm supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods 

(specialty lines) 
Hardware 

Jewelry and optical goods 
Lumber and construction materials 
Machinery, equipment and supplies 
Paper and its products 
Plumbing and heating equipment and 

supplies 
Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 



8 


10 


8 


75 


86 


6 


18 


32 


6 


42 


52 


13 


13 


11 


6 


21 


42 


16 


16 


16 


26 


8 


17 


20 


13 


15 


3 


100 


100 


3 


17 


38 


11 


12 


34 


8 


32 


47 


6 


44 


36 


7 


11 


18 


3 



$1,343 
4,451 
1,807 
6,010 
585 
5,109 
7,427 

5,044 
1,457 
173 
4,268 
3,339 
2,142 

1,642 
1,369 



J 271 
1,095 
477 
1,363 
156 
1,209 
1,802 

1,124 

459 

41 

1,118 
874 
601 

309 

324 



J 376 
1,090 

408 
1,898 

178 
1,452 
1,885 

1,250 

343 

42 

1,288 
968 
582 

450 
350 



5 354 
1,146 

463 
1,544 

129 
1,106 
1,940 

1,351 

344 

48 

1,087 
823 
504 

431 
359 



342 
1,120 

459 
1,205 

122 
1,342 
1,800 

1,319 
311 
42 
775 
674 
455 

452 
336 



$ 255 
1,078 

406 
1,034 

123 
1,070 
1,615 

1,217 
372 
39 
640 
595 
475 

292 
299 



I 299 
1,029 

308 
1,164 

136 
1,169 
1,694 

1,276 
262 
40 
647 
583 
434 

391 
345 



- 5.9 

- 1.6 
-14.9 
-24.1 
-21.2 
-11.5 
-10.4 

+ 8.3 
-19.0 
-4.9 
-42.8 
-31.9 
-21.0 

- 5.5 

- 7.7 



-20.5 

- 5.6 
-24.5 
-38.7 
-23.6 
-19.5 
-10.1 

+ 2.1 
-23.6 

- 4.8 
-49.8 
-39.8 
-25.4 

-13.1 

- 1.4 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Automotive 

Farm supplies 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries and foods 

(specialty lines) 
Jewelry and optical goods 
Machinery , equipment and supplies 



59 
33 
75 

76 

100 

55 



49 
57 
96 

98 

100 

92 



10 
3 
3 

52 
4 

17 



26,150 

2,437 

809 

29,525 

328 

6,436 



7,776 
996 
187 

6,271 

81 

1,507 



7,953 

1,251 

184 

7,102 

75 

2,167 



5,468 

77 

247 

8,283 

92 

1,390 



4,953 
113 
191 

7,869 

80 

1,372 



3,973 
904 
161 

5,924 

71 

1,196 



4,203 

1,081 

125 

6,470 

69 

1,522 



-48.9 

- 9.2 
-13.9 

- 5.5 
-12.3 
-20.6 



•fiNCREASE — Decrease 

* Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 



-47.2 
-13.6 
-32.1 

- 8.9 

- 8.0 
-29.8 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS; 1937J8 



Page 77 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA 

TABLE 2.-- SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



ESTAB 
LISH. 
MENTS 

% 



Net- 
Sales 



No. Of 

ESTAB 
LISH- 
MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 

1937-38 
Survey 



Net Sales 

(add 000 ) 



1937 



1936 



1935 



Pay Roll" 

(■dd 000) 



1935 



Stocks On Hand 
End Of Year 

I add 000 ) 



1936 



1935 



Percent Increase 
1935 lo 1937 



Net 
Sales 



Pay 
Roll 



Stocks 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotive 

Drugs (full line) 

Dry goods and apparel 

Electrical goods 

Faim supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods 

(specialty lines) 
Hardware 

Jewelry and optical goods 
Lumber and construction 

materials 
Machinery, equipment and 

supplies 
Paper and its products 
Plumbing and heating 

equipnent and supplies 
Tobacco and Its products 

(except leaf) 



8 

75 
18 
42 
13 
21 
16 



13 
100 



10 


8 


86 


6 


32 


6 


52 


13 


11 


6 


42 


16 


16 


25 


17 


20 


15 


3 


100 


3 


38 


11 


34 


8 


47 


6 


■ 36 


7 


18 


3 



1,343 
4,451 
1,807 
6,010 
585 
5,109 
7,427 

5,044 

1,457 

173 

4,268 

3,339 
2,142 

1,642 

1,369 



1,223 
4,140 
1,802 
4,653 
54C 
5,184 
5,930 

4,702 

1,342 

163 

3,59S 

3,268 
1,876 

1,385 

1,354 



1,044 
3,717 
1,739 
.". , 747 
419 
4,300 
6,664 

4,089 

1,155 

154 

2,626 

2,270 
1,464 

950 

1,145 



174 
370 
200 
346 
27 
292 
309 

222 

110 
30 

209 

304 
179 

136 

50 



141 
300 
187 
212 
19 
252 
279 

185 
85 
25 



204 
142 



246 
786 
313 

709 

31 

131 

814 

337 

383 

25 

119 

597 
317 

263 

58 



2C1 
768 
308 
485 
35 
147 
797 

273 

373 

23 

94 

509 
286 

231 

63 



182 
796 
283 
312 
28 
160 
647 

230 

227 

15 



433 
250 



116 

48 



28.5 
19.7 
3.9 
60.4 
39.6 

le.s 

11.4 

23.4 
26.1 
12.3 

62.5 

47.1 
45.3 

72.8 

19.5 



23.4 
23.3 
7.0 
53.2 
■■=2.1 
15.9 
10.8 

19.4 
29.4 
20.0 



49.0 
26.1 



86.3 
35.1 



35.2 

1.3 

10.6 

127.2 

10.7 

- 18.1 

25.8 

43.5 
68.7 
56.7 

19.0 

37.9 
26.8 

126.7 

20.6 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with slocks) 



Automotive 
Farm supplies 
Furniture and house 

furnishings 
Groceries and foods 

(specialty lines) 
Jewelry and optical goods 
Machinery, equipnent and 
supplies 



59 


49 


33 


67 


75 


96 


76 


98 


100 


100 


55 


92 



10 I 26,150 
3 I 2,437 



17 



809 

29,525 
328 

6,436 



18,680 
1,723 

748 

27,309 
279 

5,492 



13,468 
2,294 



25,421 

aei 

5,599 



654 
201 



1,216 
58 

460 



480 
132 



931 
52 



426 



1,061 
313 



1,255 
36 

1,001 



710 
225 



1,464 
28 

910 



751 
210 



1,107 
21 



591 



94.2 
6.2 



16.1 
25.7 



14.9 



38.3 
52.3 



30.6 
11.5 



8.0 



49.0 
39.4 



13.4 
71.4 



- Decrease 

* Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 
* * Pay roll not available lor year 1936. Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of 
unincorporated businesses. 



Page 78 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 






WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 




STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA 










TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 








1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 










Number Of 


Net Sales 




Pay Roll* 




Establishments 


(add 000 ) 




( 


add 000) 




Included in 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Of 


KIND OF BUSINESS 




1937-38 




Those Included 




Those Included 




1935 

Census 


Survey 


1935 
Census 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 

Census 


In 1937-38 Survey 




% 
Sample 




% 
Sample 




% 
Sample 






Number 




Amount 




Amount 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


95 


8 


8 


$10,649 


% 1,044 


10 


11,032 


$141 


14 


Drugs {full line) 


8 


6 


75 


4,346 


3,717 


86 


364 


300 


82 


Dry goods and apparel 


33 


6 


18 


5,412 


' 1,739 


32 


403 


187 


46 


Electrical goods 


31 


13 


42 


7,153 


3,747 


52 


445 


212 


48 


Farm supplies 


45 


6 


13 


3,984 


419 


11 


184 


19 


10 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


77 


16 


21 


10,121 


4,300 


42 


683 


252 


37 


Groceries {full line) 


162 


26 


16 


40,763 


6,664 


15 


1,568 


279 


18 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


256 


20 


8 


24 , 545 


4,089 


17 


1,105 


186 


17 


Hardware 


24 


3 


13 


7,787 


1,155 


15 


652 


85 


13 


Jewelry and optical goods 


3 


3 


100 


154 


154 


100 


25 


25 


100 


Lumber and construction materials 


65 


11 


17 


6,998 


2,625 


38 


458 


149 


33 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


67 


8 


12 


6,689 


2,270 


34 


761 


204 


27 


Paper and its products 


19 


6 


32 


3,107 


1,464 


47 


290 


142 


49 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 




















supplies 


16 


7 


44 


2,622 


950 


36 


202 


73 


36 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


28 


3 


11 


6,251 


1,145 


18 


207 


37 


18 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


17 


10 


59 


27,303 


13,468 


49 


758 


480 


53 


Farm supplies 


9 


3 


33 


3,408 


2,294 


67 


192 


132 


69 


Furniture and house furnishings 


4 


3 


75 


605 


579 


96 


18 


15 


83 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


68 


52 


76 


25,858 


25,421 


98 


983 


931 


95 


Jeweliy and optical goods 


4 


4 


100 


261 


251 


100 


52 


52 


100 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


31 


17 


55 


6,062 


5,599 


92 


524 


426 


81 


* Pay roll includes compensation of full- tin 


ne and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and fi 


m meml 


)ers of unincorporated businesses. 



f 






















Page 79 


CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 




WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION | 




STATE OF OHIO 






TABLE 


L-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 
FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 








Size Of 
















Sample 


No. Of 




Net Sales By Quarters 




Percent 




Compared 


Estab- 
lish- 


Net 


(.dd 000) 






Chance 




With 1935 


Sales 










KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 
Includ- 
ed In 


Year 
1937 


1937 1 


1938 \ 


1ST QR 
1937 
To 


2nd Qr 

1937 
To 


Estab- 
lish 


Net. 


1ST Qr, 


2ND Qr. 


3RD Qr. 


4TH Qr. 


1ST Qr. 


2ND Qr 




MErfTS 


Sales 


1937-38 
Survey 




Jan. 1 


April 1 


July 1 


Oct. 1 


Jan. 1 


April 1 


1ST Qr 


2ND Qr 




% 


% 


(.dd coo) 


Mar. 31 June 30 | 


Sept. 30 


Dec. 31 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


1938 


1938 




SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 






Automotive 


20 


30 


81 


$22,290 


$ 5,581 


1 6,512 


$ 5,313 


% 4,884 


$ 2,792 


% 3,113 


-50.0 


-52.2 


Beer, wines and liquors 


25 


30 


41 


7,950 


1,499 


2,230 


2,536 


1,685 


1,258 


1,557 


-15.1 


-25.7 


CheniiOQls and paints 


16 


37 


18 


7,078 


1,708 


2,176 


1,837 


1,357 


1,054 


1,347 


-38.3 


-38.1 


Clothing and furnishings 


19 


30 


30 


7,483 


1,714 


1,752 


2,111 


1,896 


1,657 


1,637 


- 3.3 


- 7.1 


Drugs (full line) 


69 


74 


11 


15,280 


3,828 


3,628 


3,881 


3,943 


3,475 


3,274 


- 9.2 


- 9.8 


Drugs and drug sundries 


























(specialty lines) 


14 


24 


11 


1,281 


354 


298 


328 


301 


302 


278 


-14.7 


- 5.7 


Dry goods (full line) 


21 


28 


3 


2,627 


558 


608 


710 


651 


513 


525 


-22.0 


-13.7 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


18 


37 


11 


1,720 


435 


446 


445 


394 


351 


351 


-19.3 


-21.3 


Electrical goods 


32 


69 


53 


52,458 


16,379 


21,803 


13,345 


10,931 


10,515 


10,601 


-35.8 


-51.4 


Farm supplies 


25 


53 


13 


15,091 


3,558 


4,436 


4,312- 


2,775 


3,472 


3,468 


- 2.7 


-21.8 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


20 


35 


67 


23,529 


5,502 


7,387 


5,588 


4,952 


4,890 


6,469 


-11.1 


-12,4 


Furniture and house furnishings 


13 


36 


10 


5,392 


1,391 


1,597 


1,295 


1,109 


1,054 


1,117 


-24.2 


-30.1 


General merchandise 


43 


25 


3 


951 


183 


278 


279 


221 


149 


224 


-18.6 


-19,4 


Groceries (full line) 


16 


32 


30 


35,372 


8,194 


8,943 


9,315 


8,920 


7,433 


7,744 


- 9,3 


-13.4 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


16 


36 


126 


36,301 


8,634 


9,115 


9,844 


8,708 


7,817 


7,974 


- 9.5 


-12.5 


Hardware 


22 


39 


10 


15,654 


3,612 


4,329 


3,977 


3,736 


2,518 


3,090 


-30.3 


-28.5 


Jewelry and optical goods 


19 


23 


13 


2,226 


451 


490 


613 


672 


419 


390 


- 7.1 


-20.4 


Lumber and construction materials 


31 


33 


65 


16,374 


3,794 


4,767 


4,447 


3,366 


2,525 


3,197 


-30.8 


-32.9 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


21 


37 


93 


22,025 


5,499 


6,099 


5,647 


4,780 


3,547 


3,517 


-35.5 


-42.3 


Paper and its products 


21 


51 


26 


18,201 


4,731 


5,105 


4,366 


3,998 


3,857 


3,552 


-18.5 


-30.4 


Plumbing & heating equipment and 


























supplies 


29 


40 


32 


9,248 


2,039 


2,278 


2,615 


2,316 


1,400 


1,708 


-31.3 


-25.0 


Tobacco and Its products (except leaf! 


14 


15 


17 


8,443 


1,878 


2,241 


2,227 


2,097 


1,709 


1,989 


- 9.0 


-11.2 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


54 


74 


33 


102,337 


24,587 


33,849 


23,474 


20,427 


10,745 


11,776 


-55.3 


-65.2 


i Beer, wines and liquors 


35 


58 


7 


5,203 


1,095 


1,454 


1,619 


2,034 


1,025 


1,414 


- 6.5 


- 2.8 


[ Chemicals and paints 


70 


93 


31 


23,133 


5,750 


5,856 


5,475 


5,042 


3,613 


4,272 


-37.2 


-27,2 


j Clothing and furnishings 


60 


33 


3 


802 


193 


144 


224 


241 


90 


111 


-53.4 


-22,9 


i Dry goods (specialty lines) 


38 


34 


3 


562 


182 


137 


150 


93 


90 


83 


-50.6 


-39,4 


Electrical goods 


60 


93 


18 


46,317 


15,377 


11,542 


10,150 


9,248 


7,467 


7,501 


-51.4 


-35.0 


J Furniture and house furnishings 


67 


78 


16 


6,020 


1,588 


1,982 


1,489 


961 


990 


1,068 


-37.7 


-46.1 


j Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


43 


74 


56 


58,634 


18,897 


15,757 


15,904 


16,076 


15,772 


15,171 


-16.5 


- 9.5 


1 Jewelry and optical goods 


100 


100 


11 


1,110 


279 


284 


312 


235 


223 


209 


-20.1 


-26.4 


! Lumber and construction materials 


39 


17 


14 


4,490 


959 


1,223 


1.458 


850 


624 


942 


-34.9 


-23.0 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


62 


71 


108 


58,615 


14,504 


17,585 


14,923 


11,503 


10,370 


10,337 


-28.5 


-41.6 


Plumbing & heating equipment & 


























supplies 


54 


70 


7 


6,105 


1,354 


1,425 


1,577 


1,649 


741 


884 


-45.3 


-38.0 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


y 


y 


12 


7,320 


1,843 


2,408 


1,530 


1,539 


1,527 


1,909 


-17.1 


-20.7 


— Decrease 








* Percentages in this column represenl 


1935 sales ol establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sal 


es of each 


classification. 


\J 1935 Figures not available tor detei 

1 
i 


■mining percent sample. 






i- 



























Page 80 




























r 


CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 










WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION,! 1 








STATE OF OHIO 














TABLE 2.- SAI FS, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 






i 








FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 








i 




Size 


OF 1 












1 






SAMPI£ 


No. Of 
Estab- 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll** 


Stocks On Hand 


Percent Increase 




Compared 
With 1935 


lish- 






End Of Year 


1935 to 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 
Includ- 


(add 000). 


(add 000) 




(add 000) 








ESTAB. 




























LISH- 
MENTS 

% 


NET* 

Sales 

% 


ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocics 


SERVICE AND LIMITED- FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


20 


30 


81 


$22,290 


$19,835 


Jl6,217 


$2,162 


$1,658 


|2,605 


|1,952 


$1,765 


37.4 


30.4 


47.5 


Beer, wines and liquors 


25 


30 


41 


7,950 


7,139 


5,530 


629 


403 


208 


200 


127 


43.8 


56.1 


63.6 


Chemicals and paints 


le 


37 


18 


7,078 


6,562 


4,797 


652 


402 


928 


730 


617 


47.5 


62.2 


50.4 


Clothing and furnishings 


19 


30 


30 


7,483 


7,897 


7,125 


806 


800 


745 


653 


551 


5.0 


0.8 


35.2 


Drugs {full line) 


69 


74 


11 


15,280 


13,570 


12,004 


1,022 


849 


2,149 


1,867 


1,690 


27.3 


20.4 


27.2 


Drugs and drug sundries 






























(specialty lines) 


14 


24 


11 


1,281 


1,149 


1,039 


128 


92 


133 


135 


95 


23.3 


39.1 


40. C 


Dry goods (full line) 


21 


28 


3 


2,627 


2,506 


2,290 


210 


186 


415 


407 


368 


14.7 


12.9 


12.8 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


18 


37 


11 


1,720 


1,541 


1,275 


188 


134 


267 


239 


184 


34.9 


40.3 


43.1 ' 


Electrical goods 


32 


69 


53 


62,458 


47,579 


34,183 


4,368 


2,823 


3,210 


2,495 


2,010 


82.7 


54.7 


59.7 


Fann supplies 


25 


63 


13 


15,091 


12,425 


9,152 


624 


382 


688 


825 


495 


64.9 


53.4 


3:5.7 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


20 


35 


67 


23,529 


22,112 


17,156 


981 


756 


244 


260 


192 


37.1 


29.8 


27.1 


Furniture & house furnishings 


13 


36 


10 


5,392 


4,365 


3,223 


221 


150 


674 


434 


482 


67.3 


47.3 


39.8 


General merchandise 


43 


25 


3 


961 


837 


716 


106 


81 


145 


135 


128 


34.2 


30.9 


13.3 


Groceries (full line) 


16 


32 


30 


35,372 


33,030 


30,995 


2,278 


1,892 


5,008 


4,872 


4,474 


14.1 


20.4 


11.9 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


15 


36 


126 


36,301 


33,296 


30,947 


3,057 


2,554 


2,612 


2,751 


1,391 


17,3 


19.7 


38.1 


Hardware 


22 


39 


10 


15,654 


14,307 


10,687 


1,773 


1,353 


2,648 


2,550 


2,093 


46.5 


31.0 


26.5 


Jewelry and optical goods 


19 


23 


13 


2,226 


1,952 


1,659 


380 


291 


518 


402 


423 


34.2 


30.6 


22.5 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


31 


33 


65 


16,374 


13,890 


10,144 


1,895 


1,061 


2,087 


1,976 


1,843 


61.4 


78.6 


13.2 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


21 


37 


93 


22,025 


18,639 


13,939 


2,896 


1,890 


3,110 


2,835 


2,571 


58.0 


53.2 


16.4 


Paper and its products 


21 


51 


26 


18,201 


15,902 


13,602 


1,645 


1,403 


2,149 


1,956 


1,642 


33.8 


17.2 


30.9 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment & supplies 


29 


40 


32 


9,248 


7,840 


5,105 


844 


503 


1,041 


997 


873 


81.2 


67.8 


19.2 


Tobacco and its products 






























(except leaf) 


14 


15 


17 


8,443 


7,751 


6,887 


229 


229 


329 


328 


290 


22.6 


0.0 


13.4 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stock.) 


Automotive 


54 


74 


33 


102,337 


86,625 


73,211 


2,293 


1,764 


2,506 


2,256 


1,727 


39.8 


30.0 


45.1 


Beer, wihes and liquors 


35 


58 


7 


6,203 


4,707 


3,075 


120 


142 


428 


411 


577 


101.7 


-15.5 


-25.8 


Chemicals and paints 


70 


93 


31 


23,133 


22,058 


17,679 


1,300 


947 


1,361 


1,212 


1,518 


30.9 


37.3 


-10.3 


Clothing and furnishings 


60 


33 


3 


802 


835 


778 


146 


126 


111 


38 


84 


3.1 


15.9 


32.1 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


38 


34 


3 


562 


605 


464 


30 


29 


67 


57 


37 


21.1 


3.4 


81.1 


Electrical goods 


60 


93 


18 


46,317 


33,974 


18,288 


1,281 


1,084 


1,788 


1,772 


976 


153.3 


18.2 


83.2 


Furniture & house furnishings 


67 


78 


16 


6,020 


5,828 


4,147 


319 


230 


430 


349 


381 


45.2 


38.7 


12.9 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


43 


74 


56 


68,634 


63,209 


54,703 


3,370 


2,134 


1,205 


1,296 


1,121 


25.5 


57.9 


7.5 


Jewelry and optical goods 


100 


100 


11 


1,110 


1,116 


865 


156 


127 


138 


126 


99 


28.3 


22.8 


39.4 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


39 


17 


14 


4,490 


3,648 


2,193 


469 


206 


438 


468 


422 


104.7 


127.7 


3.8 


Machinery, equipment and 




























supplies 


62 


71 


108 


58,615 


46,879 


36,420 


6,702 


4,791 


7,031 


5,893 


4,243 


60.9 


39.9 


65.7 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment &: supplies 


54 


70 


7 


6,105 


4,834 


3,238 


654 


347 


538 


491 


375 


88.5 


88.5 


43.5 






COMMISSION MERCHANTS 










Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


1/ 


1/ 


12 


7,320 


6,814 5,081 


220 


190 


66 


69 


57 


44.1 


15.8 15.8 
1 


- Decrease 
















" Percentages in this column 


repres 


ent 193 


5 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by tola 


1 1935 sal< 


is of each 


classificatio 


n. 


* ♦ Pay roll not available (or 


year 19 


36. Pi 


ly roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employee 


9, but not 


jf proprieto 


rs and fim 


n members of 


unincorporated businesses. 
















\J 1935 Figures not availabl 


: for de 


terminir 


ig percent sample. 









































Page 81 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 






WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 




STATE OF OHIO 












TABLE 3.-S1ZE OF SAMPLE 










1937 


SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 












Number Of 


Net Sales 




Pay Roll* 






Establishments 


(.dd ooo) 




( 


•dd 000) 






Included in 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Of 


KIND OF BUSINESS 




1937-38 




Those Included 




Those Included 




1935 


Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 




Census 


1 


% 
Sample 


Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 
Sample 






Number 




Amount 




Amount 


SERVICE AND LIMITED -FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


403 


81 


20 


$54,614 


$16,217 


30 


$4,947 


$1,658 


34 


Beer, wines and liquors 


167 


41 


25 


18,464 


5,530 


30 


1,304 


403 


31 


Chemicals and paints 


101 


18 


18 


12,899 


4,797 


37 


1,360 


402 


30 


Clothing and furnishings 


162 


30 


19 


23,821 


7,125 


30 


1,916 


800 


42 


Drugs (full line) 


16 


11 


69 


16,317 


12,004 


74 


1,270 


849 


67 


Drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines) 


76 


11 


14- 


4,269 


1,039 


24 


600 


92 


15 


Dry goods (full line) 


14 


3 


21 


8,142 


2,290 


28 


707 


186 


25 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


62 


11 


18 


3,407 


1,275 


37 


295 


134 


45 


Electrical goods 


166 


53 


32 


49 , 255 


34,183 


59 


4,536 


2,823 


61 


Farm supplies 


51 


13 


25 


14,502 


9,152 


53 


777 


382 


49 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


342 


67 


20 


48,574 


17,156 


35 


1,964 


755 


38 


Furniture and house furnishings 


78 


10 


13 


8,973 


3,223 


35 


672 


150 


22 


General merchandise 


7 


3 


43 


2,903 


716 


25 


336 


81 


24 


Groceries (full line) 


187 


30 


15 


95,428 


30,995 


32 


5,335 


1,892 


35 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


812 


126 


15 


85,000 


30,947 


35 


6,461 


2,554 


40 


Hardware 


45 


10 


22 


27,095 


10,687 


39 


3,239 


1,353 


42 


Jewelry and optical goods 


68 


13 


19 


7,270 


1,659 


23 


1,150 


291 


25 


Lumber and construction materials 


207 


65 


31 


30,523 


10,144 


33 


3,015 


1,061 


35 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


439 


93 


21 


37,543 


13,939 


37 


5,115 


1,890 


37 


Paper and its products 


126 


26 


21 


25,733 


13,502 


51 


2,981 


1,403 


47 


Plumbing &. heating equipment & supplies 


110 


32 


29 


12,734 


5,105 


40 


1,402 


503 


36 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


121 


17 


14 


47,269 


6,887 


15 


1,537 


229 


15 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


61 


33 


54 


99,211 


73,211 


74 


3,855 


1,764 


45 


Beer, wines and liquors 


20 


7 


35 


5,343 


3,075 


58 


284 


142 


50 


Chemicals and paints 


44 


31 


70 


18,970 


17,679 


93 


1,080 


947 


88 


Clothing and furnishings 


5 


3 


60 


2,350 


778 


33 


228 


126 


55 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


8 


3 


36 


1,353 


464 


34 


62 


29 


47 


Electrical goods 


30 


18 


60 


19,726 


18,288 


93 


1,179 


1,084 


92 


Fumitiire and house furnishings 


24 


15 


67 


5,318 


4,147 


78 


304 


230 


75 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


129 


56 


43 


73,708 


54,708 


74 


3,178 


2,134 


67 


Jewelry and optical goods 


11 


11 


100 


865 


855 


100 


127 


127 


100 


Lumber and construction materiails 


36 


14 


39 


12,659 


2,193 


17 


1,512 


205 


14 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


175 


108 


52 


51,122 


36,420 


71 


6,625 


4,791 


72 


Plximbing &. heating equipment & supplies 


13 


7 


54 


4,620 


3,238 


70 


412 


347 


84 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


X 


12 


~ 


X 


5,081 


~ 


I 


190 


— 


* Pay roll includes compensation of full-tim 


e and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and fir 


•n memb 


ers of unincoi 


porated busin 


esses. 


X 1935 Figures withheld to avoid disclosure 










- 











Page 82 

CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF OKLAHOMA 

TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



Estab- 
lish 

MENTS 



Net* 
Sales 



No. Of 
Estab- 
lish- 
ments 
Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 



Net 
Sales 
Year 
1937 



(add 000 ) 



Net Sales By Quarters 
(•dd ooo) 



1937 



1ST Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2nd Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



3rd Qr. 

July 1 
Sept. 30 



4TH Qr. 

Oct. 1 
Dec. 31 



1ST Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2ND Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



Percent 
Chance 



1ST Qr. 

1937 

To 
1ST Qr 

1938 



2nd Qr 

1937 

To 

2ND Qr 

1938 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotive 

Drugs and drug sundries 

Dry goods and apparel 

Electrical goods 

Farm supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods 

(specialty lines) 
Hardware, plumbing and heating 
Lumber and construction materials 
Machinery, equipment and 

supplies 
Tobacco and its products 

(except leaf ) 



8 


14 


9 


19 


65 


3 


33 


61 


3 


26 


32 


6 


8 


12 


3 


27 


62 


15 


57 


60 


55 


8 


12 


11 


19 


27 


4 


13 


18 


4 


24 


41 


54 


20 


24 


6 



1,575 
2,500 
1,201 
3,371 
714 
5,572 
32,976 

1,456 

1,895 

570 

22 , 105 

2,098 



323 
605 
294 
767 
165 
1,481 
8,331 

378 
420 
112 

6,979 

476 



351 

616 

258 

1,030 

166 

1,448 

8,526 

341 
490 
137 

5,192 

552 



415 
640 
364 
876 
216 
1,270 
8,522 

358 
520 
179 

5,363 

541 



486 
639 
285 
698 
167 
1,373 
7,597 

379 
465 
142 

3,571 

529 



302 
610 
246 
724 
143 
1,311 
7,372 

335 
407 
134 

3,573 

486 





332 


- 6.5 




589 


+ 0.8 




217 


-16.3 




776 


- 5.6 




134 


-13.3 


1 


,243 


-11.5 


7 


,487 


-11.5 




342 


-11.4 




433 


- 3.1 




157 


+19.6 


3 


,115 


-48.8 




528 


+ 2.1 



- 5.4 

- 4.4 
-15.9 
-24.7 
-19.3 
-14.2 
-12.2 



+ 0.3 
-11.6 
+ 14.6 

-49.7 

- 4.3 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with slocks) 



Automotive 
Groceries and foods 

(specialty lines) 
Machinery, equipment and 

supplies 
Plumbing and heating 

equipment and supplies 



19,584 

14,139 

13,530 

4,120 



3,869 

3,551 

3,069 

998 



5,916 
3,597 
3,953 
1,275 



5,553 
3,481 
3,894 
1,021 



4,246 

3,410 

2,614 

826 



4,063 

2,954 

2,431 

587 



3,591 

3,076 

2,582 

595 



^ 5,0 
-19.1 
-20.8 
-31.2 



-39.3 
-14.5 
-34.7 
-45.5 



+1NCREASE 



Decrease 



+1NCREASE - UECREASE 

* Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales ot each classification. 









































Page 83 


CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 




WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION | 




STATE OF OKLAHOMA 








TABLE 2.- SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 










FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 










Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 


No. Of 
Estab. 

LISH- 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll" 


Stocks On Hand 
End Of Year 


Percent Increase 
1935 fo 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 

1937-38 
Survey 


Udd 000 ) 


{•dd 000) 


ladd OOOl 








Estab 

LISH- 
MENTS 


Net- 

SM.FS 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


'i Automotive 


8 


14 


9 


i 1,575 


* 1,258 


$ 1,153 


$ 224 


t 175 


1 248 


t 235 


8 200 


35.6 


27.3 


24.0 


Drugs and drug sundries 


19 


65 


3 


2,500 


2,329 


2,150 


198 


155 


426 


381 


344 


16.3 


27.7 


23.8 


Dry goods and apparel 


33 


61 


3 


1,201 


1,066 


1,047 


103 


95 


203 


221 


203 


14.7 


8.4 


0.0 


Electrical goods 


26 


32 


6 


3,371 


2,628 


1,559 


229 


106 


424 


328 


222 


115.2 


116.0 


91.0 


Farm supplies 


8 


12 


3 


714 


538 


483 


20 


17 


27 


55 


72 


47.8 


17.6 


-62.5 


Fruits and vegetablns (fresh) 


27 


62 


15 


5,572 


5,521 


4,474 


416 


335 


73 


74 


71 


24.5 


24.2 


2.8 


Groceries (full line) 


57 


60 


55 


32,976 


32,089 


26,303 


1,395 


1,277 


4,637 


4,841 


4,128 


25.4 


9.2 


12.3 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


8 


12 


11 


1,456 


1,415 


1,119 


126 


117 


103 


95 


73 


30.1 


7.7 


41.1 


Hardv?are, plumbing and heating 


19 


27 


4 


1,895 


1,731 


1,479 


181 


150 


473 


405 


376 


28.1 


13.1 


25.8 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


13 


18 


4 


570 


526 


557 


33 


30 


141 


143 


139 


2.3 


10.0 


1.4 


Machinery, equipment and 






























1 supplies 


24 


41 


54 


22,105 


20,235 


14,402 


988 


673 


2,883 


2,517 


2,211 


53.5 


46.8 


30.4 


1 Tobacco and its products 






























(except leaf) 


20 


24 


6 


2,098 


1,920 


1,758 


47 


45 


87 


89 


75 


19.3 


4.4 


14.5 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stockjl 


j Automotive 


63 


63 


5 


19,584 


14,250 


14,137 


533 


373 


1,179 


919 


451 


38.5 


42.9 


155.7 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


54 


80 


20 


14,139 


13,944 


12,457 


785 


637 


383 


373 


306 


13.5 


23.2 


25.2 


Machinery, eq.uipment and 






























supplies 


61 


79 


37 


13,530 


11,931 


9,013 


1,058 


709 


3,353 


3,553 


2,865 


50.1 


50.6 


17.0 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment & supplies 


83 


94 


5 


4,120 


2,955 


1,757 


188 


103 


472 


378 


360 


134.5 


82.5 


31.1 


- Decrease 


TABLE 3. -SIZE OF SAMPLE 
1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 












Number Of 


Net S/.les 




Pay Roll** 








Establishments 


Udd 000 ) 






•dd 000) 






Included In 




1935 Sales Of 






1935 PAY Roll Of 


KIND OF BUSINESS 






1937-38 




Those Included 






Those Included 






1935 

Census 


Survey 


1935 

Census 


In 1937-38 Survey 




1935 
Census 


In 1937-38 Survey 




% 

Sample 




% 

Sample 




% 

Sample 








Number 




Amount 






Amount 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Aut omot ive 




115 


9 


8 


1 7,994 


$ 1,153 


14 




f 1,005 


1 176 


18 


Drugs and driog sundries 




16 


3 


19 


3,307 


2,150 


65 




249 


155 


62 


Dry goods and apparel 




9 


3 


33 


1,721 


1,047 


61 




129 


95 


74 


Electrical goods 




23 


6 


26 


4,814 


1,559 


32 




395 


106 


27 


Faim supplies 




36 


3 


8 


3,982 


483 


12 




134 


17 


13 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 




56 


15 


27 


7,219 


4,474 


62 




521 


335 


64 


Groceries (full line) 




9C 


55 


57 


44,035 


26,303 


60 




2,058 


1,277 


62 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines 




145 


11 


8 


9,335 


1,119 


12 




605 


117 


19 


Hardware, plumbing and heating 




21 


4 


19 


5,567 


1,479 


27 




576 


160 


28 


Lumber and construction materials 




32 


4 


13 


3,146 


557 


18 




245 


30 


12 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 




223 


54 


24 


35,179 


14,402 


41 




2,380 


673 


28 


Tobacco and its products (except leai 


■) 


30 


6 


EO 


7,255 


1,758 


24 




154 


45 


29 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


[1 — — — 

|l 

Aut emotive 




8 


5 


63 


22,265 


14,137 


63 




559 


373 


67 


j Groceries and foods (specialty lines 




37 


20 


54 


15,476 


12,457 


80 




793 


637 


80 


j Machinery, equipnent and supplies 




61 


37 


61 


11,428 


9,013 


79 




984 


709 


72 


Plumbing and heating equipment & supi 


Dlies 


6 


5 


83 


1,872 


1,757 


94 




111 


103 


93 


j * Percentages in this column represer 


t 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales o 


each classific 


ation. 


* * Pay roll not available for year 193 


6. Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employees, tjut 


not of p 


oprietors and 


firm 


members ot unmcorporated businesses. 



















































Page 84 
CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF OREGON 

TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



Estab- 
lish. 

MENTS 



Net. 
Sales 



No. Of 

Estab- 
lish- 
ments 
Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 



Net- 
Sales 
Year 
1937 



(add 000 ) 



Net Sales By Quarters 
(•dd ooo) 



1937 



1ST QR. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2ND QR. 

April 1 
June 30 



3rd QR. 

July 1 
Sept. 30 



4TH Qr. 

Oct. 1 
Dec. 31 



1938 



1ST Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2ND Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



Percent 
Change 



1st Qr. 

1937 

To 

1st Qr 

1938 



2nd qr 
1937 
To 

2nd QR 
1938 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Dry goods and apparel 

Electrical goods 

Farm supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Paper and its products 

Plumbing and heating equipment and 

supplies 
Tobacco and its products(except leaf) 



19 


13 


16 


12 


25 


4 


26 


23 


9 


30 


55 


8 


19 


31 


5 


27 


76 


14 


47 


30 


14 


15 


28 


15 


18 


19 


3 


22 


30 


11 


20 


30 


18 


33 


88 


4 


30 


57 


3 


22 


55 


4 



1,883 
1,102 
840 
4,580 
2,293 
5,748 
7,378 
3,020 
1,468 
5,262 
4,431 
2,325 

1,891 
3,474 



I 399 

220 

181 

1,002 

384 

1,234 

1,733 

679 

318 

968 

995 

512 

410 
740 



t 519 

327 

189 

1,430 

405 

1,720 

1,780 

795 

413 

1,519 

1,462 

662 

594 

940 



? 527 

311 

293 

1,215 

780 

1,701 

2,232 

798 

426 

1,583 

1,259 

627 

498 
971 



I 438 

244 

177 

933 

724 

1,093 

1,633 

748 

311 

1,092 

715 

524 

389 
823 



I 398 
203 
188 
886 
408 
1,066 
1,686 
676 
288 
805 
812 
466 

343 
655 



f 497 


- 0.3 


315 


- 7.7 


192 


-^ 3.9 


1,023 


-11.6 


284 


+ 6.3 


1,466 


-13.6 


1,613 


- 2.7 


619 


- 0.4 


358 


- 9.4 


817 


-16.8 


992 


-18.4 


534 


- 9.0 


404 


-16.3 


757 


-11.5 



- 4.2 

- 3.7 
+ 1.6 
-28.5 
-29.9 
-14.8 

- 9.4 
-22.1 
-13.3 
-49.5 
-32.1 
-19.3 

-32.0 
-19.5 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Automotive 

Chemicals and paints 

Electrical goods 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 



45 
50 
67 
100 
46 
61 



90 
77 
83 
100 
71 
63 



9 
4 
6 
3 
17 
19 



23,659 

2,911 

8,765 

768 

13,405 
5,207 



5,302 
521 

2,055 
157 

3,355 

1,392 



7,556 
561 

2,603 
241 

3,533 

1,701 



5,740 
956 

2,243 
219 

3,350 

1,283 



5,061 
773 

1,854 
151 

3,167 
831 



2,447 
435 

2,060 
132 

2,976 

1,184 



3,231 
553 

1,663 
175 

2,720 
995 



-53.8 
-16.5 
- 0.2 
-15.9 
-11.3 
-14.9 



-57.2 
-16.3 
-36.1 
-27.4 
-23.0 
-41.5 



-hIncrease - Decrease 

* Percentages in this column represent 1935 saies of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



Page 85 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF OREGON 

TABLE 2.-- SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



ESTAB 
LISH- 
MENTS 

% 



Net- 
Sales 



No. Of 
Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

Includ- 
ed In 

1937-38 
Survey 



Net Sales 

(add 000 ) 



1936 



1935 



Pay Roa»' 

(.dd 000 ) 



1935 



Stocks On Hand 
End Of Year 

(add 000 ) 



1936 



1935 



Percent Increase 
1935 lo 1937 



Net 
Sales 



Pay 
Roll 



Stocks 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Dry goods and apparel 

Electrical goods 

Farm supplies 

Fruits and Tegetables (fresh) 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods 

(specialty lines) 
Hardware 
Lumber and construction 

materials 
Machinery, equipment and 

supplies 
Paper and its products 
Plumbing and heating 

eq.uijment and supplies 
Tobacco and its products 

(except leaf) 



19 


13 


16 


12 


25 


4 


26 


23 


9 


30 


55 


8 


19 


31 


5 


27 


76 


14 


47 


30 


14 


15 


28 


15 


18 


19 


3 


22 


30 


11 


20 


30 


18 


33 


88 


4 


30 


57 


3 


22 


55 


4 



1,883 
1,102 
840 
4,580 
2,293 
5,748 
7,378 

3,020 

1,468 

5,262 

4,431 
2,325 

1,891 

3,474 



1,786 
1,084 
870 
4,481 
1,745 
5,331 
6,705 

2,742 
1,268 



4,165 
2,144 



4 1 



384 
765 
711 
3,576 
1,285 
6,120 
5,780 

2,654 

1,057 



3,138 
1,868 



1,110 
3,341 



1324 

92 

84 

395 

99 

380 

217 

311 
108 



475 
260 



168 

114 



1237 

48 

65 

295 

42 

315 

188 

273 
65 



373 
209 



102 
112 



1^ 489 
84 
120 
590 
110 
23E 
1,038 

276 
356 



612 

431 



235 
159 



440 
87 

120 

455 
97 

268 
1,002 

252 
255 



674 
373 



259 

143 



|347 
75 
98 
395 
120 
178 
930 

220 
212 

103 

643 
379 

239 

142 



36.1 


36.7 


44.1 


91.7 


18.1 


29.2 


28.1 


33.9 


78.4 


135.7 


-6.1 


20.6 


27.5 


15.4 


13.8 


13.9 


42.9 


55.2 


97.9 


69.4 


41.2 


27.3 


24.5 


24.4 


70.4 


64.7 


4.0 


1.8 



40.9 
10.5 
22.4 
49.0 
-8.3 
30.3 
11.6 

25.5 
67.9 



-4.8 
13.7 



-1.7 
12.0 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks/ 



Automotive 
Chemicals' and paints 
Electrical goods 
Furniture and house 

furnishings 
Groceries and foods 

(specialty lines) 
Machinery, equipment and 

supplies 



45 
50 

67 

100 
46 
51 



90 
77 
83 

100 

71 

63 



9 
4 
6 

3 

17 
19 



23,559 

2,911 
8,765 

768 

13,405 

5,207 



23,471 
2,552 
5,890 

724 

12,709 

4,172 



20,217 
2,192 
4,595 



11,546 
2,685 



503 
435 
260 

49 

555 

447 



453 
258 
199 



475 
286 



1,373 
792 
579 

79 

513 

939 



1,005 
641 
497 

87 

499 

699 



715 
532 
460 



437 
454 



17.0 
32.8 
86.7 



16.1 
93.9 



33.1 
62.3 
30.7 



18.9 
55.3 



92.0 
25.3 
25.9 



17.4 
106.8 



- Decrease 

♦ Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 
* * Pay roll not available lor year 1936. Pay roll includes compensation of lull-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of 
unincorporated businesses. 



Page 86 

CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF OREGON 

TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 

1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Number Of 
Establishments 



1935 

Census 



Included in 
1937-38 
Survey 



Number 



Sample 



Net Sales 

(add 000 ) 



1935 

Census 



1935 Sales Of 
Those Included 
In 1937-38 Survey 



Amount 



Sample 



Pay Roll* 

(add 000) 



1935 
Census 



1935 Pay Roll Of 

Those Included 

In 1937-38 Survey 



Amount 



Sample 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automot ive 

Beer, vfines and liquors 

Dry goods and apparel 

Slectrioal goods 

Farm supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Paper and its products 

Plumbing and heating 

equipment and supplies 
Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 



84 
34 
35 
27 
27 
51 
30 
99 
17 
51 
90 
12 

10 
18 



16 


19 


4 


12 


9 


26 


8 


30 


5 


19 


14 


27 


14 


47 


15 


15 


3 


18 


11 


22 


18 


20 


4 


33 


3 


30 


4 


22 



$ 10,882 
3,032 
3,141 
6,482 
4,199 
8,009 

19,143 
9,642 
5,468 
8,919 

10,373 
2,115 

1,962 
6,033 



1,384 
765 
711 
3,576 
1,285 
6,120 
5,780 
2,654 
1,027 
2,659 
3,138 
1,868 

1,110 
3,341 



13 
25 
23 

55 
31 
76 
30 
28 
19 
30 
30 
83 

57 
55 



995 
202 
233 
512 
199 
452 
875 
765 
464 
501 
1,056 
240 

190 
164 



237 


24 


48 


24 


65 


28 


295 


48 


42 


21 


315 


70 


188 


21 


273 


36 


55 


14 


144 


29 


373 


35 


209 


87 


102 


54 


112 


68 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Automotive 

Chemicals and paints 

Electrical goods 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 



20 

8 

9 

3 

37 

31 



45 
50 
67 
100 
45 
51 



22,458 

2,849 

5,637 

X 

16,252 
4,284 



20,217 

2,192 

4 , 695 

X 

11,546 
2,585 



90 
77 
83 
100 
71 
63 



541 
339 
260 

X 

721 
476 



453 


71 


268 


79 


199 


77 


X 


100 


475 


55 


286 


60 



* Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of unincorporated businesses. 
X 1935 Figures withheld to avoid disclosure. 



Page 87 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS; 1937J8 




WHOLESALE 


DISTRIBUTION | 




STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA 










TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 












FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












Size Of 


















Sample 


No. Of 




Net Sales By Quarters 




Percent 




Compared 
With 1935 


Estab- 
lish- 


Net 
Sales 


(uld 000) 






Chance 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 
Includ- 
ed In 


Year 
1937 


1937 1 


1938 1 


1ST Qr 

1937 

To 


2NDQR 
1937 
To 


Estab- 
lish- 


Net. 


1ST Qr 


2ND Qr 


3rd Qr. 


4TH Qr. 


1ST Qr. 


2ND Qr 




ments 

% 


Sales 

% 


1937-38 
Survey 


(•dd 000 ) 


Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 


April 1 
June 30 


July 1 
Sept. 30 


OcL 1 
Dec. 31 


Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 


April 1 
June 30 


1ST Qr 

1938 


2ND Qr 
1938 


SERVICE AND LIMITED- FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


16 


27 


58 


$ 21,093 


1 4,849 


i 6,384 


$ 5,366 


t 4,494 


t 2,712 


9 3,094 


-44.1 


-51.5 


Beer, wines and liquors 


8 


16 


67 


8,738 


1,610 


2,342 


2,757 


2,029 


1,554 


2,161 


+ 2.7 


- 7.7 


Chemicals and paints 


19 


27 


15 


2,922 


735 


855 


754 


578 


594 


646 


-19.2 


-24.4 


Clothing and furnishings 


17 


29 


56 


14,787 


3,402 


3,872 


3,669 


3,844 


2,612 


3,254 


-23.2 


-16.0 


Drugs (full line) 


38 


80 


5 


16,236 


4,162 


3,843 


4,054 


4,177 


3,900 


3,778 


- 6.3 


-1.7 


Drugs and drug sundries 


























(specialty lines) 


12 


25 


7 


1,362 


362 


341 


333 


325 


318 


300 


-12.2 


-12.0 


Dry goods (full line) 


25 


46 


7 


6,207 


1,436 


1,600 


1,603 


1,558 


996 


1,078 


-30.5 


-32.6 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


14 


20 


20 


3,700 


.1,074 


1,053 


910 


663 


719 


C77 


-33.1 


-35.7 


Electrical goods 


22 


22 


38 


30,765 


6,650 


9,226 


7,903 


6,986 


4,511 


5,101 


-32.2 


-44.7 


Farm supplies 


26 


30 


24 


2,928 


739 


899 


731 


559 


590 


698 


-20.2 


-22.4 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


13 


20 


72 


24,355 


5,239 


7,483 


6,342 


5,291 


4,554 


5,341 


-13.1 


-15.3 


Furniture and house furnishings 


20 


42 


29 


9,900 


2,065 


2,969 


2,430 


2,416 


1,805 


2,085 


-12.5 


-30.2 


Groceries (full line ) 


37 


51 


94 


74,218 


17,736 


18,207 


19,648 


18,627 


16,505 


16,442 


- 6.9 


-5.7 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


18 


31 


169 


34,929 


8,480 


8,779 


8,623 


9,047 


7,510 


7,550 


-11.4 


-13.9 


Hardware 


21 


25 


19 


7,237 


1,511 


2,033 


1,934 


1,759 


1,328 


1,766 


-12.1 


-13.1 


Jewelry and optical goods 


26 


48 


32 


6,336 


1,193 


1,364 


1,684 


2,095 


920 


993 


-22.9 


-27.2 


Lumber and construction materials 


24 


34 


55 


15,953 


3,823 


4,711 


4,187 


3,232 


2,595 


3,005 


-32.1 


-36.2 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


21 


38 


105 


32,220 


8,236 


8,706 


8,004 


7,274 


6,084 


5,583 


-25.1 


-35.9 


Paper and its products 


23 


41 


48 


15,896 


4,052 


4,378 


3,953 


3,513 


3,192 


3,392 


-21.2 


-22.5 


Plumbing and heating equipnent and 


























supplies 


36 


46 


63 


15,191 


3,006 


3,688 


4,308 


4,189 


2,400 


3,083 


-20.2 


-16.4 


Tobacco and its products (ezcept leaf! 


15 


18 


37 


13,809 


2,940 


3,373 


3,766 


3,730 


2,784 


3,049 


- 5.3 


-9.6 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


68 


80 


45 


111,621 


24,843 


36,243 


25,378 


24,157 


13,461 


16,626 


-45 .8 


-54.1 


Beer, wines and liquors 


26 


16 


5 


5,452 


1,031 


1,510 


1,550 


1,261 


885 


1,222 


-14.2 


-19.1 


Chemicals and paints 


53 


33 


25 


21,225 


5,165 


5,660 


5,513 


4,887 


3,954 


4,210 


-23.4 


-25.6 


Clothing and furnishings 


30 


37 


3 


1,276 


332 


353 


295 


298 


122 


160 


-63.3 


-54.7 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


42 


17 


5 


1,423 


498 


406 


288 


231 


293 


262 


-41.2 


-35.5 


Electrical goods 


61 


96 


19 


76,862 


23,234 


21,970 


18,847 


12,811 


12,935 


10,230 


-44.3 


-53.4 


Furniture and house furnishings 


76 


93 


16 


7,523 


1,862 


2,154 


1,940 


1,567 


1,294 


1,229 


-30.5 


-42.9 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


62 


78 


147 


214,523 


53,637 


51,486 


55,934 


53,465 


47,871 


49,335 


-10.8 


- 4.2 


Hardware 


38 


34 


3 


284 


74 


82 


72 


55 


51 


59 


-31.1 


-28.0 


Jewelry and optical goods 


78 


97 


7 


1,486 


412 


377 


373 


324 


310 


323 


-24.8 


-14.3 


Lumber and construction materials 


33 


26 


10 


4,133 


828 


1,210 


1,116 


979 


677 


921 


-18.2 


-23.9 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


60 


70 


120 


53,852 


14,154 


15,474 


13,312 


10,922 


11,010 


11,029 


-22.2 


-28.7 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 


























supplies 


58 


64 


21 


9,608 


2,065 


2,585 


2,659 


2,299 


1,412 


1,733 


-31.5 


-33.0 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf! 


43 


52 


3 


2,614 


510 


666 


669 


769 


488 


634 


- 4.3 


- 4.8 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


1/ 


1/ 


14 


5,569 


1,465 


1,779 


1,081 


1,244 


1,302 


1,613 


-11.1 


- 9.3 


- Decrease +Increase 












* Percentages in this column represent 


1939 sales ol establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sal 


es of each 


classificatio 


n. 




\J 1935 Figures not available for dete 


rmining percent sample. 











Page 88 






























CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 








WHOLESALE 


DISTRIBUTION | 






STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA 
















TABLE 2.- SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 














FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 














Size Of 
Sample 


No. Of 
Estab- 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll** 


Stocks On Hand 


Percent Increase 




Compared 
With 1935 


lish- 






End Of Year 


1935 10 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 
Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 


(odd 000) 


(add 000) 




(add 000) 










Estab- 
lish. 

MENTS 

% 


Net* 
Sales 

% 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


16 


27 


58 


1 21,093 


$ 19,130 


J 13,801 


$ 1,730 


$ 1,453 


1 2,420 


# 2,088 


% 1,952 


52.8 


19.1 


24.0 


Beer, wines and liquors 


8 


16 


67 


8,738 


8,111 


5,527 


521 


348 


257 


209 


142 


58.1 


49.7 


81.0 


Chemicals and paints 


19 


27 


15 


2,922 


2,759 


2,143 


315 


232 


339 


459 


320 


36.4 


35.8 


5.9 


Clothing and furnishings 


17 


29 


56 


14,787 


14,659 


11,957 


900 


735 


2,077 


1,754 


1,455 


23.7 


22.4 


42.7 


Drugs {full line) 


38 


80 


5 


16,236 


14,952 


13,128 


1,206 


877 


2,084 


1,997 


1,958 


23.7 


37.5 


6.4 


Drugs and drug sundries 






























(specialty lines) 


12 


25 


7 


1,362 


1,234 


997 


92 


90 


185 


176 


154 


36.6 


2.2 


12.8 


Dry goods (full line) 


25 


46 


7 


6,207 


5,292 


5,565 


562 


392 


1,184 


1,087 


1,042 


11.5 


43.4 


13.6 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


14 


20 


20 


3,700 


3,783 


2,713 


150 


137 


513 


491 


385 


36.4 


9.5 


33.2 


Electrical goods 


22 


22 


38 


30,765 


23,731 


17,001 


2,520 


1,570 


2,385 


2,054 


1,553 


81.0 


60.5 


52.6 


Farm supplies 


26 


30 


24 


2,928 


2,459 2,091 


161 


146 


225 


216 


169 


40.0 


10.3 


33.7 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


13 


20 


72 


24,355 


23,434 18,772 


940 


707 


343 


275 


249 


29.7 


33.0 


37,8 


Furniture and house 










i 


















furnishings 


20 


42 


29 


9,900 


9,637 7,008 


772 


624 


2,030 


1,989 


1,748 


41.3 


23.7 


16.1 


Groceries (full line) 


37 


51 


• 94 


74,218 


70,201 


64,199 


3,425 


2,817 


9,509 


9,290 


7,828 


15.6 


21.6 


21.5 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


18 


31 


169 


34,929 


33,254 


31,050 


2,810 


2,415 


2,591 


2,593 


2,582 


12.5 


15.3 


4.2 


Hardware 


21 


25 


19 


7,237 


5,252 


5,157 


701 


587 


1,963 


1,845 


1,631 


40.3 


19.4 


20.4 


Jewelry and optical goods 


26 


48 


32 


6,336 


5,668 


4,675 


821 


521 


1,791 


1,499 


1,383 


35.5 


32.2 


29.5 


Lumber and construction 






























• materials 


24 


34 


55 


15,953 


13,976 


11,029 


1,790 


1,155 


2,075 


1,794 


1,821 


44.6 


53.6 


14.0 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


21 


38 


105 


32,220 


27 ,414 


20,835 


3,587 


2,492 


4,869 


4,456 


3,929 


54.6 


43.9 


23.9 


Paper and its products 


23 


41 


48 


15,896 


14,316 


13,063 


1,876 


1,570 


2,187 


2,107 


1,961 


21.7 


19.5 


11.5 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment and supplies 


36 


46 


63 


15,191 


13,318 


9,355 


1,543 


1,150 


2,205 


2,139 


1,869 


62.2 


34.2 


18.0 


Tobacco and its products 






























(except leaf) 


15 


IS 


37 


13,809 


12,345 


11,006 


489 


423 


712 


678 


545 


25.5 


15.6 


10.4 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


68 


80 


45 


111,521 


100,013 


76,731 


3,418 


2,590 


5,042 


4,115 


2,810 


45.5 


32.0 


79.4 


Beer, wines and liquors 


26 


16 


5 


5,452 


4,574 


3,734 


195 


176 


22 


25 


20 


46.0 


10.8 


10.0 


Chemicals and paints 


53 


33 


25 


21,225 


19,927 


14,221 


1,036 


848 


991 


871 


723 


49.3 


22.2 


37.1 


Clothing and furnishings 


30 


37 


3 


1,278 


1,134 


880 


85 


59 


151 


96 


104 


45.2 


44.1 


45.2 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


42 


17 


5 


1,423 


1,495 


1,530 


141 


137 


195 


58 


61 


- 7.0 


2.9 


219.7 


Electrical goods 


61 


96 


19 


76,862 


62,849 


44,581 


2,350 


1,891 


2,462 


2,082 


1,627 


72.4 


24.3 


51.3 


Furniture and house 






























furnishings 


75 


93 


16 


7,523 


5,791 


5,536 


404 


268 


410 


412 


334 


35.9 


50.7 


22.8 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


62 


78 


147 


214,523 


201,173 


187,643 


9,101 


6,537 


5,363 


4,838 


4,618 


14.3 


37.1 


16.1 ■ 


Hardware 


38 


34 


3 


284 


241 


172 


52 


30 


29 


31 


28 


65.1 


73.3 


3.6 


Jewelry and optical goods 


78 


97 


7 


1,486 


1,513 


1,267 


155 


134 


165 


167 


130 


17.3 


15.7 


26.9 


Lumber and construction 






























material 


33 


26 


10 


4,133 


3,432 


2,623 


565 


420 


364 


324 


286 


57.6 


34.0 


27.3 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


60 


70 


120 


53,852 


43,450 


35,564 


6,302 


4,447 


5,839 


5,805 


3,892 


51.5 


41.7 


75.7 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment and supplies 


58 


64 


21 


9,508 


8,333 


5,805 


816 


555 


1,557 


1,257 


'1,040 


65.5 


47.0 


50.7 ■ 


Tobacco and its products 






























(except leaf) 


43 


52 


3 


2,614 


2,421 


2,481 


175 


171 


36 


26 


33 


5.4 


2.3 


9.1 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 












Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


1/ 


1/ 


14 


5,559 


5,602 


5,229 


133 


122 


118 


37 


32 


6.5 


9.0 


268.8 


- Decrease 
















* Percentages in this columr 


repres 


ent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by tot£ 


1 1935 sal 


5S of each 


classification. 






* * Pay roll not available tor 


year \i 


»36. Pay roll includes compensation of hill-time and part-time employee 


s, but not 


of propiietc 


rs and firm memb 


ers of 




unincorporated businesses. 
















J_/ 1935 Figures not availabl 


e for d 


rtermining percent sample. 











































CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



Page 89 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA 

TABLE 3.-S1ZE OF SAMPLE 

1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Number Of 
Establishments 



1935 
Census 



Included in 
1937-38 
Survey 



Number 



Sample 



Net Sales 

Udd 000 ) 



1935 

Census 



1935 Sales Of 
Those Included 
In 1937-38 Survey 



Amount 



Sample 



Pay Rou.' 

(.dd 000) 



1935 
Census 



1935 Pay Roll Of 
Those Included 
In 1937-38 Survey 



Amount 



Sample 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Aut omot i ve 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Chemicals and paints 

Clothing and furnishings 

Drugs (full line) 

Drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines) 

Dry goods (full line) 

Dry goods (specialty lines) 

Electrical goods 

Faim supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Paper and its products 

Plumbing and heating equipment and 

supplies 
Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 



352 

861 

81 

339 

13 

59 

28 

142 

172 

91 

572 

147 

255 

919 

92 

124 

230 

509 

205 

177 
242 



58 

67 

15 

56 

5 

7 

7 

20 

38 

24 

72 

29 

94 

169 

19 

32 

55 

105 

48 

53 
37 



16 
8 
19 
17 
38 
12 
25 
14 
22 
26 
13 
20 
37 
18 
21 
26 
24 
21 
23 

36 
15 



i 51,237 
33,907 

7,929 
40,694 
16,354 

3,919 
12,168 
13,348 
78,509 

6,854 
93,442 
16,819 
125,508 
99,545 
20,307 

9,830 
32,711 
55,252 
31,730 

20,478 
50,752 



13,801 

5,527 

2,143 

11,957 

13,128 

997 

5,565 

2,713 

17,001 

2,091 

18,772 

7,008 

64,199 

31,050 

5,157 

4,675 

11,029 

20,835 

13,053 

9,355 
11,005 



27 
16 
27 
29 
80 
25 
46 
20 
22 
30 
20 
42 
51 
31 
35 
48 
34 
38 
41 

46 
18 



$ 5,129 

1,811 

840 

2,754 

1,092 

443 

980 

980 

5,802 

430 

3,199 

1,663 

5,532 

6,789 

2,489 

1,259 

3,205 

6,734 

3,641 

2,457 
1,757 



1,453 

348 

232 

735 

877 

90 

392 

137 

1,570 

146 

707 

6S4 

2,817 

2,416 

587 

621 

1,165 

2,492 

1,570 

1,150 
423 



28 
19 
28 
27 
80 
20 
40 
14 
27 
34 
22 
38 
51 
35 
24 
49 
36 
37 
43 

47 
24 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Chemicals and paints 

Clothing and furnishings 

Dry goods (specialty lines) 

Electrical goods 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipnent and supplies 

Plumbing and heating equipment and 

supplies 
Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 



66 
19 
47 
10 
12 
31 
21 

237 

8 

9 

30 

201 

35 
7 



45 


58 


5 


26 


25 


53 


3 


30 


5 


42 


19 


61 


16 


76 


147 


52 


3 


38 


7 


78 


10 


33 


120 


50 


21 


58 


3 


43 



95,432 

22,732 

43,333 

2,399 

8,868 

45,480 

5 , 958 

241,375 

513 

1,312 

9,927 

51,125 

9,060 
4,778 



76,731 


80 


3,734 


16 


14,221 


33 


880 


37 


1,530 


17 


44,581 


96 


5,536 


93 


187,643 


78 


172 


34 


1,267 


97 


2,623 


26 


35,554 


70 


5,805 


64 


2,481 


B2 



3,459 
733 

2,159 
361 
345 

2,084 
314 

8,907 

53 

148 

1,255 

5,257 

826 
339 



2,590 

176 

848 

59 

137 

1,891 
258 

5,537 

30 

134 

420 

4,447 

555 
171 



75 
24 
39 
16 
40 
91 
85 
75 
57 
91 
33 
71 

67 

50 



COMMISSION MERCHANTS 



Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 



14 



5,229 



122 



• Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of unincorporated businesses. 
X 1935 Figures withheld to avoid disclosure. 



Page 90 

CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF TENNESSEE 
TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND RRST HALF OF 1938 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



See Of 

Sample 

Compared 

Wrra 1935 

Census 



ElSTAB- 
USH- 

MEfrrs 



Net. 
Saixs 



No. Of 

ElSTAB- 
USH- 
MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 

1937-38 
Survey 



Net 
Sales 
Year 
1937 

(xM OOO) 



Net Sales By Quarters 

(vU 000) 



1937 



1st Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2ND Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



3RD Qr. 

July 1 
SepL 30 



4TH Qr. 

Oct 1 
Dec 31 



1938 



1ST Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mai. 31 



2ND Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



Percent 
Change 



1ST Qr. 

1937 

To 
1ST Qr 

1938 



2nd Qr 

1937 

To 

2ND Qr 

1938 



SERVICE AND UMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 
Chemicals and paints 
Clothing and furnishings 
Drugs {full line) 
Drugs and drug sundries 
(specialty lines) 
Dry goods (full & specialty lines) 
Electrical goods 
yarm supplies 

Frjits and vegetables (fresh) 
?'.imiture and house furnishings 
Groceries (full line) 
Groceries end foods (specialty lines) 
Hardvfare, plumbing and heating 
Jevielry and optical goods 
Lumber and construction materials 
Machinery, equipment and supplies 
Paner and its products 



13 


22 


9 


15 


21 


5 


31 


24 


4 


18 


36 


8 


45 


76 


5 


26 


72 


6 


21 


19 


6 


35 


49 


11 


22 


24 


5 


12 


37 


9 


40 


52 


4 


17 


10 


IS 


11 


17 


16 


25 


15 


8 


60 


46 


3 


10 


11 


7 


15 


28 


12 


17 


22 


4 



2,035 
1,202 
1,068 
3,134 
7,128 

753 
2,406 
6,955 
1,027 
5,207 
1,045 
6,639 
3,858 
3,796 

165 
1,592 
4,207 
1,576 



531 
189 
284 
783 
1,853 

182 
537 

1,618 
333 

1,218 
236 

1,634 
952 
812 
38 
388 
952 
375 



585 
327 
303 
772 
1,751 

225 

555 
2,235 

293 
1,452 

288 
1,676 

987 

1,051 

38 

498 
1,127 

407 



393 
414 
267 
959 
1,731 

170 

701 
1,682 

242 
1,078 

278 
1,759 

993 

1,043 

50 

469 
1,179 

410 



526 

272 

214 

620 

1,783 

176 
513 

1,420 
159 

1,459 
243 

1,570 
916 
880 
39 
337 
949 
384 



414 
266 
226 
658 
1,704 

166 
465 

1,422 
193 

1,252 
186 

1,473 
882 
711 
37 
333 
725 
334 



360 


-22.0 


348 


+40,7 


275 


-20.4 


752 


-16.2 


1,620 


- 8.5 


195 


- 8.8 


449 


-13.2 


1,415 


-12.1 


204 


-42.0 


1,318 


+ 3.6 


218 


-21.2 


1,555 


- 9.9 


900 


- 8.3 


844 


-12.4 


34 


- 2.6 


361 


-14.2 


851 


-23.8 


340 


-10.9 



-38.5 
+ 6.4 

- 9.2 

- 2.6 
-7.5 

-13.3 
-19.1 
-36.7 
-30.4 

- 9.2 
-24.3 
-7,2 

- 8.8 
-20.5 
-10.5 
-27.5 
-24.5 
-15.5 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Automotive 
Cheaicals and paints 
Clothing and furnishings 
Furniture and house furnishings 
Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 
Jexelry and optical goods 
Machinery, equipment and supplies 
Pluaibing and heating equipnent 
and supplies 



48 


90 


12 


64 


89 


7 


67 


35 


4 


80 


33 


4 


57 


83 


34 


100 


100 


4 


48 


59 


20 


83 


98 


5 



27,908 

2,475 

4,078 

788 

37,993 

419 

12,070 

2,239 



5,722 
492 
838 
195 

9,222 
100 

3,437 

465 



8,094 
675 

1,070 
191 

9,505 
104 

3,948 

618 



7,089 
648 

1,178 
219 

9,892 
118 

2,590 

315 



7,003 
660 
992 
182 

9,373 
97 

2,095 

541 



4,374 
459 
655 

168 

8,490 

94 

2,821 

367 



4,372 
451 
955 
150 

8,357 
94 

2,115 

457 



-23.5 

- 5.7 
-21.8 
-14.3 

- 7.9 

- 6.0 
-17.9 



-16.8 



+INCREASE - Decrease 

♦ Percentages in thb column represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 



-46.0 
-31.7 
-10.7 
-16.2 
-12.1 
- 9.6 
-45.4 



-26.1 



Huge 91 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 






WHOLESALE 


DISTRIBUTION 




STATE OF TENNESSEE 












TABLE 2.- SAI.F.S, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 










FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












Size Of 




















Samplx 


No. Of 


















Compared 


ESTAB. 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll" 


Stocks On Hand 


Percent Increase 




With 1935 


LISH- 






End Of Year 


1935 10 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


MENTS 

Includ- 


l.dd 000) 


1 add 000 ) 




( idd 000 ) 






j 


ESTAB 






























Net* 


ed In 


























LISH. 
MENTS 


Saixs 


1937-38 

Survey 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 

SALE.S 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


13 


22 


9 


$ 2,035 


1 2,153 


$ 1,598 


$ 194 


* 152 


S 271 


J 248 


5 202 


27.3 


37.6 


34.2 


Beer, wines and liquors 


15 


21 


5 


1,202 


1,009 


552 


156 


60 


28 


14 


9 


117.8 


160.0 


211.1 


Chemicals and paints 


31 


24 


4 


1,068 


1,053 


859 


117 


108 


144 


148 


131 


22. S 


8.3 


9.9 


Clothing and furnishings 


18 


35 


8 


3,134 


3,421 


2,567 


189 


145 


831 


543 


544 


22.1 


30.3 


52.8 


Drugs (full line) 


45 


76 


5 


7,128 


6,714 


5,992 


542 


445 


983 


958 


891 


19.0 


21.8 


10.3 


Drugs and drug sundries 






























(specialty lines) 


26 


72 


5 


753 


728 


660 


108 


105 


95 


94 


90 


14.1 


2.9 


6.7 


Dry goods (full and specialty 






























lines) 


21 


19 


5 


2,406 


2,495 


2,571 


232 


177 


474 


522 


527 


-6.4 


31.1 


-10.1 


Electrical goods 


35 


49 


11 


6,955 


5,378 


3,261 


418 


183 


592 


505 


377 


113.3 


128.4 


57.0 


Farm supplies 


22 


24 


5 


1,027 


1,150 


819 


40 


30 


89 


97 


82 


25.4 


33.3 


8.5 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


12 


37 


9 


5,207 


4,753 


4,021 


252 


201 


87 


112 


114 


29.5 


25.4 


-23.7 


Furniture & house furnishings 


40 


52 


4 


1,045 


1,065 


781 


88 


83 


219 


191 


181 


33.8 


5.0 


21.0 


Groceries (full line) 


17 


10 


18 


5,539 


5,980 


5,349 


314 


289 


850 


837 


738 


24.1 


8.7 


15.2 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


11 


17 


16 


3,858 


3,624] 2,720 


246 


181 


196 


205 


130 


41.3 


35.9 


50.8 


Hard-ware, plumbing & heating 


E5 


15 


8 


3,795 


3,452 


2,518 


325 


252 


615 


598 


502 


50.8 


29.0 


22.7 


Jewelry and optical goods 


60 


46 


3 


165 


148 


128 


37 


32 


21 


17 


18 


28.9 


15.6 


16.7 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


10 


11 


7 


1,692 


1,503 


1,058 


238 


177 


181 


180 


171 


59.9 


34.5 


5.8 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


15 


28 


12 


4,207 


3,898 


3,117 


545 


358 


742 


700 


782 


35.0 


52.2 


-5.1 


Paper and its products 


17 


22 


4 


1,576 


1,445 j 1,317 


204 


181 


359 


401 


312 


19.7 


12.7 


15.1 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


48 


90 


12 


27,908 


26,041 


22,120 


529 


443 


1,262 


934 


659 


26.2 


42.0 


1 
91.5 


Chemicals and paints 


54 


89 


7 


2,475 


2,366 


2,457 


191 


185 


212 


214 


200 


0.7 


2.7 


6.0 


Clothing and furnishings 


57 


35 


4 


4,078 


3,692 


2,613 


296 


184 


864 


645 


475 


56.1 


60.9 


81.9 


Furniture & house furnishings 


80 


33 


4 


788 


762 


658 


40 


25 


76 


69 


45 


19.8 


53.8 


58.9 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


57 


83 


34 


37,993 


36,790 


31,553 


1,519 


1,213 


1,165 


1,264 


1,087 


20.4 


25.2 


7.2 


Jewelry and optical goods 


100 


100 


4 


419 


396 


X 


94 


X 


77 


71 


X 


~ 


~ 


— 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


48 


59 


20 


12,070 


9,507 


7,259 


931 


624 


2,122 


1,700 


909 


66.3 


49.2 


133.4 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment & supplies 


83 


98 


5 


2,239 


1,909 


1,321 


178 


120 


347 


297 


234 


69.5 


48.3 


48.3 


- Decrease 












* Percentages in this colum 


1 represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by to 


tal 1935 s< 


lies of eaci 


classification. 




* * Pay roil not available lor 


year 1936. Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employe 


es, but not 


of propriet 


ors and firm mem 


bers of 


unincorporated businesses. 












X 1935 Figures withheld to 


avoid disclosure. 











Page 92 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 




WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 


STATE OF TENNESSEE 










TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 










1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 












Number Of 


Net Sales 




Pay Roll* 




KIND OF BUSINESS 


Establishments 


(add ooo) 






add 000) 






Included in 
1937-38 




1935 Sales Of 
Those Included 




1935 Pay Roll Of 
Those Included 




1935 

Census 


Survey 


1935 

Census 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 
Census 


In 193738 Survey 




% 
Sample 




% 
Sample 




% 
Sample 






Number 




Amount 




Amount 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


67 


9 


13 


$ 7,187 


1 1,598 


22 


% 863 


% 152 


18 


Beer, wines and liquors 


34 


5 


15 


2,593 


552 


21 


231 


60 


26 


Chenicals and paints 


IS 


4 


31 


3,633 


869 


24 


314 


108 


34 


Clothing and furnisiiings 


44 


8 


18 


7,079 


2,567 


36 


450 


145 


32 


Druss (full line) 


11 


5 


45 


7,912 


5,992 


75 


587 


445 


76 


Drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines) 


23 


6 


26 


923 


650 


72 


153 


105 


59 


Dry goods (full and specialty lines) 


28 


6 


21 


13,450 


2,571 


19 


941 


177 


19 


Electrical goods 


31 


11 


35 


5,572 


3,251 


49 


522 


183 


35 


?arm supplies 


23 


5 


22 


3,405 


819 


24 


192 


30 


16 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


77 


9 


12 


10,852 


4,021 


37 


558 


201 


36 


Furniture and house furnishings 


10 


4 


40 


1,495- 


781 


52 


180 


63 


46 


Groceries (full line) 


107 


18 


17 


54,285 


5,349 


10 


2,334 


289 


12 


ilroceries and foods (specialty lines) 


144 


16 


11 


15,123 


2,720 


17 


1,235 


181 


15 


HardTfare, plunbin^ and heating 


32 


8 


25 


16,933 


2,518 


15 


1,590 


252 


IS 


Jewelry and optical goods 


5 


3 


50 


278 


128 


46 


65 


32 


49 


Lumber and construction materials 


71 


7 


10 


9,594 


1,058 


11 


859 


177 


21 


Machinery, ecuipnent and supplies 


79 


12 


15 


11,257 


3,117 


28 


1,355 


358 


25 


Paper and its products 


24 


4 


17 


5,937 


1,317 


22 


697 


181 


26 


MANUFACTURERS' SAIFS BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


25 


12 


48 


24,585 


22,120 


90 


639 


443 


59 


Chemicals and paints 


11 


7 


54 


2,761 


2,457 


89 


241 


186 


77 


Clothing and furnishings 


5 


4 


67 


7,499 


2,613 


35 


493 


1S4 


37 


Furniture and house furnishings 


5 


4 


80 


2,0C5 


558 


33 


76 


26 


34 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


60 


34 


57 


36,125 


31,553 


85 


1,634 


1,213 


74 


Jewelry and optical goods 


4 


4 


100 


X 


X 


ICO 


X 


X 


100 


tdaohinery, equipment and supplies 


42 


20 


48 


Iw . 255 


7,259 


59 


892 


524 


70 


Plumbing & heating equipment & supplies 


6 


5 


83 


1,351 


1,321 


98 


122 


120 


98 


* Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and fir 


m memb 


ers of unincorporated businesses. 1 1 


X 1935 Figures withheld to avoid disclosure. 

































Page 93 


CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 


STATE OF TEXAS 




WHOLESALE 


DISTRIBUTION 


TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 








FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 










Size Of 










1 






Sample 


No. Of 

ESTAB. 
LISH- 
MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 




Net Sales By Quarters | 


Percent 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Compared 

With 1935 

Census 


Net 
Sales 
Year 
1937 


(«Jd 


ooo) 




Chance 


1937 


1938 


1ST Qr 
1937 
To 


2ND QR 
1937 
To 


ESTAB. 
USH. 


Net. 


1ST QR. 


2nd QR. 


3rd QR 


4TH QR 


1st Qr 


2ND Qr 




MENTS 


Sales 


1937-38 
Survey 




Jan. 1 


April 1 


July 1 


Oct. 1 


Jan. 1 


April 1 


1ST Qr 


2Nn Qr 




% 


% 


(.dd 000) 


Mar. 31 


June 30 SepL 30 


Dec. 31 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


1938 


1938 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 








Automotive 


13 


23 


34 


$10,577 


* 2,471 


$ 2,728 


J 2,867 


1 2,511 


1 2,009 


1 2,125 


-18.7 


-22.1 


deer, wines and liquors 


6 


21 


11 


2,824 


587 


664 


701 


872 


640 


734 


♦ 9.0 


♦ 10,5 


Clothing and fumlstilngs 


17 


13 


9 


1,247 


264 


304 


388 


291 


235 


231 


-10.6 


-24.0 


Drugs (full line) 


54 


89 


9 


16,907 


3,986 


3,699 


3,995 


5,227 


4,190 


3,727 


♦ 5.1 


♦ 0.8 


Drugs and drug sundries 


























(specialty lines) 


16 


14 


6 


524 


131 


118 


149 


126 


137 


118 


♦ 4.6 


0.0 


Dry goods (full and specialty lines) 


26 


38 


5 


5,391 


1,284 


1,148 


1,731 


1,228 


1,074 


955 


-16.4 


-16.8 


Electrical goods 


28 


44 


19 


14,391 


3,184 


4,888 


3,445 


2,874 


2,785 


3,327 


-12.5 


-31.9 


Farm supplies 


17 


20 


12 


2,383 


865 


631 


366 


521 


594 


423 


-31.3 


-33.0 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


9 


18 


20 


5,950 


1,499 


1,927 


1,349 


1,175 


1,361 


1,534 


- 9.2 


-20.4 


Furniture and house furnishings 


24 


48 


6 


2,424 


525 


631 


664 


604 


530 


540 


♦ 1.0 


-14.4 


General narchandise 


33 


76 


3 


10,541 


2,390 


2,163 


3,312 


2,676 


2,169 


1,756 


- 9.2 


-18.6 


Groceries (full line) 


24 


26 


70 


37,921 


9,213 


9,601 


10,037 


9,070 


9,039 


9,007 


- 1.9 


- 6.2 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


IC 


19 


50 


9,421 


2,348 


2,192 


2,464 


2,417 


2,212 


2,117 


- 5.6 


- 3.4 


Hardware 


29 


33 


12 


9,765 


2,215 


2,529 


2,666 


2,355 


2,139 


2,302 


- 3.4 


- 9.0 


Lumber and construction materials 


24 


31 


22 


7,028 


1,750 


1,883 


1,872 


1,523 


1,517 


1,499 


-13.3 


-20.4 


tochinery, equipment and supplies 


29 


52 


131 


61,284 


15,637 


16,107 


16,210 


13,330 


12,146 


11,312 


-22.3 


-29.8 


Paper and its products 


30 


42 


14 


3,257 


781 


820 


845 


811 


746 


774 


- 4.5 


- 5.6 


flunbing and heating equipment and 


























supplies 


30 


55 


13 


4,672 


1,100 


1,404 


1,274 


1,094 


971 


1,148 


-11.7 


-16.2 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


9 


12 


6 


3,559 


751 


872 


896 


1,040 


898 


927 


♦ 19.6 


♦ 6.3 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


55 


89 


26 


90,999 


22,330 


24,425 


21,127 


23,117 


15,862 


12,061 


-29.0 


-50.5 


Chemicals and paints 


31 


49 


5 


2,688 


608 


524 


772 


784 


589 


457 


- 3.1 


-12.8 


Electrical goods 


47 


76 


8 


16,104 


4,317 


3,961 


4,181 


3,645 


3,278 


3,212 


-24.1 


-18.9 


Furniture and house furnishings 


82 


90 


9 


2,998 


722 


725 


823 


728 


612 


536 


-15.2 


-26.1 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


54 


78 


80 


69,512 


17,349 


16,938 


18,184 


17,041 


15,775 


15,725 


- 9.3 


- 7.2 


Jewelry and optical goods 


69 


95 


9 


1,227 


281 


296 


356 


290 


271 


286 


- 3.6 


- 4.0 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


57 


76 


92 


46,267 


11,566 


12,019 


12,435 


10,246 


9,737 


8,781 


-15.8 


-26.9 


Paper and its products 


33 


36 


3 


1,144 


265 


277 


284 


318 


266 


285 


♦ 0.4 


♦ 2.9 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 


























supplies 


90 


99 


9 


4,291 


964 


1,269 


1,076 


962 


880 


973 


- 8.7 


-24.5 


-hIncrease - Decrease 










* Percentages in this column represent 


1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by tota 


1 1935 sal< 


is of each classificatio 


T. 



Page 94 






























CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 










WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 








STATE OF TEXAS 












TABLE 2.- SAI FS, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 




- 








FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 










Size 


OF 1 












1 






Sample 
Compared 
With 1935 


No. Of 
Estab- 


Net Sales 


Pay Roa** 


Stocks On Hand 


Percent Increase 




lish- 






End Of Yea 


R 


1935 lo 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 
Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 




(add 000 ) 








ESTAB. 




























USH- 
MENTS 

% 


NET* 

Sales 

% 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 

Roll 


Stocks 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


AutomotiTe 


13 


23 


34 


$10,577 


$ 9,678 


$ 7,270 


t 978 


$ 777 


$1,438 


$1,117 


*1,099 


45.5 


25.9 


30.8 


Beer, wines and liquors 


6 


21 


11 


2,824 


2,506 


3,057 


200 


140 


261 


256 


308 


- 7.6 


42.9 


-15.3 


Clothing and furnishings 


17 


13 


9 


1,247 


1,227 


881 


96 


79 


243 


252 


166 


41.5 


21.5 


46.4 


Drugs (full line) 


64 


89 


9 


16,907 


14,870 


12,077 


1,081 


781 


3,881 


3,405 


2,738 


40.0 


38.4 


41.7 


Drugs and drug sundries 






























( specialty lines) 


15 


14 


6 


524 


496 


425 


52 


47 


146 


135 


120 


23.3 


10.6 


21.7 


Dry goods (full and 






























specialty lines) 


26 


38 


5 


5,391 


5,243 


4,659 


386 


352 


877 


1,215 


776 


15.7 


9.7 


13.0 


Electrical goods 


28 


44 


19 


14,391 


10,403 


7,301 


929 


541 


1,602 


1,080 


813 


97.1 


71.7 


97.0 


Farm supplies 


17 


20 


12 


2,383 


1,974 


1,987 


128 


117 


159 


156 


318 


19.9 


9.4 


-50.0 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


9 


18 


20 


5,950 


5,330 


4,945 


223 


220 


107 


132 


115 


20.3 


1.4 


- 7.0 


Furniture & house furnishings 


24 


48 


6 


2,424 


2,090 1,611 


157 


81 


411 


347 


334 


50.5 


93.8 


23.1 


General merchandise 


33 


76 


3 


10,541 


10,478 9,090 


750 


646 


1,618 


1,891 


1,498 


16.0 


16.1 


8.0 


Groceries {full line) 


24 


26 


70 


37,921 


34,202 


31,613 


1,357 


1,080 


4,194 


4,696 


3,183 


20.0 


g5.6 


31.8 


Groceries and foods 




























■ 


(specialty lines) 


10 


19 


50 


9,421 


8,712 


8,163 


666 


556 


777 


746 


592 


15.4 


19.8 


12.3 


Hardware 


29 


33 


12 


9,765 


8,885 


7,346 


866 


683 


2,384 


2,203 


2,070 


32.9 


26.8 


15.2 


Lumber & construction materials 


24 


31 


22 


7,028 


6,376 


3,893 


623 


338 


1,121 


1,145 


715 


30.5 


34.3 


55.6' 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


29 


52 


131 


61,284 


45,926 


41,740 


2,982 


2,188 


8,462 


6,728 


6,058 


46.8 


36,3 


■ 39.7 


Paper and its products 


30 


42 


14 


3,257 


3,006 


2,720 


469 


394 


627 


574 


564 


19.7 


19.0 


11.8 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment and supplies 


30 


55 


13 


4,872 


4,349 


2,754 


329 


250 


795 


707 


548 


76.9 


31.6 


45.1 


Tobacco and its products 










j 


















(except leaf) 


9 


12 


6 


3,559 


3,263 j 2,709 

1 


57 


53 


133 


124 


138 


31,4 


7.5 


- 3.6 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


55 


89 


! 

26 


90,999 


34,549 


64,560 


1,969 


1,412 


3,772 


3; 191 


2,223 


40.9 


39.4 


69.7 


Chemicals and paints 


31 


49 


5 


2,688 


2,405 


1,894 


176 


125 


130 


137 


139 


41.9 


30.4 


- 6.5 


Electrical goods 


47 


76 


8 


16,104 


11,421 


6,969 


498 


333 


1,080 


917 


900 


131.1 


49.5 


2C.0 


Furniture & house furnishings 


82 


90 


9 


2,998 


2,864 


2,161 


145 


108 


146 


180 


124 


38.7 


34.3 


17.7 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


54 


78 


80 


69 , 512 


64,107 


57,199 


3,137 


2,422 


1,944 


2,138 


1,995 


21.5 


29.5 


- 2.6 


Jewelry and optical goods 


69 


95 


9 


1,227 


1,103 


902 


208 


172 


246 


186 


140 


36.0 


20.9 


75.7 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


57 


76 


92 


46,26- 


39,152 


29,819 


4,086 


2,538 


8,894 


7,522 


5,098 


55.2 


51.0 


74.5 


Paper and its products 


33 


36 


3 


1,144 


1,036 


870 


126 


109 


176 


173 


173 


31.5 


15.6 


1.7 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment and supplies 


90 


99 


9 


4,291 


3,420 


2,325 


270 


168 


612 


542 


449 


84.6 


60.7 


36.3 


- Decrease 














•* Percentages in this columr 


repres 


ent 193 


5 sales ol establishments included in this survey, divided by tot£ 


1 1935 sal 


is of each 


classification. 


* » Pay roll not available lor 


year 1£ 


36. P< 


ly roll includes compensation ol full-time and part-time employee 


s, but not 


ol proprietc 


>rs and firm members of 


unincorporated businesses. 















CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



Page 95 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF TEX\S 

TABLE 3.-S1ZE OF SAMPLE 

1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Number Of 
Establishments 



1935 

Census 



Included in 
1937-38 
Survey 



Number 



Sample 



Net Sales 

I add 000 ) 



1935 

Census 



1935 Sales Of 
Those Included 
In 1937-38 Survey 



Amount 



Sample 



Pay Rou • 

(•dd 000) 



1935 
Census 



1935 Pay Roll Of 
Those Included 
In 1937-38 Survey 



Amount 



Sample 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Clothing and furnishings 

Drugs (full line) 

Drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines) 

Dry goods (full and specialty lines) 

Electrical goods 

Farm supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Furniture and house furnishings 

General merchandise 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Paper and its products 

Plumbing & heating equipment & supplies 

Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 



254 


34 


13 


183 


11 


6 


54 


9 


17 


14 


9 


64 


38 


6 


16 


19 


5 


25 


68 


19 


28 


71 


12 


17 


211 


20 


9 


25 


6 


24 


9 


3 


33 


294 


70 


24 


490 


50 


10 


42 


12 


29 


91 


22 


24 


455 


131 


29 


47 


14 


30 


43 


13 


30 


64 


6 


9 



$ 32,054 
14,571 

6,644 
13,509 

2,968 
12,305 
16 , 682 
10,102 
27,684 

3,356 
11,946 
123,441 
43,808 
22,004 
12,660 
79,970 

6,483 

5,024 
21,940 



$ 7,270 


23 


3,057 


21 


881 


13 


12,077 


89 


425 


14 


4,659 


38 


7,301 


44 


1,987 


20 


4,945 


18 


1,611 


48 


9,090 


76 


31,613 


26 


8,163 


19 


7,346 


33 


3,893 


31 


41,740 


52 


2,720 


42 


2,754 


55 


2,709 


12 



$3,245 

757 

465 

846 

195 

1,093 

1,439 

439 

1,668 

248 

808 

5,097 

3,170 

1,961 

1,027 

4,978 

853 

475 

510 



i 777 
140 

79 
731 

47 
352 
541 
117 
220 

81 
646 
1,080 
556 
683 
338 
2,188 
394 
250 

53 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with slocks) 



Automotive 

Chemicals and paints 

Electrical goods 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Paper and its products 

Plumbing & heating equipment &. supplies 



47 


26 


55 


16 


5 


31 


17 


8 


47 


11 


9 


82 


148 


80 


54 


13 


9 


69 


162 


92 


57 


9 


3 


33 


10 


9 


90 



72,477 
3,895 
9,160 
2,397 

72,972 
948 

39,093 
2,392 
2,342 



64,580 


89 


1,894 


49 


6,969 


76 


2,161 


90 


57,199 


78 


902 


95 


29,819 


76 


870 


36 


2,325 


99 



1,878 
408 
437 
119 

3,136 
184 

3,251 
267 
170 



1,412 
135 
333 
108 

2,422 
172 

2,538 
109 
168 



75 
35 
68 
91 
77 
93 
78 
41 
99 



Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of unincorporated businesses. 



Page 96 

CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF VIRGINIA 

TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Net » 
Sales 



No. Of 
Estab- 
lish- 
ments 
Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 



Net 
Sales 
Year 
1937 

(•dd 000) 



Net Sales By Quarters 

(>dd OOO) 



1937 



1st Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2nd Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



3rd Qr. 

July 1 
Sept. 30 



4TH Qr. 

Oct 1 
Dec. 31 



1938 



1ST Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2ND Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



Percent 
Chance 



1ST Qr. 

1937 

To 
1ST Qr. 

1938 



2ND QR 
1937 
To 

2ND Qr 
1938 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Chemicals and paints 

Clothing and furnishings 

Dry goods (full line) 

Electrical goods 

Farm supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Paper and its products 

Plumbing and heating 

equipment and supplies 
Tobacco and its products 

(except leaf) 



15 


16 


8 


10 


12 


6 


25 


49 


3 


24 


50 


6 


27 


32 


3 


28 


33 


9 


39 


35 


12 


11 


27 


9 


33 


66 


3 


29 


31 


26 


13 


24 


27 


32 


40 


7 


100 


100 


4 


20 


23 


8 


18 


22 


12 


38 


35 


8 


43 


47 


9 


17 


42 


3 



$1,000 
1,000 

927 
2,611 
2,382 
3,617 
2,930 
2,798 

237 

11,111 

7,854 

3,486 

377 
2,051 
2,644 
2,681 

3,756 

3,666 



i 207 

211 

194 

679 

565 

807 

736 

643 

61 

2,620 

1,873 

792 

94 

463 

649 

663 

691 



I 247 

258 

281 

567 

443 

1,046 

844 

827 

60 

2,818 

2,020 

912 

89 

629 

783 

709 

1,030 

900 



I 263 

290 
243 
868 
838 
913 
717 
789 
65 
2,948 
2,009 
959 
101 
500 
634 
729 

1,090 

989 



I 283 

241 
209 
497 
536 
851 
633 
539 

51 

2,725 

1,952 

823 

93 
459 
578 
580 

945 

976 



i 223 
180 
208 
555 
473 
653 
655 
593 

42 

2,335 

1,736 

687 

85 
386 
489 
613 

607 

841 



f 253 
235 
256 
445 
357 
759 
693 
754 

49 

2,445 

1,819 

708 

87 
462 
592 
652 

863 

986 



•f 7.7 
-14.7 
■^ 7.2 
-18.3 
-16.3 
-19.1 
-11.0 

- 7.8 
-31.1 
-10.9 

- 7.3 
-13.3 

- 9.6 
-16.6 
-24.7 

- 7.5 

-12.2 
* 5.0 



+ 2.4 

- 8.9 

- 8.9 
-21.5 
-19.4 
-27.4 
-17.9 

- 8.8 
-18.3 
-13.2 
-10.0 
-22.4 

- 2.2 
-26.6 
-24,4 

- 8.0 

-16.2 
+ 9.6 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Automotive 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 
Jewelry and optical goods 
Machinery, equipment and supplies 



63 

57 

100 

58 



82 

86 

100 

83 



5 
36 

4 
14 



15,917 

31,509 

246 

4,041 



4,839 

7,354 

61 

994 



5,484 

7,866 

60 

1,337 



3,347 

8,129 

66 

895 



2,247 

8,160 

59 

815 



2,279 

6,806 

49 

954 



2,890 

7,003 

47 

955 



-52.9 

- 7.5 
-19.7 

- 4.0 



-47.3 
-11.0 
-21.7 
-28.6 



-fiNCREASE _ Decrease 

* Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales o( establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 





























Page 97 


CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 








WHOLESALE 


DISTRIBUTION 






STATE OF VIRGINIA 














TABLE 2.-- SALES. PAY ROLL AND STOCKS; 1937, 1936 AND 1935 














FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 














Size Of 




















Sample 


No. Of 


















Compared 


Estab- 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll" 


Stocks On Hand | 


Percent Increase 




With 1935 


lish- 






End Of Yea 


R 


1935 lo 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 

INCLUD- 


(add 000) 


l.dd 000) 




(udd 000 ) 






1 




ESTAB 








'^ 






















Net- 


-ED In 


























LISH- 
MENTS 


Sales 


1937-38 
Survey 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Saus 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 




% 


% 


























SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 










Automotive 


16 


16 


8 


$ 1,000 


1 996 


$ 932 


t 135 


» 126 


t 296 


t 258 


$ 252 


7.3 


7.1 


17.5 


Beer, wines and liquors 


10 


12 


6 


1,000 


976 


594 


68 


40 


48 


46 


25 


68.4 


70.0 


92.0 


Chemicals and paints 


25 


49 


3 


927 


908 


884 


101 


87 


155 


152 


104 


4.9 


15.1 


49.0 


Clothing and furnishings 


24 


50 


6 


2,611 


2,745 


2,543 


200 


203 


329 


407 


395 


2.7 


- 1.5 


-16.7 


Dry goods (full line) 


27 


32 


3 


2,382 


2,552 


2,167 


234 


226 


553 


424 


371 


9.9 


3.5 


49.1 


Electrical goods 


28 


33 


9 


3,617 


2,944 


2,724 


296 


204 


422 


371 


247 


32.8 


45.1 


70.9 


Farm supplies 


39 


35 


12 


2,930 


2,577 


2,342 


195 


121 


229 


199 


196 


25.1 


61.2 


15.8 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


11 


27 


9 


2,798 


2,683 


2,171 


225 


165 


134 


142 


106 


28.9 


35-4 


26.4 


Furniture and house 






























furnishings 


33 


66 


3 


237 


255 


250 


26 


27 


110 


112 


116 


- 5.2 


- 3.7 


- 5-. 2 


Groceries (full line) 


29 


31 


26 


11,111 


10,057 


9,372 


523 


436 


1,453 


1,448 


1,208 


18.6 


20.0 


20.3 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


13 


24 


27 


7,854 


8,032 


6,612 


460 


369 


455 


539 


380 


18.8 


24.7 


19.7 


Hardware 


32 


40 


7 


3,486 


3,270 


2,804 


385 


328 


1,096 


1,187 


976 


24.3 


17.4 


12-3 


Jewelry and optical goods 


100 


100 


4 


377 


343 


275 


67 


40 


07 


65 


69 


37.1 


67.5 


- 2.9 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


20 


23 


8 


2,051 


1,620 


1,225 


241 


155 


181 


168 


144 


67.4 


55.5 


25.7 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


18 


22 


12 


2,644 


2,214 


1,779 


295 


230 


429 


390 


352 


48.6 


28.3 


21.9 


Paper and its products 


38 


35 


8 


2,681 


2,412 


2,115 


252 


229 


423 


399 


347 


26.8 


10.0 


21.9 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment and supplies 


43 


47 


9 


3,756 


3,251 


2,502 


313 


207 


464 


442 


327 


50.1 


51.2 


41.9 


Tobacco and its products 






1 
























(except leaf) 


17 


42 


5 

1 


3,666 


3,692 


3,480 


149 


145 


170 


197 


149 


5.3 


2.1 


14.1 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


63 


82 


5 15,917 


14,718 


8,243 


365 


293 


540 


576 


301 


93.1 


24.6 


79.4 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


57 


86 


36 


31,509 


30,204 


27 , 751 


1,335 


1,052 


1,097 


1,116 


1,151 


13.5 


26.9 


- 4.7 


Jewelry and optical goods 


100 


100 


4 


246 


237 


210 


43 


38 


35 


32 


27 


17.1 


13.2 


29.6 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


58 


83 


14 


4,041 


3,363 


2,437 


453 


303 


598 


590 


246 


65.8 


49.5 


143.1 


- Decrease 
















* Percentages in this column 


represent 1 93 


5 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by tot 


al 1935 sa 


es of each 


classificati 


Dn. 




* * Pay roll not available for 


year 1936. Pa 


y roll includes compensation of full-lime and part-time employee 


s, but not 


of proprietors and firm members of 


unincorporated businesses. 

















Page 98 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 






WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 




STATE OF VIRGINIA 












TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 






• 




1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 












Number Of 


Net Sales 




Pay Roll* 






Establishments 


Udd ooo) 






add 000) 






Included In 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Of 


KIND OF BUSINESS 




1937-38 




Those Included 




Those Included 




1935 


Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 




Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 
Sample 






Number 




Amount 




Amount 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


50 


8 


16 


% 5,797 


% 932 


16 


% 718 


% 126 


18 


Beer, wines and liquors 


58 


6 


10 


4,821 


594 


12 


304 


40 


13 


Chemicals and paints 


12 


3 


25 


1,818 


884 


49 


197 


87 


44 


Clothing and furnishings 


25 


6 


24 


5,121 


2,543 


50 


508 


203 


40 


Dry goods (full line) 


11 


3 


27 


6,770 


2,167 


32 


618 


226 


37 


Electrical goods 


32 


9 


28 


8,233 


2,724 


33 


699 


204 


29 


Farm supplies 


31 


12 


39 


6,740 


2,342 


35 


408 


121 


30 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


84 


9 


11 


8,006 


2,171 


27 


521 


165 


32 


Furniture and house furnishings 


9 


3 


33 


381 


250 


66 


44 


27 


61 


Groceries (full line) 


91 


26 


29 


30,356 


9,372 


31 


1,393 


436 


31 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


205 


27 


13 


27,251 


6,612 


24 


1,753 


369 


21 


Hardware 


22 


7 


32 


7,075 


2,804 


40 


836 


328 


39 


Jewelry and optical goods 


4 


4 


100 


275 


275 


100 


40 


40 


100 


Lumber and construction materials 


41 


8 


20 


5,261 


1,225 


23 


510 


155 


30 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


65 


12 


18 


8,195 


1,779 


22 


1,006 


230 


23 


Paper and its products 


21 


8 


38 


6,040 


2,115 


35 


649 


229 


35 


Plumbing and heating 




















equipment and supplies 


21 


9 


43 


5,304 


2,502 


47 


427 


207 


48 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


18 


3 


17 


8,217 


3,480 


42 


353 


145 


41 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


8 


5 


63 


10,102 


8,243 


82 


327 


293 


90 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


63 


36 


57 


32,272 


27,751 


86 


1,296 


1,052 


81 


Jewelry and optical goods 


4 


4 


100 


210 


210 


100 


38 


38 


100 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


24 


14 


58 


2,948 


2,437 


83 


394 


303 


77 


* Pay roll includes compensation of fulUtim 


e' and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and fin 


n memb 


srs of unincor 


porated businesses. 



Page 99 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS; 1937-38 






WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION] 




STATE OF WASHINGTON 








TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 








FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 










Size Of 


















Sample 


No. Of 




Net Sales By Quarters 




Percent 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Compared 

With 1935 

Census 


ESTAB 
LISH- 
MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 


Net 
Sales 
Year 
1937 


(•dd 


ooo) 






Chance 


1937 1 


1938 1 


1ST Qr 
1937 
To 


2ND QR 
1937 
To 


ESTAB 
LISH- 


Net. 


1ST Qr, 


2nd Qr 


3rd Qr 


4th Qr. 


1ST Qr 


2nd Qr 




ments 


Sa1£S 


1937-38 

Survey 




Jan. 1 


April 1 


July 1 


Oct. 1 


Jan. 1 


April 1 


1ST Qr 


2Nn Qr 




s 


% 


l.dd ooo) 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


Sept. 30 


Dec. 31 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


1938 


1938 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


AutomotiTe 


18 


33 


25 


* 4,593 


& 950 


{1,303 


»1 , 316 


«1,024 


* 758 


11,021 


-19.2 


-21.6 


Beer, wines and liquors 


19 


24 


15 


2,530 


476 


789 


700 


565 


340 


653 


-28.6 


-17.2 


Chomicals and paints 


16 


10 


3 


200 


46 


57 


55 


42 


48 


55 


+ 4.3 


- 3.5 


Clothing and furnishings 


18 


44 


7 


1,364 


371 


322 


382 


289 


277 


282 


-25.3 


-12.4 


Dry goods (full and specialty lines) 


37 


69 


7 


1,724 


398 


419 


541 


366 


318 


325 


-20.1 


-22.4 


Electrical goods 


30 


55 


16 


7,913 


1,573 


2,270 


2,164 


1,906 


1,507 


1,593 


- 4.2 


-29.8 


Farm supplies 


29 


30 


9 


1,576 


338 


371 


488 


379 


310 


514 


- 8.3 


+38.5 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


31 


55 


37 


14,723 


3,171 


4,341 


4,269 


2,942 


2,650 


3,821 


-15.4 


-12.0 


Furniture and house furnishings 


14 


26 


3 


1,230 


241 


355 


337 


297 


190 


235 


-21.2 


-33.8 


Groceries (full line) 


47 


45 


30 


17,198 


3,804 


4,638 


5,004 


3,752 


3,785 


4,339 


- 0.5 


- 6.4 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


19 


20 


48 


6,358 


1,447 


1,627 


1,667 


1,617 


1,421 


1,451 


- 1.8 


-10.8 


Hardware 


42 


36 


8 


6,006 


1,361 


1,656 


1,761 


1,228 


1,193 


1,461 


-12.3 


-11 . 8 


Jewelry and optical goods 


30 


63 


7 


1,579 


276 


357 


433 


513 


249 


291 


- 9.8 


-18.5 


Lumber and construction materials 


32 


53 


21 


19,407 


3,878 


6,448 


5,418 


3,663 


3,298 


3,542 


-15.0 


-45.1 


Machinery, equijanent and supplies 


23 


41 


40 


10,083 


2,189 


3,730 


2,787 


1,377 


1,667 


2,579 


-23.8 


-30.9 


Paper and its products 


30 


50 


9 


2,636 


544 


680 


755 


657 


461 


590 


-15.3 


-13.2 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 


























supplies 


45 


56 


9 


2,350 


474 


685 


701 


500 


365 


523 


-22.8 


-23.7 


Tobacco fjid its products 


























(except leaf) 


30 


45 


7 


3,698 


750 


936 


1,022 


990 


793 


956 


+ 5.7 


+ 2.1 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automot ive 


50 


67 


10 


19,507 


6,501 


6,342 


4,147 


2,517 


3,369 


2,875 


-48.2 


-54.7 


Chemicals and paints 


80 


96 


16 


7,634 


1,470 


2,245 


2,200 


1,719 


1,285 


1,943 


-12.5 


-13.5 


Clothing and furnishings 


60 


75 


3 


748 


189 


155 


190 


214 


146 


135 


-22.8 


-12.9 


Electrical goods 


67 


90 


6 


9,062 


2,220 


2,503 


2,424 


1,915 


2,205 


1,596 


- 0.7 


-36.2 


Furniture and house furnishings 


83 


98 


5 


1,705 


386 


555 


469 


295 


295 


338 


-23.3 


-39.1 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


49 


70 


36 


29,798 


7,133 


7,776 


8,029 


6,860 


6,694 


7,178 


- 5.2 


- 7.7 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


57 


80 


29 


7,126 


1,421 


2,001 


2,269 


1,435 


1,215 


1,625 


-14.5 


-18.7 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 


























supplies 


60 


73 


3 


1,903 


447 


586 


464 


385 


293 


356 


-34.5 


-39.3 


-(■Increase - Decrease 








1 


* Percentages in this column represent 


1935 


sales of 


estabiishn 


nents inclu 


Jed in this 


survey, div 


ded by toti 


.1 1935 sal 


es of each 


classilicatio 


n. 





Page 100 






























CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 




WHOLESALE 


DISTRIBUTION 






STATE OF WASHINGTON 












TABLE 2.- SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 










FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 










Size 


OF 1 
















Sample 


No. Of 
Estab- 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll** 


Stocks On Hand 


Percent Increase 




Compared 
With 1935 


lish- 






End Of Year 


1935 10 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 
Includ- 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 


(add 000 ) 




1 




Estab- 


























lish. 

MENTS 

% 


Net- 
Sales 


ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 


1937 


1936 1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


18 


33 


25 


% 4,593 


} 4,700 


% 4,049 


% 593 


% 444 


% 1,019 


{ 921 


% 811 


13.4 


33.6 


25.6 


Eeer, wines and liquors 


19 


24 


15 


2,530 


2,596 


1,849 


229 


138 


196 


123 


107 


36.8 


55.9 


83.2 


Chemicals and paints 


16 


10 


3 


200 


196 


103 


37 


15 


70 


65 


43 


94.2 


146.7 


62.8 


Clothing and furnishings 


18 


44 


7 


1,364 


1,408 


1,298 


99 


95 


256 


246 


179 


5.1 


4.2 


43.0 


Dry goods (full and 






























specialty lines) 


37 


69 


7 


1,724 


1,781 


1,599 


171 


142 


351 


442 


343 


1.5 


20.4 


5.2 


Electrical goods 


30 


55 


16 


7,913 


5,790 


4,967 


528 


442 


952 


787 


591 


59.3 


42.1 


52.6 


Fami supplies 


29 


30 


9 


1,576 


1,555 


1,455 


99 


78 


131 


116 


94 


8.2 


26.9 


39.4 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


31 


55 


37 


14,723 


13,551 


11,265 


910 


654 


356 


464 


559 


30.7 


39.1 


- 36.3 


Furniture and house 






























furnishings 


14 


26 


3 


1,230 


1,017 


810 


131 


71 


268 


218 


217 


51.9 


84.5 


23.5 


Groceries (full lines) 


47 


45 


30 


17,198 


15 970 


15,368 


944 


873 


2,293 


2,342 


2,259 


11.9 


8.1 


1.1 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


19 


20 


46 


6,358 


5,517 


5,027 


597 


470 


404 


366 


313 


26.5 


27.0 


29.1 


Hardivare 


42 


36 


8 


6,006 


5,512 


4,577 


542 


498 


1,422 


1,234 


1,202 


28.4 


28.9 


18.3 


Jewelry and optical goods 


30 


63 


7 


1,579 


1,579 


1,184 


216 


154 


280 


259 


249 


33.4 


31.7 


12.4 


Lunber and construction 






























material 


32 


53 


21 


19,407 


14,455 


11,555 


754 


591 


498 


461 


324 


68.2 


27.6 


53.7 


Waohinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


23 


41 


40 


10,083 


6,763 


5,589 


1,147 


825 


2,070 


1,763 


1,274 


50.7 


39.0 


62.5 


Paper and its products 


30 


50 


9 


2,636 


2,373 


2,132 


281 


250 


413 


425 


387 


23.6 


8.1 


6.7 


Flumbins and heating 






1 
























equipment and supplies 


45 


56 


1 ^ 


2,360 


1,974 


1,407 


296 


182 


372 


:;23 


295 


67.7 


62.6 


25.1 


Tobacco and its products 






























(except leaf) 


30 


45 


7 

1 


3,698 


3,753 


3,905 


97 


97 


217 


22 4 


210 


- 5.3 


0.0 


3.3 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


50 


67 


10 


19,507 


16,662 


10,841 890 


639 


2,361 


1,792 


1,225 


79.9 


39.3 


94.4 


Chemicals and paints 


80 


96 


16 


7,634 


7,135 


6,307 


808 


601 


1,448 


1,161 


1,088 


21.0 


34.4 


33.1 


Clothin/^ and fumishini^s 


50 


75 


3 


748 


617 


526 


37 


27 


120 


99 


82 


42.2 


37.0 


46.3 


Electrical coods 


67 


90 


6 


9,062 


6,786 


3,874 


235 i 188 


366 


357 


288 


133.9 


25.0 


27.8 


Furniture and hoxise 














, 
















furnishings 


83 


98 


5 


1,705 


1,544 


1,088 


1 81 


58 


134 


122 


109 


55.7 


39.7 


22.9 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


49 


70 


36 


£9,798 


26,385 


23,602 


1,413 


1,149 


1,080 


1,174 


1,230 


25.2 


23.0 


- 12.2 


Machinery, equijment and 












I 
















supplies 


57 


80 


29 


7,125 


5,578 


4,537 950 


658 


1,053 


892 


756 


53.7 


44.4 


40.6 


Plumbing and heating 












1 

1 




i 










equipment and supplies 


60 


73 


3 


1,903 


1,518 


1,132 \ 175 


114 


370 353 


295 


68.1 


54.4 


25.4 


- Decrease 












* Percentages in this column 


repres 


snt 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by tota 


1 1935 sales of each classificatio 


n. 




* * Pay roll not available for 


year 19 


36. Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employee 


s, but not of proprietors and firr 


n memi 


ers of 


unincorporated businesses. 





























Pbrc 101 


CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS; 1937-38 






WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION | 




STATE OF WASHINGTON 












TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 










1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 












Number Of 


Net Saixs 




Pay Rou • 






Establishments 












KIND OF BUSINESS 




1 .dd ooo 1 






.dd 000) 






Included In 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Of 




1935 
Census 


1937-38 




Those Included 




Those Included 




Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 


In 193738 Survey 






% 


Census 




% 


Census 




% 






Number 




Amount 




Amount 








Sample 






Sample 






Sample 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 










Automotive 


137 


25 


18 


:i{12,310 


3 4,049 


33 


t-l , 588 


$ 444 


28 


Beer, wines and liquors 


78 


15 


19 


7,692 


1,849 


24 


479 


138 


29 


Chemicals and paints 


19 


3 


16 


1,026 


103 


10 


135 


15 


11 


Clothing and furnishings 


39 


7 


18 


2,941 


1,298 


44 


250 


95 


38 


Dry goods (full and specialty lines) 


19 


7 


37 


2,465 


1,699 


59 


189 


142 


75 


Electrical goods 


53 


16 


30 


8,977 


4,967 


55 


797 


442 


55 


Farm supplies 


31 


9 


29 


4,849 


1,456 


30 


215 


78 


36 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


118 


37 


31 


20,533 


11,265 


55 


1,052 


654 


62 


Furniture and house furnishings 


22 


3 


14 


3,122 


810 


25 


259 


71 


27 


Groceries (full line) 


64 


30 


47 


34,304 


15,368 


45 


1 , 641 


873 


53 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


259 


48 


19 


24,869 


5,027 


20 


1,769 


470 


27 


Hardware 


19 


6 


42 


15,000 


4,577 


36 


1,395 


498 


36 


Jewelry and optical goods 


23 


7 


30 


1,874 


1,184 


63 


253 


154 


55 


Lumber and construction materials 


66 


21 


32 


21,694 


11,535 


53 


1,073 


591 


55 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


173 


40 


23 


16,366 


6,689 


41 


1,796 


825 


46 


Paper and its products 


30 


9 


30 


4,222 


2,132 


50 


544 


260 


48 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 




















supplies 


20 


9 


45 


2,531 


1,407 


55 


303 


182 


60 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


23 


7 


30 


8,750 


3,905 


45 


279 


97 


3!: 


1 MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


20 


10 


50 


16,195 


10 , 841 


67 


952 


S39 


67 


Chemicals and paints 


20 


16 


80 


6,560 


6,307 


96 


650 


501 


95 


Clothing and furnishings 


5 


3 


60 


702 


526 


75 


30 


27 


90 


1 Electrical goods 


9 


6 


67 


4,302 


3,874 


90 


218 


188 


86 


Furniture and house furnishings 


6 


5 


83 


1,107 


1,088 


98 


51 


58 


95 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


74 


36 


49 


34,121 


23,802 


70 


1,587 


1,149 


72 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


51 


29 


57 


5,812 


4,637 


80 


858 


558 


r^rj 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 




















supplies 


5 


3 


60 


1,560 


1,132 


73 


147 


114 


73 


* Pay roll includes compensation of full-tin 

t 


le and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and fir 


m memb 


ers of unincoi 


porated busin 


esses. 























Page 102 

CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF WEST VIRGINIA 

TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Net. 
Sales 



No. Of 
Estab- 
lish- 
ments 
Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 



Net 
Sales 
Year 
1937 

(add 000 ) 



Net Sales By Quarters 

(.dd 000) 



1937 



1ST QR. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2nd Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



3RD Qr. 

July 1 
Sept. 30 



4TH Qr. 

OcL 1 
Dec. 31 



1938 



1st Qr. 

Jan. I 
Mar. 31 



2nd Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



Percent 
Chance 



1ST Qr. 

1937 

To 

1ST Qr 

1938 



2ND Qr 

1937 
To 

2ND Qr 

1938 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



AutomotlTe 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Clothing and furnishings 

Drugs (full line) 

Dry goods (full line) 

Electrical goods 

Farm supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Furnitxire and house furnishings 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Plumbing and heating equipment and 

supplies 
Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 



24 


37 


16 


11 


16 


7 


53 


86 


5 


71 


65 


5 


50 


54 


5 


24 


51 


6 


17 


18 


5 


16 


40 


12 


44 


73 


4 


34 


33 


23 


10 


11 


8 


17 


17 


4 


20 


35 


8 


E9 


30 


17 


64 


73 


7 


E9 


59 


6 



2,116 
1,086 
1,126 
2,300 
5,174 
3,615 

433 
3,808 
1,909 
9,964 

995 
1,715 
1,985 
6,103 

1,851 
6,425 



i 458 
227 
262 
615 

1,124 
902 
111 
922 
402 

2,381 
245 
383 
387 

1,691 

359 
1,521 



f 558 
322 
284 
548 

1,175 

1,140 
134 

1,129 
682 

2,539 
252 
485 
657 

1,763 

494 
1,637 



$ 540 
322 
318 
564 

1,420 
875 
103 
859 
477 

2,683 
245 
456 
548 

1,503 

538 
1,718 



$ 560 
215 
262 
573 

1,455 

698 

85 

898 

348 

2,361 
253 
391 
393 

1,146 

460 

1,549 



J 336 
174 
173 
457 
830 
564 
81 
768 
237 
2,038 
218 
328 
283 
793 

292 
1,356 



i 355 
236 
206 
487 
828 
565 
99 
980 
271 
2,100 
207 
343 
377 
814 

304 
1 , 473 



-26.6 

-23.3 

-34.0 

-25.7 

-26.2 

-37.5 

-27 

-15 

-41 

-14 

-11 

-14 

-25.9 

-53.1 



-18.7 
-10.2 



•35.4 
■25.7 
-27.5 
-11.1 
-29.5 
-50.4 
-26.1 
-13.2 
-50.3 
-17.3 
-17.9 
-29.3 
-42.5 
-53.8 

-38.5 
-10.0 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Chemicals and paints 
Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 
Jewelry and optical goods 
Machinery, equipment and supplies 



83 

59 

100 

54 



99 

93 

100 

47 



5 
29 

4 
13 



2,472 

19,655 

219 

1,512 



583 

4,539 

58 

412 



723 

4,924 

51 

418 



579 

5,282 

59 

406 



587 

4,810 

51 

376 



493 

3,861 

48 

295 



448 

3,972 

41 

269 



-15.4 
-16.8 
-17.2 
-28.4 



-38.0 
-19.3 
-19.6 
-35.6 



— Decrease 

* Percentages in this column 'represent 1935 



sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



Page 103 

WHOl£SALE DISTRIBUTION 



STATE OF WEST VIRGINIA 
TABLE 2.- SALES. PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



ESTAB. 
LISH. 

MEfn^ 



J- 



Net- 
Sales 



No. Of 
Est AS. 

USH- 
MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 

1937-38 
Survey 



Net Sales 

(•dd ooo) 



1937 



1936 



Pay Rou* 

( add 000) 



1937 



1935 



Stocks On Hand 
End Of Year 

(•dd 000) 



1935 



Percent Increase 
1935 lo 1937 



Net 
Sales 



Pay 
Roll 



Stocks 



SERVICE AND UMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Clothing and furnishings 

Drugs (full line) 

Dry goods (full line) 

Electrical goods 

Farm supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Furniture and house 

furnishings 
Qroceries (full line) 
Groceries and foods 

(specialty lines) 
Hardware 
Lumber and construction 

materials 
Machinery, eguipaent and 

supplies 
Plumbing «Tifl heating 

equijacent and supplies 
Tobacco and its products 

(except leaf) 



24 


37 


16 


11 


16 


7 


53 


86 


5 


71 


65 


5 


50 


54 


5 


24 


51 


6 


17 


18 


5 


16 


40 


12 


44 


73 


4 


34 


32 


23 


10 


11 


8 


17 


17 


4 


20 


35 


8 


29 


30 


17 


64 


73 


7 


29 


59 


6 



2,115 
1,085 
1,126 
2,300 
5,174 
3,615 
433 
3,808 

1,909 
9,964 

995 
1,715 

1,985 

6,103 

1,851 

5,425 



2,034 
1,089 
1,254 
2,162 
5,005 
3,445 
424 
3,777 

1,561 
9,745 

923 
1,7U 

1,755 

4,696 

1,511 

6,619 



» 1 



818 
688 
1,187 
1,873 
4,291 
2,582 
375 
2,900 

1,126 
8,757 

795 
1,417 

1,241 

3,533 

989 

5,993 



$255 
72 
130 
195 
459 
441 
25 
220 

175 
524 



206 
287 
541 
159 

275 



♦191 
53 
140 
148 
385 
295 
11 
179 

110 
455 

57 

150 

155 

404 
95 

199 



i 434 

28 

253 

463 

1,081 

29 
73 

246 
1,373 

70 
458 

271 

875 
221 
155 



t 357 

28 
333 
432 
990 
416 
33 
71 

236 
1,375 

67 
431 

250 

785 

199 

122 



t 313 

25 
308 
433 
839 
350 
29 
55 

229 
1,312 

51 
435 

228 

585 

158 
149 



16.4 
57.8 
■ 5.1 
22.8 
20.5 
40.0 
15.5 
31.3 

69,5 
13.8 

25.0 
21.0 

60.0 

72.7 

87.2 

7.2 



37.7 
35.8 
7.1 
31.8 
19.2 
49.5 
127.3 
22.9 

60.0 
15.2 

31.3 
28.8 

84.0 

58.7 

76.0 

37.2 



38.7 
12.0 
■14.5 
11.5 
28.8 
26.9 
0.0 
30.4 

7.4 
4.6 

37.3 
7.6 

18.9 

27.7 

31.5 
4.7 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Chemicals and paints 
Groceries and foods 

(specialty lines) 
Jewelry and optical goods 
Machinery, equipnent and 

supplies 



59 

100 



54 



99 



93 
100 



47 



5 

29 
4 

13 



2,472 

19,655 
219 

1,612 



2,413 

19,393 
205 

1,662 



1,874 

17,117 
160 

1,401 



606 
39 



252 



603 
31 



175 



524 
24 



324 



173 



545 
18 



277 



152 



573 
15 



217 



31.9 



14.8 
36.9 



15.1 



6.7 



33.7 
25.8 



43.9 



59.3 



8.9 
50.0 



49.3 



- Decrease 

• Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales ol each classilication. 
* * Pay roll not available for year 1936. Pay roll includes compensation ol full-lime and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of 
unincorporated businesses. 



Page 104 




















CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937^8 




WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION ] 




STATE OF WEST VIRGINIA 








TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 






1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 








Number Of 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll* 




Establishments 


(xld ooo) 


1 


mdd 000) 




Included in 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Of 


KIND OF BUSINESS 




1937-38 




Those Included 




Those Included 




1935 

Census 


Survey 


1935 

Census 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 

Census 


In 1937-38 Survey 




% 
Sample 




% 
Sample 




% 
Sample 






Number 




Amount 




Amount 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


66 


16 


24 


$ 4,905 


$1,818 


37 


# 563 


191 


34 


Beer, wines and liquors 


63 


7 


11 


4,210 


688 


16 


339 


53 


16 


Clotliing and furnisMngs 


8 


5 


63 


1,377 


1,187 


86 


159 


140 


88 


Drugs (full line) 


7 


5 


71 


2,896 


1,873 


65 


215 


148 


69 


Dry goods (full line) 


10 


5 


50 


7,937 


4,291 


54 


703 


385 


55 


Electrical goods 


25 


6 


24 


5,025 


2,582 


51 


527 


295 


56 


Farm supplies 


30 


5 


17 


2,140 


375 


18 


125 


11 


9 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


74 


12 


16 


7,281 


2,900 


40 


450 


179 


40 


Furniture and house furnishings 


9 


4 


44 


1,536 


1,126 


73 


161 


110 


68 


Groceries (fiai line) 


67 


23 


34 


27,352 


8,757 


32 


1,425 


455 


32 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


82 


8 


10 


7,552 


796 


11 


438 


67 


15 


Hardware 


24 


4 


17 


8,113 


1,417 


17 


896 


160 


IB 


Lumber and construction materials 


40 


8 


20 


3,596 


1,241 


35 


392 


156 


40 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


58 


17 


29 


11,720 


3,533 


30 


1,167 


404 


35 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 




















supplies 


11 


7 


64 


1,346 


989 


73 


131 


96 


73 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


21 


6 


29 


10,129 


5,993 


59 


291 


199 


68 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Chemicals and paints 


6 


5 


S3 


1,892 


1,874 


99 


93 


90 


97 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


49 


29 


59 


18,358 


17,117 


93 


708 


603 


85 


Jewelry and optical goods 


4 


4 


100 


160 


160 


100 


31 


31 


100 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


24 


13 


54 


2,974 


1,401 


47 


283 


176 


62 


* Pay roll includes compensation of full tim 


e and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm memb 


:rs of unincorporated businesses. 



Page 105 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 




WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION] 




STATE OF WISCONSIN 






TABLE l.-NET SAIF.S BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 








FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 








Size Of 
















Sample 


No. Of 




Net Sales By Quarters 




Percent 




Compared 
With 1935 


Estab- 
lish- 


Net 
Saixs 


(•dd 000) 






Chance 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 
Includ- 
ed In 


Year 
1937 


1937 1 


1938 1 


1ST Qr 

1937 

To 


2NDQR 
1937 
To 


Estab- 
lish, 
ments 


NET. 


1ST Or 


2nd QR 


3RD QR. 


4TH QR. 


1ST Qr 


2ND Qr 




Sales 


1937-38 
Survey 




Jan. 1 


April 1 


July 1 


OcL 1 


Jan. 1 


April 1 


1ST Qr 


2ND Qr 




% 


% 


(•dd 000) 


Mar. 31 June 30 1 


Sept. 30 


Dec. 31 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


1938 


1938 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


27 


34 


35 


$ 4,453 


$ 952 


1 1,152 


$1,210 


51,129 


5 741 


$ 975 


-22.2 


-15.1 


Beer, wines and liquors 


8 


8 


21 


3,260 


709 


818 


867 


865 


560 


729 


-21,0 


-10.9 


Chemioeds and paints 


30 


61 


10 


2,013 


397 


608 


555 


453 


347 


507 


-12,6 


-15.6 


Clothing and furnishings 


31 


47 


17 


2,336 


510 


479 


702 


645 


350 


439 


-31.4 


- 8.4 


Drugs (full line) 


43 


28 


3 


1,778 


414 


438 


471 


455 


408 


389 


- 1,5 


-11.2 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


50 


61 


5 


631 


202 


119 


198 


112 


181 


115 


-10.4 


- 3.4 


Electrical goods 


25 


52 


12 


8,692 


1,838 


2,739 


2,144 


1,921 


1,381 


1,647 


-25,9 


-39.9 


Farm supplies 


12 


24 


7 


3,028 


950 


964 


460 


654 


760 


493 


-20.0 


-48.9 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


25 


38 


23 


8,915 


2,009 


2,676 


2,279 


1,951 


1,791 


2,465 


-10.9 


- 7.9 


Groceries (full line) 


41 


50 


25 


23,896 


■5,575 


5,899 


6,310 


5,612 


5,088 


5,408 


- 8.7 


- 8.3 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


15 


36 


40 


9,073 


2,044 


2,208 


2,445 


2,376 


1,891 


2,058 


- 7.5 


- 6.8 


Hardware 


24 


46 


6 


6,351 


1,397 


1,770 


1,676 


1,503 


1,054 


1,469 


-24.6 


-17.0 


Jewelry and optical goods 


22 


46 


4 


656 


113 


128 


173 


242 


109 


109 


- 3.5 


-14.8 


Lumber and construction materials 


21 


21 


10 


1,992 


478 


624 


515 


375 


224 


328 


-53.1 


-47.4 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


26 


39 


37 


8,798 


2,275 


2,563 


2,117 


1,843 


1,730 


2,011 


-24,0 


-21.5 


Paper and its products 


36 


52 


17 


4,399 


968 


1,101 


1,205 


925 


841 


387 


-13.1 


-19.4 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 


























supplies 


40 


45 


16 


4,793 


970 


1,266 


1,339 


1,218 


751 


1,012 


-21.5 


-20.1 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


15 


32 


11 


7,184 


1,509 


1,787 


1,920 


1,968 


1,535 


1 , 788 


* 1.7 


* 0.1 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


72 


93 


13 


43,318 


10,571 


14,237 


9,975 


8,535 


7,401 


7,036 


-30.0 


-50.6 


Chemicals and paints 


60 


34 


3 


1,201 


324 


357 


310 


210 


222 


217 


-31.5 


-39.2 


Electrical goods 


56 


81 


5 


5,615 


1,392 


1,596 


1,566 


1,051 


985 


928 


-29.2 


-41.9 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


35 


70 


33 


26,318 


6,258 


6,779 


7,172 


6,609 


5,337 


5,177 


- 6.7 


- 8.9 


Jevrelry and optical goods 


83 


96 


5 


555 


146 


129 


143 


132 


122 


111 


-15.4 


-14.0 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


53 


83 


25 


12,562 


2,662 


4,472 


3,361 


2,167 


2,652 


3,439 


- 0.4 


-23,1 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 


























supplies 


75 


68 


3 


948 


191 


259 


255 


232 


145 


194 


-24.1 


-25,1 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


1/ 


1/ 


6 


3,508 


965 


1,115 


732 


745 


663 


1,037 


-31.3 


- 7.0 


-i-lNCREASE - Decrease 








* Percentages in this column represen 


1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sa 


es of each 


classification. 


Jj 1935 Figures not available for dete 


rmining percent sample. 







Page 106 






























CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 






WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 


STATE OF WISCONSIN 








TABLE 2.-- SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 






FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 










Size Of 












1 






Sample 
Compared 
With 1935 


No. Of 
Estab- 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll** 


Stocks On Hand 


Percent Increase 




lish- 






End Of Year 


1935 to 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 
Includ- 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 




(add 000) 








Estab- 




























lish 

MEMTS 

% 


Net- 
Sales 

% 


ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 


SERVICE AND UMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


27 


34 


35 


$4,453 


$4,170 


53,762 


% 566 


1 509 


% 839 


41 722 


^ 663 


18.4 


11.2 


26.5 


Beer, wines and liquors 


8 


8 


21 


3,260 


2,670 


2,196 


245 


174 


269 


291 


133 


48.5 


40.8 


102.3 


Chemicals and paints 


30 


61 


10 


2,013 


1,775 


1,361 


328 


193 


434 


428 


385 


47.9 


69.9 


12.4 


Clothing and furnishings 


31 


47 


17 


2,336 


2,874 


2,788 


284 


338 


388 


353 


375 


-16.2 


-16.0 


3.5 


Drugs (full line) 


4,3 


.58 


3 


1,778 


1,635 


1,518 


138 


133 


416 


358 


337 


17.1 


3.8 


23.4 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


50 


61 


5 


631 


590 


530 


90 


55 


138 


141 


95 


19.1 


50.7 


45.3 


Electrical goods 


25 


52 


12 


8,692 


6,637 


4,924 


674 


426 


572 


455 


395 


76.5 


58.2 


59.7 


Farm supplies 


12 


24 


7 


3,028 


2,845 


2,515 


203 


187 


430 


388 


371 


20.4 


8.6 


15.9 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


25 


58 


23 


8,915 


8,411 


5,936 


496 


368 


174 


187 


146 


28.5 


34.8 


19.2 


Groceries (full line) 


41 


50 


25 


23,896 


23,040 


21,234 


1,425 


1,349 


2,749 


2,921 


2,592 


12.3 


5.5 


6.1 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


15 


36 


40 


9,073 


8,423 


7,716 


559 


569 


SL-J 


553 


457 


17.6 


15.8 


33.9 


Hardwere 


24 


46 


6 


6,351 


6,002 


4,958 


775 


608 


1,525 


1,651 


1,375 


28.1 


27.5 


32.7 


Jevjelry and optical goods 


22 


46 


4 


556 


548 


426 


94 


70 


119 


79 


69 


54.0 


34.3 


72.5 


Lumber £c construction materials 


21 


21 


10 


1,992 


1,666 


1,235 


114 


72 


87 


83 


77 


51.3 


58.3 


13.0 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


26 


39 


37 


8,798 


7,701 


5,853 


1,090 


827 


1,152 


1,108 


920 


50.3 


31.8 


25.2 


Paper and its products 


36 


52 


17 


4,199 


3,825 


3,249 


469 


399 


530 


593 


568 


29.2 


17.5 


10.9 


Plumbing Ejid heating 






























equipment and supplies 


40 


45 


16 


4,793 


4,159 


3,105 


497 


401 


792 


765 


660 


54.4 


23.9 


20.0 


Tobacco and its products 






























(except leaf) 


15 


32 


11 


7,184 


5,512 


5,805 


201 


150 


253 


236 


232 


23.7 


25.5 


14.7 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


72 


93 


13 


43,318 


37,625 


27,811 


1,210 


808 


1,225 


1,039 


1,000 


55.8 


49.8 


22.5 


Chemicals and paints 


60 


34 


3 


1,201 


1,374 


617 


80 


50 


41 


45 


53 


94.7 


60.0 


-22.5 


Electrical goods 


56 


81 


5 


5,615 


4,282 


3,010 


177 


142 


215 


199 


120 


86.5 


24.6 


79.2 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


35 


70 


33 


26,818 


24,810 


22,159 


1,043 


895 


512 


532 


466 


21.0 


16.5 


9.? 


Jewelry and optical goods 


83 


96 


5 


555 


518 


452 


130 


117 


70 


55 


56 


22.8 


11.1 


ae.c 


Machinery, equipnent and 






























supplies 


53 


83 


25 


12,662 


11,026 


8,722 


1,050 


780 


1,969 


1,762 


954 


45.2 


34.6 


105.4 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipnent and supplies 


75 


68 


3 


948 


753 


505 


88 


5.'3 


182 


161 


159 


87.7 


55.0 


14-5 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


1/ 


U 


6 


3,508 


2,904 


2,940 


98 


81 


35 


21 


28 


22.7 


21.0 


25.0 


- Decrease 








* Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by tot 


a! 1935 sa 


es of each 


classification. 


• * Pay roll not available for year 1936. Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employe 


s, but not 


of propriet 


ors and firm members of 


unincorporated businesses. 








\J 1935 Figures not availab 


e for d 


etermin 


ng percer 


t sample. 























Page 107 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 






WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 




STATE OF WISCONSIN 












TABLE 3.-S1ZE OF SAMPLE 










1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 












Number Of 


Net Sales 




Pay Rou- 






Establishments 












KIND OF BUSINESS 




l.dd 000 ) 






•dd 000) 






Included in 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Of 






1937-38 




Those Included 




Those Included 




1935 

Census 


Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 






% 
Sample 


Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 
Sample 






Number 




Amount 




Amount 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


131 


35 


27 


111,227 


$ 3,762 


34 


$1,381 


$ 509 


37 


Beer, wines and liquors 


268 


21 


8 


27,545 


2,196 


8 


1,529 


174 


11 


Chemicals and paints 


33 


10 


30 


2,216 


1,361 


61 


513 


193 


62 


Clothing and furnishings 


54 


17 


31 


5,983 


2,788 


47 


645 


338 


52 


Drugs (full line) 


7 


3 


43 


5,356 


1,518 


28 


450 


133 


30 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


10 


5 


50 


862 


530 


61 


97 


56 


58 


Electrical goods 


48 


12 


25 


9,389 


4,924 


52 


907 


426 


47 


Farm supplies 


57 


7 


12 


10,673 


2,515 


24 


578 


187 


32 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


93 


23 


25 


18,433 


6,936 


38 


1,021 


368 


36 


Groceries (full line) 


61 


25 


41 


42,899 


21,284 


50 


2,409 


1,349 


56 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


262 


40 


15 


21,712 


7,715 


36 


1,547 


569 


35 


Hardware 


25 


6 


24 


10,841 


4,958 


46 


1,218 


608 


50 


Jewelry and optical goods 


18 


4 


22 


930 


426 


46 


158 


70 


44 


Lumber and construction materials 


47 


10 


21 


5,998 


1,235 


21 


513 


72 


14 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


145 


37 


26 


15,168 


5,853 


39 


2,055 


827 


40 


Paper and its products 


47 


17 


36 


6,308 


3,249 


52 


802 


399 


50 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 




















supplies 


40 


15 


40 


5,948 


3,105 


45 


871 


401 


46 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


75 


11 


15 


17 , 943 


5,806 


32 


560 


160 


29 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


18 


13 


72 


30,065 


27,811 


93 


935 


808 


86 


Chemicals and paints 


5 


3 


60 


1,796 


617 


34 


199 


50 


25 


Electrical goods 


9 


5 


56 


3,732 


3,010 


81 


221 


142 


64 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


95 


35 


55 


31,547 


22,159 


70 


1,309 


895 


68 


Jewelry and optical goods 


6 


5 


83 


469 


452 


96 


121 


117 


97 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


47 


25 


53 


10,472 


8,722 


83 


1,075 


780 


73 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 




















supplies 


4 


3 


75 


745 


505 


68 


76 


53 


70 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


X 


6 


~ 


X 


2,940 


~ 


X 


81 


~ 


* Pay roll includes compensation of full-tim 


e and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and fir 


m memb 


ers of unincor 


porated busin 


esses. 


X 1935 Figures withheld to avoid disclosure 













Page 10 9 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



13 LARGEST CITIES 



Three tables are given hereinafter for each of the 13 
Cities having, in 1930, a population of more than 500,000. Table 
1 presents net sales of identical establishments by quarters for 
the year 1937 and the first half of 1938; in Table 2 sales, pay 
roll and inventory data of identical establishments are given for 
1935, 1936 and 1937; and Table 3 compares the sample in this Survey 
with the 1935 Censiis totals. For convenience in using the informa- 
tion the percent sample, establishments and sales, is reproduced in 
Tables 1 and 2. Data are presented in each table by trades or kind- 
of -business groups for service and limited-function wholesalers and 
for manufacturers' sales branches. 

Tables for the 13 largest Cities are arranged as follows: 



Table 1 Table 2 Table 3 
CITY Page Page Page 



Baltimore Ill 112 113 

Boston 114 115 116 

Buffalo 117 118 . 119 

Chicago 120 121 122 

Cleveland 123 124 125 

Detroit 126 127 128 

Los Angeles 129 130 131 

Milwaukee 132 133 134 

New York 135 136 137 

Philadelphia 138 139 140 

Pittsburgh 141 142 143 

St. Louis 144 145 146 

San Francisco 147 148 149 



Page 110 



a 

z 

CO 

O 



D 
Z 

o 



z 

o 

H 
CQ 

5 
S 
< < 

o '^ 

i E 



a. 
< 




4 S 

/ I 




CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 193738 



Page Ul 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



CITY OF BALTIMORE 

TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



Estab- 
lish 

MENTS 



Net. 

SaI£S 



No. Of 
Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

Includ- 
ed In 

1937-38 
Survey 



Net 
Sales 
Year 
1937 

•dd 000 ) 



Net Sales By Quarters 

(add 000) 



1937 



1ST QR. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2nd Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



3rd Qr. 

July 1 
Sept. 30 



4TH Qr. 

Oct. 1 
Dec. 31 



1938 



1ST Qr. 

Jan. 1 

Mar. 31 



2ND Qr 

April 1 
June 30 



Percent 
Chance 



1ST Qr 

1937 

To 

1ST Qr 

1938 



2nd Qr 

1937 

To 

2nd Qr 

1938 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Chemicals and paints 

Clothing and furnishings 

Drugs and drug sundries 

Dry goods (specialty lines) 

Electrical goods 

Farm supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware, plumbing and heating 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Paper and its products 



7 


12 


3 


10 


11 


4 


19 


50 


4 


9 


31 


9 


24 


V 


6 


7 


7 


3 


28 


53 


9 


29 


49 


5 


11 


27 


10 


19 


V 


4 


16 


35 


33 


11 


19 


5 


38 


38 


6 


23 


28 


9 


20 


47 


21 


15 


20 


7 



I 367 
2,016 
1,067 
4,411 
3,469 
698 
6,249 
2,806 
4,051 
534 
10,004 
1,644 
1,716 
2,941 
6,810 
1,442 



71 
457 
210 

1,258 
863 
219 

1,510 

977 

833 

91 

2,493 
309 
257 
661 

1,688 
360 



5 83 
508 
313 

1,019 
804 
206 

1,877 
895 

1,296 
123 

2,461 
450 
325 
920 

1,986 
413 



107 
435 
290 

1,379 
796 
129 

1,550 
630 

1,073 
147 

2,566 
429 
465 
771 

1,695 
344 



$ 



106 

616 
254 
755 

1,006 
144 

1,312 
304 
849 
173 

2,484 
456 
669 
589 

1,441 
325 



■ 67 
395 
201 

1,034 
841 
165 

1,118 

891 

651 

89 

2,112 
294 
228 
506 

1,318 
303 



( 75 


- 5.6 


342 


-13.6 


269 


- 4.3 


899 


-17.8 


755 


- 2.5 


141 


-24,7 


1,305 


-26.0 


684 


- 8.8 


1,039 


-20.6 


117 


- 2.2 


2,209 


-15.3 


390 


- 4.9 


260 


-11.3 


575 


-23.5 


1,552 


-21.9 


298 


-15.8 



- 8.4 
-32.7 
-14.1 
-11.8 

- 5.1 
-31.6 
-30.5 
-23.6 
-19.8 

- 4.9 
-10.2 
-13.3 
-20.0 
-37.5 
-21.9 
-27.8 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



33 


11 


3 


50 


75 


4 


100 


100 


3 


48 


83 


12 


57 


V 


4 


58 


y 


18 


43 


. 


3 



Automotive 
Chemicals and paints 
Furniture and house furnishings 
Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 
Lumber and construction materials 
Machinery, equipment and supplies 
Plumbing and heating equipment and 
supplies 



4,381 
1,264 
1,206 
39,465 
1,658 
5,473 

978 



1,005 

290 

260 

10,580 

274 

1,531 

150 



1,170 
315 
322 

9,208 
545 

1,727 

228 



1,115 

352 

293 

10,947 

461 

1,231 

314 



1,091 
297 
331 

8,730 
378 
984 

286 



950 
246 
310 

8,575 
374 

1,326 

130 



933 
201 
246 

8,584 
438 

1,234 

187 



- 5.5 
-15.2 
■fl9.2 
-19.0 
•f35.5 
-13.4 

-13.3 



-20.3 
-36.2 
•23.6 
- 6.8 
-19.6 
-28.5 

-18.0 



COMMISSION MERCHANTS 



Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 



1/ 1/ 



3,567 



903 1,047 



905 



525 



788 -25.3 



-12.7 



-^INCREASE — Decrease 

* Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 
1/ 1935 Figures not available for determining percent sample. 



Page 112 






























CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937.38 






WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 


CITY OF BALTIMORE 








TABLE 2.-- SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 






FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 










Size Of 












1 






Sample 
Compared 
With 1935 


No. Of 

ESTAB- 


NET Sales 


Pay Roll** 


Stocks On Hand 


PERCENT Increase 




LISH- 






End Of Year 


1935 lo 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


MENTS 

Includ- 


(add 000) 


(«dd 000) 




(add 000 ) 








ESTAB. 




























LISH- 

ments 

% 


Net- 
Sales 

% 


ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 

Roll 


Stocks 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


7 


12 


3 


$ 367 


i 371 


$ 359 


$ 75 


$ 74 


$ 85 


$ 86 


$ 82 


2.2 


1.4 


3.7 


Beer, wines and liquors 


10 


11 


4 


2,016 


1,783 


1,464 


169 


109 


182 


144 


117 


37.7 


55.0 


55.6 


Chemicals and paints 


19 


50 


4 


1,067 


1,124 


1,054 


56 


47 


87 


106 


81 


1.2 


19.1 


V.4 


Clothing and furnishings 


9 


31 


9 


4,411 


4,126 


2,668 


330 


262 


436 


432 


348 


65.3 


26.0 


25.3 


Drugs and drug sundries 


24 


1/ 


6 


3,469 


3,096 


2,843 


218 


150 


440 


414 


217 


22.0 


45.3 


102,8 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


7 


7 


3 


698 


646 


532 


38 


38 


277 


202 


195 


31.2 


0,0 


42,1 


Electrical r;oods 


28 


53 


9 


6,249 


4,771 


3,717 


471 


285 


618 


502 


402 


68.1 


65,3 


53,7 


Farm supplies 


29 


49 


5 


2,806 


2,398 


2,019 


225 


181 


552 


688 


350 


39,0 


24,3 


57,7 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


11 


27 


10 


4,051 


3,985 


2,625 


127 


76 


9 


11 


8 


54.3 


67,1 


12.5 


Furniture anl house 






























furnishings 


19 


1/ 


4 


534 


552 


451 


28 


25 


110 


102 


121 


18.4 


12,0 


- 9.1 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


16 


35 


33 


10,004 


9,540 


8,724 


769 


715 


547 


574 


442 


14,7 


7,6 


23.8 


Hardware, plumbing and heating 


11 


19 


5 


1,644 


1,389 


1,115 


155 


120 


216 


175 


167 


47.4 


29,2 


29,3 


Jewelry and optical goods 


38 


38 


6 


1,716 


1,463 


1,206 


151 


95 


318 


294 


211 


42.3 


58,9 


50,7 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


23 


28 


9 


2,941 


2,367 


1,716 


248 


153 


244 


195 


148 


71.4 


62.1 


64,9 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


20 


47 


21 


6,810 


5,500 


4,448 


823 


598 


889 


824 


766 


53.1 


37.6 


16,1 


Paper and its products 


16 


20 


7 


1,442 


1,285 


1,178 


143 


136 


119 


129 


112 


22.4 


5,1 


6,3 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


33 


11 


3 


4,381 


3,985 


2,376 


433 


287 


557 


439 


240 


84.4 


50,9 


132.1 


Chemicals and paints 


50 


75 


4 


1,264 


1,142 


1,040 


69 


64 


110 


92 


101 


21,5 


7,8 


8,9 


Furniture and house 






























furnishings 


100 


100 


3 


1,206 


1,085 


X 


96 


X 


27 


42 


X 











Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


48 


83 


12 


39,465 


38,104 1 34,576 


1,264 


795 


1,079 


1,138 


1,087 


14.1 


59,0 


- 0,7 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


57 


1/ 


4 


1,658 


1,089 


1,010 


165 


99 


62 


50 


47 


64,2 


66.7 


31.9 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


58 


1/ 


18 


5,473 


4,378 


3,490 


652 


474 


635 


624 


455 


56,8 


37,6 


36.6 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment and supplies 


43 


42 


3 


978 


874 


489 


72 


35 


45 


74 


41 


100,0 


105,7 


9.8 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


1/ 


1/ 


7 


3,567 


2,571 


2,754 


133 


113 


11 


15 


11 


29.5 


22.1 


0.0 


— Decrease 








* Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales ol establishments included in this survey, divided by to 


al 1935 sa 


es of each 


classification. 


* * Pay roll not available for year 1936. Pay roll includes compensatTOn of full-time and part-time employe 


es, but not 


of propriel 


ors and firm members of 


unincorporated businesses. 








_lj 1935 Figures not available for determining percent sample. 








X 1935 Figures withheld to avoid disclosure. 









CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



Page 113 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



CITY OF BALTIMORE 

TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 

1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Number Of 

ElSTABLlSHMENTS 



1935 
Census 



Included in 
1937-38 
Survey 



Number 



Sample 



Net Sales 

Udd 000 ) 



1935 

Census 



1935 Sales Of 
Those Included 
In 1937-38 Survey 



Amount 



Sample 



Pay Rou." 

(add 000) 



1935 
Census 



1935 Pay Roll Of 

Those Included 

In 1937-38 Survey 



Amount 



Sample 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLFSALERS 



Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Chemicals and paints 

Clothing and furnishings 

Drugs and drug sundries 

Dry goods (specialty lines) 

Electrical goods 

Farm supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware, plumbing and heating 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Paper and its products 



42 


3 


7 


40 


4 


10 


21 


4 


19 


100 


9 


9 


25 


6 


24 


46 


3 


7 


32 


9 


28 


17 


5 


29 


90 


10 


11 


21 


4 


19 


211 


33 


16 


45 


5 


11 


16 


6 


38 


40 


9 


23 


103 


21 


20 


44 


7 


16 



i 2,927 
12,858 
2,127 
8,679 
I 
7,231 
7,038 
4,159 
9,648 

X 

24,994 
5,800 
3,189 
6,151 
9,425 
5,862 



359 


12 


1,464 


11 


1,054 


50 


2,668 


31 


2,843 


— 


532 


7 


3,717 


53 


2,019 


49 


2,625 


27 


451 


— 


8,724 


35 


1,115 


19 


1,206 


38 


1,716 


28 


4,448 


47 


1,178 


20 



5 449 
808 
168 
586 

X 
580 
683 
246 
387 
z 

1,916 
762 
189 
601 

1,262 
517 



74 


16 


109 


13 


47 


28 


262 


45 


150 


__ 


38 


7 


285 


42 


181 


74 


76 


20 


25 


— 


715 


37 


120 


16 


95 


50 


153 


25 


598 


47 


136 


26 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Automotive 
Chemicals and paints 
Furniture and house furnishings 
Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 
Lumber and construction materials 
Machinery, equipment and supplies 
Plumbing and heating equipment and 
supplies 



9 
8 
3 

25 
7 

31 



3 
4 
3 

12 
4 

18 



33 
50 
100 
48 
57 
58 

43 



21,823 
1,381 

X 

41,608 



1,174 



2,376 
1,040 

X 

34,576 
1,010 
3,490 

489 



11 

75 

100 

83 



42 



597 

103 

I 

1,330 



114 



35 



267 


48 


64 


62 


X 


100 


795 


60 


99 


— 


474 


— 



31 



COMMISSION MERCHANTS 



Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 



2,754 



113 



* Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of unincorporated businesses. 
X 1935 Figures withheld to avoid disclosure. 



Page 114 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 


WHOLESALE 


DISTRIBUTION | 


CITY OF BOSTON 










TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 










FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












Size Of 


















Sample 


No. Of 




Net Sales By Quarters 




Percent 




Compared 
With 1935 


ESTAB- 

lish- 


Net 
Sales 


(>dd 000) 






Chance 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 


Year 

1937 


1937 1 


1938 1 


1ST Qr. 

1937 

To 


2NDQR 
1937 
To 


Estab- 
lish. 

MENTS 


Net. 


1ST Qr. 


2nd Qr. 


3RD Qr. 


4TH Qr. 


1st Qr. 


2ND Qr. 




Sales 


1937-38 
Survey 




Jan. 1 


April 1 


July 1 


Oct. 1 


Jan. 1 


April 1 


1ST Qr 


2ND Qr. 




% 


% 


(add 000) 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


Sept. 30 


Dec. 31 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


1938 


1938 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


14 


26 


10 


% 7,532 


1 2,021 


% 2,107 


J 1,886 


f 1,518 


1 1,255 


$ 1,514 


-37.9 


-28.1 


Beer, wines and liquors 


23 


32 


15 


10,625 


2,255 


2,584 


2,814 


2,972 


2,384 


2,834 


* 5.7 


+ 9.7 


Chemicals and paints 


32 


52 


14 


6,170 


1,735 


1,701 


1,578 


1,156 


1,211 


1,288 


-30.2 


-24.3 


Clothing and furnishings 


15 


18 


33 


7,290 


1,627 


1,798 


1,977 


1,888 


1,270 


1,710 


-21.9 


- 4.9 


Drugs and drug sundries 


17 


29 


4 


4,221 


1,088 


1,011 


1,099 


1,023 


934 


947 


-14.2 


- 6.3 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


15 


14 


16 


3,084 


1,001 


ill 


696 


710 


855 


478 


-14.6 


-29,4 


Electrical goods 


18 


67 


9 


16,490 


4,052 


5,115 


3,947 


3,376 


2,406 


3,303 


-40.6 


-35.4 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


17 


39 


24 


17,824 


3,887 


5,677 


4,812 


3,448 


3,378 


5,030 


-13.1 


-11.4 


Furniture and house furnishings 


17 


36 


12 


5,232 


1,142 


1,601 


1,284 


1,205 


808 


1,238 


-29.2 


-22.7 


Groceries (full line) 


16 


6 


4 


1,975 


416 


516 


543 


500 


429 


458 


+ 3.1 


-11.2 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


24 


32 


67 


24,571 


5,853 


6,134 


6,643 


5,941 


5,411 


5,352 


- 7.6 


-12.7 


Hardware 


29 


60 


5 


1,763 


394 


491 


418 


460 


379 


455 


- 3.8 


- 7.3 


Jewelry and optical goods 


8 


15 


5 


969 


222 


240 


241 


266 


180 


206 


-18.9 


-14.2 


Lumber and construction materials 


19 


24 


5 


3,699 


798 


886 


861 


1,154 


451 


606 


-43.5 


-31.6 


Machinery, equipment end supplies 


20 


38 


37 


8,235 


2,020 


2,507 


1,942 


1,766 


1,546 


1,732 


-23.5 


-30.9 


Paper and its products 


14 


35 


12 


5,803 


1,647 


1,588 


1,327 


1,241 


1,234 


1,132 


-25.1 


-28.7 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 


























supplies 


17 


34 


6 


2,062 


431 


492 


550 


589 


305 


385 


-29.2 


-21.7 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


10 


8 


3 


1,802 


401 


467 


461 


473 


434 


475 


+ 8.2 


+ 1.7 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


52 


82 


13 


30,923 


6,644 


10,515 


7,067 


6,697 


3,565 


5,183 


-46.3 


-50.7 


Beer, wines and liquors 


50 


52 


3 


6,302 


1,554 


1,533 


1,252 


1,963 


1,522 


1,406 


- 2.1 


- 8.3 


Chemicals and paints 


49 


29 


18 


6,841 


1,688 


1,807 


1,873 


1,473 


1,341 


1,302 


-20.6 


-27.9 


Clothing and furnishings 


25 


U 


3 


1,351 


£58 


369 


338 


386 


257 


331 


- 0.4 


-10.3 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


56 


48 


5 


2,361 


803 


612 


589 


357 


557 


455 


-30.6 


-25.7 


Furniture and house furnishings 


88 


1/ 


7 


3,650 


904 


1,032 


873 


841 


652 


750 


-27.9 


-27.3 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


62 


82 


21 


65,511 


17.160 


15,748 


16,752 


15,851 


15,327 


15,184 


-10.7 


- 3.6 


Hardware 


100 


100 


3 


2,324 


641 


661 


571 


451 


401 


339 


-37.4 


-48.7 


Jewelry and optical goods 


100 


100 


4 


989 


265 


255 


234 


235 


189 


209 


-28.7 


-18.0 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


67 


48 


58 


20,309 


5,077 


5,866 


5,224 


4,142 


3,795 


4,558 


-25.3 


-22.3 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 


























supplies 


63 


69 


10 


4,830 


1,044 


1,496 


1,202 


1,088 


706 


909 


-32.4 


-39.2 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


1/ 


11 


7 


9,266 


2,357 


2,963 


1,787 


2,159 


1,898 


2,574 


-19.5 


-13.1 


-i-lNCREASE - Decrease 










» Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 


sales of eac 


h dassifica 


tion. 




1/ 1935 Figures not available for determining percent sample. 











Page 115 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 






WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION] 




CITY OF BOSTON 












TABLE 2.- SAI.F.S, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 










FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












Size Of 












1 






Sample 
Compared 
With 1935 


No. Of 
Estab- 
lish- 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll"* 


Stocks On Hand 
End Of Year 


Percent Increase 
1935 lo 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 
Includ- 


(add 000) 


(•dd 000) 




(ud 000 ) 








ESTAB 




























LISH 
MENTS 

% 


Net- 
Saij-S 


ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


14 


25 


10 


t 7,532 


i 7,153 


$ 6,075 


1 559 


1 507 


S 846 


$ 513 


$ 469 


24.0 


10.3 


80.4 


Beer, wines and liquors 


23 


32 


15 


10,525 


9,571 


8,074 


812 


579 


1,177 


858 


824 


31.5 


40.2 


42.8 


Chemicals and paints 


32 


52 


14 


6,170 


6,096 


5,491 


594 


386 


525 


480 


349 


12.4 


53.9 


50.4 


Clothing and furnishings 


15 


18 


33 


7,290 


7,378 


5,562 


631 


555 


1,144 


1,073 


840 


11.1 


11.5 


36.2 


Drugs and drug sundries 


17 


29 


4 


4,221 


4,164 


4,175 


277 


252 


454 


477 


490 


1.1 


9.9 


5.3 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


15 


14 


16 


3,084 


2,922 


2,534 


217 


204 


453 


390 


400 


21.7 


5.4 


13.3 


Electrical goods 


18 


67 


9 


16,490 


13,198 


10,745 


1,337 


947 


1,359 


928 


868 


53.5 


41.2 


56.6 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


17 


39 


24 


17,824 


16,668 


13,762 


698 


584 


91 


89 


71 


29.5 


19.5 


28.2 


Furniture & house furnishings 


17 


36 


12 


5,232 


5,029 


4,137 


473 


371 


1,137 


1,252 


1,079 


25.5 


27.5 


5.4 


Groceries (full line) 


16 


6 


4 


1,975 


1,734 


1,542 


107 


57 


299 


256 


240 


28.1 


87.7 


24.6 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


24 


32 


67 


24,571 


23,352 


22 , 108 


1,941 


1,581 


1,352 


1,443 


1,313 


11.1 


15.5 


3.7 




29 


60 


5 


1,753 


1,641 


1,551 


205 


198 


355 


344 


330 


13.7 


3.5 


7.9 


Jewelry and optical goods 


8 


15 


5 


959 


937 


804 


154 


135 


266 


244 


240 


20.5 


14.1 


10.8 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


19 


24 


5 


3,699 


3,281 


2,606 


413 


249 


200 


170 


200 


41.9 


65.9 


0.0 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


20 


38 


37 


8,235 


7,524 


6,952 


1,051 


881 


1,333 


1,174 


1,133 


18.5 


20.4 


17.7 


Paper and its products 


14 


35 


12 


5,803 


5,357 


4,690 


772 


625 


754 


733 


657 


23.7 


23.3 


14.8 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment & supplies 


17 


34 


6 


2,052 


2,200 


1,765 


313 


258 


431 


494 


362 


16.8 


16.8 


19.1 


Tobacco and its products 






























(except leaf) 


10 


8 


3 


1,802 


1,746 


1,551 


28 


26 


48 


37 


34 


16.2 


7.7 


41.2 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with .locks) 


Automotive 


52 


82 


13 


30,923 


27,376 


23,554 


960 


909 


1,648 


1,405 


1,211 


31.2 


5.6 


36.1 


Beer, wines and liquors 


50 1 52 


3 


5,302 


5,355 


4,472 


144 


110 


240 


212 


147 


40.9 


30.9 


63.3 


Chemicals and paints 


49 


29 


18 


6,841 


6,546 


5,033 


572 


471 


468 


425 


448 


13.4 


21.4 


4.5 


Clothing and furnishings 


25 


1/ 


3 


1,351 


1,583 


1,310 


137 


121 


113 


88 


100 


3.1 


13.2 


13.0 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


56 


48 


5 


2,361 


2,454 


2,418 


170 


164 


258 


151 


184 


- 2.4 


3.7 


40.2 


Furniture 8: house furnishings 


88 


1/ 


7 


3,550 


3,388 


2,809 


259 


201 


171 


154 


140 


29.9 


28.9 


22.1 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


62 


82 


21 


65,511 


52,315 


57,615 


1,314 


1,252 


1,582 


1,991 


1,449 


13.7 


5.0 


9.2 


Hardware 


100 


100 


3 


2,324 


1,996 


I 


167 


X 


82 


77 


X 


— 


— 


— 


Jewelry and optical goods 


100 


100 


4 


989 


970 


903 


183 


170 


210 


195 


16B 


9.5 


7.6 


25.0 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


67 


48 


58 


20,309 


18,610 


14,141 


2,514 


1,975 


1,703 


1,558 


1,361 


43.5 


32.4 


25.1 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment & supplies 


63 


69 


10 


4,830 


4,178 


3,304 


455 


348 


755 


537 


495 


45.2 


33.6 


52.2 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 








Ituits and vegetables (fresh) 


1/ 


1/ 


7 


9,265 


9,017 


9,075 


325 


273 


20 


10 


36 


2.1 


19.4 


-44.4 


- Decrease 












* Percentages in this colum 


n represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by tot 


al 1935 sa 


es of each 


classificati 


on. 


* * Pay roll not available for 


year 1936. Pay roll includes compensation ol full-time and part-time employe 


es, but not 


of proprie 


ors and fi 


rm members of 


unincorporated businesses. 












Xl 1935 Figures not availab 


le for determining percent sample. 










X 1935 Figures withheld to 


avoid disclosure. 









































Page 116 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 




WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 


CITY OF BOSTON 










TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 










1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 












Number Of 


Net Sales 




Pay Roll* 






Establishments 


Udd ooo) 




( 


.dd 000) 






Included in 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Of 


KIND OF BUSINESS 




1937-38 




Those Included 




Those Included 




1935 


Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 




Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 
Sample 






Number 




Amount 




Amount 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


71 


10 


14 


1:23,711 


$ 6,076 


26 


$1,790 


$ 507 


28 


Beer, wines and liquors 


65 


15 


23 


25,336 


8,074 


32 


1,778 


579 


33 


Chemicals and paints 


44 


14 


32 


10,576 


5,491 


52 


743 


386 


52 


Clothing and furnishings 


220 


33 


15 


36,010 


6,562 


18 


2,502 


566 


23 


Drugs and drug sundries 


24 


4 


17 


14,461 


4,176 


29 


803 


252 


31 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


105 


15 


15 


17,640 


2,534 


14 


1,201 


204 


17 


Electrical goods 


51 


9 


18 


15,986 


10,745 


67 


1,527 


947 


52 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


141 


24 


17 


35,307 


13,762 


39 


1,627 


584 


36 


Furniture and house furnishings 


70 


12 


17 


11 , 551 


4,137 


36 


1,163 


371 


32 


Groceries (full line) 


25 


4 


15 


27,113 


1,542 


6 


2,204 


57 


3 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


276 


67 


24 


69,652 


22,108 


32 


4,961 


1,681 


34 


Hardware 


17 


5 


29 


2,582 


1,551 


60 


328 


198 


60 


Jevrelry and optical goods 


59 


5 


8 


5,330 


804 


15 


543 


135 


25 


Lumber and construction materials 


27 


5 


19 


10,774 


2,606 


24 


1,059 


249 


24 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


184 


37 


20 


18,302 


6,952 


38 


2,633 


881 


33 


Paper and its products 


85 


12 


14 


13,228 


4,690 


35 


1,702 


626 


37 


Plumbing and heating equipment & supplies 


35 


6 


17 


5,265 


1,756 


34 


688 


268 


39 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


29 


3 


10 


18,697 


1,551 


8 


514 


26 


5 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


25 


13 


52 


28,571 


23,564 


82 


1,416 


909 


64 


Beer, wines and liquors 


6 


3 


50 


8,588 


4,472 


52 


202 


110 


54 


Chemicals and paints 


37 


18 


49 


20,641 


6,033 


29 


1,376 


471 


34 


Clothing and furnishings 


12 


3 


25 


X 


1,310 


~ 


X 


121 


— 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


9 


5 


55 


4,996 


2,418 


48 


224 


164 


73 


Furniture and house furnishings 


8 


7 


88 


X 


2,809 


— 


X 


201 


— 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


34 


21 


62 


70,427 


57,615 


82 


1,927 


1,252 


65 


Hardware 


3 


3 


100 


X 


X 


100 


X 


X 


100 


Jewelry and optical goods 


4 


4 


100 


903 


903 


100 


170 


170 


100 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


87 


58 


67 


29,216 


14,141 


48 


5,171 


1,975 


38 


Plumbing and heating equipment & supplies 


16 


10 


63 


4,758 


3,304 


69 


492 


348 


71 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


X 


7 


— 


X 


9,075 


— 


X 


273 


~ 


• Pay roll includes compensation o( full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm 


membe 


rs of unincorp 


orated busine 


sses. 


•X 1935 Figures withlield to avoid disclosure. 











Page 117 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937^ 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



CITY OF BUFFALO 

TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Size Of 

SAMFtX 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



F-STAB- 
USH. 

MEtns 



Net. 
Sales 



No. Of 

ESTAB- 
USH- 
MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 



Net 
Sales 
Year 
1937 

(xld OOO) 



Net Sales By Quarters 
(tM oool 



1937 



1ST QR. 

Jan. 1 
Mm. 31 



2ND QR. 

April 1 
June 30 



3RD Qr. 

July 1 
SepL 30 



4TH Qr. 

Oct 1 
Dec. 31 



1938 



1ST Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2ND Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



Percent 
Chance 



1ST Qr 

1937 

To 
1ST Qr 

1938 



2nd Qr 
1937 
To 

2nd Qr 
1938 



SERVICE AND UMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Beer, nines and liquors 

Chemicals and paints 

Electrical goods 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware, plumbing and heating 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Paper and its products 

Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 



31 


30 


4 


29 


33 


5 


48 


78 


10 


17 


38 


8 


25 


27 


3 


17 


41 


11 


30 


34 


6 


30 


27 


6 


38 


62 


11 


25 


27 


15 


20 


18 


5 


17 


38 


4 



i 2,275 

550 
7,617 
4,226 
2,034 
2,664 
4,499 

532 
4,031 
1,952 
1,027 
3,705 



$ 535 

105 

1,531 

1,023 

472 

635 

1,040 

121 

975 

456 

307 

762 



575 
183 

2,213 

1,223 
526 
659 

1,206 
123 

1,055 
570 
285 
955 



472 

152 

1,812 

1,054 

523 

697 

1,186 

156 

1,121 

480 

235 

1,017 



I 693 

110 
2,061 
926 
513 
673 
1,067 
132 
880 
446 
200 
971 



( 445 

98 
1,342 
804 
454 
581 
675 

85 
621 
372 
180 
760 



\ 553 


-16.8 


162 


- 6.7 


1,671 


-12.3 


968 


-21.4 


447 


- 3.8 


592 


- 8.5 


622 


-35.1 


94 


-29.8 


635 


-36.3 


328 


-18.4 


188 


-41.4 


934 


- 0.3 



- 3.8 
-11.5 
-24.5 
-20.9 
-15.0 
-10.2 
-48.4 
-23.6 
-39.8 
-42.5 
-34.0 

- 3.2 



MANUFACTURERS SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Automotive 

Electrical goods 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 



63 
57 
60 
71 
60 
62 



94 
93 
81 
68 
67 
80 



10 
4 
3 

12 
3 

18 



41,822 

11,630 

1,510 

U,541 

1,976 

6,740 



8,254 
3,632 

353 
2,684 

358 
1,683 



12,992 
3,212 

446 
2,827 

527 
2,058 



10,683 
2,503 

388 
2,974 

646 
1,626 



9,893 
2,283 

323 
3,056 

445 
1,373 



4,528 
1,773 

246 
2,401 

332 
1,371 



6,262 
2,083 

309 
2,476 

436 
1,522 



-45.1 
-51.2 
-30.3 
-10.5 
- 7.3 
-18.5 



-51.8 
-35.2 
-30.7 
-12.4 
-17.3 
-26.0 



COMMISSION MERCHANTS 



Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 



1/ 



1/ 



1,050 



232 



309 



257 



252 



194 



320 



16.4 + 3.5 



-hIncRease — Decrease 

* Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification, 
l/ 1935 Figures not available for determining percent sample. 



Page 118 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 








WHOLESALE 


DISTRIBUTION ] 




CITY OF BUFFALO 














TABLE 2.-- SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 






ii 








FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 
















Size Of 












1 










Sample 
Compared 
With 1935 


No. Of 

Estab- 
lish- 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll** 


Stocks On Hand 
End Of Year 


Percent Increase 
1935 to 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 
Includ- 


(add coo) 


(add 000) 




(add 000 ) 










ESTAB. 






























NET* 

Sales 


ed In 


























LISH- 
MENTS 


1937-38 
Survey 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 




% 


% 


























SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Beer, wines and liquors 


31 


30 


4 


$ 2,275 


i 1,949 


$ 1,053 


$177 


i 65 


? 200 


$168 


$ 89 


116.0 


172.3 


124.7 


Chemicals and paints 


29 


33 


5 


550 


510 


433 


75 


65 


89 


77 


69 


27.0 


15.4 


29.0 


Electrical goods 


48 


78 


10 


7,617 


5,598 


3,947 


769 


457 


910 


728 


508 


93.0 


58.3 


49.7 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


17 


38 


8 


4,226 


4,114 


3,769 


102 


78 


45 


75 


79 


12.1 


30.8 


- 43.0 


Groceries (full line) 


25 


27 


3 


2,034 


1,943 


1,840 


134 


130 


286 


263 


251 


10.5 


3.1 


13.9 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


17 


41 


11 


2,664 


2,800 


3,143 


173 


196 


190 


234 


173 


-15.2 


- 11.7 


9.8 


Hardware, plumbing & heating 


30 


34 


6 


4,499 


3,695 


2,636 


562 


350 


1,127 


942 


880 


70.7 


60.6 


28.1 


Jewelry and optical goods 


30 


27 


6 


532 


460 


294 


96 


52 


108 


106 


57 


81.0 


84.6 


89.5 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


38 


62 


11 


4,031 


3,293 


2,425 


615 


325 


947 


806 


724 


66.2 


89.2 


30.8 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


25 


27 


15 


1,952 


1,664 


1,250 


320 


236 


313 


293 


298 


56.2 


35.6 


5.0 


Paper and its products 


20 


18 


5 


1,027 


935 


820 


83 


61 


216 


243 


214 


25.2 


36.1 


0.9 


Tobacco and its products 






























(except leaf) 


17 


38 


4 


3,705 


3,291 


2,918 


90 


66 


184 


178 


183 


27.0 


36.4 


0.5 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


63 


94 


10 


41,822 


40,166 


34,308 


806 


683 


946 


814 


988 


21.9 


18.0 


- 4.3 


Electrical goods 


57 


93 


4 


11,630 


9,283 


6,857 


399 


336 


660 


544 


388 


59.6 


18.8 


70.1 


Furniture and house 






























furnishings 


60 


81 


3 


1,510 


1,346 


961 


90 


61 


97 


78 


68 


57.1 


47.5 


42.5 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


71 


68 


12 


11,541 


10,942 


9,735 


626 


459 


317 


345 


267 


18.5 


35.4 


18.7 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


60 


67 


3 


1,975 


1,665 


840 


102 


55 


226 


184 


219 


135.2 


85.5 


3.2 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


62 


80 


18 


6,740 


5,368 


4,406 


602 


428 


627 


543 


336 


53.0 


40.7 


86.6 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


1/ 


1/ 


4 


1,060 


1,007 


807 


30 


27 


10 


9 


7 


31.4 


11.1 


42.9 


— Decrease 
















* Percentages in this column represent 19k 


5 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by tot 


al 1935 sal 


es of each 


classificati< 


)n. 






* * Pay roll not available for year 1936. P 


ay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employee 


s, but not 


of proprietc 


rs and firr 


n members of 




unincorporated businesses. 
















J7 1935 Figures not available for determin 


ng percent sample. 















CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



Page 119 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



CITY OF BUFFALO 

TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 

1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Number Of 

ElSTABLISHMENTS 



1935 
Census 



Included in 
1937-38 

Survey 



Number 



Sample 



Net Saixs 

l.dd 000 I 



1935 

Census 



1935 Sales Of 
Those Included 
In 1937-38 Survey 



Amount 



Sample 



Pay Rou • 

(•dd 000) 



1935 
Census 



1935 Pay Roll Of 
Those Included 
In 193738 Survey 



Amount 



Sample 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Beer, wines and liquors 

Cheniicals and paints 

Electrical goods 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware, plumbing and heating 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipnent and supplies 

Paper and its products 

Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 



13 


4 


31 


17 


5 


29 


21 


10 


48 


46 


8 


17 


12 


3 


25 


66 


11 


17 


20 


6 


30 


20 


6 


30 


29 


11 


38 


59 


15 


25 


25 


5 


20 


23 


4 


17 



3,533 
1,323 
5,034 
9,974 
6,750 
7,608 
7,803 
1,101 
3,902 
4,578 
4,559 
7,736 



I 1,053 

433 

3,947 

3,769 

1,840 

3,143 

2,636 

294 

2,425 

1,250 

820 

2,918 



30 
33 
78 
38 
27 
41 
34 
27 
62 
27 
18 
38 



$231 
211 
619 
264 
360 
554 
908 
119 
500 
703 
494 
196 



; 65 


28 


65 


31 


457 


74 


78 


30 


130 


36 


196 


35 


350 


39 


52 


44 


325 


65 


236 


34 


61 


12 


66 


34 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Automotive 

Electrical goods 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 



16 
7 
5 

17 
5 

29 



10 

4 
3 

12 
5 

IG 



63 
57 
60 
71 
60 
62 



36,357 
7,343 
1,181 

14,239 
1,262 
5,499 



34 , 308 
6,857 

961 
9,735 

840 
4,406 



94 
93 
81 
68 
67 
80 



838 
402 
90 
595 
121 
597 



683 


82 


336 


84 


61 


68 


459 


77 


55 


45 


428 


72 



COMMISSION MERCHANTS 



Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 



807 



* Pay roll includes compensation of-fuU time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of unincorporated businesses. 
X 1935 Figures withheld to avoid disclosure. 



Page 120 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 




WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION | 




CITY OF CHICAGO 






TABLE l.-NET SAI.F.S BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 








FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 








Size Of 
















Sample 


No. Of 




Net Sales Bv Quarters 




Percent 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Compared 

With 1935 

Census 


Estab- 
lish- 
ments 
Includ- 
ed In 


NET 
SAr^s 
Year 
1937 


(add 000) 






Chance 


1937 1 


1938 1 


1ST Qr. 

1937 

To 


2ND Qr 

1937 
To 


Estab- 
lish- 


NET. 


1st Qr. 


2nd Qr, 


3rd Qr. 


4TH Qr. 


1ST Qr. 


2ND Qr. 




ments 


Saixs 


1937-38 
Survey 




Jan. 1 


April 1 


July 1 


Oct. 1 


Jan. 1 


April 1 


1ST Qr 


2nd Qr. 




% 


% 


(«cld 000) 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


Sept. 30 


Dec. 31 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


1938 


1938 


SERVICE AND UMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


17 


33 


41 


1 23,150 


$ 5,713 


$ 7,078 


1 5,543 


% 4,816 


% 3,400 


% 3,585 


-4D.5 


-49.3 


Beer, wines and liquors 


18 


27 


36 


19,728 


4,595 


4,854 


4,777 


5,501 


3,877 


4,497 


-15.6 


- 7.4 


Chemicals and paints 


25 


45 


22 


6,754 


1,585 


2,037 


1,695 


1,435 


1,349 


1,572 


-14.9 


-22.8 


Clothing and furnishings 


18 


25 


48 


11,520 


3,115 


2,942 


2,891 


2,572 


2,322 


2,261 


-25.5 


-23.1 


Drugs (full line) 


30 


50 


3 


13,917 


3,301 


3,358 


3,308 


3,950 


2,931 


2,759 


-11.2 


-17.8 


DiTigs & drug sundries (specialty- 


























lines) 


10 


51 


10 


11,641 


2,785 


2,932 


2,535 


3,389 


3,075 


3,066 


+10.4 


■^ 4,6 


Dry goods (full and specialty lines) 


18 


38 


27 


30,270 


8,312 


7,435 


7,550 


5,873 


5,870 


5,076 


-29.4 


-31.7 


Electrical goods 


14 


44 


20 


29,411 


7,118 


9,644 


5,871 


5,778 


4,851 


5,390 


-31.8 


-44.1 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


14 


29 


32 


21,815 


5,516 


6,438 


4,998 


4,863 


4,570 


5,578 


-17.2 


-13.4 


Furniture and house furnishings 


16 


27 


25 


7,362 


1,607 


2,131 


1,825 


1,799 


1,218 


1,522 


-24.2 


-23.9 


General merchandise 


39 


88 


4 


22,049 


4,987 


4,864 


5,820 


6,378 


4,350 


4,181 


-12.8 


-14.0 


Groceries (full line) 


39 


57 


17 


46,980 


11,018 


11,120 


11,981 


12,861 


9,770 


9,824 


-11.3 


-11.7 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


21 


38 


113 


55,403 


14,082 


13,307 


13,642 


14,372 


11,324 


12,500 


-19.6 


- 6.1 


Hardirare 


20 


75 


10 


16,958 


3,720 


4,524 


4,526 


4,188 


2,982 


3,435 


-19.8 


-24.1 


jewelry and optical goods 


21 


47 


22 


13,303 


2,267 


2,828 


3,457 


4,751 


1,767 


2,073 


-22,1 


-26.7 


Lumber and construction materials 


30 


46 


44 


22,006 


4,941 


7,747 


5,433 


3,885 


2,930 


3,916 


-40.7 


-49.5 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


22 


39 


83 


38,810 


10,079 


10,762 


10,000 


7,969 


6,559 


6,541 


-33.9 


-39.2 


Paper and its products 


20 


26 


31 


12,982 


3,395 


3,474 


3,180 


2,932 


2,732 


2,616 


-19.6 


-24.7 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 


























supplies 


18 


24 


16 


5,116 


1,102 


1,318 


1,446 


1,250 


777 


809 


-29.5 


-38.6 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


9 


9 


6 


3,900 


857 


947 


1,030 


1,056 


773 


860 


- 9.8 


- 9.2 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


46 


86 


16 


71,274 


14,326 


23,016 


17,435 


15,497 


9,765 


13,548 


-31.8 


-41.1 


Beer, wines and liquors 


47 


82 


9 


45,617 


9,965 


11,653 


12,492 


12,507 


7,888 


10,267 


-20.8 


-11.9 


Chemicals and paints 


58 


1/ 


32 


42,253 


10,520 


11,694 


10,975 


9,074 


8,515 


8,659 


-19.1 


-26.0 


Clothing and furnishings 


39 


1/ 


14 


16,466 


3,555 


3,987 


3,903 


5,010 


3,249 


3,455 


- 8.9 


-13.3 


Drugs & drug sundries (specialty 


























lines) 


38 


1/ 


8 


6,748 


1,970 


1,555 


1,486 


1,627 


1,660 


1,370 


-15.7 


-17.7 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


45 


48 


10 


4,457 


1,492 


1,254 


949 


752 


958 


830 


-35.1 


-33.8 


Electrical goods 


40 


1/ 


17 


59,944 


17,750 


16,325 


13,238 


12,620 


10,492 


9,232 


-40.9 


-43,5 


Furniture and house furnishings 


50 


1/ 


9 


9,107 


2,227 


2,815 


2,172 


1,893 


1,519 


1,497 


-31.8 


-45.8 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


64 


78 


61 


167,192 


44,344 


39,260 


40,505 


42,932 


35,193 


37,042 


-18.4 


- 5,7 


Hardware 


56 


79 


5 


3,386 


943 


1,055 


792 


595 


490 


454 


-48.0 


-57,0 


Jev/elry and optical goods 


63 


51 


10 


5,218 


1,310 


1,270 


1,327 


1,311 


948 


872 


-27.6 


-31.3 


Lumber and construction materials 


37 


41 


7 


13,337 


3,089 


3,525 


4,275 


2,347 


2,453 


3,004 


-20.6 


-17.2 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


58 


65 


95 


71,803 


17,743 


20,311 


18,383 


15,365 


13,384 


13,132 


-24,6 


-35,3 


Paper and its products 


29 


1/ 


7 


18,876 


4,711 


5,461 


4,959 


3,745 


3,302 


3,419 


-29.9 


-37,4 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 




















^ 






supplies 


57 


77 


16 


12,901 


2,947 


3,315 


3,604 


3,034 


1,551 


2,099 


-44.0 


-35.7 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


11 


U 


7 


8,241 


2,220 


2,357 


1,838 


1,826 


1,775 


2,273 


-20.0 


- 3.6 


+INCREASE - Decrease 








* Percentages in this column represen 


1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sa 


es of each 


classification. 


\J 1935 Figures not available for dete 


rmining percent sample. 







Page 121 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1 


937.38 












WHOI.F.SAI.F. 


■)I.STRIBUTION 










CITY OF CHICAGO 
















TABLE 2.-- SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 


















FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 














Size 


OF 1 




















Sample 


No. Of 


















Compared 
With 1935 


ESTAB 
LISH- 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll" 


Stocks On Hand 
End Of Year 


Percent Increase 
1935 lo 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


MENTS 

Includ- 


(add 000) 


(.dd 000) 




(idd 000) 






1 




E.STAB. 




























USH. 
MENTS 

% 


Net- 
Sales 


ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


17 


33 


41 


8 23,150 


t 17,538 


t 14,550 


tl,740 


tl,216 


$2,317 


81,785 


Si, 493 


59.1 


43.1 


55.2 


Beer, wines and liquors 


18 


27 


35 


19,728 


18,256 


12,155 


957 


788 


2,232 


2,028 


2,224 


52.3 


21.4 


0.4 


Cheiuicals and paints 


25 


46 


22 


6,754 


5,455 


5,902 


725 


584 


544 


495 


485 


14.4 


24.3 


12.2 


Clothins a^<i furnishings 


18 


25 


48 


11,520 


11,145 


8,811 


903 


725 


1,132 


1,043 


789 


30,7 


24.4 


43.5 


Drugs (full line) 


30 


50 


3 


13,917 


11,813 


9,702 


935 


593 


1,776 


1,714 


1,331 


43.4 


35.1 


33.4 


Drugs and drug sundries 






























(specialty lines) 


10 


51 


10 


11,641 


12,909 


5,850 


871 


525 


638 


470 


465 


69.9 


39.4 


37.2 


Dry goods (full and 






























specialty lines) 


18 


38 


27 


30,270 


29,534 


27,394 


2,430 


2,432 


3,950 


4,072 


3,278 


10.5 


0,3 


20.5 


Electrical goods 


14 


44 


20 


29,411 


22,810 


15,328 


2,460 


1,471 


1,969 


1,394 


955 


91.9 


57,2 


103.8 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


14 


29 


32 


21,815 


21,985 


18,369 


946 


777 


268 


202 


195 


18.8 


21.8 


37.4 


Furniture &. house furnishings 


16 


27 


25 


7,362 


6,178 


4,799 


758 


527 


1,141 


804 


539 


53.4 


43.8 


78.6 


General merchandise 


29 


88 


4 


22,049 


20,325 


17,199 


1,930 


1,517 


3,043 


3,131 


2,535 


28.2 


27.2 


20.0 


Groceries (full line) 


39 


57 


17 


46,980 


43,920 


41,352 


4,652 


4,027 


5,892 


5,603 


5,491 


13.6 


15.5 


25.5 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


21 


38 


113 


55,403 


48,885 


45,559 


3,775 


3,068 


2,958 


3,843 


2,081 


18.7 


23.0 


42.1 


Hardware 


20 


75 


10 


15,958 


16,079 


13,698 


2,029 


1,453 


3,744 


4,215 


3,255 


23.8 


38.7 


15.0 


Jewelry and optical goods 


21 


47 


22 


13,303 


11,753 


8,980 


1,432 


1,039 


2,241 


1,944 


1,835 


48.1 


37.8 


22,1 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


30 


46 


44 


22,005 


19,168 


15,318 


1,850 


1,343 


2,185 


2,066 


1,885 


43.7 


37.8 


15,9 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


22 


39 


83 


38,810 


31,505 


23,910 


5,304 


3,728 


6,440 


5,162 


4,302 


62.3 


42.3 


49.7 


Paper and its products 


20 


26 


31 


12,982 


11,734 


10,178 


1,492 


1,253 


1,856 


1,682 


1,440 


27.5 


19.1 


28.9 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment & supplies 


18 


24 


16 


5,115 


4,077 


2,945 


713 


555 


743 


720 


615 


73.7 


28.5 


20.8 


Tobacco and its products 






























(ercept leaf) 


9 


' 


6 


3,900 


3,820 


3,385 


128 


124 


167 


124 


142 


15.2 


3.2 


17.6 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


46 


86 


16 


71,274 


64,557 


53,978 


2,059 


1,754 


2,863 


2,397 


2,317 


32.0 


17.4 


23.5 


Deer, wines and liquors 


47 


82 


9 


46,617 


44,326 


32,385 


1,494 


1,100 


385 


551 


712 


43.9 


35,8 


-45.9 


Chemicals and paints 


58 


1/ 


32 


42,263 


37,865 


32,424 


2,907 


2,131 


2,682 


2,199 


2,011 


30.3 


36.4 


33.4 


Clothing and furnishings 


39 


1/ 


14 


16,466 


15,786 


12,937 


1,646 


1,430 


1,985 


1,851 


1,540 


27.3 


15.1 


28.9 


Drugs and drug sundries 






























(specialty lines) 


38 


1/ 


8 


6,748 


6,588 


5,799 


395 


356 


215 


199 


354 


15.4 


11.0 


-39.0 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


45 


48 


10 


4,457 


4,646 


4,249 


259 


255 


554 


323 


332 


4.9 


1.6 


65.9 


Electrical goods 


40 


1/ 


17 


59,944 


49,997 


34, 674 


2,549 


2,139 


2,922 


2,508 


1,805 


72.9 


19.2 


61.8 


Furniture &, house furnishings 


50 


1/ 


9 


9,107 


7,865 


5,483 


666 


372 


1,021 


787 


876 


40.5 


79.0 


15.5 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


64 


78 


61 


157,192 


151 , 188 


149,420 


5,509 


4,338 


4,127 


3,645 


2,580 


11.9 


29.3 


50.0 


Hardware 


56 


79 


5 


3,386 


2,902 


2,175 


249 


173 


117 


105 


110 


55,7 


43.9 


6.4 


Jewelry and optical goods 


63 


51 


10 


5,218 


4,711 


4,432 


543 


457 


755 


555 


530 


17.7 


15.3 


44.3 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


37 


41 


7 


13,337 


11,895 


8,805 


1,789 


1,141 


1,118 


1,279 


958 


51.5 


56.8 


15.5 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


58 


65 


95 


71,803 


58,910 


45,655 


7,346 


5,179 


5,548 


4,577 


4,508 


57.3 


41.8 


25.3 


Paper and its products 


29 


V 


7 


18,876 


17,312 


14,575 


505 


551 


540 


443 


375 


29.5 


7.8 


44.0 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment & supplies 


57 


77 


16 


12,901 


10,536 


7,309 


1,073 


550 


1,051 


952 


714 


76.5 


65.1 


47.2 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


1/ 


1/ 


7 


8,241 


7,854 


6,688 


301 


209 


42 


40 


31 


23.2 


44.0 


35.5 


— Decrease 




















* Percentages in this colum 


n repres 


sent 19; 


!5 sales o 


f establishments included in this survey, divided by tot 


U 1935 sal 


es of each 


classificatic 


n. 




* * Pay roll not available (or 


year 1 


936. P 


ay roll in 


eludes compensation of full-time and part-time employe 


es, but not 


of propriet 


ors and fii 


■m mem 


bers of 


unincorporated businesses. 




















JJ 1935 Figures not availab 


e for d 


etermin 


ng percer 


t sample. 













Page 122 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 






WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 




CITY OF CHICAGO 












TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 










1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 












Number Of 


Net Sales 




Pay Roll* 






Establishments 
















(>dd 000 ) 




(add 000) 






Included in 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Of 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


1935 


1937-38 




Those Included 




Those Included 




Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 




Census 




Sample 


Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 

Sample 






Number 




Amount 




Amount 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automctive 


247 


41 


17 


$ 44,112 


$ 14,550 


33 


$4,468 


$1,216 


27 


Beer, wines and liquors 


199 


36 


18 


44,230 


12,155 


27 


2,604 


788 


30 


Chemicals and paints 


87 


22 


25 


12,751 


5,902 


46 


1,253 


584 


47 


Clothing and furnishings 


260 


48 


18 


35,146 


8,811 


25 


2,670 


726 


27 


Drugs (full line) 


10 


3 


30 


19,515 


9,702 


50 


1,179 


693 


59 


Drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines) 


96 


10 


10 


13,334 


6,850 


51 


1,237 


625 


51 


Dry goods (full and specialty lines) 


152 


27 


18 


71,996 


27,394 


38 


6,067 


2,422 


40 


Electrical goods 


138 


20 


14 


34,937 


15,328 


44 


3,499 


1,471 


42 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


225 


32 


14 


63,550 


18,369 


29 


2,689 


777 


29 


Furniture and house furnishings 


152 


25 


16 


17,795 


4,799 


27 


1,710 


527 


31 


General merchandise 


14 


4 


29 


19,571 


17,199 


88 


1,782 


1,517 


85 


Groceries (full line) 


44 


17 


39 


73,111 


41,362 


57 


6,052 


4,027 


67 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


527 


113 


21 


122,770 


46,669 


38 


8,237 


3,068 


37 


Hardware 


51 


10 


20 


18,193 


13,698 


75 


1,604 


1,463 


91 


Jewelry and optical goods 


107 


22 


21 


19,139 


8,980 


47 


2,240 


1,039 


46 


Lumber and construction materials 


148 


44 


30 


33,565 


15,318 


46 


3,072 


1,343 


44 


^!achine^y, equipment and supplies 


377 


83 


22 


61,586 


23,910 


39 


8,749 


3,728 


43 


Paper and its products 


155 


31 


20 


39,197 


10,178 


26 


3,922 


1,253 


32 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 




















supplies 


88 


16 


18 


12,215 


2,945 


24 


1,665 


555 


33 


Tobacco and it's products (except leaf) 


65 


6 


9 


35,855 


3,385 


9 


871 


124 


14 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


AutomotiTre 


35 


16 


46 


62,492 


53,978 


86 


2,456 


1,754 


71 


Beer, wines and liquors 


19 


9 


47 


39,293 


32,385 


82 


1,426 


1,100 


77 


Chemicals and paints 


55 


32 


58 


X 


32,424 


~ 


X 


2,131 


~ 


Clothing and furnishings 


36 


14 


39 


X 


12,937 


~ 


X 


1,430 


— 


Drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines) 


21 


8 


38 


X 


5,799 


— 


X 


356 


— 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


22 


10 


45 


8,785 


4,249 


48 


478 


255 


53 


Electrical goods 


43 


17 


40 


X 


34,674 


~ 


X 


2,139 


— 


Furniture and house furnishings 


18 


9 


50 


X 


6,483 


— 


X 


372 


— 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


96 


61 


64 


190,348 


149,420 


78 


6,612 


4,338 


66 


Hardware 


9 


5 


56 


2,766 


2,175 


79 


225 


173 


77 


Jewelry and optical goods 


16 


10 


63 


8,620 


4,432 


51 


708 


467 


66 


Lumber and construction materials 


19 


7 


37 


21,432 


8,805 


41 


2,125 


1,141 


54 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


164 


95 


58 


70,652 


45,656 


65 


8,518 


5,179 


61 


Paper and its products 


24 


7 


29 


X 


14,575 


— 


X 


561 


— 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 




















supplies 


28 


16 


57 


9,435 


7,309 


77 


930 


650 


70 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 




Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


X 


7 


~ 


X 


6,688 


~ 


X 


209 


~ 


* Pay roll includes compensation of (ull-tim( 


; and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and lirrr 


1 membe 


rs of unincori 


jorated busine 


sses. 


X 1935 Figures withheld to avoid disclosure. 





















Page 123 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 




WHOLESALE 


DISTRIBUTION 




CITY OF CLEVELAND 








TABLE l.-NET SAIF.S BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 










FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 










Size Of 
















Sample 


No. Of 




Net Sales By Quarters 




Percent 




Compared 
With 1935 


ESTAB 
LISH- 


Net 
Sales 


(•dd 000 ) 






Chance 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 


Year 
1937 


1937 1 


1938 [ 


1ST Qr 
1937 
To 


2NDQR 
1937 
To 


ESTAB- 
LiSH- 


NET. 


1ST QR. 


2nd Qr 


3rd Qr. 


4TH Qr 


1ST Qr 


2ND Qr 




MENTS 


Sales 


1937-38 
Survey 




Jan. 1 


April 1 


July 1 


Oct 1 


Jan. 1 


April 1 


1ST Qr 


2ND Qr 




% 


% 


( wAA 000 1 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


Sept. 30 


Dec. 31 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


1938 


1938 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


20 


44 


17 


512,936 


$ 3,353 


1 4,137 


|2,924 


$2,522 


41,325 


tl,403 


-60.5 


-66.1 


Beer, wlnee and liquors 


24 


30 


4 


1,095 


173 


301 


369 


252 


189 


248 


<r 9.2 


-17.5 


Chemicals and paints 


17 


48 


8 


4,830 


1,275 


1,368 


1,250 


937 


595 


738 


-45.4 


-45.1 


Drugs and drug sundries 


18 


53 


4 


3,566 


899 


833 


925 


908 


783 


729 


-12.9 


-12.5 


Dry goods (full and specialty lines) 


19 


24 


6 


1,419 


362 


360 


361 


336 


265 


272 


-26.8 


-24.4 


Electrical goods 


33 


53 


14 


11,764 


2,821 


3,881 


2,854 


2,208 


1,571 


1,770 


-44.3 


-54.4 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


26 


46 


17 


9,879 


2,279 


3,117 


2,355 


2,128 


2,007 


2,576 


-11.9 


-17.4 


Furniture and house furnishings 


12 


42 


4 


2,972 


804 


775 


740 


653 


552 


575 


-17.7 


-25.8 


Groceries (full line) 


31 


54 


8 


8,623 


2,058 


2,187 


2,234 


2,144 


1,747 


1,761 


-15.1 


-19.5 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


15 


32 


28 


10 , 876 


2,432 


2,721 


3,173 


2,550 


2,325 


2,214 


- 4.4 


-18.5 


Hardware 


20 


45 


3 


9,724 


2,275 


2,587 


2,410 


2,351 


1,623 


1,981 


-28.7 


-25.3 


Jewelry and optical goods 


17 


17 


4 


482 


79 


101 


120 


182 


59 


73 


-25.3 


-27.7 


Lumber and construction materials 


31 


27 


16 


3,725 


872 


1,054 


1,041 


748 


592 


651 


-32.1 


-38.8 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


22 


38 


35 


10 , 748 


2,739 


2,958 


2,814 


2,237 


1,545 


1,478 


-43.6 


-50.0 


Paper and its products 


21 


46 


8 


5,250 


1,406 


1,463 


1,264 


1,127 


1,107 


966 


-21.3 


-34.0 


plumbing and heating equipment 


























and supplies 


24 


28 


9 


2,071 


475 


509 


558 


529 


291 


344 


-38.7 


-32.4 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


14 


17 


3 


2,836 


577 


812 


715 


632 


567 


545 


-16.2- 


-20.6 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


45 


8 


10 


40,711 


11,446 


14,454 


8,518 


6,293 


3,604 


4,045 


-58.5 


-72.0 


Beer, wines and liquors 


100 


100 


3 


2,943 


601 


704 


726 


912 


623 


651 


t 3.7 


- 7.5 


Chemicals and paints 


87 


99 


13 


12,565 


3,624 


3,523 


3,033 


2,485 


2,059 


2,190 


-43.2 


-37.8 


Electrical goods 


69 


94 


9 


32,887 


11,730 


7,598 


6,952 


6,597 


5,731 


5,264 


-51.1 


-30.7 


Furniture and house furnishings 


78 


88 


7 


2,579 


688 


843 


538 


405 


401 


446 


-41.7 


-47.4 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


54 


61 


13 


19,741 


5,435 


4,951 


4,785 


4,569 


4,752 


4,587 


-12.6 


- 7.4 


Lumber and construction materials 


40 


13 


6 


2,776 


558 


773 


908 


537 


425 


589 


-23.8 


-23.8 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


55 


56 


34 


23,347 


5,494 


7,039 


6,399 


4,415 


3,695 


3,275 


-32.7 


-53.5 


Plumbing and heating equipment 


























and supplies 


67 


69 


4 


4,258 


948 


977 


1,159 


1,174 


439 


555 


-53.7 


-42.2 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


1/ 


1/ 


3 


3,032 


738 


1,042 


612 


640 


671 


822 


- 9.1 


-21.1 


-kIncrease - Decrease 










* Percentages in this column represenl 


1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sal 


es of each 


classificatio 


n. 


\J 1935 Figures not available for dete 


rmining percent sample. 









Page 124 






























CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 






WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 




CITY OF CLEVELAND 










TABLE 2.- SAIFS, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 








FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 










Size Of 












i 






Sample 
Compared 
With 1935 


No. Of 
Estab- 
lish- 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll** 


Stocks On Hand 
End Of Year 


Percent Increase 
1935 to 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 

Im/-i 1 Tn 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 




(add 000 ) 








ESTAB- 




IINCLUU- 


























LISH- 
MENTS 


Net- 
Sales 


ED In 
1937-38 
Survey 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 




% 


% 


























SERVICE AND UMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


20 


44 


17 


tl2,936 


$11,222 


$ 8,852 


1 843 


$ 619 


$1,354 


$ 863 


$ 608 


45.1 


35.2 


122.7 


Beer, wines and liquors 


24 


30 


4 


1,095 


860 


683 


78 


44 


25 


21 


16 


60.3 


77.3 


56.3 


Chemicals and paints 


17 


48 


8 


4,830 


4,350 


3,009 


463 


278 


509 


456 


363 


60.5 


56.5 


57.8 


Drugs and drug sundries 


18 


53 


4 


3,566 


3,142 


2,703 


227 


178 


430 


353 


279 


31.9 


27.5 


54.1 


Dry goods (full and 






























specialty lines) 


19 


24 


6 


1,419 


1,293 


1,068 


151 


117 


151 


149 


123 


32.9 


29.1 


22.8 


Electrical goods 


33 


53 


14 


11,764 


8,805 


5,746 


1,054 


549 


1,118 


774 


659 


104.7 


92.0 


67.1 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


26 


46 


17 


9,879 


9,255 


7,118 


286 


222 


84 


63 


69 


38.8 


28.8 


21.7 


Furniture and house 






























furnishings 


12 


42 


4 


2,972 


2,185 


1,629 


123 


79 


224 


157 


111 


82.4 


55.7 


101.8 


Groceries (full line) 


31 


54 


8 


8,623 


8,340 


8,605 


785 


764 


1,381 


1,372 


1,381 


0.2 


2.7 


0.0 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty line) 


15 


32 


28 


10,876 


10 , 195 


9,521 


815 


670 


332 


384 


296 


14.2 


21.6 


12.2 


Hardware 


20 


45 


3 


9,724 


8,555 


6,750 


1,141 


814 


1,505 


1,498 


1,282 


44.1 


40.2 


25.2 


Jewelry and optical goods 


17 


17 


4 


482 


425 


330 


62 


41 


105 


97 


95 


46.1 


51.2 


11.6 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


31 


27 


16 


3,725 


3,364 


2,592 


537 


320 


588 


573 


580 


43.7 


57.8 


1.4 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


22 


38 


33 


10,748 


9,431 


6,755 


1,423 


916 


1,530 


1,444 


1,354 


59.1 


55.3 


13.0 


Paper and its products 


21 


46 


8 


5,260 


4,731 


4,285 


491 


397 


743 


656 


545 


22.7 


23.7 


36.3 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment and supplies 


24 


28 


9 


2,071 


1,980 


1,127 


208 


123 


202 


182 


154 


83.8 


69.1 


31.2 


Tobacco and its products 






























(except leaf) 


14 


17 


3 


2,836 


2,670 


2,328 


76 


77 


87 


92 


70 


21.8 


- 1.3 


24.3 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


45 


8 


10 


40,711 


34,037 


30,965 


891 


718 


1,174 


718 


591 


31.5 


24.1 


98.6 


Beer, wines and liquors 


100 


100 


3 


2,943 


2,631 


X 


51 


X 


333 


299 


X 


— 


— 




Chemicals and paints 


87 


99 


13 


12,665 


13,005 


11,600 


697 


508 


843 


751 


882 


9.2 


37.2 


- 4.4 


Electrical goods 


69 


94 


9 


32,887 


21,040 


13 , 326 


927 


792 


1,166 


893 


524 


146.8 


17.0 


86.9 


Furniture and house 






























furnishings 


78 


88 


7 


2,579 


2,591 


1,538 


171 


108 


216 


208 


210 


57.4 


58.3 


2.9 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


54 


61 


13 


19,741 


18,166 


15,901 


747 


640 


398 


380 


394 


16.8 


16.7 


1.0 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


40 


13 


6 


2,776 


2,061 


1,136 


265 


111 


211 


219 


152 


144.4 


138.7 


38.8 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


55 


66 


34 


23,347 


18,323 


14,425 


2,135 


1,551 


2,042 


1,559 


1,404 


61.9 


37.7 


45.4 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment and supplies 


67 


69 


4 


4,258 


3,688 


2,211 


446 


223 


299 


278 


217 


92.5 


100.0 


37.8 




COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


1/ 


1/ 


3 


3,032 


2,763 


1,899 


103 


75 


20 


20 


20 


59.7 


37.3 


0.0 


- Decrease 










* Percentages in this colum 


n represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by tot 


al 1935 sa 


es of each 


classification. 


* * Pay roil not availahte for 


year 1936. Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employe 


es, but not 


of propriet 


ors and firm members of 


unincorporated businesses. 










_1_/ 1935 Figures not availab 


,e for determining percent sample. 








X 1935 Figures withheld to 


avoid disclosure. 

























Page 125 


CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 






WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 




CITY or CLEVELAND 












TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 










1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 












Number Of 


Net Sales 




Pay Rou* 






Establishments 


t.dd 000 ) 




( 


•dd 000) 






Included In 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Of 


KIND OF BUSINESS 




1937-38 




Those Included 




Those Included 




1935 


Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 




Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 
Samplk 






Number 




Amount 




Amount 


SERVICE AND UMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


85 


17 


20 


$20,023 


$ 8,852 


44 


$1,510 


$ 619 


41 


Beer, wines and liquors 


17 


4 


24 


2,292 


683 


30 


241 


44 


18 


Chemicals and paints 


46 


8 


17 


6,234 


3,009 


48 


939 


278 


30 


Drugs and drug sundries 


22 


4 


18 


5,139 


2,703 


53 


533 


178 


33 


Dry goods (full and specialty lines) 


31 


6 


19 


4,493 


1,068 


24 


472 


117 


25 


Electrical goods 


43 


14 


33 


10 , 856 


5,746 


53 


1,176 


549 


47 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


65 


17 


26 


15.494 


7,118 


45 


528 


222 


42 


Furniture and house furnishings 


33 


4 


12 


3,867 


1,629 


42 


230 


79 


34 


Groceries (full line) 


26 


8 


31 


16,067 


8,605 


54 


1,285 


764 


59 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


189 


28 


15 


30,121 


9,521 


32 


2,142 


815 


38 


Hardware 


15 


3 


20 


14,999 


6,750 


45 


1,829 


814 


45 


Jewelry and optical goods 


24 


4 


17 


1,922 


330 


17 


284 


41 


14 


Lumber and construction materials 


52 


16 


31 


9,463 


2,592 


27 


1,102 


320 


29 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


150 


33 


22 


17,554 


6,755 


38 


2,356 


916 


39 


Paper and its products 


39 


8 


21 


9,350 


4,286 


46 


1,021 


397 


39 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 




















supplies 


37 


9 


24 


4,024 


1,127 


28 


491 


123 


25 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


22 


3 


14 


13,921 


2,328 


17 


456 


77 


17 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


22 


10 


45 


49,712 


3,965 


8 


2,411 


718 


30 


Beer, wines and liquors 


3 


3 


100 


X 


X 


100 


X 


I 


100 


Chemicals and paints 


15 


13 


87 


11,683 


11,600 


99 


518 


508 


98 


Electrical goods 


13 


9 


69 


14,183 


13,326 


94 


831 


792 


95 


Furniture and house furnishings 


9 


7 


78 


1,856 


1,638 


88 


138 


108 


78 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


24 


13 


54 


27,681 


16,901 


61 


1,098 


640 


58 


Lumber and construction materials 


15 


6 


40 


8,838 


1,136 


13 


1,085 


111 


10 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


62 


34 


55 


21,986 


14,425 


66 


2,363 


1,551 


66 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 




















supplies 


6 


4 


67 


3,212 


2,211 


69 


254 


223 


88 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


I 


3 


— 


X 


1,899 


~ 


X 


75 


— 


* Pay roll includes compensation o( (ull-tir 


ne and part-time employees, but not o( proprietors and fi 


rm memi 


jers of unincc 


rporated busi 


1 esses. 


X 1935 Figures withheld to avoid disclosurt 












• 





















Page 126 

CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



CITY OF DETROIT 

TABLE 1. -NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



Estab- 
lish. 

MENTS 



Net» 
Sales 



No. Of 
Estab- 
lish- 
ments 
Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 



Net 
Sales 
Year 
1937 

(iidd 000 ) 



Net Sales By Quarters 
(add oca) 



1st Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2ND Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



3RD Qr. 

July 1 
Sept. 30 



4TH Qr. 

Oct. 1 
Dec. 31 



1938 



1ST Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2nd Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



Percent 
Change 



1ST Qr, 

1937 

To 

1ST Qr 

1938 



2nd qr 
1937 
To 

2ND Qr 
1938 



SERVICE AND UMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotive 

Chemicals and paints 

Clothing and furnishings 

Drugs and drug sundries 

Dry goods (full S: specialty lines) 

Electrical goods 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods 

(specialty lines) 
Hardware 

Lumber and construction materials 
Machinery, equipment and supplies 
Paper and its products 
Plumbing and heating 

equipment & supplies 
Tobacco and its products 

(eicept leaf) 



14 


68 


16 


21 


26 


6 


11 


13 


6 


9 


52 


3 


23 


39 


6 


22 


46 


10 


16 


29 


14 


18 


49 


7 


24 


17 


8 


14 


19 


31 


21 


78 


4 


7 


10 


3 


20 


39 


32 


15 


43 


8 


26 


42 


10 


5 


7 


3 



56,001 
2,183 
1,108 
4,006 
4,203 

13,195 
7,799 
2,860 
3,000 

8,029 
9,283 
1,130 
11,207 
7,241 

5,238 

2,176 



12,243 

471 

215 

1,011 

944 

2,652 

1,856 

674 

722 

1,902 
1,925 
289 
2,579 
1,788 

1,311 

474 



$ 19,834 

666 

292 

967 

1,015 

4,206 

2,274 

918 

728 

2,072 
2,576 
340 
2,658 
1,880 

1,164 

571 



10,035 

568 

290 

998 

1,156 

3,494 

1,830 

696 

774 

2,167 
2,559 
323 
3,345 
1,871 

1,456 

575 



$ 13,889 

478 

311 

1,030 

1,088 

2,843 

1,839 

572 

775 

1,888 
2,223 
178 
2,525 
1,702 

1,297 

555 



8,907 
389 
160 
825 
738 
1,929 
1,543 
401 
511 

1,547 
1,380 
152 
1,501 
1,325 

877 

425 



8,575 
537 
216 
782 
801 
2,071 
2,051 
493 
608 

1,725 
1,745 
153 
1,457 
1,262 

719 

470 



-27.2 
-17.4 
-25.6 
-18.3 
-21.8 
-27.3 
-16.9 
-40.5 
-15.4 

-13.4 
-28.3 
-47.4 
-37.9 
-25.8 

-33.1 

-10.1 



-55.3 
-19.4 
-26.0 
-19.1 
-21.1 
-50.8 
- 9.8 
-46.3 
-16.5 

-16.7 
-32.3 
-55.0 
-45.2 
-32.9 

-38.2 

-17.7 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Automotive 

Chemicals and paints 

Electrical goods 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries and foods 

(specialty lines) 
Lumber and construction materials 
Machinery, equipment and supplies 
Paper and its products 
Plumbing and heating 

equipment 8c supplies 



46 


52 


11 


53 


44 


9 


74 


88 


14 


88 


1/ 


7 


55 


73 


20 


71 


10 


5 


63 


81 


40 


60 


57 


3 


75 


1/ 


5 



34 , 289 
5,189 

45,350 
3,506 

42,270 

3,447 

20,752 

944 

3,247 



6,941 

1,183 

11,573 

907 

10,795 

579 

4,790 

230 

553 



11,039 
1,400 

14,299 
1,110 

10,659 

957 

5,420 

228 

1,047 



7,624 

1,457 

11,061 

912 

10,228 

1,137 

5,657 

252 

799 



8,685 

1,149 

8,427 

577 

10 , 588 

654 

4,875 

234 

738 



2,988 
797 

6,541 
500 

9,003 
306 

2,796 
173 

355 



3,427 
842 

5,581 
593 

6,859 
647 

2,706 
158 

425 



-57.0 
-32.6 
-43.5 
-44.9 

-15.5 
-54.9 
-41.6 
-24.8 

-45.5 



-59.0 
-39.9 
-61.0 
-46.6 

-15.9 
-33.1 
-50.1 
-30.7 

-59.4 



- Decrease 

* Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales o( establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 
l/ 1935 Figures not available for determining percent sample. 





























Page 127 


CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 






WH01.ESA1.F. 


DISTRIBUTION 






CITY OF DETROIT 












TABLE 2 - SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 












FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












Size Of 


















Sample 


No. Of 
















Compared 


ESTAB. 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll" 


Stocks On Hand 


Percent Increase 




With 1935 


LISH- 






End Of Year 


1935 lo 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


MENTS 

Includ- 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 




(add 000) 




1 




ESTAB. 






























LISH. 
MENTS 

% 


Net- 


ed In 


























Sale-s 


1937-38 

Survey 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 




SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 








Automotive 


14 


68 


16 


$56,001 


$43,635 


1 29,263 


t 1,551 


i 1,421 


i 2,015 


$ 2,004 


$2,062 


91.4 


9.1 


- 2.3 


Chemicals and paints 


21 


26 


6 


2,183 


2,023 


1,742 


313 


233 


281 


294 


259 


25.3 


34.3 


8.5 


Clothing and furnishings 


11 


13 


6 


1,108 


1,050 


870 


53 


44 


187 


161 


131 


27.4 


20.5 


42,7 


Drugs and drug sundries 


9 


52 


3 


4,006 


3,568 


3,218 


286 


227 


527 


390 


367 


24.5 


26.0 


43.5 


Dry goods (full and 






























specialty lines) 


23 


39 


6 


4,203 


3,837 


3,450 


355 


278 


611 


600 


657 


21.8 


31.3 


- 7.0 


Electrical goods 


22 


46 


10 


13,195 


9,800 


7,473 


1,160 


580 


1,336 


870 


511 


75.6 


100.0 


118.7 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


16 


29 


14 


7,799 


7,124 


5,910 


204 


152 


33 


41 


15 


32.0 


25.9 


106.3 


Furniture and house 






























furnishings 


18 


49 


7 


£,860 


2,415 


1,978 


197 


154 


493 


425 


393 


44.6 


27.9 


25.4 


Groceries (full line) 


24 


17 


8 


3,000 


3,006 


2,854 


146 


133 


406 


412 


376 


5.1 


9.8 


8.0 


Groceries ani foods 






























(specialty lines) 


14 


19 


31 


8,029 


7,071 


5,292 


543 


442 


315 


275 


254 


51.7 


22.9 


24.0 


Hardware 


21 


78 


4 


9,283 


7,820 


5,928 


935 


608 


1,622 


1,191 


1,027 


56.6 


53.8 


57.9 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


7 


10 


3 


1,130 


1,089 


868 


70 


39 


172 


135 


99 


30.2 


79.5 


73.7 


Machinery, eo.uipment and 






























supplies 


20 


39 


32 


11,207 


10,458 


8,204 


1,421 


982 


1,206 


1,158 


1,046 


36.5 


44.7 


15.3 


Paper and its products 


15 


43 


8 


7,241 


6,750 


5,747 


625 


525 


765 


820 


782 


25.0 


0.2 


- 2.0 


Plumbina and heating 






























equipment & supplies 


25 


42 


10 


5,238 


4,233 


2,881 


532 


326 


689 


555 


399 


81.8 


63.2 


72.7 


Tobacco and its products 






























(except leaf) 


5 


7 


3 


2,176 


1,868 


1,576 


54 


36 


73 


54 


57 


38.1 


50.0 


28.1 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


46 


52 


11 


34,289 


28,544 


20,701 


861 


653 


1,105 


941 


559 


65.6 


31.9 


97.7 


Chemicals and paints 


53 


44 


9 


5,189 


4,798 


2,493 


304 


221 


222 


145 


347 


108.1 


37.6 


-36.0 


Electrical goods 


74 


88 


14 


45,360 


30,299 


21,642 


1,362 


850 


1,771 


1,510 


1,016 


109.6 


58.4 


74.3 


F\arniture and house 






























furnishings 


88 


1/ 


7 


3,506 


3,388 


2,320 


169 


125 


196 


189 


184 


51.1 


35.2 


6.5 


Groceries and foods 






























( specialty lines) 


65 


73 


20 


42,270 


38,103 


34 , 209 


1,801 


1,435 


984 


1,190 


906 


23.5 


25.5 


8.6 


Lumber and construction 




























materials 


71 


10 


5 


3,447 


3,884 


1,783 


177 


94 


391 


340 


279 


93.3 


68.3 


40.1 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


63 


81 


40 


20,752 


19,741 


19,065 


2,023 


1,418 


1,583 


1,477 


1,338 


8.8 


42.7 


18.3 


Paper and its products 


60 


57 


3 


944 


835 


673 


92 


74 


100 


95 


90 


40.3 


24.3 


11.1 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment 8c supplies 


75 


1/ 


6 


3,247 


2,835 


956 


242 


100 


316 


284 


183 


239.5 


142.0 


72.7 


- Decrease 














* Percentages in this colum 


1 represent 19^ 


5 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by tot 


al 1935 sa 


es of each classificati 


3n. 




* * Pay roll not available (or 


year 1936. P 


ay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employe 


£s, but not 


of proprietors and fir 


m mem 


jers of 


unincorporated businesses. 














_1_/ 1935 Figures not availab 


e for determini 


ng percent sample. 








i 



Page 128 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937 38 




WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION | 


CITY OF DETROIT 










TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 










1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 












Number Of 


Net Sales 




Pay Roll* 






Establishments 












KIND or BUSINESS 




l.dd 000) 






add 000) 






Included in 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Of 


1935 

Census 


1937-38 




Those Included 




Those Included 




Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 




1 a 


Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 










Number 


Sample 




Amount 




Amount 


% 
Sample 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


118 


16 


14 


^ 43,293 


$ 29,263 


68 


$ 2,802 


* 1.421 


51 


Chemicals and paints 


28 


6 


21 


6,773 


1,742 


26 


771 


233 


30 


Clothing and furnishinfes 


53 


6 


11 


6,668 


870 


13 


373 


44 


12 


Drugs and drug sundries 


35 


3 


9 


6,204 


3,218 


52 


480 


227 


47 


Dry goods (full and specialty lines) 


26 


6 


23 


8,882 


3,450 


39 


567 


278 


49 


Electrical goods 


45 


10 


22 


16,299 


7,473 


46 


1,465 


580 


40 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


90 


14 


16 


20,312 


5,910 


29 


658 


162 


25 


Furniture and house furnishings 


40 


7 


18 


4,007 


1,978 


49 


358 


154 


43 


Groceries (full line) 


34- 


8 


24 


16,60] 


2,854 


17 


666 


133 


20 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


216 


31 


14 


27,894 


5,292 


19 


1,837 


442 


24 


Hardware 


19 


4 


21 


7,591 


5,928 


78 


694 


608 


86 


Lumber and construction materials 


45 


3 


7 


8,428 


868 


10 


750 


39 


5 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


160 


32 


20 


21,301 


8,204 


39 


2,604 


982 


36 


Paper and its products 


53 


8 


15 


13,519 


5,747 


43 


1,407 


625 


44 


^l-jjnbing srvd heating equipment 




















and supplies 


38 


10 


26 


6,897 


2,881 


42 


830 


326 


39 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


58 


3 


5 


22,633 


1,576 


7 


455 


36 


8 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


24 


11 


46 


40,079 


20,701 


52 


1,170 


653 


56 


Chemicals and paints 


17 


9 


53 


5,704 


2,493 


44 


447 


221 


49 


Electrical goods 


19 


14 


74 


24 , 506 


21,642 


88 


910 


860 


95 


Furniture and house furnishings 


8 


7 


88 


X 


2,320 


~ 


X 


125 


— 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


31 


-20 


65 


46,775 


34,209 


73 


1,950 


1,435 


74 


Lumber and construction materials 


7 


5 


71 


17,295 


1,783 


10 


270 


94 


35 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


64 


40 


63 


23,397 


19,065 


61 


1,953 


1,418 


73 


Paper and its products 


5 


3 


60 


1,185 


673 


57 


125 


74 


59 


Plumbing and heating equipment 




















and supplies 


8 


6 


75 


X 


956 


— 


X 


100 


— 


* Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm 


members 


of unincorpc 


rated businesses. | 


X 1935 Figures withheld to avoid disclosure. 
t 

































Pa«e 129 


CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 






WHOLESALE 


DISTRIBUTION 




CITY OF LOS ANGFl FS 










TABLE 1 -NET SAI F.S BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 










FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












Size Of 


















Sample 


No. Of 




Net Sales By Quarters 




Percent 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Compared 

With 1935 

Census 


ESTAB- 
USH- 
MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 


Net 
Saixs 
Year 
1937 


(^ 


)00) 






Chance 


1937 1 


1938 { 


1ST Qr. 

1937 
To 


2ND QR 
1937 
To 


ESTAB- 
USH- 


Net. 


1ST Qr. 


2ND Qr 


3RD Qr. 


4TH Qr. 


1ST Qr 


2ND Qr 




MENTS 


Sales 


1937-38 
Survey 




Jan. 1 


April 1 


July 1 


Oct. 1 


Jan. 1 


April 1 


1ST Qr 


2nd Qr 




% 


% 


(uld 000) 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


SepL 30 


Dec. 31 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


1938 


1938 


SERVICE AND UMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


AirtomotlTe 


20 


27 


39 


t 12,778 


$ 3,164 


i 3,626 


$ 2,979 


$ 3,009 


$ 2,455 


S 2,409 


-22.4 


-33.6 


Boer, wines and liquors 


8 


20 


10 


6,287 


1,527 


1,537 


1,659 


1,564 


1,332 


1,631 


-12.8 


+ 6.1 


Chemicals and paints 


13 


22 


7 


2,003 


459 


532 


532 


480 


442 


513 


- 3.7 


- 3.6 


Clothing and furnishings 


17 


28 


24 


5,706 


1,609 


1,262 


1,463 


1,352 


1,218 


1,112 


-24.3 


-11.9 


Drugs and drug sundries 


15 


52 


9 


13,737 


3,379 


3,296 


3,255 


3,807 


2,913 


3,043 


-13.8 


- 7.7 


Dry goods (full line) 


60 


63 


3 


392 


92 


95 


97 


108 


72 


72 


-21.7 


-24.2 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


18 


31 


16 


5,436 


1,746 


1,201 


1,297 


1,190 


1,192 


905 


-31.8 


-24.6 


Electrical goods 


24 


64 


23 


19,122 


4,507 


5,868 


4,470 


4,277 


3,395 


3,526 


-24.7 


-39.9 


Farm supplies 


•16 


49 


3 


4,254 


1,221 


1,328 


1,012 


693 


1,026 


765 


-16.0 


-42.4 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


11 


42 


40 


16,800 


3,914 


5,258 


4,089 


3,539 


3,281 


4,875 


-16.2 


- 7.3 


Furniture and house furnishings 


15 


33 


15 


4,827 


1,150 


1,313 


1,238 


1,125 


950 


1,043 


-17.4 


-20.6 


General merchandise 


36 


33 


4 


1,618 


381 


392 


417 


428 


344 


388 


- 9.7 


-1.0 


Oroceries (full line) 


34 


35 


19 


17,800 


4,415 


4,405 


4,637 


4,343 


4,142 


3,966 


- 6.2 


-10.0 


Groceries and foods ispecialty lines) 


18 


31 


54 


16,870 


4,096 


3,922 


4,041 


4,811 


3,878 


3,800 


- 5.3 


- 3.1 


Hardware 


29 


41 


7 


7,243 


1,825 


2,008 


1,797 


1,613 


1,427 


1,513 


-21.8 


-24.7 


Jewelry and optical goods 


20 


31 


14 


3,408 


773 


851 


913 


871 


656 


645 


-15.1 


-24.2 


Limber and construction materials 


25 


53 


17 


8,404 


2,042 


2,549 


2,127 


1,686 


1,460 


1,647 


-28.5 


-35.4 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


26 


52 


66 


30,520 


8,622 


7,581 


7,454 


6,863 


6,788 


6,500 


-21.3 


-14.3 


Paper and its products 


13 


44 


7 


5,430 


1,288 


1,427 


1,351 


1,364 


1,081 


1,134 


-16.1 


-20.5 


Plvmbing and heating equipnent and 


























supplies 


31 


38 


12 


3,213 


741 


803 


838 


831 


580 


682 


-21.7 


-15.1 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


19 


44 


5 


5,610 


1,449 


1,520 1,297 


1,344 


1,214 


1,396 


-16.2 


- 8.2 


MANUFACTURERS' SAI F.S BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Autauotive 


41 


79 


12 


47,951 


11,883 


13,347 


10,150 


12,571 


5,656 


7,598 


-52.4 


-43.1 


Beer, wines and liquors 


45 


89 


9 


15,224 


3,613 


3,555 


3,701 


4,355 


2,692 


3,435 


-25.5 


- 3.4 


Chemicals and paints 


42 


73 


8 


5,029 


1,148 


1,242 


1,399 


1,240 


1,012 


1,027 


-11.8 


-17.3 


Clothing and furnishings 


50 


1/ 


7 


1,795 


484 


405 


448 


458 


382 


339 


-21.1 


-16.3 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


35 


39 


6 


1,212 


326 


280 


306 


300 


325 


345 


- 0.3 


+ 23.2 


Electrical goods 


47 


90 


9 


13,112 


3,029 


4,021 


3,220 


2,842 


2,780 


2,501 


- 8.2 


-37.8 


Furniture and house furnishings 


60 


90 


6 


3,484 


852 


906 


964 


762 


588 


521 


-31.0 


-42.5 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


58 


65 


22 


45,113 


12,203 


10,831 


11,518 


10,561 


10,628 


9,703 


-12.9 


-10.4 


Hardware 


60 


92 


3 


628 


176 


176 


146 


130 


130 


111 


-26.1 


-36.9 


Jewelry and optical goods 


75 


75 


3 


620 


150 


176 


154 


140 


122 


132 


-18.7 


-25.0 


Lumber and construction materials 


38 


27 


5 


1,771 


454 


547 


444 


326 


295 


401 


-34.8 


-26.7 


Machinery, equlpnent and supplies 


46 


54 


46 


14,219 


2,924 


3,956 


4,125 


3,214 


2,782 


3,393 


- 4.9 


-14.2 


Paper and its products 


38 


16 


5 


1,565 


440 


410 


371 


344 


348 


396 


-20.9 


- 3.4 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 


























supplies 


50 


74 


6 


6,416 


1,768 


1,724 


1,504 


1,420 


1,111 


1,204 


-37.2 


-30.2 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 










Fruits and Tegetables (fresh) 


1/ 


1/ 


9 


3,436 


682 


1,161 


898 


695 


636 


1,184 


- 6.7 


+ 2.0 


-hIncrease _ Decrease 












• Percentages in this column represent 


1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by tot 


jl 1935 sa 


es of each 


classificatio 


n. 


l/ 1935 Figures not available for dete 


rmining percent sample. 











Page 130 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 












WHOLESALE 


DISTRIBUTION 










CITY OF LOS ANGELES 
















TABLE 2 


.- SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937. 1936 AND 1935 


















FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 














Size Of 




1 










1 








Sample 
Compared 
With 1935 


No Of 
Estab- 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll** 


Stocks On Hand 


Percent Increase 




lish- 






End Of Year 


1935 .0 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 
Incf "^ 


(add 000) 


(add 000) 




(add 000 ) 






1 




ESTAB. 


Net* 


ED 


N 


























LISH. 

MENTS 

% 


Sales 

% 


1937-38 
Survey 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


20 


27 




39 


$12,778 


#11,988 


$10,643 


$1,470 


$1,159 


$2,085 


$1,631 


$1,506 


20.1 


26.8 


38.4 


Beer, wines and liq.uors 


8 


20 




10 


6,287 


6,122 


4,794 


452 


343 


580 


527 


444 


31.1 


31.8 


30.6 


Chemicals and paints 


13 


22 




7 


2,003 


1,511 


1,359 


140 


105 


349 


271 


252 


47.4 


32.1 


33.2 


Clothing and furnishings 


17 


28 




24 


5,705 


5,424 


4,779 


436 


330 


751 


645 


527 


19.4 


32.1 


19.8 


Drugs and drug sundries 


13 


52 




9 


13,737 


12,927 


11,857 


1,549 


1,115 


2,259 


2,346 


1,861 


15.9 


38.9 


21.4 


Dry goods (full line) 


60 


63 




3 


392 


328 


261 


10 


8 


104 


95 


70 


50.2 


25.0 


48.6 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


18 


31 




16 


5,436 


5,671 


4,812 


510 


308 


857 


883 


755 


13.0 


65.6 


14.8 


Electrical goods 


24 


64 




23 


19,122 


17,858 


14,441 


1,557 


1,035 


2,458 


2,062 


1,506 


32.4 


61.1 


63.9 


Farm supplies 


16 


49 




3 


4,254 


4,108 


3,305 


232 


151 


350 


301 


306 


28.7 


53.6 


17.6 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


11 


42 




40 


16,800 


15,835 


14,250 


837 


538 


167 


156 


86 


17.9 


31.2 


94.2 


Furniture and house 
































furnishings 


15 


33 




15 4,827 


4,258 


2,878 


357 


219 


869 


812 


634 


67.7 


63.0 


37.1 


General merchandise 


36 


33 




4 


1,518 


1,552 


1,383 


181 


171 


258 


200 


236 


17.0 


5.8 


9.3 


Groceries (full line) 


34 


35 




19 


17,800 


15,002 


15,278 


947 


808 


1,993 


1,942 


1,835 


16.5 


17.2 


8.6 


Groceries and foods 
































(specialty lines) 


18 


31 




54 


16,870 


14,770 


12,724 


1,842 


1,384 


1,706 


1,496 


1,385 


32.6 


33.1 


23.2 


Hardware 


29 


41 




7 


7,243 


5,745 


5,358 


785 


582 


1,988 


1,902 


1,681 


34.9 


34.9 


18.3 


Jewelry and optical goods 


20 


31 




14 


3,408 


3,394 


2,552 


265 


229 


450 


500 


417 


28.5 


15.7 


10.3 


Lumber and construction 
































materials 


25 


53 




17 


8,404 


5,955 


7,837 


911 


855 


1,445 


1,189 


1,181 


7.2 


6.5 


22.4 


Machinery, equipment and 
































supplies 


26 


52 




66 


30,520 


23,424 


19,591 


3,175 


2,299 


4,553 


3,913 


3,085 


55.8 


38.1 


47.5 


Paper and its products 


13 


44 




7 


5,430 


4,574 


3,873 


531 


480 


898 


890 


878 


40.2 


10.6 


2.3 


Plumbing and heating 
































equipment and supplies 


31 


38 




12 


3,213 


2,385 


1,737 


325 


175 


254 


198 


136 


85.0 


85.7 


86.8 


Tobacco and its products 
































(except leaf) 


19 


44 




5 


5,610 


5,780 


5,039 


146 


143 


295 


247 


243 


11.3 


2.1 


21.4 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


41 


79 




12 


47,951 


43,824 


33,571 


1,442 


1,064 


3,230 


2,533 


1,489 


42.4 


35.5 


116.9 


Beer, wines and liquors 


45 


89 




9 


15,224 


13,448 


11,380 


483 


456 


495 


553 


687 


33.8 


5.9 


- 27.8 


Chemicals and paints 


42 


73 




8 


5,029 


4,424 


3,726 


732 


465 


1,265 


955 


1,031 


35.0 


57.4 


22.8 


Clothing and furnishings 


50 


1/ 




7 


1,795 


1,736 


1,586 


120 


113 


261 


229 


260 


13.2 


6.2 


0.4 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


35 


39 




6 


1,212 


1,140 


1,170 


51 


42 


155 


151 


103 


3.6 


45.2 


60.2 


Electrical goods 


47 


90 




9 


13,112 


12,435 


7,630 


388 


344 


1,269 


1,055 


712 


71.8 


12.8 


78.2 


Furniture and house 
































furnishings 


60 


90 




6 


3,484 


3,100 


2,231 


153 


100 


281 


265 


255 


56.2 


53.0 


6.0 


Groceries and foods 
































(specialty lines) 


58 


65 




22 


45,113 


41,813 


35,739 


2,561 


1,747 


1,412 


1,394 


1,099 


26.2 


46.6 


28.5 


Hardware 


60 


92 




3 


528 


532 


375 


42 


38 


108 


81 


51 


67.5 


10.5 


111.8 


Jewelry and optical goods 


75 


75 




3 


620 


640 


522 


110 


67 


53 


45 


38 


18.8 


64.2 


39.5 


Lumber and construction 
































materials 


38 


27 




5 


1,771 


1,580 


1,017 


84 


69 


219 


152 


103 


74.1 


21.7 


112.6 


Machinery, equipment and 
































supplies 


45 


54 




46 


14,219 


11,718 


8,696 


2,182 


1,333 


2,195 


1,900 


1,499 


63.5 


63.7 


46.4 


Paper and its products 


38 


16 




5 


1,555 


1,414 


1,155 


152 


128 


123 


125 


144 


34.2 


18.8 


-14.6 


Plumbing and heating 
































equipment and supplies 


50 


74 




6 


6,415 


4,401 


3,313 


552 


358 


926 


820 


764 


93.7 


54.2 


21.2 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


1/ 


1/ 


9 


3,436 


3,476 


3,156 


240 


199 


26 


19 


14 


8.9 


20.5 


85.7 


- Decrease 




















* Percentages in this coluiti 


n repre 


sent 19 


35 


iaies of establishments included in this survey, divided by to 


tal 1935 sa 


les of each 


classificat 


on. 




** Pay roll not available lor 


year ] 


936. F 


'ay 


roll includes compensation of full time and part-time employ 


ees, but no 


t of propri 


jtors and 


irm me 


Tibers of 


unincorporated businesses. 




















J_/ 1935 Figures not availat 


le for 


ietermin 


ing 


percent sample. 













Page 131 



1 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 






WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 




CITY OF LOS ANGELES 










TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 








1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 










Number Of 


Net Sales 




Pay Rou- 




ElSTABLISHMENTS 










KIND OF BUSINESS 




l.dd 000 ) 




( 


>(ld 000 1 




Included in 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Of 




1937-38 




Those Included 




Those Included 




1935 


Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 




Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 
Sample 






Number 




Amount 




Amount 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


199 


39 


20 


<f38,774 


$10,643 


27 


tf3,376 


l|;i,i59 


34 


Beer, wines and liquors 


120 


10 


8 


23,587 


4,794 


20 


1,565 


343 


22 


Chemicals and paints 


53 


7 


13 


6,142 


1,359 


22 


548 


106 


19 


Clothing and furnishings 


144 


24 


17 


16,858 


4,779 


28 


1,086 


330 


30 


Drugs and drug sundries 


72 


9 


13 


22,691 


11,857 


52 


2,200 


1,115 


51 


Dry goods (full line) 


5 


3 


60 


416 


261 


63 


17 


8 


47 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


88 


16 


18 


15,401 


4,812 


31 


887 


308 


35 


Electrical goods 


94 


23 


24 


22,526 


14,441 


64 


1,953 


1,035 


53 


Faun supplies 


19 


3 


16 


6,770 


3,305 


49 


319 


151 


47 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


355 


40 


11 


34,068 


14,250 


42 


1,971 


638 


32 


Furniture and house furnishings 


98 


15 


15 


8,818 


2,878 


33 


686 


219 


32 


General merchandise 


11 


4 


36 


4,167 


1,363 


33 


450 


171 


37 


Groceries (full line) 


56 


19 


34 


43,057 


15,278 


35 


1,892 


808 


43 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


294 


54 


18 


41,201 


12 , 724 


31 


3,636 


1,384 


38 


Hardware 


24 


7 


29 


13,177 


5,368 


41 


1,376 


582 


42 


Jewelry and optical goods 


71 


14 


20 


8,486 


2,652 


31 


767 


229 


30 


Lumber and construction materials 


68 


17 


25 


14,747 


7,837 


53 


1,481 


855 


58 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


252 


66 


26 


37,485 


19,591 


52 


4,529 


2,299 


51 


Paper and its products 


52 


7 


13 


8,835 


3,873 


44 


982 


480 


49 


Plumbing and heating 




















equipment and supplies 


39 


12 


31 


4,607 


1,737 


38 


465 


175 


38 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


27 


5 


19 


11,452 


5,039 


44 


301 


143 


48 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


29 


12 


41 


42,809 


33,671 


79 


1,486 


1,064 


72 


Beer, wines and liquors 


20 


9 


45 


12,844 


11,380 


89 


554 


455 


82 


Chemicals and paints 


19 


8 


42 


5,093 


3,72S 


73 


703 


465 


66 


Clothing and furnishings 


14 


7 


50 


X 


1,586 


— 


z 


113 


-- 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


17 


6 


35 


3,022 


1,170 


39 


167 


42 


25 


Electrical goods 


19 


9 


47 


8,494 


7,630 


90 


423 


344 


81 


Furniture and house furnishings 


10 


6 


60 


2,486 


2,231 


90 


126 


100 


79 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


38 


22 


58 


54 , 720 


35,739 


65 


2,818 


1,747 


52 


Hardware 


5 


3 


60 


408 


375 


92 


42 


38 


90 


Jewelry and optical goods 


4 


3 


75 


692 


522 


75 


89 


67 


75 


Lumber and construction materials 


13 


5 


38 


3,699 


1,017 


27 


279 


59 


25 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


■99 


46 


46 


16,002 


8,696 


54 


2,159 


1,333 


62 


Paper and its products 


13 


5 


38 


7,204 


1,166 


16 


592 


128 


22 


Plumbing and heating 




















equipment and supplies 


12 


6 


50 


4,506 


3,313 


74 


426 


358 


84 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 








Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


I 


9 


- 


X 


3,156 


— 


X 


199 


- 


♦ Pay roll includes compensation o( full-tim« 


! and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firnr 


1 membe 


rs of unincor[ 


jorated businesses. 


X 1935 Figures withheld to avoid disclosure. 











Page 132 

CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



CITY OF MILWAUKEE 

TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Net. 
Sales 



No. Of 

Estab- 
lish- 
ments 
Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 



Net 
Sales 
Year 
1937 



(add 000 ) 



Net Sales Bv Quarters 

(uld OOO) 



1937 



1ST QR. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2nd Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



3rd Qr. 

July 1 
Sept. 30 



4TH Qr. 

Oct. 1 
Dec. 31 



1ST Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2nd Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



Percent 
Chance 



1ST Qr. 

1937 

To 
1ST Qr 

1938 



2nd qr 
1937 
To 

2nd Qr. 
1938 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automot ive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Chemicals and paints 

Clothing and furnishings 

Dry goods (specialty lines) 

Electrical goods 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and food-s( specialty lines) 

Hardware 

Lumber and construction materials 

Maohinerj', equipment and supplies 

Paper and its products 

Plumbing and heating 

equipment and supplies 
Tobacco & its products (eicept leaf) 



30 


21 


12 


12 


10 


6 


32 


70 


7 


23 
50 


43 


9 
4 


23 


57 


7 


22 


29 


10 


31 


67 


4 


15 


38 


17 


38 


87 


5 


24 


20 


4 


31 


43 


33 


40 


46 


8 


32 


38 


8 


12 


47 


3 



$ 1,066 
1,718 
1,826 
1,368 

543 
8,002 
2,713 
10,657 
4,332 
6,137 

682 
8,411 
1,402 

2,916 
4,709 



f 223 

394 

366 

311 

182 

1,736 

638 

2,533 

1,015 

1,346 

229 

2,164 

371 

654 
1,020 



I 271 

419 

549 

300 

100 

2,540 

842 

2,668 

1,024 

1,707 

186 

2,449 

406 

800 
1,176 



I 296 

410 

502 

400 

173 

1,964 

665 

3,018 

1,124 

1,623 

158 

2,028 

320 

799 
1,245 



S 276 

495 

409 

357 

88 

1,762 

568 

2,438 

1,169 

1,461 

109 

1,770 

305 

663 
1,268 



I 199 
263 
322 
214 
162 

1,231 
542 

2,310 
869 

1,0S5 
68 

1,647 
310 

465 
1,010 



I 246 

375 

464 

261 

97 

1,436 

750 

2,541 

925 

1,413 

57 

1,895 

296 

614 
1,153 



-10.8 
-33.2 
-12.0 
-31.2 
-11.0 
-29.1 
-15.0 

- 8.8 
-14.4 
-23.8 
-70.3 
-23.9 
-16.4 

-28.9 

- 1.0 



- 9.2 
-10.5 
-15.5 
-13.0 

- 3.0 
-43.5 
-10.9 

- 4.8 

- 9.7 
-17.2 
-69.4 
-22.6 
-27.1 

-23.3 

- 2.0 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Automotive 

Chemicals and paints 

Electrical goods 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 



71 
60 
63 
57 
100 
58 



1/ 



34 

72 

100 

67 



10 
3 
5 

13 
3 

15 



22,822 
1,201 
5,615 

16,701 

454 

4,051 



6,930 
324 

1,392 

4,027 
121 

1,036 



7,858 
357 

1,596 

4,291 
105 

1,195 



4,406 

310 

1,566 

4,283 

122 

972 



3,628 

210 

1,061 

4,100 

106 

848 



3,827 
222 
985 

3,704 

95 

978 



3,454 
217 
928 

3,867 

86 

955 



-44.8 
-31.5 
-29.2 

- 8.0 
-21.5 

- 5.6 



-56.0 
-39.2 
-41.9 
- 9.9 
-18.1 
-20.1 



COMMISSION MERCHANTS 



Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 



1/ y 



3,608 965 1,115 



782 



746 



663 1,037 -31.3 - 7.0 



- Decrease 

* Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 
l/ 1935 Figures not available for determining percent sample. 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



Page 133 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



CITY OF MILWAUKEE 

TABLE 2.- SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 
FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



ESTAB 
LISH 

MEirrs 



Net- 
Sai£s 



No. Of 
ESTAB 

LISH- 
MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 

1937-38 
Survey 



Net Sales 

liidd 000) 



1936 



1935 



Pay Roll" 

(add 000 ) 



1937 



1935 



Stocks On Hand 
End Of Year 

(sdd 000 ) 



1936 



Percent Increase 
1935 lo 1937 



Net 
Sales 



Pay 

Roll 



Stocks 



SERVICE AND UMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



AutOEDt iTe 

Beer, wines and liijuors 

Chemicals and paints 

Clothing and fiimlshlngs 

Dry goods (specialty lines) 

Electrical goods 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods 

(specialty lines) 
Hardware 
Lumber and construotion 

materials 
Machinery, equipment and 

supplies 
Paper and its products 
Plumbing and heating 

equipment and supplies 
Tobacco and its products 
(except leaf) 



21 
10 
70 
43 

y 

57 
29 
67 

38 
87 



; 1,056 
1,718 
1,826 
1,368 
543 
8,002 
2,713 
10,657 

4,332 
6,137 

682 

8,411 
1,402 

2,916 

4,709 



1,025 
1,252 
1,600 
1,587 
519 
6,075 
2,664 
10,633 

4,006 
5,789 



7,339 
1,366 



2,583 
4,314 



> 895 

937 

1,129 

1,552 

505 

4,519 

2,378 

10,002 

3,824 
4,765 



5,523 
1,153 

1,862 

3,954 



233 
135 
274 
197 
79 
533 
120 
756 

310 
741 



1,043 
153 



300 
70 



215 
82 

165 

246 
55 

390 
96 

754 

293 

577 



784 
134 



232 
57 



206 
200 
354 
172 
127 
593 
37 
1,325 

266 
1,734 



1,109 
189 



433 
137 



208 
196 
348 
157 
127 
405 
30 
1,329 

241 
1,555 



1,068 
192 



430 
132 



\ 187 

70 

327 

167 

88 

349 

30 

1,298 

208 
1,297 



885 
153 



342 

131 



19.1 
83.4 
61.7 
-11.9 

7.5 
77.1 
14.1 

6.5 

13.3 
28.8 

67.6 

52.3 

21.5 

56.5 
19.1 



1.6 



5.8 
28.4 



33.0 
14.2 



29.3 
4.5 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



10.2 

185.7 

8.3 

3.0 

44.3 

59.9 

23.3 

2.1 

27.9 
33.7 



25.3 
23.5 



25.6 

4.5 



Automotive 

Chemicals and paints 
Electrical goods 
Groceries and foods 

(specialty lines) 
Jewelry and optical goods 
Machinery, equipment and 
supplies 



71 
50 
63 

57 
100 

58 



34 
1/ 

72 
100 

67 



22,822 
1,201 
5,615 

16,701 
454 

4,051 



15,954 
1,374 
4,283 

15,300 
438 

3,645 



15,482 

617 

3,010 

13,836 



2,892 



891 

80 

177 

550 
111 

465 



571 

50 

142 

590 



,077 

41 

215 

292 
61 



896 

45 

199 

289 
57 



612 

53 

120 

223 



47.4 
94.7 
86.5 

20.7 



55.0 
60.0 
24.5 

11.9 



28.1 



COMMISSION MERCHANTS 



Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 



1/ 



1/ 



3,608 



2,904 



2,940 



98 



81 



35 



21 



28 



22.7 



21.0 



-Decrease 

» percentages in this column represent 1935 sales ol establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 
** Pay roll not available for year 1936. Pay roll includes compensation o( full time and part-time employees, but not ol proprietors and firm members of 
unincorporated businesses. 



75.0 

-22.6 

79.2 

30.9 



105.3 



25.0 



Page 134 

CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



CITY OF MILWAUKEE 

TABLE 3.-S1ZE OF SAMPLE 

1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Number Of 
establishments 



1935 

Census 



Included in 
1937-38 
Survey 



Number 



Sample 



Net Sales 

(add 000 ) 



1935 

Census 



1935 Sales Of 
Those Included 
In 1937-38 Survey 



Amount 



Sample 



Pay Roll* 

(>dd 000) 



1935 
Census 



1935 Pay Roll Of 

Those Included 

In 1937-38 Survey 



Amount 



Sample 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotiire 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Chemicals and paints 

Clothing and furnishings 

Dry goods (specialty lines) 

Electrical goods 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Paper and its products 

Plumbing and heating equipment & supplies 

Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 



40 


12 


30 


52 


6 


12 


22 


7 


32 


39 


9 


23 


8 


4 


50 


31 


7 


23 


46 


10 


22 


13 


4 


31 


113 


17 


15 


13 


5 


38 


17 


4 


24 


106 


33 


31 


20 


8 


40 


25 


8 


32 


26 


3 


12 



$ 4,286 
9,720 
1,621 
3,588 

7,961 

8,150 

15,005 

10,051 

5,488 

2,005 

12,831 

2,533 

4,891 

8,333 



! 895 


21 


937 


10 


1,129 


70 


1,552 


43 


505 


— 


4,519 


57 


2,378 


29 


10,002 


67 


3,824 


38 


4,765 


87 


407 


20 


5,523 


43 


1,153 


46 


1,862 


38 


3,954 


47 



( 661 

671 
260 
458 

X 

750 
343 

1,030 
846 
654 
221 

1,794 
333 
607 
195 



$216 


33 


82 


12 


165 


63 


246 


54 


55 


— 


390 


52 


96 


28 


754 


73 


893 


35 


577 


88 


18 


8 


784 


44 


134 


40 


232 


38 


67 


34 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Automotive 

Chemicals and paints 

Electrical goods 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Machinery, equijiment and supplies 



14 
5 
8 

23 
3 

26 



10 
3 
5 

13 
3 

15 



71 
60 
63 
57 
100 
58 



17,610 
1,796 

X 

19,205 

X 

4,344 



15,482 

617 

3,010 

13,836 

X 

2,892 



88 
34 

72 

100 

67 



688 
199 

X 

836 

X 

600 



571 


83 


50 


25 


142 


— 


590 


71 


X 


100 


363 


61 



COMMISSION MERCHANTS 



Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 



2,940 



81 



* Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm members of unincorporated businesses. 
X 1935 Figures withheld to avoid disclosure. 



























Page 135 




CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 










WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION! 








CITY OF NEW YORK 










TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS; 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 










FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












Size Of 




















Sample 


No. Of 




Net Sales By Quarters 




Percent 




KIND OF BUSINESS 


Compared 

With 1935 

Census 


Estab. 

USH- 
MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 


Net 
Sales 
Year 
1937 


(.dd 


DOO) 






Chance 




1937 1 


1938 1 


1ST Qr 

1937 

To 


2NDQR 
1937 
To 




Estab- 
lish- 


Net. 


1ST QR. 


2nd QR 


3RD QR. 


4TH QR. 


1st Qr. 


2nd Qr 






ments 


Sales 


1937-38 
Survey 




Jan. 1 


April 1 


July 1 


Oct. 1 


Jan. 1 


April 1 


1ST Qr 


2ND Qr. 






% 


% 


(«ld 000) 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


Sept. 30 


Dec. 31 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


1938 


1938 




SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 








Automotive 


19 


48 


52 


$ 65,137 


$15,064 


$19,956 


$14,127 


$15,990 


$15,702 


$12,855 


+ 4.2 


-35.5 




Beer, wines and liquors 


13 


26 


34 


48,266 


10,548 


10 , 314 


10,578 


16,826 


9,761 


10,404 


- 7.5 


+ 0,9 




Chemicals and paints 


22 


26 


59 


41,520 


10,597 


10,990 


10 , 433 


9,500 


8,253 


8,069 


-22.1 


-26.6 




Clothing and furnishings 


14 


21 


241 


86,218 


20,082 


20,523 


24,030 


21,583 


17,449 


16,705 


-13.1 


-18.6 




Drugs (full line) 


55 


72 


6 


12,847 


3,312 


3,298 


2,964 


3,273 


2,810 


2,753 


-15.2 


-15.5 




Drugs and drug sundries 




























(specialty lines) 


17 


43 


68 


28,327 


7,002 


6,602 


6,408 


8,315 


6,080 


6,240 


-13.2 


- 5.5 




Dry goods (full and specialty lines) 


20 


32 


478 


244,165 


75,720 


57,308 


60,54-4 


50,593 


55,272 


43,930 


-27.0 


-23.3 




Electrical goods 


16 


27 


58 


31,344 


7,131 


8,797 


8,042 


7,374 


5,473 


5,863 


-23.3 


-33.4 




Farm supplies 


24 


31 


9 


6,007 


1,947 


1,315 


999 


1,746 


1,859 


1,120 


- 4.5 


-14.8 




Fruits and Tegetables (fresh) 


12 


25 


79 


43,916 


10,827 


12,763 


10,610 


9,716 


9,453 


11,072 


-12.7 


-13.3 




Furniture and house furnishings 


24 


44 


199 


60,685 


14,616 


13,690 


15,936 


16,441 


11,337 


10,094 


-22.4 


-26.3 




Groceries (full line) 


34 


48 


21 


70,214 


17,222 


18,481 


16,853 


17,658 


15,664 


15,666 


- 9.0 


-15.2 




Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


23 


40 


314 


190,558 


48,963 


48,230 


45,774 


47,591 


41,548 


38,303 


-15.1 


-20.6 




Hardware 


28 


55 


58 


21,644 


5,473 


5,903 


5,190 


5,078 


4,439 


4,921 


-18.9 


-16.6 




Jewelry and optical goods 


19 


30 


163 


40,745 


10,087 


9,606 


10,023 


11,029 


5,973 


5,795 


-40.8 


-39.7 




Lumber and construction materials 


17 


24 


53 


19,119 


4,849 


5,356 


4,935 


3,979 


3,353 


3,680 


-30.9 


-31.3 




Machinery, equipment and supplies 


22 


36 


243 


56,521 


14,686 


15,315 


14,024 


14,496 


13,043 


12,924 


-11.2 


-15.6 




Paper and its products 


21 


32 


142 


42,069 


10,936 


10,989 


10,266 


9,878 


9,008 


8,389 


-17.6 


-23.7 




Plumbing and heating equipment and 




























supplies 


19 


27 


50 


13,799 


3,018 


3,671 


3,668 


3,442 


2,370 


2,623 


-21.5 


-28.5 




Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


9 


23 


16 


26,131 


5,848 


6,976 


7,442 


7,865 


6,830 


7,770 


-H6.3 


+ 11.4 






MANU 


FACTURERS' SALE 


S BRANCHES (with stocks) 










Automotive 


56 


88 


24 


104,244 


20,810 


33,050 


22,811 


27,573 


17,417 


20,326 


-16.3 


-38.5 




Beer, wines and liquors 


40 


51 


8 


50,756 


9,679 


11,265 


12,085 


17,727 


8,264 


9,368 


-14.6 


-16.8 




Chemicals and paints 


40 


34 


24 


48,507 


12,668 


13,734 


12,056 


10,049 


8,897 


6,852 


-29.8 


-35.5 




Clothing and furnishings 


15 


24 


22 


31,088 


7,584 


7,533 


7,528 


8,443 


6,438 


5,962 


-15.1 


-20.9 




Drugs and drug sundries 




























(specialty lines) 


23 


34 


14 


27,384 


8,037 


6,791 


6,250 


6,306 


6,979 


5,860 


-13.2 


-13.7 




Dry goods (specialty lines) 


16 


1/ 


15 


19,717 


5,843 


4,633 


4,987 


4,254 


3,977 


2,876 


-31.9 


-37.9 




Electrical goods 


44 


87 


16 


61,963 


15,828 


17,412 


13,799 


14,924 


15,670 


14,349 


- 1.0 


-17.6 




Furniture and house furnishings 


25 


18 


8 


4,180 


955 


1,035 


1,049 


1,141 


857 


827 


-10.3 


-20.1 




Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


66 


72 


85 


217,867 


56,152 


52,342 


54,705 


54,668 


49,556 


46,795 


-11.7 


-10.5 




Hardware 


45 


1/ 


6 


1,673 


411 


408 


466 


388 


341 


518 


-17.0 


-22.1 




Jewelry and optical goods 


38 


14 


11 


17,728 


4,258 


4,639 


5,060 


3,771 


3,231 


3,042 


-24.1 


-34.4 




Lumber and construction materials 


39 


34 


7 


1,870 


420 


484 


546 


420 


400 


350 


- 4.8 


-27.7 




Machinery, equipment and supplies 


50 


55 


102 


74,779 


18,238 


21,066 


18,815 


16,660 


14,845 


15,421 


-18.6 


-26.8 




Paper and its products 


25 


30 


8 


29,036 


7,536 


7,836 


7,513 


6,151 


6,319 


5,803 


-16.2 


-25.9 




Plumbing and heating equipment and 




























supplies 


46 


52 


16 


11,064 


2,242 


3,229 


3,002 


2,591 


1,721 


2,316 


-23.2 


-28.3 




Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


44 


1/ 


7 


163,667 


36,279 


41,212 


44,848 


41,328 


36,823 


41,039 


+ 1.5 


- 0.4 


. 






COMMISSION 


MERCHANTS 










Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


11 


1/ 


17 


17,025 


4,923 


5,504 


2,821 


3,777 


4,281 


4,347 


-13.0 


-21.0 




-hiNCREASE - Decrease 
















* Percentages in this column represent 


1935 sales of 


establishments inclu< 


led in this survey, divided by tot. 


>l 1935 sal 


es of each 


classification. 


1 


\_/ 1935 Figures not available for dete 


■mining percent 


sample. 







































Page 136 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 














WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION] 










CITY OF NEW YORK 


















TABLE 2.- SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 


















FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 














Size 


OF II 














1 








Sample 
Compared 
With 1935 


No. Of 
Estab- 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll** 


Stocks On Hand 


Percent Increase 




lish- 








End Of Year 


1935 to 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 

INCLUD- 


(odd 000) 


(add 


000) 




(add 000 ) 










Estab- 




ED In 
1937-38 
Survey 


























lish. 

MENTS 

% 


NET* 

Sales 

% 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 

Roll 


Stocks 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotite 


19 


48 


52 


# 65,137 


$ 56,534 


$ 36,904 


4 4,715 


$ 3,101 


$ 5,746 


$ 3,918 


4 2,291 


76.5 


52.1 


150.8 


Beer, ivines and liquors 


13 


26 


34 


48,256 


40,248 


25,031 


2,857 


1,710 


6,221 


5,598 


5,146 


92.8 


57.1 


20.9 


Chemicals and paints 


22 


26 


59 


41,520 


35,710 


30,515 


2,685 


2,115 


3,787 


3,061 


3,244 


36.1 


27.0 


15.7 


Clothing and fm-nishings 


14 


21 


241 


86,218 


82,602 


70,793 


6,155 


4,844 


8,367 


8,041 


6,906 


21.8 


27.3 


21.2 


Drugs (full line) 


55 


72 


6 


12,847 


12,452 


10,105 


791 


669 


1,619 


1,479 


1,258 


27.1 


18.2 


28.7 


Drugs and drug sundries 






























(specialty lines) 


17 


43 


68 


28,327 


22,905 


22,794 


2,890 


1,678 


2,291 


1,995 


2,492 


24.3 


72.2 


8.1 


Dry goods (full and 






























specialty lines) 


20 


32 


478 


244,155 


232,196 


204,117 


16,981 


12,954 


41,340 


39,038 


37,893 


19.6 


31.0 


9.1 


Electrical goods 


16 


27 


58 


31,344 


27,926 


20,871 


3,198 


2,188 


2,815 


2,802 


2,055 


50.2 


45.2 


36.3 


Farm supplies 


24 


31 


9 


6,007 


4,546 


4,427 


339 


228 


773 


565 


399 


35.7 


48.7 


93.7 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


12 


25 


79 


43,915 


40,675 


36,513 


2,136 


1,701 


1,702 


1,891 


1,566 


20.3 


25.6 


8.7 


Furniture and Iiouse 






























furnishings 


24 


44 


199 


60 , 683 


56,084 


47,080 


5,703 


4,293 


11,856 


10,593 


9,889 


28.9 


32.8 


20.0 


Groceries (full line) 


34 


48 


21 


70,214 


53,443 


60,714 


5,819 


4,585 


8,995 


9,208 


7,852 


15.6 


24.2 


14.6 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


23 


40 


314 


190,558 


155,010 


147,847 


8,802 


7,598 


13,834 


13,204 


11,286 


28.9 


15.8 


22.6 


Hardware 


28 


55 


58 


21,644 


19,582 


15,799 


2,613 


2,110 


3,864 


3,611 


3,038 


28.8 


23.8 


27.2 


Jewelry and optical goods 


19 


30 


163 


40,745 


36,010 


26,338 


3,263 


2,191 


11,553 


10,025 


9,254 


54.7 


48.9 


25.0 


Lumher and construction 






























materials 


17 


24 


53 


19,119 


16,422 


12,213 


2,025 


1,467 


2,529 


2,238 


2,363 


56.5 


38.0 


7.0 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


22 


36 


243 


58,521 


52,092 


44,494 


7,521 


5,813 


9,949 


9,012 


8,107 


31.5 


31.1 


22.7 


Paper and its products 


21 


32 


142 


42,069 


35,517 


32,387 


3,974 


3,357 


4,297 


4,201 


3,555 


29.9 


18.4 


17.5 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment and supplies 


19 


27 


50 


13,799 


12,289 


10,294 


1,443 


1,173 


2,277 


2,189 


1,910 


34.0 


23.0 


19.2 


Tobacco and its products 






























(except leaf) 


9 


23 


16 


28,131 


23,884 


22,679 


985 


896 


1,321 


990 


906 


24.0 


9.9 


45.8 








M 


iVNUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (wi 


h stocks) 












Automotive 


56 


88 


24 


104,244 


93,588 


70,460 


2,775 


2,470 


4,891 


3,301 


3,908 


47.9 


12.3 


25.2 


Beer, wines and liquors 


40 


51 


8 


50,756 


49,295 


48,093 


1,670 


1,426 


1,594 


3,545 


2,314 


5.5 


17.1 


26.8 


Chemicals and paints 


40 


34 


24 


48,507 


44,361 


38,190 


3,348 


2,948 


2,525 


2,151 


2,099 


27.0 


13.6 


20.3 


Clothing and furnishings 


15 


24 


22 


31,088 


29,393 


27,697 


2,335 


2,099 


3,550 


3,220 


2,678 


12.2 


11.2 


32.9 


Drugs and drug sundries 






























(specialty lines) 


23 


34 


14 


27,384 


24,358 


21,547 


2,370 


1,839 


2,671 


2,158 


1,820 


27.1 


28.9 


46.8 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


16 


1/ 


15 


19,717 


20,289 


18,639 


1,652 


1,418 


4,204 


3,708 


3,481 


5.8 


16.5 


20.8 


Electrical goods 


44 


87 


16 


61,963 


46,920 


44-, 478 


2,439 


2,123 


2,772 


2,455 


1,805 


39.3 


14.9 


53.6 


Furniture and house 






























furnishings 


25 


18 


8 


4,180 


3,572 


2,939 


578 


393 


238 


200 


164 


42.2 


47.1 


45.1 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


66 


72 


85 


217,867 


212,856 


203,065 


7,013 


6,054 


4,839 


5,318 


4,710 


7.3 


15.8 


2.7 


Hardvjare 


46 


1/ 


6 


1,573 


1,392 


1,276 


139 


128 


194 


189 


187 


31.1 


8.6 


3.7 


Jewelry and optical goods 


38 


14 


11 


17,728 


13,541 


8,640 


888 


618 


2,U2 


1,780 


1,523 


105.2 


43.7 


30.1 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


39 


34 


7 


1,870 


1,507 


1,632 


426 


235 


219 


164 


151 


14.6 


81.3 


45.0 


Machinery, equipment and 






























suijplies 


50 


55 


102 


74,779 


65,055 


54,710 


10,065 


7,551 


6,943 


6,433 


5,389 


36.7 


33.3 


28.8 


Paper and its products 


25 


30 


8 


29,036 


25,055 


21,455 


1,007 


762 


452 


377 


323 


35.3 


32.2 


39.9 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment and supplies 


45 


52 


16 


11,064 


9,875 


8,142 


1,156 


876 


1,260 


1,206 


1,250 


35.9 


33.1 


0.8 


Tobacco and its products 






























(except leaf) 


44 


1/ 


7 


163,667 


157,826 


145,701 


1,550 


1,278 


2,588 


2,397 


2,014 


11.6 


21.3 


28.5 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


v 


1/ 


17 


17,025 


16,829 


17,477 


550 


545 


92 


87 


77 


- 2.6 


0.7 


19.5 


-Decrease 






















* Percentages in this colurr 


n repre 


sent 19 


35 sales 


dI establishments included in this survey, di 


^ided by to 


lal 1935 sa 


les of each 


classificati 


on. 




** Pay roll not a ailable fo 


year 


936. P 


ay roll in 


dudes compensation of full-time and part-ti 


me employ 


ees, but no 


of proprie 


tors and fi 


m members of 




unincorporated businesses. 






















±1 1935 Figures not availal: 


le for 


determin 


ing perce 


nt sample. 















Page 137 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 






WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 




CITY OF NEW YORK 












TABLE 3.-S1ZE OF SAMPLE 










1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 












Number Of 


Net Sales 




Pay Rou- 






ESTABLtSHMENTS 


(.dd 000 ) 






«W 000) 






Included Jn 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Of 


KIND OF BUSINESS 




1937-38 




Those Included 




Those Included 




1935 

Census 


Survey 


1935 

Census 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 
Census 


In 193738 Survey 




% 
Sample 




% 
Sample 




% 
Sample 






Number 




Amount 




Amount 


SERVICE AND UMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


281 


52 


19 


$ 76,282 


$ 36,904 


48 


$ 6,930 


$ 3,101 


45 


Beer, wines and liquors 


257 


34 


13 


95,556 


25,031 


26 


6,942 


1,710 


25 


Chemicals and paints 


271 


59 


22 


116,753 


30,516 


26 


6,592 


2,115 


32 


Clothing and furnishings 


1,721 


241 


14 


343,519 


70,793 


21 


23,793 


4,844 


20 


Drugs (full line) 


11 


6 


55 


14,087 


10,105 


72 


956 


669 


70 


Drugs and dr\ig sundries {specialty lines) 


395 


68 


17 


52,444 


22,794 


43 


5,502 


1,678 


30 


Dry goods (full and specialty lines) 


2,358 


478 


20 


636,838 


204,117 


32 


37,775 


12,964 


34 


Electrical goods 


371 


58 


16 


78,100 


20,871 


27 


7,897 


2,188 


28 


Farm supplies 


38 


9 


24 


14,161 


4,427 


31 


674 


228 


34 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


633 


79 


12 


145,852 


36,513 


25 


6,767 


1,701 


25 


Furniture and house furnishings 


845 


199 


24 


105,816 


47,080 


44 


10,222 


4,293 


42 


Groceries (full line) 


61 


21 


34 


125,849 


60,714 


48 


7,648 


4,686 


61 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


1,376 


314 


23 


370,604 


147,847 


40 


20,864 


7,598 


36 


Hardware 


206 


58 


28 


30,656 


16,799 


55 


3,676 


2,110 


57 


Jewelry and optical goods 


859 


163 


19 


88,797 


26,338 


30 


7,440 


2,191 


29 


Lumber and construction materials 


308 


53 


17 


51,199 


12,213 


24 


5,863 


1,467 


25 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


1,118 


243 


22 


122,638 


44,494 


36 


15,639 


5,813 


37 


Paper and its products 


664 


142 


21 


102,535 


32,387 


32 


9,719 


3,357 


35 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 




















supplies 


265 


50 


19 


38,164 


10,294 


27 


4,140 


1,173 


28 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


171 


16 


9 


97,327 


22,679 


23 


2,467 


896 


36 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


43 


24 


56 


80,482 


70,460 


88 


3,382 


2,470 


73 


Beer, wines and liquors 


20 


8 


40 


94,125 


48,093 


51 


3,629 


1,426 


39 


Chemicals and paints 


60 


24 


40 


111,105 


38,190 


34 


6,895 


2,948 


43 


Clothing and furnishings 


147 


22 


15 


114,095 


27,697 


24 


7,003 


2,099 


30 


Drugs and drug sundries (specialty lines) 


61 


14 


23 


62,918 


21,547 


34 


6,602 


1,839 


28 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


96 


15 


16 


z 


18, 639 


~ 


X 


1,418 


-- 


Electrical goods 


36 


16 


44 


50,841 


44,478 


87 


2,921 


2,123 


73 


Furniture and house furnishings 


32 


8 


25 


16,252 


2,939 


18 


1,310 


393 


30 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


128 


85 


66 


282,510 


203,065 


72 


10,334 


6,054 


59 


Hardware 


13 


6 


46 


X 


1,276 


— 


X 


123 


— 


Jewelry and optical goods 


29 


11 


38 


63,098 


8,640 


14 


1,468 


618 


42 


Lumber and constuction materials 


.18 


7 


39 


4,777 


1,632 


34 


640 


235 


37 


Machinery, equipment £ind supplies 


206 


102 


50 


99,339 


54,710 


55 


14,408 


7,551 


52 


Paper and its products 


32 


8 


25 


72,260 


21,466 


30 


3,184 


762 


24 


Plumbing and heating equipment and 




















supplies 


35 


16 


46 


15,628 


8,142 


52 


1,676 


876 


52 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


16 


7 


44 


X 


146,701 


""• 


X 


1,278 


*"~ 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 




Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


X 


17 


~ 


X 


17,477 


~ 


X 


546 


— 


• Pay roll includes compensation of (ull-time 


and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm 


member 


5 of unincorp 


arated busines 


ses. 


X 1935 Figures withheld to avoid disclosure. 













Page 138 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 




WHOLESALE 


distribution] 




CITY OF PHILADELPHIA 










TABLE l.-NET SAI.F.S BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 












FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 












Size Of I 


















Sample 


No. Of 
Estab- 
lish- 
ments 
Includ- 
ed In 




Net Sales By Quarters 




Percent 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Compared 

With 1935 

Census 


Net 
Sales 
Year 
1937 


(tdil OQO) 






Change 


1937 1 


1938 1 


1ST Qr. 

1937 

To 


2nd Qr 

1937 
To 


Estab- 
lish- 


Net. 


1st Qr. 


2nd Qr. 


3R0 Qr. 


4TH Qr. 


1st Qr. 


2nd Qr. 




ments 


Sales 


1937-38 
Survey 




Jan. 1 


April 1 


July 1 


Oct I 


Jan. 1 


April 1 


1ST Qr. 


2nd Qr. 




% 


% 


(.dd 000) 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


SepL 30 


Dec. 31 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


1938 


1938 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


AutomotiTe 


15 


35 


14 


$ 8,906 


* 2,066 


1 2,774 


$ 2,286 


1 1,780 


1 1,332 


1 1,459 


-35.5 


-47.0 


Beer, wines and liquors 


7 


16 


5 


1,493 


259 


348 


403 


483 


337 


286 


■^30.1 


-17.8 


Chemicals and paints 


15 


19 


5 


1,297 


353 


331 


317 


296 


321 


288 


- 9.1 


-13.0 


Clothing and furnishings 


12 


24 


25 


7,343 


1,645 


2,000 


1,761 


1,937 


1,389 


1,817 


-15.6 


- 9.2 


Drugs and drug sundries 


13 


83 


4 


12,216 


3,079 


2,993 


3,025 


3,119 


2,916 


2,882 


- 5.3 


- 3.7 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


15 


20 


16 


3,277 


975 


950 


785 


566 


654 


619 


-31.9 


-34.8 


Electrical goods 


13 


15 


10 


15,314 


2,980 


4,416 


4,169 


3,749 


2,172 


2,314 


-27.1 


-47.6 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


10 


18 


21 


6,972 


1,507 


2,155 


1,754 


1,546 


1,426 


1,868 


- 5.4 


-13.7 


furniture and house furnishings 


20 


40 


20 


5,302 


1,417 


1,545 


1,570 


1,770 


1,255 


1,351 


-11.4 


-12.6 


Groceries (full line) 


31 


61 


10 


24,489 


5,910 


5,716 


6,403 


6,460 


5,938 


5,501 


•I- 0.5 


- 3.8 


Groceries and foods 


























(specialty lines) 


20 


30 


51 


15,171 


3,974 


4,040 


3,853 


4,304 


3,610 


3,367 


- 9.2 


-15.7 


Hardware, plumbing and heating 


24 


20 


27 


4,848 


1,033 


1,217 


1,288 


1,310 


819 


1,018 


-20.7 


-16.4 


Jewelry and optical goods 


18 


40 


14 


3,091 


571 


574 


814 


1,032 


464 


511 


-18.7 


-24.2 


Lumber and construction materials 


29 


37 


24 


7,556 


1,869 


2,202 


1,840 


1,645 


1,250 


1,403 


-32.6 


-35.3 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


20 


28 


48 


11,842 


2,782 


3,158 


2,877 


3,025 


2,500 


2,432 


-10.1 


-23.0 


Paper and its products 


23 


45 


26 


10,210 


2,771 


2,759 


2,375 


2,304 


2,215 


2,227 


-20.1 


-19.3 


Tobacco and its products (exceprt leaf ) 


13 


13 


9 


3,544 


855 


939 


953 


897 


743 


705 


-13.1 


-24.9 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


58 


65 


15 


44,298 


8,774 


13,953 


10,298 


11,273 


5,279 


7,522 


-28.4 


-46.1 


Chemicals and paints 


41 


17 


12 


10 , 924 


2,559 


2,982 


3,005 


2,378 


2,015 


2,222 


-21.3 


-25.5 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


45 


1/ 


5 


1,423 


498 


405 


288 


231 


293 


262 


-41.2 


-35.5 


Electrical goods 


56 


94 


10 


48,152 


15,486 


14,313 


8,829 


8,524 


9,970 


5,993 


-39.5 


-51.1 


Furniture and house furnishings 


71 


90 


5 


3,759 


945 


878 


1,000 


935 


591 


607 


-26.9 


-30.9 


Groceries and foods 


























(specialty lines) 


72 


75 


33 


99,125 


25,981 


23,026 


26,192 


23,926 


22,211 


22,843 


-14.5 


- 0.8 


Jewelry and optical goods 


100 


100 


3 


953 


271 


241 


240 


211 


205 


225 


-24.4 


- 5.5 


Lumber and construction materials 


27 


20 


3 


1,209 


254 


340 


303 


332 


209 


298 


-10.7 


-12.4 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


52 


72 


52 


29,225 


7,627 


7,852 


7,798 


5,948 


5,865 


5,156 


-2S.1 


-21.6 


Plumbing and heating 


























equipment and supplies 


47 


59 


9 


5,437 


1,018 


1,528 


1,606 


1,285 


772 


887 


-24.2 


-42.0 


Tobacco and its products 


























(except leaf) 


60 


1/ 


3 


2,514 


510 


665 


569 


769 


488 


634 


- 4.3 


- 4.8 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 










Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


1/ 


1/ 


13 


5,399 


1,421 


1,737 


1,027 


1,214 


1,281 


1,580 


- 9.9 


- 9.0 


+INCREASE _ Decrease 












* Percentages in this column represen 


1935 sales of establisfiments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sal 


es of each 


classificatio 


n. 




J/ 1935 Figures not available for dete 


rmining percent sample. 





































Page 139 


CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937.38 








WHOIXSALE 


DISTRIBUTION 






CITY OF PHILADELPHIA 














TABLE 2.-. SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 














FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 














Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 


No. Of 

ESTAB. 
LISH- 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll" 


Stocks On Hand 
End Of Year 


Percent Increase 
1935 lo 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 

1937.38 
Survey 


(.dd 000) 


(add 000 ) 




(idd cool 






1 


ESTAB 
LISH. 

ME^^-s 

% 


NET- 

Sai.es 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


AutomotiTe 


15 


35 


14 


5 8,905 


$ 8,755 


$ 5,381 


$ 483 


S 466 


$ 922 


$ 764 


5 693 


55.5 


3.5 


33.0 


Beer, wines and liquors 


7 


16 


6 


1,493 


1,411 


1,071 


152 


102 


96 


53 


48 


39.4 


49.0 


100.0 


Chemicals and paints 


15 


19 


6 


1,297 


1,270 


975 


92 


85 


70 


75 


58 


32.9 


7.0 


20.7 


Clothing and furnishings 


12 


24 


25 


7,343 


7,124 


5,590 


481 


407 


1,042 


883 


553 


29.1 


18.2 


59.6 


Drugs and drug sundries 


13 


83 


4 


12,216 


11,204 


9,709 


917 


534 


1,550 


1,508 


1,431 


25.8 


44.6 


9.0 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


15 


20 


15 


3,277 


3,337 


2,399 


122 


111 


431 


420 


321 


35.6 


9.9 


34.3 


Electrical goods 


13 


15 


10 


15 , 314 


11,545 


8,741 


1,332 


907 


985 


900 


708 


75.2 


46.9 


39.1 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


10 


18 


21 


5,972 


7,313 


5,561 


260 


200 


45 


45 


53 


25.4 


30.0 


-13.2 


Furniture and house 






























furnishings 


20 


40 


20 


5,302 


6,111 


4,523 


559 


473 


1,385 


1,320 


1,202 


35.3 


18.2 


15.2 


Groceries (full line) 


31 


51 


10 


24,489 


23,234 


21,841 


1,069 


755 


2,848 


2,550 


2,144 


12.1 


39.7 


32.8 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


20 


30 


61 


16,171 


15,724 


14,594 


1,375 


1,178 


1,199 


1,124 


1,054 


10.1 


16.7 


13.8 


Hardware, plumbing and 






























heating 


24 


20 


27 


4,848 


3,982 


2,712 


497 


385 


799 


818 


648 


78.8 


29.1 


23.3 


Jewelry and optical goods 


18 


40 


14 


3,091 


2,817 


2,422 


446 


366 


829 


674 


533 


27.6 


21.9 


31.0 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


29 


37 


24 


7,555 


5,819 


5,480 


931 


653 


1,196 


959 


1,045 


37.9 


40.4 


14.4 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


20 


28 


48 


11,842 


9,399 


8,090 


1,454 


1,058 


1,702 


1,615 


1,521 


45.4 


38.4 


11.9 


Paper and its products 


22 


45 


25 


10,210 


9,430 


8,609 


1,364 


1,130 


1,279 


1,279 


1,212 


18.6 


20.7 


5.5 


Tobacco and its products 






























(except leaf) 


13 


13 


9 


3,644 


3,473 


3,313 


141 


116 


200 


197 


200 


10.0 


21.5 


0.0 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automot i ve 


58 


65 


15 


44,298 


37,245 


27,955 


1,466 


1,150 


1,908 


1,800 


1,153 


58.5 


27.5 


54.1 


Chemicals and paints 


41 


17 


12 


10,924 


9,822 


5,907 


555 


378 


415 


425 


332 


84.9 


49.7 


25.0 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


45 


1/ 


5 


1,423 


1,495 


1,530 


141 


137 


195 


58 


61 


- 7.0 


2.9 


219.7 


Electrical goods 


56 


94 


10 


48,152 


34,499 


27 , 145 


1,570 


1,254 


1,684 


1,410 


1,164 


77.4 


25.2 


44.7 


Furniture and house 






























furnishings 


71 


90 


5 


3,759 


3,487 


3,082 


182 


144 


182 


215 


202 


22.0 


26.4 


- 9.9 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


72 


75 


33 


99,125 


91,754 


86 , 072 


3,100 


2,505 


2,553 


1,950 


1,979 


15.2 


23.8 


29.0 


Jevrelry and optical goods 


100 


100 


3 


953 


1,024 


X 


77 


X 


106 


121 


X 


-- 


-- 


— 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


27 


20 


3 


1,209 


1,013 


788 


202 


73 


89 


70 


67 


53.4 


176.7 


32.8 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


52 


72 


52 


29,225 


23,923 


21,093 


3,592 


2,550 


3,682 


2,972 


1,829 


38.5 


35.5 


101.3 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment and supplies 


47 


59 


9 


5,437 


4,588 


3,014 


487 


317 


785 


584 


501 


80.4 


53.6 


56.7 


Tobacco and its products 






























(except leaf) 


60 


1/ 


3 


2,514 


2,421 


2,481 


175 


171 


36 


26 


33 


5.4 


2.3 


9.1 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


1/ 


1/ 


13 


5,399 


5,433 


5,045 


129 


119 


16 


34 


29 


7.0 


8.4 


-44.8 


— Decrease 
















♦ Percentages in this colum 


n represent 19^ 


'>S sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by tot 


al 1935 sa 


es of each 


classificati 


on. 




•* Pay roll not available for 


year 1936. P 


jy roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employe 


es, but not 


of proprie 


ors and fii 


m mem 


bers of 


unincorporated businesses. 
















_\J 1935 Figures not availab 


e for determini 


ng percent sample. 












X 1935 Figures withheld to 


avoid disdosur 















Page 140 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 




WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 


CITY OF PHILADELPHIA 










TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 










1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 












Number Of 


Net Sales 




Pay Roll* 






Establishments 


(.dd 000 ) 




( 


>dd 000) 






Included in 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Of 


KIND OF BUSINESS 




1937^8 




Those Included 




Those Included 




1935 


Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 




Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 
Sample 






Number 




Amount 




Amount 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


95 


14 


15 


$ 15,595 


1 5,381 


35 


$ 1,623 


$ 466 


29 


Beer, wines and- liquors 


89 


6 


7 


6,631 


1,071 


16 


425 


102 


24 


Chemicals and paints 


41 


6 


15 


5,110 


976 


19 


474 


86 


18 


Clothing and furnishings 


211 


25 


12 


23,569 


5,690 


24 


1,801 


407 


23 


Drugs and drug sundries 


30 


4 


13 


11,656 


9,709 


83 


865 


634 


73 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


107 


16 


15 


11,743 


2,399 


20 


853 


111 


13 


Electrical goods 


75 


10 


13 


59,442 


8,741 


15 


3,962 


907 


23 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


210 


21 


10 


30,539 


5,561 


18 


1,065 


200 


19 


Furniture and house furnishings 


101 


20 


20 


11,547 


4,623 


40 


1,253 


473 


38 


Groceries (full line) 


32 


10 


31 


35 , 654 


21,841 


61 


1,409 


765 


54 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


305 


61 


20 


48,358 


14,694 


30 


3,254 


1,178 


35 


Hardvjare, plumbing and heating 


114 


27 


24 


13,723 


2,712 


20 


1,592 


385 


24 


Jewelry and optical goods 


79 


14 


18 


6,000 


2,422 


40 


764 


366 


48 


Lumber and construction materials 


82 


24 


29 


14,904 


5,480 


37 


1,492 


563 


44 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


245 


48 


20 


29,351 


8,090 


28 


3,742 


1,058 


28 


Paper and its products 


118 


26 


22 


18,822 


8,609 


46 


2,350 


1,130 


48 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


70 


9 


13 


25,033 


5,313 


13 


524 


116 


19 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automot ive 


26 


15 


58 


42,771 


27,955 


65 


1,739 


1,150 


66 


Chemicals and paints 


29 


12 


41 


34,119 


5,907 


17 


1,671 


378 


23 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


11 


5 


45 


X 


1,530 


~ 


X 


137 


~ 


Electrical goods 


18 


10 


56 


28,891 


27,145 


94 


1,423 


1,254 


88 


Furniture and house furnishings 


7 


5 


71 


3,437 


3,082 


90 


181 


144 


80 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


46 


33 


72 


114,777 


86,072 


75 


3,387 


2,505 


74 


Jewelry and optical goods 


3 


3 


100 


X 


X 


100 


X 


X 


100 


Lumber and construction materials 


11 


3 


27 


3,908 


788 


20 


453 


73 


16 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


84 


52 


62 


29,199 


21,093 


72 


3,730 


2,650 


71 


Plumbing and heating 




















equipment and supplies 


19 


9 


47 


5,135 


3,014 


59 


498 


317 


64 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


5 


3 


60 


X 


2,481 


"■" 


X 


171 




COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


X 


13 


— 


X 


5,046 


~ 


X 


119 


~ 


* Pay roll includes compensation ot (ull-time and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm 


members 


of unincorpc 


rated busines. 


>es. 


X 1935 Figures withheld to avoid disclosure. 











CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 



Page 141 

WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



CITY OF PITTSBURGH 

TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



Estab- 
lish 

MENTS 

% 



Net . 
Sales 



No. Of 
Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

Includ- 
ed In 

1937-38 
Survey 



Net 
Saixs 
Year 
1937 



(•dd 000) 



Net Sales By Quarters 
(add ooo) 



1937 



1ST Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2nd Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



3rd Qr. 

July 1 
Sept. 30 



4TH Qr. 

Oct. 1 
Dec. 31 



1938 



1ST Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2ND Qr 

April 1 
June 30 



Percent 
Chance 



1ST Qr 
1937 
To 

1ST Qr 
1938 



2ND Qr 

1937 

To 

2nd Qr 

1938 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotive 

Bear, wines and liquors 

Chemicals and paints 

Clothing and furnishings 

Dry goods (full and specialty lines) 

Electrical goods 

Fain supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 

Hardware 

Jewelry and optical goods 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Paper and its products 

Plumbing and heating equipment and 

supplies 
Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 



23 


24 


8 


8 


21 


8 


25 


37 


3 


25 


37 


19 


14 


81 


3 


19 


45 


5 


43 


70 


3 


16 


21 


18 


18 


44 


4 


38 


51 


11 


24 


47 


21 


51 


32 


4 


35 


51 


7 


31 


38 


13 


24 


60 


24 


30 


42 


7 


35 


52 


8 


20 


21 


3 



i 5,015 
1,122 
363 
5,129 
5,019 
8,757 
775 

10,995 
1,955 

10,227 
6,551 
3,017 
1,947 
5,385 

15,562 
3,954 

3,622 
1,816 



1,188 

207 

79 

1,223 

1,179 

2,086 

201 

2,293 

272 

2,637 

1,650 

640 

394 

1,308 

4,184 

953 

722 
399 



1,654 

306 

131 

1,331 

1,315 

2,916 

213 

3,364 

924 

2,375 

1,635 

842 

426 

1,663 

4,206 

1,134 

875 
454 



1,211 

360 

97 

1,288 

1,318 

2,101 

195 

2,929 

474 

2,656 

1,524 

834 

505 

1,432 

3,968 

998 

1,069 
491 



962 

249 

55 

1,287 

1,207 

1,654 

166 

2,409 

285 

2,549 

1,742 

701 

622 

982 

3,204 

859 

956 
472 



458 
220 
70 
739 
750 

1,218 
172 

1,896 
276 

2,169 

1,402 
564 
261 
791 

2,630 
593 

537 
434 



535 
289 
101 
943 
831 

1,281 
138 

2,740 
389 

2,086 

1,419 
706 
284 
969 

2,282 
844 

647 
482 



-51.4 
+ 5.3 
-11.4 
-39.5 
-36.4 
-41.6 
-14.4 
-17.3 
+ 1.5 
-17.7 
-15.0 
-11.9 
-33.8 
-39.5 
-37.1 
-27.3 

-25.6 



-57.7 
- 5.6 
-22.9 
-29.2 
-36.8 
-56.1 
-35.2 
-18.6 
-57.9 
-12.2 
-13.2 
-15.2 
-53.3 
-41.7 
-45.7 
-25.6 

-25.1 
<• 6.2 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



Automotive 
Chemicals and paints 
Electrical goods 
Furniture and house furnishings 
Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 
Machinery, equipment and supplies 
Plumbing and heating equipment and 
supplies 



70 


93 


14 


80 


84 


8 


75 


V 


9 


80 


98 


8 


54 


74 


21 


56 


60 


30 


63 


64 


5 



60,272 
6,718 

28,710 
3,368 

45,789 

11,431 

2,593 



14,490 

1,685 

6,748 

835 

11,809 
2,881 

730 



20,252 
1,728 
7,657 
1,159 

11,504 
3,417 

642 



14,297 
1,782 

10,018 
835 

11,793 
2,751 

514 



11,233 

1,523 

4,287 

538 

11,583 
2,382 

607 



5,725 
1,034 
2,965 
538 
10,550 
2,164 

379 



7,334 
1,162 
3,237 
535 
10,475 
2,155 

455 



-60.5 
-38.5 
-56.0 
-35.5 
-10.7 
-24.9 

-48.1 



-63. 
-32.8 
-57 . 7 
-53.8 
- 9.7 
-36.9 

-29.0 



- Decrease -t-lNCREASE 

* Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification. 
_1/ 1935 Figures not available for determining percent sample. 



Page 142 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 






WHOLESAL£ 


DISTRIBUTION 






CITY OF PITTSBURGH 










TABLE 2. - SALES, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 










FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 










Size Of 


















Sample 


No. Of 
















Compared 


Estab- 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll** 


Stocks On Hand 


Percent Increase 




With 1935 


lish- 






End Of Year 


1935 10 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


ments 
Includ- 


(add coo) 


(«dd 000) 




(add 000) 




1 


Estab- 






























NET* 


ed In 


























lish- 
ments 

% 


Sales 

% 


1937-38 
Survey 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 

...J 


Stocks 






SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 




Automotive 


23 


24 


8 


# 5,015 


% 3,342 


% 2,963 


$ 536 


$ 382 


$ 515 


% 417 


% 453 


69.3 


40.3 


13.7 


Beer, wines and liquors 


8 


21 


8 


1,122 


1,001 


745 


59 


35 


25 


29 


14 


50.5 


63.9 


78.6 


Chemicals and paints 


25 


37 


3 


363 


351 


301 


71 


53 


48 


55 


47 


20.6 


34.0 


2.1 


Clothing and furnishings 


25 


37 


19 


5,129 


5,330 


4,248 


296 


214 


595 


444 


379 


20.7 


38.3 


57.0 


Dry goods (full and 






























specialty lines) 


14 


81 


3 


5,019 


5,109 


4,436 


444 


272 


799 


733 


715 


13.1 


63.2 


11.7 


Electrical goods 


19 


45 


5 


8,757 


7,814 


5,087 


713 


422 


641 


572 


407 


72.1 


69.0 


57.5 


Farm supplies 


43 


70 


3 


775 


588 


460 


61 


53 


11 


11 


16 


68.5 


- 3.2 


-31.3 


Fruitsand vegetables (fresh) 


16 


21 


18 


10,995 


10,337 


8,116 


322 


233 


150 


77 


64 


35.5 


33.2 


134.4 


Furniture and house 






























furnishings 


18 


44 


4 


1,955 


1,846 


1,332 


131 


92 


337 


286 


259 


46.8 


42.4 


30.1 


Groceries (full line) 


38 


51 


11 


10,227 


9,848 


8,012 


493 


398 


1,200 


1,315 


892 


27.6 


23.9 


34.5 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


24 


47 


21 


6,551 


5,153 


5,531 


580 


500 


621 


530 


564 


18.4 


15.0 


- 6.5 


Hardware 


31 


32 


4 


3,017 


2,522 


2,081 


257 


202 


543 


474 


408 


45.0 


32.2 


33.1 


Jewelry and optical goods 


35 


51 


7 


1,947 


1,679 


1,297 


209 


127 


555 


487 


424 


50.1 


64. S 


31.1 


Lumber and constructions 






























materials 


31 


38 


13 


5,385 


4,228 


3,155 


512 


271 


498 


467 


421 


70.1 


88.9 


18.3 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


24 


60 


24 


15 , 562 


13,811 


9,290 


1,671 


1,084 


2,289 


2,044 


1,708 


57.5 


54.2 


34.0 


Paper and its products 


30 


42 


7 


3,954 


3,429 


3,119 


375 


295 


626 


573 


531 


26.8 


27.0 


17.9 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment and supplies 


35 


52 


8 


3,522 


3,201 


2,184 


407 


296 


445 


448 


383 


55.3 


37.5 


16.2 


Tobacco and its products 






























(except leaf) 


20 


21 


3 


1,815 


1,577 


1,527 


64 


54 


71 


54 


59 


18.9 


18.5 


20.3 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


70 


93 


14 


60,272 


56,685 


44,573 


1,401 


1,075 


1,753 


1,439 


1,125 


35.2 


30.3 


56.7 


Chemicals and paints 


30 


84 


8 


6,718 


6,307 


4,478 


295 


281 


432 


317 


282 


50.0 


5.3 


53.2 


Electrical goods 


75 


1/ 


9 


28,710 


28,350 


17,436 


780 


537 


778 


572 


463 


64.7 


22.4 


68.0 


Furniture and house 






























furnishings 


80 


98 


8 


3,368 


2,920 


1,902 


187 


102 


210 


172 


127 


77.1 


83.3 


65.4 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


54 


74 


21 


46,789 


44,408 


43,038 


2,907 


1,735 


893 


1,028 


919 


8.7 


67.5 


- 2.3 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


56 


60 


30 


11,431 


9,304 


7,321 


1,487 


1,007 


1,147 


985 


739 


56.1 


47.7 


55.2 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment and supplies 


63 


64 


5 


2,593 


2,226 


1,696 


184 


133 


463 


361 


265 


52.9 


38.3 


76.0 


— Decrease 












* Percentages in this colum 


1 represent 19^ 


5 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by tot 


al 1935 sal 


es of each classification. 




** Pay roll not available for 


year 1936. P 


ay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employe 


es, but not 


of proprietors and firm members of | 


unincorporated businesses. 












J7 1935 Figures not availab 


e for determin 


ng percent sample. 




• 





Page 143 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 






WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 




CITY OF PITTSBURGH 












TABLE 3.-SIZE OF SAMPLE 










1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 












Number Of 


Net Sales 




Pay Rou • 






ESTABLrSHMENTS 


Udd 000 ) 






>dd 000) 






Included in 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Of 


KIND OF BUSINESS 




1937-38 




Those Included 




Those Included 




1935 


Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 




Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 
Sample 






Number 




Amount 




Amount 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


35 


a 


23 


$12,243 


}> 2,963 


24 


1:1,072 


1 382 


36 


Beer, wines and liquors 


100 


8 


8 


3,627 


745 


21 


156 


35 


22 


Chemicals and paints 


12 


3 


25 


808 


301 


37 


120 


53 


44 


Clothing and furnishings 


75 


19 


25 


11,571 


4,248 


37 


600 


214 


36 


Dry goods (full and specialty lines) 


21 


3 


14 


5,475 


4,436 


81 


342 


272 


80 


Electrical goods 


26 


5 


19 


11,329 


5,087 


45 


1,130 


422 


37 


Farm supplies 


7 


3 


43 


555 


460 


70 


73 


63 


86 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


111 


18 


16 


38,631 


8,116 


21 


791 


233 


29 


Furniture and house furnishings 


22 


4 


18 


2,999 


1,332 


44 


224 


92 


41 


Groceries (full line) 


29 


11 


38 


15,712 


8,012 


51 


797 


398 


50 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


87 


21 


24 


11,302 


5,531 


47 


954 


500 


52 


Hardware 


13 


4 


31 


6,590 


2,081 


32 


762 


202 


27 


Jewelry and optical goods 


20 


7 


35 


2,532 


1,297 


51 


298 


127 


43 


Lumber and construction materials 


42 


13 


31 


6,388 


5,166 


38 


770 


271 


35 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


98 


24 


24 


15,389 


9,290 


60 


1,814 


1,084 


60 


Paper and its products 


23 


7 


30 


7,423 


3,119 


42 


713 


295 


42 


Plumbing and heating equipoent 




















and supplies 


23 


8 


35 


4,170 


2,134 


52 


588 


296 


50 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


15 


3 


20 


7,359 


1,527 


21 


198 


54 


27 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


20 


14 


70 


48,041 


44,573 


93 


1,311 


1,075 


82 


Chemicals and paints 


10 


8 


80 


5,336 


4,478 


84 


305 


281 


92 


Electrical goods 


12 


9 


75 


X 


17,435 


— 


X 


537 


— 


Furniture and house furnishings 


10 


8 


80 


1,949 


1,902 


93 


110 


102 


93 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


33 


21 


64 


57,846 


43,038 


74 


2,337 


1,735 


74 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


54 


30 


56 


12,230 


7,321 


60 


1,471 


1,007 


68 


Plumbing and heating equipment 




















and supplies 


8 


5 


63 


2,641 


1,696 


64 


204 


133 


65 


* Pay roll includes compensation ot full-time 


and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm 


member 


S of unincorp 


orated busine. 


ses. 


X 1935 Figures withheld to avoid disclosure. 













Page 144 

CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS; 1937-38 



WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 



CITY OF ST. LOUIS 

TABLE l.-NET SALES BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 

FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 



KIND OF BUSINESS 



Size Of 

Sample 

Compared 

With 1935 

Census 



Estab- 
lish. 

MF.NTS 



Net. 
Sales 



No. Of 
Estab- 
lish- 
ments 
Includ- 
ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 



Net 
Sales 
Year 
1937 



(add 000 ) 



Net Sales By Quarters 

(•dd 000) 



1937 



1ST Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2nd Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



3rd Qr. 

July 1 
Sept. 30 



4TH Qr. 

Oct. 1 
Dec. 31 



1938 



1st Qr. 

Jan. 1 
Mar. 31 



2nd Qr. 

April 1 
June 30 



Percent 
Change 



1st Qr. 

1937 

To 
1st Qr 

1938 



2nd Qr 

1937 

To 

2nd Qr 

1938 



SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 



Automotive 

Beer, wines and liquors 

Chemioals and paints 

Clothing and furnishings 

Dry goods (specialty lines) 

Slectrical goods 

Fanr. supplies 

Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 

Furniture and house furnishings 

Groceries (full line) 

Groceries and foods (specialty lines 

Hardware 

Lumber and construction materials 

Machinery, equipment and supplies 

Paper and its products 

Plujiibing and heatin.g equipment and 

supplies 
Tobaco and its products (except leaf) 



17 


32 


12 


35 


48 


8 


19 


53 


4 


21 


16 


23 


19 


52 


4 


36 


67 


14 


27 


45 


3 


13 


18 


12 


25 


72 


5 


14 


19 


3 


19 


31 


33 


31 


84 


5 


27 


43 


12 


21 


44 


23 


20 


34 


9 


30 


60 


7 


16 


70 


7 



I 3,566 

4,156 

1,488 

7,731 

1,523 

13,828 

2,457 

5,165 

2,948 

3,977 

10,773 

20,545 

4,084 

8,063 

2,883 

3,364 
10,673 



769 

965 

364 

2,135 

463 

3,329 

1,069 

1,425 

566 

1,062 

2,522 

5,035 

1,007 

1,959 

754 

666 
2,371 



826 

950 

427 

1,795 

461 

4,154 

670 

1,517 

929 

970 

2,472 

5,510 

1,105 

2,160 

682 

953 

2,574 



976 

875 

376 

2,334 

328 

3,456 

411 

1,179 

753 

995 

2,954 

5,653 

1,133 

2,108 

574 

953 
2,806 



995 

1,356 

321 

1,516 

271 

2,889 

307 

944 

590 

952 

2,825 

4,447 

838 

1,836 

773 

792 
2,822 



589 
748 
285 

1,890 
285 

2,480 
760 

1,057 
556 
905 

2,223 

4,326 
661 

1,604 
654 

490 
2,134 



I 644 

888 

345 
1,694 

265 
2,595 

355 
1,275 

848 

859 
2,190 
4,494 

714 
1,557 

536 

639 
2,441 



-23.4 
-22.5 
-21.4 
-11.5 
-38.2 
-25.5 
-28.9 
-25.8 
-16.5 
-14.8 
-11.9 
-14.1 
-34.4 
-18.1 
-13.3 

-25.4 
-10.0 



-22.0 

- 7.5 
-19.0 

- 5.7 
-42 . 3 
-35.1 
-45.4 
-21.2 

- 8.7 
-11.4 
-11.4 
-18.4 
-35.4 
-27. S 
-21.4 

-32.9 

- 8.7 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 



AutJ.T.otive 

Chemicals and paints 
Clothing and furnishings 
Electrical goods 
BXirniture and house furnishings 
Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 
Machinery, equip.Tient and supplies 
Plumbing and heating eq^uipment and 
supplies 



55 


91 


13 


76 


36 


13 


67 


1/ 


10 


62 


92 


8 


67 


93 


5 


60 


75 


15 


55 


50 


33 


50 


63 


3 



43,923 
5,308 
70,545 
18,840 
1,931 
25,719 
16,795 

1,474 



9,104 
1,217 
20,1.34 
4,689 
481 
7,055 
3,856 

298 



13,452 
1,511 

14,851 

5,230 

504 

6,091 

5,096 

315 



10 , 939 
1,483 

22,379 

5,207 

463 

5,558 

5,010 

423 



10,418 
1,097 

13,182 

3,714 

385 

5,015 

2,833 

438 



5,242 
1,235 
15,951 
4,629 
557 
5,505 
3,071 

235 



5,590 
1,038 
13,053 
3,894 
415 
5,013 
3,434 

273 



-42.4 
+ 1.5 
-20.8 
- 1.3 
-23.7 
-22.0 
-20.4 

-20.8 



-51.0 
-28.0 
-12.1 
-25.5 
-31.1 
-17.7 
-32.6 

-13.3 



^-Increase - Decrease 

* Percentages in this column represent 1935 sales of establishments included in this survey, divided by total 1935 sales of each classification, 
_1^ 1935 Figures not available for determining percent sample. 



Page 145 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 






WHOIXSALF. 


DLSTRIBUTION 




CITY OF ST. LOUIS 














TABLE 2.- SAI F.S, PAY ROLL AND STOCKS: 1937, 1936 AND 1935 












FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 














Size Of 












1 








Sample 


No. Of 
EsTAB 


Net Sales 


Pay Roll" 


Stocks On Hand 


Percent Increase 




Compared 
With 1935 


LISH- 






End Of Year 


1935 lo 1937 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


MENTS 

Includ- 


(.dd 000) 


(add coo) 




lodd 000) 






1 




ESTAB 




























USH 
MENTS 

% 


Net- 
Sales 


ed In 
1937-38 
Survey 


1937 


1936 


1935 


1937 


1935 


1937 


1936 


1935 


Net 
Sales 


Pay 
Roll 


Stocks 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 




Automotive 


17 


32 


12 


$ 3,566 


$ 3,301 


1 2,605 


$ 546 


t 459 


597 


$ 598 


$ 497 


35.9 


15.4 


40.2 


Beer, wines and liquors 


35 


48 


8 


4,156 


3,930 


3,191 


307 


232 


597 


534 


502 


30.2 


32.3 


18.9 


Chemloals and paints 


19 


53 


4 


1,488 


1,338 


1,374 


176 


133 


153 


151 


144 


8.3 


32.3 


6.3 


Clothing and furnishings 


21 


16 


23 


7,781 


7,985 


6,962 


793 


648 


883 


775 


685 


11.8 


22.4 


28.7 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


19 


52 


4 


1,523 


1,548 


1,338 


133 


111 


255 


308 


240 


13.8 


IS. 8 


6.3 


Sleotrieal goods 


36 


67 


14 


13,828 


11,834 


9,083 


1,267 


1,031 


1,477 


1,346 


884 


52.2 


22.9 


57.1 


Farm supplies 


27 


45 


3 


2,457 


2,478 


2,305 


199 


171 


799 


821 


413 


5.5 


15.4 


93.5 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


13 


18 


12 


5,165 


5,391 


4,190 


233 


201 


60 


64 


44 


23.3 


15.9 


36.4 


Furniture t house furnishings 


25 


72 


5 


2,948 


2,872 


2,763 


347 


240 


601 


493 


499 


6.7 


44.5 


20.4 


Groceries (full line) 


14 


19 


3 


3,977 


3,981 


3,596 


132 


116 


693 


507 


488 


10.6 


13.8 


42.0 


Groceries and foods 






























(specialty lines) 


19 


31 


33 


10,773 


10,510 


10,458 


859 


754 


945 


988 


901 


3.0 


13.9 


5.0 


Hardnare 


31 


84 


5 


20 , 645 


20,096 


17,619 


2,420 


2,108 


4,047 


4,375 


3,515 


17.2 


14.8 


15.1 


Lumber and construction 






























materials 


27 


43 


12 


4,084 


3,986 


3,376 


614 


585 


554 


560 


591 


21.0 


4.8 


10.7 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


21 


44 


23 


8,063 


6,486 


4,809 


1,338 


862 


895 


800 


708 


67.7 


55.2 


25.6 


Paper and its products 


20 


34 


9 


2,883 


2,547 


2,377 


298 


257 


375 


225 


283 


21.3 


15.0 


32.5 


Plumbing and heating 






























aquipneat k supplies 


30 


60 


7 


3,364 


2,780 


2,053 


334 


223 


335 


302 


247 


53.9 


49.8 


36.0 


Tobacco and its products 






























(except loaf) 


16 


70 


7 


10,673 


9,517 


8,053 


270 


215 


585 


407 


340 


32.5 


25.5 


72.1 


MANUFACTURERS' SAI.F.S BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Autonotive 


65 


91 


13 


43,923 


40,678 


32,019 


1,590 


1,159 


1,590 


1,610 


1,862 


37.2 


37.2 


- 9.2 


Chanloals and paints 


76 


36 


13 


5,308 


4,495 


2,951 


453 


314 


355 


296 


301 


79.9 


47.5 


17.9 


Clothing ana furnishings 


67 


1/ 


10 


70,545 


67,468 


55,434 


4,436 


4,189 


19,565 


14,539 


9,212 


7.8 


5.9 


113.5 


Electrical goods 


62 


92 


8 


18,840 


20,763 


10,257 


557 


534 


908 


732 


520 


83.7 


23.0 


74.6 


Furniture and house 






























furnishings 


67 


93 


6 


1,931 


1,888 


1,594 


118 


84 


173 


145 


165 


21.1 


40.5 


4.8 


Groceries (specialty lines) 


60 


75 


15 


25,719 


24,217 


22,770 


1,095 


955 


506 


497 


511 


13.0 


14.7 


- 1.0 


Machinery, equipment and 






























supplies 


55 


50 


33 


16,795 


12,957 


10,011 


1,631 


1,195 


1,897 


1,721 


1,154 


57.8 


53.1 


54.4 


Plumbing and heating 






























equipment & supplies 


50 


63 


3 


1,474 


1,211 


832 


187 


140 


162 


153 


119 


77.2 


33.5 


36.1 


— Decrease 














• Percentages in this colum 


n represent 1935 sales of establishmenls included in this survey, divided by lot 


al 1935 sa 


es of each 


dassiticati 


on. 




*• Pay roll not available for 


year 1936. Pay roll includes compensation of full-time and part-time employe 


ies, but not 


of proprie 


tors and fi 


rm men 


bers of 


unincorporated businesses. 














Ij 1935 Figures not availab 


e for determining percent sample. 













Page 146 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 






WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION 




CITY OF ST. LOUIS 












TABLE 3. -SIZE OF SAMPLE 










1937 SURVEY COMPARED WITH 1935 CENSUS 












Number Of 


Net Sales 




Pay Roll* 






Establishments 


(.dd ooo) 




( 


>dd 000) 






Included in 




1935 Sales Of 




1935 Pay Roll Of 


KIND OF BUSINESS 




1937-38 




Those Included 




Those Included 




1935 


Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 


1935 


In 1937-38 Survey 




Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 
Sample 


Census 




% 

Sample 






Number 




Amount 




Amount 


SERVICE AND LIMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


69 


12 


17 


$ 8,024 


$ 2,605 


32 


$1,030 


$ 469 


46 


Beer, wines and liquors 


23 


8 


35 


6,716 


3,191 


48 


435 


232 


53 


Chemicals and paints 


21 


4 


19 


2,616 


1,374 


53 


345 


133 


39 


Clothing and furnishings 


108 


23 


21 


44,914 


6,962 


16 


3,252 


648 


20 


Dry goods {specialty lines) 


21 


4 


19 


2,565 


1,338 


52 


226 


111 


49 


Electrical goods 


39 


14 


36 


13 , 578 


9,083 


67 


1,439 


1,031 


72 


Farm supplies 


11 


3 


27 


5,163 


2,305 


45 


291 


171 


59 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


93 


12 


13 


22,733 


4,190 


18 


990 


201 


20 


Furniture and house furnishings 


20 


5 


25 


3,842 


2,763 


72 


406 


240 


59 


Groceries (full line) 


22 


3 


14 


19,075 


3,596 


19 


1,292 


116 


9 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


171 


33 


19 


34,142 


10 , 458 


31 


2,688 


754 


28 


Hardware 


16 


5 


31 


20,922 


17,619 


84 


2,611 


2,108 


81 


Lumber and construction materials 


45 


12 


27 


7,910 


3,376 


43 


865 


586 


68 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


110 


23 


21 


11,016 


4,809 


44 


1,749 


862 


49 


Paper and its products 


45 


9 


20 


7,066 


2,377 


34 


801 


257 


32 


Plumbing and heating equipment 




















and supplies 


23 


7 


30 


3,449 


2,053 


60 


469 


223 


48 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


44 


7 


16 


11,456 


8,053 


70 


344 


215 


63 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (with stocks) 


Automotive 


20 


13 


65 


35,279 


32,019 


91 


1,419 


1,159 


82 


Chemicals and paints 


17 


13 


76 


8,234 


2,951 


36 


560 


314 


56 


Clothing and fiornishings 


15 


10 


67 


X 


65,434 


— 


X 


4,189 


~ 


Electrical goods 


13 


8 


62 


11,203 


10,257 


92 


587 


534 


91 


Furniture and house furnishings 


9 


6 


67 


1,722 


1,594 


93 


104 


84 


81 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


25 


15 


60 


30,447 


22,770 


75 


1,543 


955 


62 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


60 


33 


55 


20,190 


10,011 


50 


2,454 


1,196 


49 


Plumbing and heating equipment 




















and supplies 


6 


3 


50 


1,330 


832 


63 


187 


140 


75 


* Pay roll includes compensation ot full lime 


and part-time employees, but not of proprietors and firm 


member 


S ot unincorp 


orated businesses. | 


X 1935 Figure! withheld lo avoid disclosure. 


- 




' 







Page 147 



CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 1937-38 






WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTION] 




CITY OF SAN FRANCISCO 








TABLE l.-NET SAIF.S BY QUARTERS: 1937 AND FIRST HALF OF 1938 








FOR IDENTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS 










Size Of 


















Sample 


No. Of 




Net Sales By Quarter.s 




Percent 




Compared 
With 1935 


ESTAB- 
USH- 


Net 

SaL£S 


(xld 


MO) 






Chance 


KIND OF BUSINESS 


Census 


MENTS 

Includ- 
ed In 


Year 
1937 


1937 1 


1938 1 


1ST Qr 

1937 

To 


2ND QR 
1937 
To 


ESTAB 
LISH- 


Net. 


1ST Qr. 


2nd Qr. 


3RD Qr. 


4TH Qr. 


1ST Qr. 


2ND Qr 




MENTS 


SaI£-s 


1937-38 
Survey 




Jan. 1 


April 1 


July 1 


OcL 1 


Jan. 1 


April 1 


1ST Qr 


2nd Qr. 




% 


% 


(•dd 000) 


Mar. 31 


June 30 


Sept. 30 


Dec. 31 


Mar. 31 


June 30 




1938 


1938 


SERVICE AND UMITED-FUNCTION WHOLESALERS 


Automotive 


26 


34 


21 


;5ll,132 


$ 3,007 


$ 2,888 


$ 2,334 


$ 2,903 


5 1,548 


$ 1,775 


-43.5 


-38.5 


Boer, wines and liquors 


15 


36 


16 


6,221 


1,405 


1,522 


1,367 


1,927 


1,374 


1,694 


- 2.2 


+ 11.3 


Chemicals and paints 


22 


71 


7 


4,272 


1,033 


1,170 


1,157 


912 


959 


978 


- 7.2 


-16.4 


Clothing and furnishings 


25 


y 


24 


4,057 


991 


829 


1,254 


983 


818 


728 


-17.5 


-12.2 


Drugs and drug sundries 


20 


44 


8 


8,042 


1,880 


2,043 


1,965 


2,154 


1,900 


1,975 


+ 1.1 


- 3.3 


Dry goods (full and specialty lines) 


41 


30 


26 


11,874 


3,088 


2,941 


3,212 


2,633 


2,313 


2,218 


-25.1 


-24.6 


Electrical goods 


31 


43 


19 


12,542 


2,862 


3,216 


2,954 


3,510 


1,993 


.■2,365 


-30.4 


-26.5 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


25 


56 


21 


14,218 


3,514 


4,291 


3,096 


3,317 


2,435 


3,389 


-30.7 


-21.0 


furniture and house furnishings 


21 


32 


13 


3,299 


710 


367 


371 


851 


607 


702 


-14.5 


-19.0 


General merchandise 


50 


33 


5 


12,542 


3,108 


3,063 


3,325 


3,046 


2,464 


2,100 


-20.7 


-31.4 


Groceries (full line) 


43 


51 


12 


13,870 


3,569 


3,330 


3,500 


3,471 


3,239 


3,267 


- 9.2 


- 1.9 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


24 


32 


55 


29 , 399 


8,017 


6,780 


7,170 


7,432 


5,520 


5,946 


-18.7 


-12.3 


Hardware 


21 


14 


6 


2,104 


549 


599 


496 


460 


441 


471 


-19.7 


-21.4 


Jewelry and optical goods 


17 


27 


9 


1,947 


314 


413 


481 


734 


274 


350 


-12.7 


-16.3 


Lumbar and construction materials 


25 


56 


13 


11,629 


2,970 


3,608 


2,904 


2,147 


1,612 


2,737 


-45.7 


-24.1 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


31 


37 


59 


13,033 


2,898 


3,878 


3,213 


3,044 


2,514 


2,834 


-13.3 


-25.9 


Paper and its products 


14 


30 


5 


2,919 


637 


812 


753 


717 


598 


661 


- 5.1 


-18.6 


Plumbing and heating equipment 


























and supplies 


41 


59 


11 


4,302 


1,115 


1,199 


1,074 


914 


769 


974 


-31.0 


-13.8 


Tobacco and its products (except leaf) 


44 


89 


8 


38,874 


8,725 


10,064 


10,339 


9,746 


3,930 


9,312 


+ 2.3 


- 2.5 


MANUFACTURERS' SAI,F„S BRANCHES (with slocks) 


Automotive 


48 


70 


11 


14,444 


3,350 


3,303 


3,573 


3,213 


2,956 


3,062 


-23.2 


-19.5 


Beer, wines and liquors 


53 


72 


9 


17,393 


3,982 


4,253 


4,439 


4,719 


3,540 


4,291 


-11.1 


+ 0.9 


Chemicals and paints 


53 


70 


10 


8,800 


1,879 


2,498 


2,321 


2,102 


1,736 


2,014 


- 7.6 


-19.4 


Clothing and furnishings 


49 


53 


18 


9,537 


2,162 


2,209 


2,569 


2,597 


1,987 


1,963 


- 8.1 


-10.9 


Drugs and drug sundries 


























( specialty lines) 


37 


47 


7 


4,002 


1,161 


921 


957 


963 


1,052 


927 


- 8.5 


+ 0.7 


Dry goods (specialty lines) 


43 


53 


6 


2,605 


576 


856 


611 


462 


593 


631 


-12.3 


-26.3 


Electrical goods 


35 


85 


6 


15,593 


4,420 


4,291 


3,346 


3,536 


4,789 


2,688 


+ 8.3 


-37.4 


Furniture and house furnishings 


63 


1/ 


5 


2,954 


651 


797 


799 


707 


526 


605 


-19.2 


-24.1 


Groceries and foods (specialty lines) 


53 


74 


21 


85,685 


19,148 


19 , 394 


29,053 


18,085 


14,377 


18,778 


-24.9 


- 3.2 


Jewelry and optical goods 


70 


49 


7 


1,474 


381 


343 


430 


320 


269 


340 


-29.4 


- 0.9 


Lumber and construction materials 


44 


21 


4 


634 


145 


196 


170 


123 


111 


147 


-23.4 


-25.0 


Machinery, equipment and supplies 


56 


54 


55 


13,074 


3,061 


3,914 


3,373 


2,726 


2,488 


2,872 


-18.7 


-26.6 


Paper and its products 


43 


32 


6 


2,669 


754 


693 


731 


486 


468 


524 


-37.9 


-24.9 


Plumbing and heating equipment 


























and supplies 


55 


83 


6 


4,875 


1,206 


1,625 


1,228 


316 


618 


856 


-48.8 


-47.3 


COMMISSION MERCHANTS 


Fruits and vegetables (fresh) 


1/ 


1/ 


3 


3,459 


371 


1,074 


793 


721 


605 


331 


-30.5 


-13.0 


+INCREASE - Decrease 










* PercenUiges in this column represen 


1935 sales o( establishments included in this survey, divided by tot 


al 1935 sa 


es oi each 


classification. 


1 / 1935 Figures not available for dete 


rmining percent sample. 









f 



CONFIDENTIAL GOVERNMENT REPORT 



Section 8 of the Act creating the Department of Commerce »•», approved February 14, 1903, provides that: "The 
Secretary of Commerce shall from time to time make such special investigations and reports *** which he himself may deem 
necessary and urgent." Acting upon this authority, I have authorized and instructed the Director of the Census to take 
a Census of Business covering the calendar year 1937, and the first half of 1938. We ask for the cooperation and 
assistance of the business men of the United States in this undertaking and assure them that their individual reports 
will be held absolutely confidential. Only sworn employees of the Bureau of the Census will be permitted to examine 
your report, and no information will be given to any person, whether in Government Service or private life, which would 
disclose, exactly or approximately, any of the facts or figures in your report. The information will be used for sta- 
tistical purposes only. 

DANIEL C. ROPER, Secretary of Commerce. 



Form 31 

CENSUS OF BUSINESS 

Federal Works Project 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



WASHINGTON 



WHOLESALE SCHEDULE 

CENSUS SURVEY OF BUSINESS: 



1937-8 



A separate report on this form should be prepared for each wholesale establishment or branch. Combined reports 
for two or more establishments, even though under the same management or ownership, cannot be accepted. 



1. DESCRIPTION OF ESTABLISHMENT: 



Check form of organization 
Proprietorship 



a. NAME OF ESTABLISHMENT 



•< 



I Partnership 
Corporation 
Other (specify) 



b. NAME OF OWNER 



c. LOCATION OF 

ESTABLISHMENT 



City County. 



State 



Street and number 

Is this street number located within the corporate 
limits of city? (Yes or No) 



d. ADDRESS (Home-Office or Business Address) OF OWNER, 



e. Number of wholesale establishments or branches owned by this organization anywhere in 
the United States 

f. Is this establishment operated by, operating or sponsoring a cooperative or voluntary 
group of retailers? (Yes or No) 



If yes : ( 1 ) Under what name? 

(2) What percentage of your 1937 sales was made to retail members of this group?, 



% 



KIND OF BUSINESS 

(Give usual name or designation by which the establishment is known to the trade or public) 
EXAMPLES — Automotive equipment, full-line drugs, drug specialties, full-line dry goods, men's and boys' 
clothing, electrical merchandise (full-line), fresh fruits and vegetables, jewelry, full-line 
groceries, grocery specialties, confectionery, oil well supplies, hardware and kindred lines, etc. 



3 



3. TYPE OF OPERATION: 



CHECK ONLY THE PRINCIPAL FUNCTION PERFORMED 



Service Wholesalers 
Wholesale merchant or jobber 
Converter 
Export merchant 
Impc 

D 

Voluntary group wholesaler 

Manufacturer's Sales Branch 
Carrying stock for delivery 



porter 
Industrial distributor 



Limited Function Wholesalers 
Cash-and-carry depot 
Mail-order wholesaler 
Retailer-cooperative warehouse 

Other Types 
Commission merchant 
I Othe'r (specify) 



For Office 
use only 

1 

2 

3 

4 



Cover) 



4. NET SALES AND OTHER OPERATING RECEIPTS: (Omit Cents) 

Report all forms of sales taxes and operating receipts from services and other sources, 
as well as receipts from sales of merchandise. 

a. TOTAL net sales and operating receipts for — 

First quarter, 1938 (January 1 to March 31) t 

Second quarter, 1938 (April 1 to June 30) S 

b. TOTAL net sales and operating receipts for the calendar year, 1957, hy quarters- _ 



For office 
use only 



First quarter, 1957 
(Jan. 1 to Mar. 51) 



Second quarter, 1957 
(April 1 to June 30) 



Third quarter, 1957 
(July 1 to Sept. 30) 



Fourth quarter, 1937 
(Oct. 1 to Dec. 31) 



c. TOTAL net sales and operating receipts for the calendar year, 1956 — 

January 1 to December 51 , 1955 $ 



5. AN 


ALYSIS OF SALES: (Omit Cents) 

How much of the above total net sales did 
each of the following classes represent? 

( 1 ) Spot cash 


First half, 1938 
January 1 to 
June 50, 1958 


Calendar year, 1937 

January 1 to 

December 31, 1957 

S 

s 

$ 




For office 
use only 


a. 


9 




1 

% 

$ 


10. 

11 




(2) Credit - 10 days or less 




(3) Credit of more than 10 days 

TOTAL sales (amounts reported here 
should agree with those reported in 
Inquiry 4 above .) 


12 










$ 

First half, 1958 
January 1 to 
June 50, 1938 
% 


$ 

Calendar year, 1957 

January 1 to 
December 51, 1957 
% 




b. 


What percentage of your credit sales 
was discounted''. 















c . What are your usual terms of sale? 

Report both credit extension and cash discount, if any, such as: 2/10, net 60; cash 
in 7 days; 60 days; etc. 



\ 



6. TOTAL PAY ROLL: (omit Cents) 

Report all salaries, wages, bonuses, and commissions paid to employees of this establishment, 
including compensation of officers of the corporation and amounts deducted for Social Security 
purposes. If unincorporated, do not include compensation of proprietor or firm members. 

a. Total pay roll for — 

First quarter, 1958 (January 1 to March 51) $ 

Second quarter, 1958 (April 1 to June 30) f 

b. Total pay roll for calendar year 1957 (January 1 to Dec. 31) S 



For office 
use only 



15. 

14. 



7. STOCKS ON HAND: (Omit Cents) 

Report goods out on consignment as well as goods owned and in the warehouse. 



Value of physical inventory of merchandise on hand, as of - 

December 51, 1956 (Or nearest inventory date), 

December 51, 1957 (Or nearest inventory date). 

Inventory date , if other than December 51 : 



For office 
use only 



15. 
16. 
17. 



(month) (day) 

Check basis of valuing inventory:^ Cost,^ Market,^ Selling price, | ] Other (specify). 



(Date signed) 



(Signature and official title of 
person furnishing the information) 



CERTIFICATE 

THIS IS TO CERTIFY that the information contained in this schedule is correct and complete to the best 
of my knowledge and belief. 



U.S. Bur. of the Census. 
VJholesale distribution 
United States summary : 
29 States & 13 largest 
cities. 



Census 
T 

343065 
UN3 ^- 
1937- 
38 




T'"!^